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jha;ehLk; Nra;ehLk; Nghw;wpa ehtyH

ef;fPud;

 

<oj;jpy; jkpo; nkhop tsHr;rpf;F gyH  njhz;lhw;wp ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.  mNjNghy; irt rkak; jisj;Njhq;fg;gzpahw;wpatHfs; gyH MtH. Mdhy;   ""irtKk; jkpOk;"" vd;w  ,uz;ilAk; ,U fz;fshfg; Nghw;wp tsHj;jtH ahH vd;W ghHf;Fk;NghJ xNunahUtHjhd; vq;fs; fz;Kd;; njupfpwhH.  "jkpo; ciueilapd; je;ij"> "Ie;jhk; irt rka FutH" vd;W gyuhYk; Nghw;wg;gLk; ey;YhH MWKf ehtyNu me;jg; ngUkfdhthH.

 

""ehadhH ehw;FutH ehtyHnjd; Qhykpir

 NkapdhH <rdUs; Nky;""

 

vd;W rp.it. jhNkhjuk; gps;is nrg;GfpwhH.

 

rq;f fhy <oj;Jg; G+je;NjtdhUf;Fg; gpd;dH jkpo;ehl;by; jd; Gfo; gjpj;j ngUik MWKf ehtyUf;F kl;LNk cz;L. jkpofj;jpd; rka tuyhW> ,yf;fpa tuyhW> r%f tuyhWfspy; ehtyH jk;Kila Kj;jpiuiag; gjpj;Jr; nrd;Ws;shH.  

 

ehtyH gpwe;jpuNuy; irtrkaj;jpw;Fk;  jkpOf;Fk; vd;d  ele;jpUf;Fk; vd;gij ehtyH rptgjkile;jNghJ  rp.it. jhNkhjuk;gps;is vOjpa ,d;ndhU  ghly; ,dpJ tpsf;FfpwJ.

 

""ey;iyef uhWKf ehtyH gpwe;jpuNuw;

 nrhy;Yjkp noq;Nf RUjpnaq;Nf-nay;ytU

 Nkj;JGuh zhfkq;f nsq;Nfg;u rq;fnkq;Nf

 ahj;jdwp ntq;Nf aiw.""

 

ehtyH vd;gJ ehthw;wy; gilj;jtH vd;gijf;  Fwpf;Fk;. ,e;jg;  gl;lj;ij aho;g;ghzk; fe;jg;gps;is MWKfk; mtHfl;F jpUthtLJiw MjPdNk nre;jkpOf;Fk; rptnewpf;Fk; mtH Mw;wpa ngUe;njhz;bidg; ghuhl;LKfkhf toq;fpr; rpwg;gpj;jJ.

 

ehtyupd; fhyk; (1822-1879) gpwgz;ghl;Lf;Fk;> gpwnkhopg; gilnaLg;Gf;Fk; jkpoHfs; cl;gl;bUe;j fhyk;. Mz;l guk;giu murpoe;J  me;epaUf;F mbikg;gl;Lf; fple;j fhyk;.

 

fy;tp tha;g;Gf;fhfTk;> mur Copaj;Jf;fhfTk; jkpo;kf;fs; irt rkaj;ijtpl;L fpwpj;Jt kjj;jpw;F khwpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. jkpo;f; fy;tp Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;L Mq;fpy Nkhfk; kf;fis Ml;bg;gilj;jJ.

 

,e;j ,uz;L Nghf;fpdpd;Wk; kf;fisj; jLj;J epWj;jp jkpo;nkhopiaAk; irtnewpiaAk; Nghw;wp tsHj;jpl jk; tho;ehs; KOtJk; ehtyH ghLgl;lhH. Gwrkaj;jtH vtw;iwf; fUtpfshff; nfhz;L jkpo; kf;fis kjkhw;wk; nra;ag; Gwg;gl;lhHfNsh mNj fUtpfis ehtyUk; ifapy; vLj;jhH!

 

MWKf ehtyupd; Rw;wk;  nry;thf;F kpFe;jJ. mtuJ guk;giu  nghd;gw;wpA+H ghz;bkstd; top vdf; fUjg;gLfpwJ.  mtuJ Kd;Ndhupy; xUtuhfr; rpwg;Gg; ngw;wtH Qhdg;gpufhr KdptH vd;gtH. tlNfhit rghgjp ehtyH> MWKf ehtyiu ntWk; MWKfkhf jpUthtLJiw klj;jpw;F mDg;gp  itj;jNghJ  mtH  rkthj irtg; gprhrhfpa Qhdg;gpufhr KdptH  kugpw; gpwe;jtH vd;W $Wk; fbjj;NjhL mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;lhH.

 

mf;fhy tof;fg;gb MrpupaH Rg;gpukzpak; vd;gtH  elj;jpte;j jkpo;g; gs;spf; $lj;jpy; ehtyH fy;tp fw;fj; njhlq;fpdhH. gpd;G  mtuJ cld;gpwg;Gf;fs; rutzKj;Jg; GytH> NrdhjpuhaH KjypNahuplj;jpy; jkpo;f; fy;tp fw;f top nra;jdH. jkJ MrpupaHfsplk;  fw;f Ntz;ba  ,yf;fpa ,yf;fzq;fis ehtyH ed;F fw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. ,tuJ jpwikiaf; fz;l mz;zd;khH aho;g;ghz kj;jpa ghlrhiyapy; Mq;fpyk; fw;f mDg;gp itj;jdH. ed;F Mq;fpyk; fw;W jkpo;nkhopNahL ,Unkhopg; Gyikiaf; fz;l ghlrhiy mjpgH NgHrpty; ghjpupahH me;jg; ghlrhiyapy; Nky;tFg;G khztHfSf;F jkpo; Mq;fpyk; fw;gpf;f mtiu epakpj;jhH. ,tuJ nkhopahw;wiyf; fz;L tpae;j NgHrpty; ghjpupahH jhk; nkhopngaHj;j tptpypa Ehypd; jkpo; nkhopngaHg;ig rupghHj;Jj; jpUj;Jtjw;F jdJ jkpo;g; gz;bjuhf itj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. ,e;jg; gjtpapy; Cjpak; ,y;yhky; gy Mz;L ehtyH gzpahw;wpdhH. ,e;jf; fhyj;jpNyNa rpthfkq;fis ehtyH Iae;jpupgwf; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhH.

 

MWKf ehtyH xU goikthjp vd;gJ mtH kPJ gyuhy; Rkj;jg;gLk; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fspy; xd;W.  mjw;Ff; fhuzk; ehtyH jpUf;Nfhapy;fspy; eilngWk; mHr;ridfs;> G+irfs; Mfk Kiwg;gb nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W tw;GWj;jpaNj.

 

rptngUkhid KOKjw; flTshfTk;> Md;khf;fSf;F mUs; nra;Ak; nghUl;Lf; nfhz;lUspa tpehafH> Rg;gpukzpaH> itutH> tPugj;jpuH Nghd;w %Hj;jq;fis topgLk; khHf;fk; irt rkak; vd;whH.  mt;thW ,y;yhJ rpW nja;tq;fis guk; vd;W tzq;Ffpw rkak; irt rkak; MfhJ vd;whH. Jl;l NjtijfisAk;> fhld;> khld;> fhl;Nlwp> kJiu tPud;> fWg;gd;> Kdp Nghd;wtHfis kl;Lky;y fz;zfpia mk;kdhf tzq;FtijAk; ehtyH fz;bj;jhH.

 

Mfkq;fspy; tpjpj;jthW rpjk;guj;jpy; G+irfs; nra;ag;gltpy;iy vd mq;Fs;s jP\pfHfisf; fz;bj;jjhy;mtHfsJ gifia ehtyH Njbf; nfhz;lhH.

 

mg;gH> rk;ge;jH> Re;juH> khzpf;fthrfuJ mUl;ghf;fis  kl;LNk Nfhapy;fspy; Xjg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJehtyH fl;rp. mjdhy; ,uhkypq;f mbfshuJ jpUKiwfs; kUl;gh vdf; fz;bj;jhH. ,Jgw;wp vOe;j NkhjNy ehtyiuAk; ,uhkypq;f mbfshiuAk; rpjk;gu jP\pjHfisAk; ePjpkd;wg; gbf;fw;fis Vw itj;jJ. ,uhkypq;f mbfshuJ jpUkiwfis kUl;gh vd;W rhbdhYk; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; ,uhkypq;f mbfshH xU rhd;NwhH vd;gij ehtyH kWf;ftpy;iy.

 

ehtyUf;F Nuhrhg; G+f;fs; vd;why; nfhs;is Mir. mjid mjpfkhf jdJ G+irfspy;  gad;gLj;JthH. Mdhy; Mfkj;jpy; Nfhapw; G+irf;Fupa kyHfspy; xd;whf mJ ,y;yhjjhy; Gl;gf tpjp vd;w Ehypy; mjid NrHf;fhJ tpl;L tpl;lhH!

 

cz;ikapy; ehtyH goikthjpay;y.  fy;tpj;  jsj;jpy; Vw;gl;l mwptpay; khw;wq;fis mtH tuNtw;whH. fpwpj;jtHfs; jq;fs; kjj;ijg; guk;gy; nra;af; ifahz;l fUtpfs; xt;nthd;iwAk; ehtyH irtj;ij tsHf;ff;; ifapy; Ve;jpdhH!

 

fpwpj;jt ghjpupkhHfs; rkak; tsHf;f gy gs;spfs; epWtpdhHfs;. ehtyUk; mUk;ghL gl;L irtg; gs;spfs;epWtpdhH. me;jg; gs;spfspy; rka rhj;jpuq;fs; ( Njthu jpUthrfq;fs;>  Guhzq;fs;> ehybahH> jpUf;Fws;> nka;fz;l rhj;jpuq;fs;) gbg;gpg;gjw;F xU ghlj; jpl;lj;ijNa tFj;jhH. mj;NjhL Nkw;Fehl;Lr; rhj;jpuq;fshd tuyhW>  G+Nfhsk;> fzpjk;> ,aw;gpay;> Ntw;gpay; fw;gpf;f Vw;ghL nra;jhH. MrpupaHfSf;F Cjpak; nfhLf;f tPLNjhWk; gpb muprp jpul;Lk; jpl;lj;ij cUthf;fpdhH.

 

fpwpj;jtHfs; jq;fs; kjNghjidfisg; gug;g mr;R ae;jpurhiyfis mikj;J epiwag; Gj;jfq;fis mr;rpl;L kf;fsplk; nfhLj;jhHfs;. ehtyUk; mt;thNw mr;Rf; $lq;fis aho;g;ghzj;jpYk; rpjk;guj;jpYk; epWtp  Xiyfspy; ,Ue;j irtrka Ehy;fis xg;GNehf;fp> ghlNgjq;fs; ePf;fpg; gjpg;gpj;J ntspapl;lhH.

 

fpwpj;jtHfs; tpdh tpil ghzpapy; (catechism) rkaf; Nfhl;ghLfis tpsf;fpaJNghy; ehtyUk; irt tpdhtpil Ehy;fis vOjpdhH. gy Ehy;fSf;F ciu vOjpdhH.  mtuJ ez;gHfs;> khzhf;fHfs; vOjpa Ehy;fisg; gupNrhjpj;Jg; gjpg;gpj;jhH. my;yJ gjpg;gpf;f cjtpdhH. ehtyuJ ciog;ghy; ntspte;j Ehy;fSf;F mstpy;iy.

 

ed;Dhy; tpUj;jpAiu

ed;Dhy; fhz;bifAiu

ieljTiu

#lhkzp epfz;Liu

jpUKUfhw;Wg;gil ciu

,yf;fzf; nfhj;J

jpUtpisahlw Guhzk;

rpt G+rhtpjp

ghy ghlk; (1.2.3.4)

Mj;jp#b ciu 

nfhd;iw Nte;jd; ciu

kUJhue;jhjpAiu

Nfhapw;Guhz ciu

irt rkanewp ciu

fe;jGuhzk;

ngupaGuhzk; (ciueil)

jpUf;Fws; (gupNkyofH ciu)

jpUf;NfhitahUiu

njhy;fhg;gpak;

rTe;jupa yfup

irt vy;yg;g ehtyH

ghujk;

nfhiy kWj;jy;

ituhf;fpa jPgk;

ituhf;fpa rjfk;

jpUTe;jpahH

jhAkhdt Rthkpfs; ghly;fs;

 

ehtyH kPJ tPrg;gLk; ,d;ndhU Fw;wr;rhl;L mtH jkpopdj;jpy; GiuNahbg; Ngha;f;fple;j rhjp mikg;ig Mjupj;jhH vd;gJ. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; ehtyH Mfkj;jpd; kPJ itj;jpUe;j gf;jpNa. xd;iwg; Gupe;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ehtyH xU r%f rPHjpUj;jthjp my;y. mjw;F mtUf;F Neuk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. gpw rka> nkhop>gz;ghL ,tw;wpd;  gilnaLg;gpy; ,Ue;J jkpopdj;ijf; fhg;ghw;WtNj mtuJ xNu Nehf;fkhfTk; cldbf;  Fwpf;NfhshfTk; ,Ue;jJ. mjdhy; taypy; cs;s fisiag;gw;wpf; ftiyg;glhJ gurka nts;sk; cs;Ns tuhJ irtrkak; vd;w taYf;F tuk;G fl;bdhH. ,jidj; jtnwd;W nrhy;y KbahJ.

 

Re;ju%Hj;jp ehadhH FUG+ir ehsd;W MWKf ehtyH Mw;wpa  ,WjpAiu jkf;F xU thupirj; Njbf; nfhs;shj kdj; jhq;fiy ntspg;gLj;jpaJ.

 

""ehd; cq;fsplj;Jf; ifk;khW ngWjiyr;  rpwpJk; vz;zhJ Kg;gj;jpuz;L tUlfhyk; cq;fSf;F irt rkaj;jpd; cz;ikfisg; Nghjpj;J te;Njd;. vdf;Fg; gpd; irtrkak; Fd;wpg; Nghnkd;WghjpupkhHfs; nrhy;YfpwhHfs;. Mjyhy; ehd; capNuhL ,Uf;Fk;NghNj cq;fSf;fhf xU irtg;gpurhufiuj; Njbf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,d;Dk;> vd;idg; Nghyg; gbj;jtHfSk; rd;khHf;fSkha; mNefH tUthHfs;. Mdhy; cq;fs; itTfisf; Nfl;Lf;  Nfl;Lf; ifkhW fUjhJ rkaj;ijg; Nghjpf;f vd;idg;Nghy; xUtUk; tuhH.""

 

ey;iyefH MWKf ehtyH kiwe;J  122 Mz;Lfs; cUz;Nlhb tpl;ld. ehtyH tpl;Lr; nrd;w rkag; gzpiaAk; jkpo;g; gzpiaAk; gpd;te;j jiyKiwfs; nrt;tNd nra;J Kbj;J tpl;ldth?