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Nrhjplg; Gul;L

Foe;ij Mzh? ngz;zh? vd;gJ Nfhs;fspy; ,y;iy!

(16)

ef;fPud;

 

,Njh 'FKjk;' Nrhjplg; gFjpapy; Nfl;fg;gl;l  Nfs;tpAk; mjw;F nfhLf;fg;gl;l Nrhjplupd; gjpYk;.

 

rp.vd; RFkhH> tpOg;Guk;.

 

Nfs;tp:  vq;fSf;Fj; jpUkzkhfp 1-1.5 tUlq;fshfpd;wd. ,Jtiu Foe;ijg; ghf;fpak; Vw;gltpy;iy. vg;NghJ vq;fs; tPl;by; Nfl;Fk; ,dpa koiy xyp?

 

gjpy;: jq;fs; rhjfj;jpy; rpwpa Njhrk; cs;sJ.  xUKiw =uq;fk; cq;fs; kidtpAld; nrd;W  muq;fehjg; ngUkhidj; juprpj;Jtpl;L tuTk;. Njhrk; ePq;Fk;.

gpwnfd;d? Foe;ij ,y;iy vd;why; xU Kiw =uq;fk; muq;fehjH my;yJ jpUg;gjp Ntq;fNlRtuH>  rgupkiy Iag;gd;> kJiu kPdhl;rp> fhQ;rp kPdhl;rp> fhrp tprhyhl;rp>  nry;yr;rd;djp KUfd;> fjpHfhkf; fe;jd; ,tHfsplk; Ngha;  topgl;L te;jhy; Njhrk;  ePq;fp tPl;by; mLj;j Mz;Nl 'Fth Fth' rj;jk; Nfl;Fk;!

clw;$Wgw;wpa xU cskhHe;j Nfs;tpf;F NrhjplH vt;tsT myl;rpakhf> nghWg;gpy;yhky;> Gj;jpapy;yhky; gjpy; nrhy;fpwhH! mtiu nehe;J gad; ,y;iy. mtH gbj;jpUe;jhy; my;yth mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; gjpy; $w KbAk;! 

 

FLk;gj;jpy; ,d;ndhU rpf;fy;. Foe;ijNa ,y;iy vd;gjy;y Mz; thupR ,y;iy vd;w Fiw! 

 

jkpo;ehl;by; ngz; Foe;ijfis ghtg; gpwg;Gf;fshf ghHf;Fk; nfhba tof;fk; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ngUk;ghYk; ,J gbahj tWikapy; thLk; ghku kf;fspilNa mjpfk; fhzg;gLfpwJ.

 

gpwe;jJ ngz; Foe;ij vd;why; mjw;F rPjdk; rPHtupir nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd mQ;rp mjd; fOj;ijj; jpUfpf; nfhd;WtpLk; ngw;NwhHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

,e;jf; nfhLikia Nghf;f jkpo;ehl;by; njhl;by; Foe;ijj; jpl;lk; eilKiwapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. muNr ,jid Kd;dpd;W elj;JfpwJ. gj;Jkhjk; Rke;J ngw;w ngz; Foe;ij Ntz;lhk; vd;why; Cupy; fl;b itj;jpUf;Fk; njhl;bypy; tpl;L tplhyk;. mjid muR ghuk; vLj;J tsHf;fpwJ.

 

Foe;ijapd;ik NghyNt gpwf;Fk; Foe;ij MzhfNth ngz;zhfhNt ,Ug;gjw;F ngz;  fhuzk; my;y. MNz mjw;Ff; fhuzkhFk;. mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; mjid  tpsq;fpf; nfhs;syhk;.

 

kdpj kugZj;njhFjpapy; (genome) 23 Nrhb my;yJ 46 epwg;Gupfs; (chromosomes) mike;jpUf;fpd;wd. ,jpy; 44 jd;GupfSk; (autosomes) 2 ghy;GupfSk;  (sex chrosomes) ,Uf;fpd;wd. gpd;dJ   X kw;Wk; Y  vd miof;fg;gLfpd;wd.  xU ngz;zplk;  XX (2X) ,Uf;fpd;wd.  xU Mzplk; XY  ,Uf;fpd;wd.   ngz;zpd; Kl;ilapy; X epwg;Gupfs; kl;LNk cz;L. Mdhy; Mzpd; tpe;jpy; xd;wpy; X my;yJ Y   ,Uf;fyhk;. ,jpy; ve;j (Mzpd; ) tpe;jZ  ngz;zpd;   Kl;ilapy;  cs;s rpid mZNthL NrHfpwNjh mJNt Foe;ijapd; ghiyj; jPHkhdpf;fpwJ.

 

mjhtJ X k; X k; NrUk;NghJ ngz; Foe;ijAk;  X k; Y k; NrUk;NghJ Mz; Foe;ijAk; gpwf;fpwJ.

 

Foe;ijapd;ikf;Fk; Nfhs;fSf;Fk;; njhlHNg ,y;iy. mJNghy Foe;ij Mzh? ngz;zh? vd;gJk; Nfhs;fspy; ,y;iy.

 

,d;iwa kUj;Jt mwptpay; Fwpg;gpl;l jha; je;ijaH Kd;$l;bNa Mz; Foe;ijah ngz; Foe;ijah Ntz;Lk; vd;gij njupT nra;Ak; topKiwfisf; fz;Lgpbj;jpUf;fpwJ.

 

,e;j rq;fjpfs; vy;yhk; Nrhjpl Ehy;fs; vOjpdtHfSf;Fj; njupe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. vq;fSila Nfhapy; G+rhupfs;> gupahupfs; Nghd;NwhUf;Fk; njupe;jpUf;ftpy;iy.

 

,d;WNghy; goq;fhyj;J kdpjDf;F cyfj;ijg;gw;wpa mwpT> mz;lq;fs;gw;wpa mwpT ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

 

NkUkiyapy; rptngUkhd; tPw;wpUf;fpwhH. NkUkiy ,kakiyiatpl (6 iky;) 1>000 klq;F (6>000 iky;) cauk;. jpUghw;flypy; jpUkhy; gs;sp nfhs;fpwhH. NjtNyhfj;jpy; Kg;gj;J Kf;Nfhb NjtHfs;> fe;jUtH> fpd;duH> fpk;GUlH;> KdptHfs>; rp;j;jHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. cyfk; jl;ilahdJ.  mjid Mapuk; jiyAila MjpNrld; jhq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

 

NkNyOyfk;> fPNoYyfk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mz;lk; xU Kl;ilapy; ,Ue;J Njhd;wpaJ. mjd; taJ 26>425>456>204>132 Mz;Lfs;. 27 el;rj;jpuq;fSk; re;jpudpd; gps;isfs;. #upagfthd; fhiyapy; VO  Fjpiufs; G+l;ba Njupy; Gwg;gLfpwhH. #upaidAk; re;jpuidAk; fpufz fhyj;jpy; ,uhF NfJ vd;w ,uz;L ghk;Gfs; tpOq;Ffpd;wd. ,itjhd; ,e;jg; G+kp cl;gl mz;lk;gw;wpa mwpT 'Kf;fhyKk;'  njupe;j Ntjfhy up\pfSf;F ,Ue;jd!

 

Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH tho;e;j jpU%yH ngupa rpj;juhfg; Nghw;wg;gLfpwhH. mtH vOjpa jpUke;jpuk; jkpopy; vOjg;gl;l Kjy; jj;Jt EhyhFk;. 'jkpo; Mfkk;' vdr; rpwg;gpf;fg;gl;L gd;dpU jpUKiwfspy; 10tJ jpUKiwahf itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

'xd;Nw FyKk; xUtNd NjtDk;
 ed;Nw epidkpd; ekdpy;iy ehzhNk'

 

'md;Gk; rptKk; ,uz;nld;ghH mwptpyhH
md;Ng rptkhtJ ahUk; mwpfpyhH'

 

'Mir mWkpd;fs;  Mir mWkpd;fs;
<rNdh lhapDk; Mir mWkpd;fs;'

'NgHnfhz;l ghHg;ghd; gpuhd;jd;id mHr;rpj;jhy;
NghHnfhz;l Nte;jHf;Fk; nghy;yh tpahjpahk;''

 

'clk;ig tsHf;Fk; cghak; mwpe;Njd;
clk;ig tsHj;Njd; capHrsH NjNd'

 

'vd;id ed;whf ,iwtd; gilj;jdd;
jd;id ed;whfj; jkpo; nra;AkhNw'

 

vdg; Gul;rpfukhd jj;Jt rpe;jidfis Kd; itj;jtH. Mdhy; mtuhy; $wg;gl;lit rpy ,d;iwa mwptpaYf;F xj;jjhf ,y;iy.

 

Mz; Foe;ij vg;NghJ gpwf;fpwJ? ngz; Foe;ij vg;NghJ gpwf;fpwJ? vd;gjw;F jpU%yH jUk; tpsf;fk; rpupg;ig tutiof;fpwJ. ,jdhy; mtiuf; Fiw $Wtjhf ahUk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ.

 

,d;iwa fhy mwptpay; tsHr;rpNahL mtuJ fhyj;J  mwptpaiy xg;gpl KbahJ. ,d;W mwptpay; ,kak; Nghy; tsHe;J ,Uf;fpwJ. Fjpiu Ntfj;jpy; tsHe;J tUfpwJ.

 

jpU%yH xU Foe;ij Mzh ngz;zh vd;gij clYwT fhyj;jpy; Mz;kfdplk; Vw;gLk; gpuhz ,af;fj;jpw;Nfw;gf; Foe;ij MzhfTk; ngz;zhfTk; gpwf;Fk; vdf; $WfpwhH.

 

'FotpAk; Mzhk; tyj;jJ thfpy;
FotpAk;  ngz;zhk; ,lj;jJ thfpy;'
 (jpUke;jpuk; 482)

 

,jd; nghUs; clYwT fhyj;jpy; Mzplk; gpuhzd; #upa fiyapy; mjhtJ   tyJehrpapy; ,aq;Fkhapd; Mz;Foe;ij vd;Wk;> re;jpufiyapy; ,aq;Fkhapd; ngz;Foe;ij vd;gjhk;.

 

,JNghyNt 'tpe;jhfpa Rf;fpyj;ij nrYj;Jk; gpuhzthAit mghdd; vd;Dk; kyf;fhw;W vjpHj;jhy; tpe;J rpije;J ,ul;ilf; Foe;ijfs; gpwf;Fk;' vd;fpwhH. NkYk; clYwtpd; NghJ ,UtUf;Fk; gpuhzthA jLkhwpdhy; ngz;zpw;Ff; fU cz;lhtjw;F tha;g;G ,y;iy vd;fpwhH.

 

,ul;ilf; Foe;ijfs; gpwg;gjw;fhd mwptpay; fhuzpfs; vit vd;gJ vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupAk;. ,uz;L tifapy;jhd; ,ul;ilaH gpwf;f KbAk;.

 

xd;W rpid Vw;gl;l rpy ehl;fspy; Kl;il ,uz;lhfg; gpuptJ. ,g;gbg; gpwf;Fk; ,ul;ilaH xj;j my;yJ cld;gpwg;G (identical or fraternal twins ) Mf ,Ug;gH. kw;wJ ,uz;L Kl;ilfs; rkfhyj;jpy; ntspNaw;wg;gl;L ntt;NtW tpe;jZf;fshy; rpidg;gLj;jg; gLtJ. ,g;gbg; gpwf;Fk; ,ul;ilaH xj;jpy;yhj cld;gpwg;Gf;fs; (non-identical twins) Mf ,Ug;gH. 

 

Foe;ij Mzh  ngz;zh vd;gjw;F MNz nghWg;ghFk;. Mdhy; Mz; Foe;ij gpwf;fhtpl;lhy; gop ngz;zpd; jiykPNj Rkj;jg;gLfpwJ. mJ kl;Lky;y me;jg; ngz;Foe;ijAk; gyp vLf;;fg;gLfpwJ. mz;ikapy; xU fpoik Vl;by; 'N[hjplj;jpd; tpguPjk; Foe;ijiaf; nfhd;w je;ij' vd;w jiyg;gpy; (A+iy 21) te;j ,e;jr; nra;jpiag; gbAq;fs;.

 

Jhj;Jf;Fb khtl;lk; jpUitFz;lk; mUNf fUq;Fsj;ij NrHe;jtH Jsrpkzp (taJ 32).   ,tuJ kidtp fz;zk;khs;. Jsrpkzp fle;j rpy Mz;LfSf;F Kd;G ,yl;Rkp vd;gtiu ,uz;lhe; jhukhf jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhz;lhH. ,yl;Rkpf;F ,uz;L Foe;ijfs; ,Ue;jd.  ,e;epiyapy; iff; Foe;ijahd ngz; Foe;ijia fle;j 7 Mk; Njjp njhl;bypy; Jhq;f itj;Jtpl;L ,yl;Rkp filf;Fr; nrd;wpUe;jhuhk;.  mtH jpUk;gp te;J ghHj;jNghJ njhl;bypNyNa Foe;ij ,we;J fple;jJ. 

,J Fwpj;J Jsrpkzp jpUitFz;lk; fhty;Jiwapy; GfhH nra;jhH.  ,d;];ngf;lH Nkup NahH[; tof;Fg;gjpT nra;J tprhuiz elj;jp te;jhH. tprhuizapy; Foe;ijapd; je;ij Jsrpkzpjhd; nfhiy nra;jhH vd;gJ njupate;jJ.  ,JFwpj;J fhty;Jiw jug;gpy; $wpajhtJ:- 

''fle;j 7 Mk; Njjp yl;Rkp jdJ Foe;ijia njhl;bypy; Jhq;f  itj;Jtpl;L filf;Fr; nrd;wpUe;jhuhk;.  mg;NghJ Jsrpkzp jdf;F 2 Mtjhf ngz;Foe;ij ,Uf;ff; $lhJ vd;W NrhjplH xUtH nrhd;dijf; Nfl;L> njhl;bypy; fple;j Foe;ijia fapw;wpdhy; fOj;ij neupj;Jf; nfhiy nra;jhuhk;.  gpd;G tof;fk; Nghy; tPl;bd; ntspNa vJTk; mwpahjJ Nghy; mkHe;J tpl;lhuhk;.  gpd;G fhty;Jiwapy; ,tNu GfhUk; nfhLj;J tpl;lhuhk;. fhty;Jiw tprhuizapy; je;ijNa jdJ Foe;ijia Nrhjplj;jpd; kPJ itj;j ek;gpf;ifapdhy; nfhiy nra;jJ njupa te;jJ. Jsrpkzpaplk; fhty; JiwapdH njhlHe;J tprhuiz elj;jp tUfpd;wdH.'

,J Nghd;w fz;zPHf; fijfs; ehs;NjhWk; jkpo;ehl;Lr; nra;jp VLfspy; tUfpd;wd. ngz; Foe;ijfs; ghtg; gpwtpfshfg;  ghHf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;.  gbg;gwptpy;yhj ghkukf;fs; Nrhjplupd; thf;ifj; nja;t thf;fhf; fUjpf; nfhiy$lr; nra;fpwhHfs;.  

,Njh Mz; Foe;ij  gpwf;fhjjhy; fztdhy; nfhLikg;gLj;jg;gl;l> Iaj;Jf;F Mshd ,sk;ngz;zpd; ''[hjff;  Foe;ij'' vd;w cz;ikf; fij. ,jpYk; NrhjplNu tpy;ydhf tUfpwhH.  

''vy;yhg; ngz;fSf;Fk; Nghyj;jhd; vdf;Fk; jpUkzk; ele;jJ. 

mg;NghJjhd; fy;Y}upg; gbg;G Kbe;J Ntiyf;Fg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUe;Njd;. mg;gh vdf;F khg;gps;is ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH.  kJiuapypUe;J xU rk;ge;jk; te;jJ. vd; [hjfj;ij thq;fpg; ghHj;jhHfs;. gj;jpy; VO nghUj;jk; nghUe;jpaJ vd;whHfs;.  ngz; ghHf;f te;jtHfs; gpw tp\aq;fisg; NgrpdhHfs;. ehq;fs; eLj;juf; FLk;gk;. 5 gTd; eif> &.5 Mapuk; nuhf;fk; vd;W Ngrp Kbj;J K$Hj;j ehs; Fwpj;jhHfs;. jpUkzKk; rpwg;ghf ele;jJ. 

mtd; ngaH.. Mkhk;> 'mtd; jhd;..'mtd; vd;W nrhy;YtNj mjpfk;.   Vndd;why;> mtd; kdpjdy;y kpUfk;.  mJ mg;NghJ nrd;id Nfhl;ilapy; Ntiy ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. vdf;F mz;zh rhiyapy; xU epWtdj;jpy; Ntiy.  vdNt nrd;idapy; jdpf; Fbj;jdk; itj;jhHfs;.  

Mirf; fdTfSld; mJf;Ff;  fOj;ij ePl;bNdd;. mJ fl;baJ jhyp my;y> Jhf;Ff; fapW vd;gJ gpwFjhd; njupe;jJ.'' (tsUk;)

 


 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L

,J cdf;Fg; gpwe;j Foe;ij my;y! CUf;Fg; gpwe;j Foe;ij!

(17)

ef;fPud;

vd;id rPz;br; rPz;b tpisahbdhd;. Neuq;fhyk; fpilahJ.  tPl;bypUf;Fk;   ehl;fspy; 'khl;dp fhl;rp' $l cz;L.  GJg;glk; ntspahFk; NghJ ehY fhl;rp elf;Fk; my;yth?  mJNghy ehY fhl;rpAk; elg;gJk; cz;L. mJf;F vd;kPJ mt;tsT Mir vd;W epidj;J   ehd; g+upj;Njd;. 

ehshf ehshfj;jhd; mjd; Ra&gk; njupe;jJ.  "mq;Nf vd;d ghHit? ahiug; ghHf;fpwha;?

mtd; cd;$lg; gbj;jtdh? mtd;$l cdf;F Vw;fdNt gof;fk; cz;lh? cd; $lNtiy ghHf;fpwtdh?' vd;nwy;yhk; Nfl;lhd;. Nfs;tpay;y Fj;jy;.  tpdh my;y tp\k;.  #l;Lf; Nfhyhy; vd;idr; Rl;lhd;. 

vd; ,jak; fdj;jJ. ,ikfisj; jhz;bf; fz;zPH tbe;jJ. MdhYk;> vdf;F ehNd MWjy; $wpf;nfhz;Nld;. ehd; ey;y epwk;. fy;Y}upj; Njhopfs; vd;id 'fpspNahghl;uh' vd;ghHfs;.   vdNt> mJ re;Njfg;gLfpwJ vd;W epidj;Njd;. 'rpy Mz;fSf;Nf ,e;jf; Fzk; cz;L 'vd;W vdf;Fs; vz;zpf;nfhz;Nld;. 

ehk;jhd; vr;rupf;ifahf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;W KbT vLj;Njd;.  $batiu ntspapy; NghtJ ,y;iy.  mYtyfj;jpypUe;J$l tpsf;F itf;FKd; tPl;Lf;F te;JtpLNtd;. gid   kuj;jbapypUe;J ghy; Fbg;ghNdd;? gopr; nrhy;Yf;F MshthNdd;? 

vd;djhd; vd;kPJ re;Njfk; ,Ue;jhYk; vd; clk;G mJf;Fj; Njitg; gl;lJ. ehDk; Ke; jhid tpupj;Njd;. ,y;iynad;why;> "vtd; $lb Ngha;tpl;L te;jha;?' vd;W Nfl;ff; $lhNj! 

me;jr; re;Njfg; NgAld; vg;gbNah Ie;jhz;L tho;e;Jtpl;Nld;.  ,uz;L Foe;ijAk; ngw;Wtpl;Nld;.  ,uz;Lk; ngz; Foe;ijfs;. 

vdf;F vd;dNth NtWghL njupatpy;iy. ,e;jf; fhyj;jpy; Mz; vd;d? ngz; vd;d? ,uz;Lk; tPjpapy; miyaj;jhd; nra;fpwJ.  nrhd;dhy;jhd; ngz; gps;is vd;W njupfpwJ.  nfhs;sp itf;f Mz; gps;is Ntz;Lkhk;. ngz; gps;is itj;jhy; nfhs;sp cilahjh? Mz; gps;isjhd; thuprhk;! vd; FLk;gk; ghz;bag; NguuR ,y;iyNa! Mz; gps;isjhd;   filrpf; fhyj;jpy; fQ;rp Cw;Wthdhk;! me;jf;fhye;jhd; kiyNawptpl;lNj! ,wf;if Kisj;jJk; mtdtd; gwe;JtpLfpwhd;! 

vdf;F kfpo;r;rpjhd;.  vd;whYk; mJf;F kdJf;Fs; ftiy ,Ue;jJ. 'xU Mz; gps;is Ntz;Lk;' vd;W mbf;fb nrhy;Yk;.  've;jf; Nfhl;ilia Ms?' vd;W ehd; rpupg;Ngd;! ",uz;L ngz; Foe;ijfisAk; rpwg;ghf tsHj;J> ed;whfg; gbf;f itj;J> ey;y ,lj;jpy; fl;bf; nfhLj;jhNy NghJk;' vd;Ngd;. 

mLj;j Foe;ij Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; ehd; Mirg; gltpy;iy. 'Ntz;lhk;' vd;Wk; epidf;ftpy;iy.  Mdhy; mLj;jJk; ngz;zhfg; Ngha;tplf; $lhNj vd;w gak; ,Ue;jJ.   vd;idtpl mJf;F ,e;j mr;rk; mjpfk;.  vdNt> vd;id mjpfkhf neUq;FtJ $l ,y;iy. 

,uz;L Foe;ij ngw;Wk; vd; moF Fiwatpy;iy. ,ijg; ghHj;J mJ nghwhikg;gl; lJ. 'cd;idg; ghHj;jhy;> ,uz;L gps;is ngw;wts; vd;W nrhy;yNt KbahJ!' vd;W $Wk;. 

,J Gfo;r;rp vd;W ehd; epidj;Njd;.  Mdhy;  nghwhik vd;W gpwF njupe;jJ. xU ehs; mYtyfj;jpypUe;J fpsk;g Neukhfptpl> Ml;Nlh gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L tPl;Lf;F Xb te;Njd.;  

"vq;fb Ngha; tpl;L tUfpwha;?' vd;W mJ Nfl;f> ehd; xUKiw Kiwj;Jtpl;L   cs;Ns Ngha;tpl;Nld;. 

mNjhl ez;gUf;Ff; Foe;ij gpwe;jpUe;jJ.  Mz; Foe;ij. njhl;by; NghLk; tpohTf;F ,UtUk; Ngha; te;Njhk;. te;jJKjy; Mz; Foe;ij Mir Mykukhfg; glHe;Jtpl;lJ. 

mJ [hjfj;ij vLj;Jf;nfhz;L xU Nrhjpluplk; Nghapw;W. NrhjplH [hjfj;ijg; ghHj;J tpl;L "mLj;j Foe;ij cdf;F Mz; Foe;ijjhd;' vd;W mbj;Jr; nrhd;dhH. astrolograsi2.jpg (50181 bytes)

thnay;yhk; gy;yhf nyhs;Stpl;Lf; nfhz;L mJ tPl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gpaJ. my;thTk;> ky;ypifg; g+Tk; thq;fp te;jpUe;jJ. md;wpuT kPz;Lk; xU KjypuT NghypUe;jJ. 

Kjy; ,U Foe;ijfisj; jpl;lkpl;Lg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;stpy;iy. #g;gpg;Nghl;l khq;nfhl;il Kisg;gJ Nghyg; gpwe;jitjhd;. Mdhy; mLj;j Foe;ijf;Fj; jpl;lkpl;Nlhk;. %d;whk; khjNk ehd; Foe;ij cz;lhNdd;. 

mJf;Ff; nfhs;is kfpo;r;rp. vd;idj; jhq;F jhq;F vd;W jhq;fpw;W.   "ek;k tPl;Lf;F xU jk;gpg; ghg;gh tug;NghfpwJ' vd;W ngz; Foe;ijfsplk; ngUik mbj;Jf; nfhz;lJ.    "epr;rak; ,J Mz; Foe;ijjhd; - NrhjplH mbj;Jr; nrhy;yptpl;lhH' vd;W jk;gl;lk; mbj;jJ. 

vd; khkpahH khkdhH te;J ghHj;J tpl;Lg; NghdhHfs;. "ehq;fs; kJiuapy; xU Nrhjpluplk; Nfl;Nlhk;. mtUk; Ngud;jhd; gpwg;ghd; vd;W nrhd;dhH' vd;W $wptpl;Lg; NghdhHfs;. 

vdf;Nf$l neQ;Rf;Fs; ,d;gk; Rue;jJ. mJ vd;dNth Mz; Foe;ij vd;why; Mirahfj;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ!  ekJ FUjpapy; mg;gbNa Cwpg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. 

khjq;fs; Xbd...kfpo;r;rpAld;.

gj;jhtJ khjk;. ,Lg;G typ. 

mJ xU kUj;Jt kidf;F vd;id mioj;Jf;nfhz;L Nghapw;W. 

Ngha;r; NrHe;j md;W ,uNt Foe;ij gpwe;jJ. 

xU ,yf;fzk; jtwpg; Ngha;tpl;lJ - ngz; Foe;ij! 

ngupjhf Cjpa gY}d; 'glhH' vd;W ntbj;jJ NghypUe;jJ! 

vdf;Nf Kfk; nrj;J tpl;lJ vd;why; mJf;F vg;gb ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;? epiwa rhf;nyl;L> tif tifahd rhf;nyl;L thq;fp itj;jpUe;jJ. mtw;iw mg;gbNa nfhz;LNgha;f; Fg;igj; njhl;bapy; Nghl;Ltpl;Lf; FYq;fpf; FYq;fp mOjJ! 

vd;idAk;> Foe;ijiaAk; ghHf;f miwf;Fs; mJ tutpy;iy. mNjhl mk;kh> mg;ghTk; tutpy;iy ,oT tPL Nghy ,Ue;jJ. 

%d;whk; ehs; Njhop xUj;jpapd; cjtpAld; ehd; tPl;Lf;F te;Njd;. 

vd; Foe;ijkPJ vy;NyhUk; ghuhKfkhf ,Ue;jhHfs;. ehshf ehshf Foe;ijapd;kPJ ntWg;Gg; ngUfpaJ.  mtHfspd; ntWg;G vdJ tpUg;ghf khwpaJ.  Kjy; Foe;ij ngw;wJNghy kfpo;r;rpahf ,Ue;Njd;. Foe;ijia thupnaLj;Jf; nfhQ;rpNdd;. kw;wf; Foe;ijfSf;Fg; Nghy ,e;jf; Foe;ijiaAk; vd; khHNghL mizj;Jg; ghy; nfhLj;Njd;. 

tPl;Lf;F te;j gpd; Dk; mJ vd; Kfj;jpy; tpopf;ftpy;iy. Foe;ijiaAk; ghHf;ftpy;iy. 

"ehd; vd;d jg;G nra;Njd;?' ehd;jhd; Nfl;Nld;. gjpy; ,y;iy. 

"mLj;j Foe;ij epr;rak; Mz; Foe;ijjhd; vd;W Nrhjpld; nrhd;dhd; vd;W ePq;fs;jhd;  nrhd;dPHfs;. mij ek;gpj;jhd; ehDk; %d;whtJ Foe;ij ngw;Wf; nfhs;s xg;Gf;nfhz;Nld;'; vd;W eakhfr; nrhd;Ndd;. 

mJ vdf;Fg; gjpy; nrhy;yhky; myl;rpag; gLj;jptpl;Lg; Nghapw;W. vd;id xU Fw;wthspiag; Nghyg; ghHj;jJ> elj;jpaJ. AstrologyEinsteinChart.gif (20598 bytes)

ez;gHfs; Nfyp nra;jhHfs;. mJ NtW mjd; kdijg; Gz;gLj;jpaJ. 

me;jf; Nfhgj;jpy; [hjfj;ij ghHj;J nrhd;d N[hjpluplk; MNtrkhfg; Nghapw;W. "ePnay;yhk; xU Nrhjpldh?' vd;W rz;il Nghl;bUe;jJ. 

'nfhL [hjfj;ij' vd;W NrhjplH thq;fpapUf;fpwhH. thq;fpg; ghHj;Jtpl;L 'ehd; nrhd;dJ rupjhd;' vd;W ekl;Lr; rpupg;G rpupj;jpUf;fpwhH. 

"vd;d rup? Mz; Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; vd;W nrhd;dPH. ngz; Foe;ij my;yth gpwe;jpUf;fpwJ' vd;W ,J Nfhgkhff; fj;jpapUf;fpwJ. 

"nghW jk;gp' vd;whH NrhjplH.  "cdf;F Mz; Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; vd;WjhNd nrhd;Ndd;? ,e;jf; Foe;ij cdf;Fg; gpwe;jpUe;jhy; Mz; Foe;ijahf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;." 

,J jpifj;Jg; Ngha; tpl;lJ. "mg;gbnad;why;...?' 

",J cdf;Fg; gpwe;j Foe;ij my;y!  CUf;Fg; gpwe;j Foe;ij!'  nfhQ;rk;$lg; gakpy;yhky; Nrhjpld; nrhd;dhd;. 

,J Rk;khNt re;Njfg; Nga;! Rk;khNt MLk; Nga; cLf;F mbj;jhy; vd;d Ml;lk; MLk;! vupfpw jPapy; vz;nza; thHj;jJNghy Mapw;W!

,jd; epidT gj;J khjj;Jf;FKd; XbapUf;fpwJ. mg;NghJ tPl;Lf;F ahuhtJ te;jpUe; jhHfsh? mNjhl khkh xU Ntiyahf te;jpUe;jhH. vq;fs; tPl;by; ehiye;J ehs; jq;fpdhH. mtuh ,Uf;FNkh? 

mYtyfj;jpy; ahH $lthtJ cwT Vw;gl;L ,Uf;FNkh? 

ehd; tPl;by; ,y;yhj NghJ xU ez;gd; Njb te;jhNd.. mtdhf ,Uf;FNkh? 

,g;gb Mapuk; re;Njfq;fSld; me;jg; Nga; tPl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gpaJ. 

mjd; Kfk; Ngabj;jJNghy ,Ue;jJ.  'vd;d tp\ak;?' vd;W Nfl;Nld;.   "xd;Wkpy;iy'   vd;W kOg;gpaJ. gpd;dhy;jhd; ,njy;yhk; vdf;Fj; njupate;jJ. 

ehiye;J ehs; fopj;J vd; [hjfj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhz;L Nrhjpluplk; XbaJ. 'vd; elj;ij vg;gb?' vd;W ghHj;Jr; nrhy;Yk;gb Nfl;bUf;fpwJ. mtd; fpy;yhb Nrhjpld;! ',ts; elj;ij nfl;ltshf ,Ug;ghs;' vd;W nrhy;yp tpl;lhd;! 

tPl;Lf;F te;jJ. vjw;F vLj;jhYk; rl;bapy; Nghl;l fLFNghy glglntd;W ntbj;jJ.  vd;idj; jpl;baJ. 'vd; Kfj;jpy; tpopf;fhNj> Ngh' vd;W tpul;baJ. ngz; Foe;ij gpwe;j Vkhw;wk; NghypUf;fpwJ vd;W ehDk; Rk;kh ,Ue;Jtpl;Nld;. 

NgWfhy tpLg;G Kbe;J> mYtyfj;Jf;Ff; fpsk;gpNdd;. 

"Ntiyf;Fg; Nghf Ntz;lhk; Ntiyia uh[pdhkh nra;JtpL' vd;W mJ nrhy;ypw;W.

vdf;F xNu mjpHr;rp.

"Vd;?" 

"%d;W Foe;ij Mfptpl;lNj! tPl;bypUe;J Foe;ijfisg; ghHj;Jf; nfhs;' vd;W mJ nrhy;ypw;W. 

"Mkhq;f %d;W Foe;ij Mfptpl;lJ. ,dpj;jhd; ehd; fl;lhak; Ntiyf;Fg; Ngha; rk;ghjpf;fNtz;Lk;' vd;W nrhd;Ndd;. 

"Ntiyf;Fg; Nghf Ntz;lhk;' vd;W mJ nrhy;y..> 

"jaT nra;J vd;idj; jLf;fhjPHfs;' vd;W ehd; nfQ;r.. 

"Vd;> fs;sg; GUridg; ghHf;ff; fl;lhak; NghfNtz;Lkh?' vd;W mJ Nfl;f... 

"vd;d.. vd;d nrhd;dPq;f...' vd;W ehd; gjw... 

"vdf;F vy;yhk; njupAk;b' vd;W mJ vfj;jhskhfg; Ngr... 

"vd;d njupAk;?' vd;W ehd; fj;j... 

"N[hrpaf;fhud; vy;yhk; nrhy;yptpl;lhd;. ,e;jf; Foe;ijNa vdf;Fg; gpwe;jpUe;jhy; Mz; Foe;ijahf ,Ue;jpUf;FNk! fs;sg; GUrDf;Fg; gpwe;jpUf;fpwJ. mJjhd; ngz; Foe;ijahfg; gpwe;Jtpl;lJ!' vd;W mJ nrhy;y...

neUg;ig ms;sp vd; jiyapy; nfhl;baJ NghypUe;jJ!

"vtd;b me;jf; fs;sg; GUrd;?' vd;W mJ Nfl;f> 

"eP Mz; gps;isahf ele;Jnfhz;lhy;> ehd; Vd; mLj;jtdplk; NghfpNwd;!' vd;W ehd; Mj;jpuj;jpy; $w> 

"mt;tsT Mfptpl;ljh? cdf;F ,dp ,e;j tPl;by; ,lkpy;iy. ,dp eP vd; kidtpAkpy;iy' vd;W if ePl;b vd; fOj;jpy; fple;j jhypia ntLf;nfd;W mWj;Jf;nfhz;lhd;. 

xU re;Njfg; NgAld; tho;tijtplj; jdpj;J thOtJ re;Njhrk; vd;W ehd; epidj;Njd;. 

gr;ir kz;izf; ifapy; vLj;Jf;nfhz;L> kw;w ,U Foe;ijfisAk; mioj;Jf;nfhz;L fl;ba NriyAld; ehd; fpsk;gpNdd;. 

"vd; Foe;ijfis vd;dplk; nfhL.' ngupa Foe;ijfs; ,UtiuAk; mtd; gpbj;J ,Oj;jhd;.

ehd; tpltpy;iy. Foe;ijfisf; nfl;bahfg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;. 

"vJlh cd; Foe;ij? ,g;NghJ nrhy;YfpNwd; ,e;jf; Foe;ijfSk; cdf;Fg; gpwe;jit my;y CUf;Fg; gpwe;jit!" 

mJ jpifj;J epd;wJ. 

"njhl;Lj; jhyp fl;ba ngz;lhl;bia ek;ghj cdf;Fg; gps;isfs; Ntz;Lkh? Jh!' vd;W mJ Kfj;jpy; fhwpj; Jg;gpNdd;. 

vd; gps;isfisf; Nfhopf; FQ;Rfs;Nghy mutizj;Jf;nfhz;L ntspNawpNdd;. 

,g;NghJ ehd; jdp tPl;by; trpf;fpNwd;. rk;ghjpf;fpNwd;. vd; gps;isfis uh[hj;jpfs; Nghy tsHf;fpNwd;. 

mtHfs; ngz;gps;isfs;. ehis mtHfSf;Fj; jpUkzk;> jpUtpoh vd;W elf;Fk;. mg;NghJ 'mg;gh ahH' vd;W Nfl;ghHfNs? 

Nfl;fj;jhd; nra;thHfs;. mg;gbg;gl;l NfL nfl;l rKjhaj;jpy;jhNd ehk; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpNwhk;! ( ''uhzp'' thu ,jo; - 29.4.2001)

 

 


Nrhjplg; Gul;L

Nrhjplk; ,Ul;L miwapy; fUg;Gg; G+idiaj; NjLk; FUld; fij!

(18)

ef;fPud;

NrhjplHfs; xw;iw ,ul;il ghHj;J gyd; nrhy;yptpl;L mJ gpiof;Fk;NghJ nfhQ;rk;$l kdr;rhl;rpf;Fg; gag;glhky; rhJupakhf NkYk; xU ngha;iar; nrhy;yp mjid cz;ikg;gLj;j vj;jdpf;Fk; nfhLikia ''[hjff;  Foe;ij'' vd;w cz;ikf;
fij vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ.  

gpwf;fg; NghFk; Foe;ij Mzh ngz;zh vd;W ve;jr; NrhjpldhYk; nrhy;y KbahJ. xw;iw ,ul;il gpbf;fyhk;. Mdhy; Kd;$l;bg; gyd; nrhy;y KbahJ! 

Mdhy; gbahjtHfs; kl;Lky;y nkj;jg; gbj;jtHfSk; jpUkzk; vd;W tUk;NghJ NrhjplHfisj; Njb miye;J mtHfs; nrhy;tij Njtthf;fhff; nfhs;tjhy; gy  jpUkzq;fs; tPzhf epd;W tpLfpd;wd.  

vdJ ez;gH xUtH kUj;Jtuhfg; gzpGupAk;  jdJ xNu kfSf;F gbj;j khg;gps;isia jpUkzk; NgrpdhH. ,U tPl;lhUf;Fk; xUtiu xUtH gpbj;Jg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. vdJ ez;gUf;F rhjfj;jpy; ek;gpf;if ,y;iy. Mdhy; khg;gps;is tPl;lhH rhjfk;  ghHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpdhHfs;. rhjfk; ghHj;jNghJ NrhjplH rhjfj;jpy; jhypg; nghUj;jk; ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;yp mjid epuhfupj;J tpl;lhH. 

vdJ ez;gH jdf;Fj; njupe;j ,d;ndhU Nrhjpluplk; me;jr; rhjfq;fisf; fhl;bdhH. mtH ghHj;Jtpl;L ''nghUj;jk; ,Uf;fpwJ. jpUkzk; nra;ayhk;'  vdr; nrhd;dhH. 

,d;ndhU nrhe;jf;fhuH nrhd;dhH. nrt;tha;f; Fw;wk; cs;s khg;gps;isf;F nrt;tha;f; Fw;wk; cs;s ngz;iz kpfTk; tpy;yq;fg;gl;Lr; nrhe;je;Jf;Fs;NsNa fz;L gpbj;jhHfshk;. ,U  tPl;lhUf;Fk; ngupa epk;kjp.  Mdhy; me;j epk;kjp ePz;l ehl;fs;  ePbf;ftpy;iy.

ngz;  tPl;lhH  rhjfq;fis Nrhjpluplk;  fhl;baNghJ 'rhjffhuHfSf;F kNfe;jpug;
nghUj;jk; ,y;iy' vd;W js;sp tpl;;lhH. 

,be;JNghd khg;gps;is tPl;lhH kWgbAk; tpl;l ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J nrt;tha;f; Fw;wk; cs;s ngz;izj; NjLk; Ntl;ilapy; ,wq;fpAs;shHfs;! 

vg;gb Nehapd; %yk; (fhuzk;) gw;wp xU kUj;JtH nrhy;tJ rupah gpioah vd;gij ,d;ndhU kUj;Jtuplk; Nfl;L cWjp nra;J nfhs;tJNghy xU NrhjplH   nrhy;tij kl;Lk; mg;gbNa ek;gptplhky; ,d;ndhU NrhjpluplKk; rhjfq;fisf; fhl;Lq;fs;. ngUk;ghYk; ,uz;lhtJ NrhjplH 'nghUj;jk;' ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W nrhy;yf; $Lk;!    

,g;gb xNu rhjfq;fisg; ghHj;Jtpl;L NrhjplHfs; kzg; nghUj;jk;gw;wp NeH vjpHkhwhd   gyd;fs; nrhy;tJ xd;Wk; Gjpdk; ,y;iy. ehshe;jk; ,J elf;fpwJ.    

xNu rhjfq;fs;. ntt;NtW NrhjplHfs;. NeH vjpHkhwhd gyd;fs;. Vd; ,g;gb?  

vy;yhk; FUld; ngz;bYf;F mbj;j fij! my;yJ ,Ul;liwapy; fUg;Gg; G+idiaj;   Njba FUld; fij!  

xU rhjfj;ij vOjf; $l;lj; njupe;j vy;NyhUk; fzpf;fyhk;.  fzpg;gjpy; rpf;fy; ,y;iy.   n[dd fhyj;jpy; n[d;k el;rj;jpuk; ve;j ,uhrpapy; ,lk; ngw;W ,Uf;fpwNjh me;j ,uhrpNa me;j rhjfUila n[dd ,uhrpahFk;. ,e;j ,uhrpiaf; nfhz;Nl me;j rhjfH tho;ehs; KOtJk; jkJ ,uhrp gyd;ffisf; Nfhrhu Kiwapy; fz;lwpayhk;. gQ;rhq;fj;ijg; ghHj;J ,tw;iw njupe;J nfhs;syhk;.  

,g;NghJ fzpdp %yk; Kd;dH kdjhYk; ifahYk; gy kzpj;jpahyq;fs; my;yJ rpy ehl;fs; nrytopj;J fzpf;Fk; rhjfj;ij rpy kzpj;Jspfspy; Nrhjpl nkd;nghUspd; cjtpAld;  fzpj;J Kbj;J tplyhk;. gpwe;j ehs;> Neuk;> CH> ehL (longititude and latitude ) nfhLj;Jtpl;lhy; rhjfk; ,ikg; nghOjpy; ,uhrprf;fuk; ethk;r Fz;lyp ,uz;ilAk;   ghif gprfhJ Jy;ypakhff; fzpj;Jf; nfhLj;J tpLfpwJ!  

Mdhy; rhjfj;ij mwptpayhsHfs; fz;Lgpbj;j fzdp %yk; fzpj;JtpLtjhy; kl;Lk; mJ rupnad;W nghUs; nfhs;sf;$lhJ. fzpdpf;F vjidf; nfhLf;fpNwhNkh mJjhd; ntspNa tUk;. Fg;igiaf; nfhLj;jhy; Fg;igjhd;  ntsptUk; (garbage in garbage out)  vd;gij kwe;J tplf; $lhJ.  

rpf;fy; vq;Nf ,Uf;fpwnjd;why; rhjfj;ijg; ghHj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;Ytjpy;. mjw;F Nrhjplg; gbg;G> mwpT> mDgtk; ,it epiwaj; Njit.  

Nrhjplj;ij Kiwahfg; gbj;J  mjid KONeuj; njhopyhfr;  nra;JtUgtHfs; kpfr; rpyNu. ngUk;ghYk; rhjfq;fis  Nrhjplj;ij miuFiwahfg; nghOJ Nghf;Ff;fhf gbj;jtHfsplk; nfhLj;Jj;jhd; gyd; Nfl;fpwhHfs;.  

,g;NghJ ,e;jpa ehNsLfspy;  ',e;j Mz;L jpUkzkh? Nahrpj;J nra;Aq;fs;' vd;w jiyg;gpy; gy nra;jpfs; ntspte;Js;sd. mjpy; xd;W gpd;tUkhW.    

GJnly;yp> A+iy 30- ,e;j Mz;L jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;gtHfs; ed;whf Nahrpj;J nray;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W N[hjplHfs; vr;rhpj;J cs;sdH.  

,JFwpj;J jiyefH jpy;ypapy; cs;s ,yl;Rkp ehuhazH Nfhtpy; jiyik mHr;rfH ,yl;Rkp ehuhaz
rh];jpup $wpAs;sjhtJ-  

',e;j Mz;L> tpaho fpufk; jpUkz tho;f;ifia tsk; Fd;wr;  nra;tjhf  cs;sJ.     vdNt ,e;j Mz;L jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;sj; jpl;lkpl;L cs;stHfs; mJFwpj;J ed;F Nahrpj;Jr; nray;gl Ntz;Lk;. Fwpg;ghf uh[];jhd;> gQ;rhg;> nly;yp> mhpahdh> F[uhj;> cj;jug;gpuNjrk; kw;Wk; kj;jpag; gpuNjrj;jpy; cs;stHfs; ,e;j Mz;L jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;sf;$lhJ. nghJthf rpk;kk; kw;Wk; fd;dp ,uhrpf;fhuHfSf;F jpUkzk;
nra;J nfhs;s ,J cfe;j fhyk; my;y. mtHfs; xf;NlhgH 25 k; Njjpf;Fg; gpwNf jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;syhk;. kw;w ,uhrpf;fhuHfs;$l tpaho fpufj;jpw;F ghpfhuk; nra;j gpwNf jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;s Ntz; Lk;. ,j;jifa epiy ,g;NghJ Gjpjhf Vw;gltpy;iy. tof;fkhf 18Mz;LfSf;F (?) xUKiw ,t;thW Vw;gLk;.
  

,e;jr; nra;jp> jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;gtHfSf;F kl;Lkpd;wp eif tpahghhpfs;> rikay;fhuHfs; MfpNahUf;Fk; mjpHr;rp juf;$baJ MFk;.'  (jpdfud;)  

,Nj khjpup ,q;F ntsptUk; Toronto Star (Mf];l; 06> 2003) ehNsl;bYk; "No time to get wed-Indian astrologers delay marriages- Rifts in families as fallout hits GTA?" vd;w ePz;l jiyg;gpy; gugug;NghL nra;jp ntspapl;;Ls;sJ.  

'mLj;j rpy khjq;fSf;F Nfhs;fs; rupapy;iy. ahUk; ,e;jf; fhyj;jpy; jpUkzk; nra;af;$lhJ.

gQ;rhq;fj;jpd;gb FUgfthd; rpk;k ,uhrpapy; gpuNtrpf;fpwhH. Rf;fpud; (nts;sp)  #upaDf;F mz;ikapy; ,Ug;gNjhL Vida Nfhs;fspd; rpf;fyhy; ,e;jf; fhyk; jpUkzk; nra;J   nfhs;tjw;F nfl;l fhykhFk;;.

mLj;j Mz;L ij khj eLg;gFjpapy;jhd; Nfhs;fs; ey;y  ,lq;fSf;F khWfpd;wd'
vd;fpwhH Nkhfd; kp\;uh
(Mohan Mishra)  vd;w ,e;jpa NrhjplH. ,tH 10 Mz;LfSf;F Kd; fdlhtpy; FbNawpatH.  ,tluJ thbf;ifahsHfspy; miuthrpg; NgH ,tuJ Nahridf;F ,zq;f jpUkzq;fis xj;jpg; Nghl;Ls;shHfs;. ,jdhy; FLk;gq;fspy; gpsTfs;  Vw;gl;Ls;sjhfTk; ,e;jg; gj;jpupif nra;jp NkYk; njuptpf;fpwJ.   

Mf mHr;rfH ,yl;Rkp ehuhaz rh];jpup kw;Wk; NrhjplH Nkhfd; kp\;uh ,UtUk; mLj;j  rpy khjq;fs; jpUkzk; nra;tjw;F nfl;l fhyk; vd;W nrhy;y GJtz;zhug;Ngl;il> nrd;id-81 NrHe;j NrhjplH fPo;<uhy; gz;bl; gr;iruh[d; FU ngaHr;rpahy; ed;ikNanahopa  jpd;ik ,y;iy vd;W mbj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhH. mtuJ FUngaHr;rp gyid RUf;fkhf fPNo   jUfpNwd;. 

'NjtFU vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;w FUgfthd; jdJ cr;r tPlhd flf ,uhrpapypUe;J 23-7-2003 md;W Gjd;fpoik ,uT 6.27 f;F rpk;k ,uhrpapy; gpuNtrpf;fpwhH. rpk;k uhrpapy; kfk;> g+uk;> cj;jpuhlk; el;rj;jpuq;fspd; mjpgjpfshd  NfJ> Rf;fpud;> #hpad; MfpNahhpd; rhuq;fspd; kPJ rpk;k ,uhrpapy; Ml;rp ghpghydk; nra;fpwhH.  

,e;jf; FU ngaHr;rpf;F XH khngUk; rpwg;G cz;L. mjhtJ FUgfthd; rQ;rhpf;Fk; ,e;j Mz;ilj;jhd; kfhkfk; Mz;L vd;W $WfpNwhk;.  ,J 12 Mz;LfSf;F xUKiw tUtjhy;jhd; ,jw;F XH jdpr;rpwg;G cz;L.  

nghJthf FUit ey;ytH vd;W $WthHfs;. ey;ytHjhd;> Qhdpjhd;> nry;tj;ij ms;sp   toq;FgtHjhd;> Gj;jpufhud;jhd;> ehl;il Msitg;gtUk; mtHjhd;. FUthy; Vw;gLk; nfL gyDk; ekf;F ed;ikahdjhfNt ,Uf;Fk;.  fpufq;fspy; FU kl;LNk tf;u fjp milAk;  NghJ ,Uklq;F ed;ikia nra;Ak; fpufk; MFk;.  ey;NyhUld; el;ghf gof itg;gJk; mtHjhd;> GJg; GJ cj;jpfis mwpa itg;gtUk; mtHjhd;. gy fiyfspy; ty;ytuhf;FtJk; tho;f;ifapy; nfsutj;ijAk;> khpahijAk; ekf;F ePbf;f itg;gJk; ,tUila gykhFk;. Mdhy; ,ijnay;yhk; vg;gb nra;fpwhH vd;why; jdJ 5> 7> 9-k; ghHitahy;jhd;.  

Mdhy; FUgfthd;  ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;jpw;Fr; nra;tJ ,y;iy vd;w cz;ikia gyNgH mwptjpy;iy. jw;NghJ rpk;k ,uhrpf;F te;J tpl;lhHjhd;.  Mdhy; FUthy; rpk;k ,uhrpf;fhuHfSf;F xU gaDk; fpilahJ vd;gJ vj;jid NgUf;Fj; njhpAk;? 

,jdhy;jhd; nghpNahHfs; FUghHf;f Nfhb ed;ik vd;whHfs;.  Mkhk; FU ghHj;jhy;jhd; ed;ik fpilf;Fk;.

FU gfthd; xUtUila n[d;k ,uhrpf;F 2> 5> 7> 9> 11-k; ,lq;fspy; rQ;rhpf;Fk; fhyq;fspy; ed;ik jUthH vd;Wk; 5> 7> 9-k; ghHit fpilf;Fk; ,uhrpf;F ed;ik fpilf;Fk;.   

,e;j tUl FU ngaHr;rpahy; flfk;> Nklk;> Fk;gk;> jDR> Jyhk; Mfpa Ie;J ,uhrpf;fhuHfSf;F kpf ey;y gyd;fs; elf;Fk;. kw;w uhrpf;fhuHfSf;F Rkhuhd gyidNa vjpHghHf;fyhk; vd;whYk; kPd ,uhrpf;F Mwhk; ,uhrpahd rpk;kj;Jf;F FU tUtjhy;> jdJ ghHit ,y;yhky; NghdhYk; FUtpd; nrhe;j tPlhf kPdk; ,Ug;gjhy; FU jdJ nrhe;j tPl;Lf;F ey;yJ nra;Ak; epiyikapy; ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; nfLjy; gyd;fis nfhLf;fkhl;lhH vd;W ek;gyhk;.   

nghJthf xU fpufk; rhjfkw;w epiyapy; ,Ue;jhy; nfL gyd;fs; elf;Fk.; Mdhy; FU gfthd; rhjfkw;w epiyapy; ,Ue;jhYk;> nfL gyd;fs; nkd;ikahfNt ,Uf;Fk;.   

fpufq;fspy; FU kl;LNk tf;u fjp milAk; NghJ ,Uklq;F ed;ikia nra;Ak; fpufk; MFk;.  FU Nfe;jpuhjpgj;jpa Njhrk; ngWk; fpufk; MFk;.  1> 4> 7> 11 Mfpa Nfe;jpuq;fspy; rQ;rhpf;Fk;NghJ kdjpy; rQ;ryj;ijAk;> kdf; f\;:lq;fSk; Vw;gLk;.  mjhtJ rpk;kk;> hp\gk;> tpUr;rpf ,uhrpf;fhuHfSf;F kdk; Fog;gKk;> KbTf;F tu Kbahj gpur;rpidfs; te;J epw;Fk;. me;j fhyq;fspy; FUgfthdpd; Nfhtpy;fSf;Fr; nrd;W te;jhy; jPa gyd;fs; Fiwe;J ey;y gyd;fis milayhk;.  

FUgfthd; kpJd ,uhrpf;F 3-Yk;> kPd ,uhrpf;F 6-Yk;> kfu ,uhrpf;F 8-Yk;> rpk;k ,yf;dj;jpYk;> fd;dp ,uhrpf;Fk; 12-Yk; rQ;rhpf;fpwhH. ,jdhy; ,e;j ,uhrpf;fhuHfSf;F nghpa ed;ikfis vjpHghHf;f Ntz;lhk;. Mdhy; nfLjy; mjpfk; ,Uf;fhJ. 

FU gfthd; Nfhr;rhug;gb 1> 3> 4> 6> 8> 10> 12-Mk; ,lq;fspy; tUk;NghJ jPikahd gyd;fSk;> FUgfthd;  gif> ePr;rk; ngWk;NghJ gztuT> jpUkzk;> Gj;jpu ghf;fpak;> tPL thq;Fjy; nfhLj;j gzk; tUjy; Nghd;witfs; jilgLk;.   

FUtpw;F #hpad;> re;jpud;> nrt;tha; ez;gHfs;.  GjDk; Rf;fpuDk; tpNuhjpfs; rdp> uhF> NfJ %tUk; el;Gk; ,y;iy gifAk; ,y;iy vd;w Kiwapy; rkepiyahsHfs; MthHfs;.  

el;rj;jpu rQ;rhuk; ,e;j tifapy; ,e;j tUlk; FU  el;G fpufkhd #hpadpd; Ml;rp
tPlhd rpk;kj;jpy; rQ;rhpf;fpwhH. ,jdhy; ey;yij nra;thH.  Mdhy; ,ilapy; ehd;F
khjq;fs; gif fpufkhd Rf;fpudpd; el;rj;jpukhd g+uj;jpy; rQ;rhpf;fpwhH.  23-7-2003 md;W rpk;k ,uhrpf;Fs; NfJ el;rj;jpukhd kfk; el;rj;jpuj;jpy; 1-k; ghjj;jpy; gpuNtrpf;Fk; FU kfk; el;rj;jpuq;fspd; 2> 3> 4-k; ghjq;fspy; 9-9-2003 tiu rQ;rhpf;fpwhH.   

kfk; el;rj;jpuhjpgjp NfJ MFk;.  NfJ FUTf;F rkkhdtH vd;gjhy; FU ,e;j ,uz;L khjq;fspy; kd epiwTld; ,Ue;J ghHitapy; gy ed;ikfisr; nra;thH.  Mdhy; 20-9-2003 md;W g+uk; el;rj;jpuj;jpd; rhuj;jpy; gpuNtrpf;Fk; FUgfthd; 18-12-2003 tiu g+uk; el;rj;jpuj;jpy; rQ;rhpf;fpwhH. 

g+uk; el;rj;jpugjp Rf;fpud; MthH.  FUTf;F Rf;fpud; gif MthH.  gifgl;l fpufkhd Rf;fpud; el;rj;jpuj;jpy; rQ;rhpf;Fk; fhyq;fspy; FU gfthdpd; ghHit ed;ikfis rpwg;ghfr; nrhy;tjw;F ,y;iy.  gy gpur;rpidfs; KbT ngwhky; mg;gbNa Njq;fp epw;Fk;. mjd;gpd; 5-1-2004 md;W Kjy; tf;ufjpf;F Mshfp 24-7-2004 md;W tf;u eptHj;jp MfpwhH.  tf;ufjpf;F MshFk; ,e;j MW khjq;fspy; FUgfthd; ed;ikfis ,ul;bg;ghf ms;spj;ju ,Uf;fpwhH. Mdhy; FUgfthdpd; rpk;k ,uhrp ngaHr;rp Njhuhakhf xUtUlk; xNu epiyaha; gyd; ,Uf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ.  mtH rQ;rhpf;Fk; el;rj;jpu rhuj;ij nghWj;Jj;jhd; gyd; mikAk;.  

FU ngaHr;rpia kl;LNk fzpj;J gyd; $wpdhy; rhpahd fzpg;G MfhJ.  ,uhF NfJ
rdp #hpad;> nrt;tha;> Gjd;> Rf;fpud; Nghd;w  kw;w fpufq;fspd; Nfhs; rhuq;fis fzf;fpl;L gyd; $wpdhy;jhd; mJ rhpahd> Rj;j njspthd gydhf mikAk;.  mjd; mbg;gilapy; ,ij fzpj;J nfhLj;Js;Nsd;.' 

,jidg; gbj;j gpd;dH cq;fSf;F jiy Rw;wpdhy; mjw;F ehd; nghWg;gpy;iy.   ,uhrp tPLfs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs;> Nfhs;fs;> mtw;wpd; (1) ruk;> ];juk;> cgak; (2) gfy; ,uT gyd;fs; (3) gQ;rtpj ];jhdq;fs; (4) cr;r-ePr;rk; (5) #upa-re;jpu Xiufs; (6) jpjp #d;ak; (7) Jthjr ght gyd;fs; (8) %d;Wtpj ghupahaq;fs; (9)n[d;k el;rj;jpuk; (10) jhuh gyd; - re;jpu gyd; (11) Njhrq;fs; (12) fhufg; gyd;fs; (13) el;ghl;rp cr;r ePr;r tPLfs; (14) MNuhfzk; mtNuhfzk; (15) fpufq;fspd; ghHitfs; Nghd;wtw;iw fzpj;jy; (computation) tupir xOq;F khw;wy;  (permutation) kw;Wk; xd;W NrHj;jy; (combination)  mbg;gilapy; gyd; nrhy;Yk;NghJ mit xd;Wf;F xd;W khWgLfpd;wd.    

nrd;id NrhjplH 'Rj;j njspthf'  fzpj;Jf; nfhLj;jpUf;Fk; gyd;gb jpUkzj;Jf;F ve;jj; jilf; fw;fSk; ,y;iy. 'FU ngaHr;rpia kl;LNk fzpj;J gyd; $wpdhy; rhpahd fzpg;G MfhJ" vd;fpwhH. Mdhy; jpy;yp fdlh NrhjplHfs; FU ngaHr;rpia kl;LNk itj;J   ',e;j Mz;L jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;sf;$lhJ. nghJthf rpk;kk; kw;Wk; fd;dp ,uhrpf;fhuHfSf;F jpUkzk;  nra;J nfhs;s ,J cfe;j fhyk; my;y.  mtHfs; xf;NlhgH 25 k; Njjpf;Fg; gpwNf jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;syhk;'  vd;W gyd; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.  

,jpy; ahH nrhy;Yk; gyd; rup? my;yJ gpio? ,uz;Lk; rupahf ,Uf;f KbahJ! Mdhy; ,uz;Lk; gpioahf ,Uf;f KbAk;. cz;ikAk; mJjhd;. Nfhs;fSf;Fk; jpUkzj;Jf;Fk; ve;jr; rk;ge;jKk; ,y;iy! 

ey;y  fhykhf jkpoHfs; tPl;Lj; jpUkzq;fs; ,e;j FUg; ngaHr;rpahy; jilgltpy;iy. js;spg;Nghlg; glTk; ,y;iy. XNu ehspy; (Mf];l; 30) %d;W jpUkzq;fSf;F vdf;F miog;G te;jpUf;fppwJ. xU Ntis gpiog;Gf; nfl;LtpLk; vd;w gaj;jpy; FUitAk; Rf;fpuidAk;  cs;SH NrhjplHfs;> mHr;rfHfs; fz;L nfhs;shJ tpl;L tpl;lhHfsh? (tsUk;)

 

 


 Nrhjplg; Gul;L  

 

jpUkzk; Mapuq;fhyj;Jg; gapH!  

(19)

ef;fPud; 

ehd;  njhlf;fj;jpy; $wpathW  NrhjplHfs; ahid ghHj;j FUlHfs; Nghy; MSf;F Ms;  ntt;Ntwhd gyd; nrhy;tjw;Ff; fhuzk; Nrhjpl rhj;jpuk; gpioahd mj;jpthuj;jpy; vOg;gg; gl;bUg;gNj. tPl;bd; mj;jpthuk; gykhf ,Ue;jhy;jhd; mjw;F Nky; RtH> $iu Nghd;wit epw;f KbAk;. mj;jpthuk; gytPdkhf ,Ue;jhy; fl;blk; ,be;J tpOe;J tpLk;. 

jpUkzk; xU Mz; ngz; tho;tpy; Vw;gLk; ,dpikahd epfo;T. jpUkzk; xUtd; my;yJ xUj;jpapd; tho;tpy; kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd jpUg;gq;fisAk; khw;wq;fisAk; Vw;gLj;jf; $baJ.  gpwg;Gg; Nghy; jpUkzk; tho;f;ifapy; ngUk;ghYk; xUKiw kl;LNk ,lk;ngWfpwJ. Md fhuzj;jhy;jhd; kpfTk; rpe;jpj;J epjhdpj;J mtrug;glhJ ehY NgNuhL Fbg;gpwg;G (FLk;gr; #oy;)> Fbik (xOf;fk;)> ahz;L (mfit)> cUT (Njhw;wk;)> jpU (nry;tk;)> MZf;F Mz;ik> ngz;Zf;F nkd;ik>  fy;tp> njhopy; Nghd;wtw;iw myrp Muha;e;J Nfl;Lj; njupe;J nfhz;L jpUkzk; KbT nra;ag;gLfpwJ.

khg;gps;is tPl;lhH tug;NghFk; kUkfs; kfDf;F Vw;w kidtpaha; GFe;j tPl;bd; FLk;g tpsf;fha; mika Ntz;Lk; vd Mirg;gLfpwhHfs;. 

ngz; tPl;lhH tug;NghFk; kUkfd; jq;fs; gps;isiaf; filrptiu fz; fyq;fhky; fhg;ghw;Wthd;>  md;NghLk; MirNahLk; FLk;gk; elj;Jthd; vd vjpHghHf;fpwhHfs;.  

jpUkzj;jpy; cs;s 'jpU' vd;gjd; nghUs; moF vd;gjhFk;. kzk; vd;gJ ,dpa thrk;. moFk; thrKk; ,iztNj jpUkzk;.  

xU nghUs; gpbf;fhtpl;lhy; mjid khw;wpf; nfhs;syhk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf thq;fpa tPL gpbf;fhtpl;lhy; my;yJ  mJ xUtupd; Njitf;F Vw;wjhf my;yJ Njhjhf ,y;yhtpl;lhy; mjid tpw;Wtpl;L ,d;ndhU tPl;il thq;fpf; nfhs;syhk;.  

Mdhy; kidtpiaf; fztNdh my;yJ fztid  kidtpNah epidj;j Nghnjy;yhk; khw;wpf; nfhs;s KbahJ. mtHfSf;F ,ilapyhd cwT> ge;jk; fhyj;ijAk; fle;J epw;gjhFk;. ,jdhy;jhd; jpUkzk; vd;gJ Mapuq;fhyj;Jg; gapH vd;w nghd;nkhop gpwe;jJ. 

rq;f fhyk;jhd; jkpoHfspd; nghw;fhyk; vd;ghHfs;. MZk; ngz;Zk; fy;tp Nfs;tpfspy; caHe;J rupepfH rkhdkhf tho;e;j fhyk;.

ve;j cyf tuyhw;wpYk; fhzKbahjthW Mz;  GytHfNshL ngz;GytHfs; Nghl;b Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L ghly;fs; ghbdhHfs;.  

rhjp NtWghL ,y;yhj fhyk;. ,sntapdpahH FwtH Fyk;. ntz;zpf; Faj;jpahH FatH Fyk;. ngUq;Nfhg;ngz;L murH Fyk;.

njhopypdhy; jho;tpy;iy. nghJkf;fSk; xd;Nw kd;dDk; xd;Nw. kd;dd; capHj;Nj kyHjiy cyfk;.

kdr;rhl;rpiatpl NtW neUq;fpa rhl;rp ,y;iy.

khdk; ,oe;J tho;jypYk; rhjy; ,dpJ.  'gFj;Jz;L gy;YapH Xk;Gjy; EhNyhH njhFj;jtw;Ws; vy;yhk; jiy' vd;w gue;j Nehf;F.

,e;jpuH mkpo;jNk fpilj;jhYk; mjidg; gpwHf;Fk; gFj;Jz;gH.

gop tUnkdpd; cyifNa ngWtjhapDk; nfhs;shH. gpwH mQ;Rk; gopf;Fj; jhKk; mQ;rpnahJq;FtH.  

ahJk; CNu ahtUk; cwtpdH vd khdplk; KOtijAk; xd;whff; fhZk; kdg;ghq;F ,Ue;jJ. ed;ikf;Fk; jPikf;Fk; jhNd fhuzk;  mJ gpwH jUtjd;W.

rhjy; fz;L mr;rkpy;iy. mJ GJikAk; md;W. tho;jy; ,dpJ vd;W xUf;fhy; kfpo;e;J ntWg;Gw;wNghJ ,d;dhjJ vd kdr; rypg;gpy;iy. ePupd; topgLk; kpjitNghy mupa capH KiwtopNa epfOk;.  

rq;f fhyj; jkpoHfs; ,t;Tyfj;jpy; ,d;Gw;W tho;tNj tho;tpd; Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;bUe;jdH.

mtHfsplk; fs; Fbj;jy;> guj;ijaH cwT Nghd;w rpy Fiwfs; ,Ue;jd. Mdhy; Fiwfistpl epiwfNs mjpfk;.  

mwnewpapy; nghUsPl;b> gpd;dH jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;L kidtp kf;fNshL ,d;gkhf tho Ntz;Lk;. mJjhd; gpwe;jjd; gyd;. ,e;jf; fUj;ij rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fs; midj;Jk; tw;GWj;jpf; $Wfpd;wd. 

mwk; nghUs; ,d;gk; %d;iwANk jkpoHfs; tho;f;ifapd; cWjpg; nghUshff; nfhz;ldH. Ehy;fs; vy;yhk; ,g; nghUs;gw;wpNa mika Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ njhy;fhg;gpa tpjp.  

njhy;fhg;gpaiug; gpd;gw;wpNa jpUts;StH jpUf;Fwspy; mwk;> nghUs;> ,d;gk; vd;w Kg;ghy; gw;wpNa NgRfpwhH. ,e;j %d;wpDs;Sk; ,d;gg; gFjpiaNa kdpj tho;;f;ifapd; capHehbahfr; rpj;jupj;J ,Uf;fpwhH.   

jpUf;Fwspy; cs;s nkhj;jk; 133 mjpfhuq;fspy; ,y;ywj;Jf;F 20 mjpfhuq;fis jpUts;StH xJf;fpAs;shH. ,d;gg; ghYf;F 25 mjpfhuq;fis xJf;fpAs;shH. vQ;rpa 88 mjpfhuq;fspy; JwNthHf;Fk; murHfSf;Fk; nrhy;ypait (fs;shik> tha;ik> ntFshik> fy;tp> Nfs;tp> fhyk; mwpjy;> Ms;tpid> tpidj;jpl;gk;> el;G>

jP el;G> cl;gif> kUe;J........ Nghd;wit) Fbkf;fSf;Fk; nghUe;Jk; vd;gjhy; 133 mjpfhuq;fspy; 115 mjpfhuq;fis itaj;jpy; tho;thq;F thOk; topKiwia tpsf;Ftjw;F xJf;fpAs;shH. 

jpUts;StH jpUf;Fwis muritapy; muq;Nfw;wpaJgw;wp xU Gidfij guk;giuahfr; nrhy;yg;gl;L  
tUfpwJ.  

jpUts;StH jhk; vOjpa jpUf;Fws; Rtbfisr; Rke;J nfhz;L mjidg; GytHfs; Gil#o ,Uf;Fk; muritapy; muq;Nfw;Wtjw;F muz;kid Nehf;fpg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUf;fpwhH. topapy; mtiu mt;itahH ghHj;JtpLfpwhH. ifapy; fl;Lf;fl;lhfr; Rtbfs;. mt;itahUf;F tpag;G.  

',e;j mjpfhiyg; nghOjpy; vq;Nf NghfpwPHfs;? ifapy; vd;d? fl;Lf; fl;lhfr; Rtbfs; ,Uf;fpwNj?' 

'xd;Wkpy;iy. mwk; nghUs; ,d;gk; gw;wp Fws; ntz;ghtpy; 1330 ghly;fs; vOjpAs;Nsd;. mjidf; fw;wwpe;j GytH ngUkf;fs; Kd;dpiyapy; muq;Nfw;w Ntz;Lk;. mjw;fhfj;jhd;   ,e;j mjpfhy Ntisapy; muz;kid Nehf;fpg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUf;fpNwd;.' 

'mwk; nghUs; ,d;gk; gw;wp 1330 ghly;fs; ghl Ntz;Lkh? xU ntz;ghtpy; mJgw;wpa   fUj;ijr; RUf;fkhfr; nrhy;yptplyhNk? ePq;fs; cq;fs; mUke;j Neuj;ijAk; XiyiaAk;  tPzhf;fp tpl;BHfs;!' 

'mg;gbah? xU ntz;ghtpy; mwk; nghUs; ,d;gj;ij mlf;fp tpl KbAkh? xd;wiu   mbapy;  vOjpaNghJ mZitj; Jisj;J vOfliyg; GFj;jp rhjid gilj;J tpl;Nld; vd;wy;yth epidj;Njd;! vq;Nf ghL ghHg;Nghk;?' 

'ghLfpNwd;' 

'<jy; mwk;> jPtpid tpl;L <l;ly; nghUs;
fhjyH ,UtH fUj;njhUkpj;J MjuT
gl;lNj  ,d;gk;> guid epidj;J ,k; %d;Wk;
tpl;lNj Ngupd;g tPL"
 

twpNahUf;Fk; tpUe;jpdHf;Fk; cjt Ntz;Lk;. mwnewpapy; nghUs; <l;l Ntz;Lk;. fUj;J xd;Wgl;l  fhjyH ,UtH xUtuhfp jpUkzj;jpy; ,ize;J gps;isfisg; ngw;W ,t;Tyf tho;tpNy milAk; ,d;gNk tho;f;ifapd; Fwpf;Nfhs;. mjidtpl NtW Fwpf;Nfhs; ,y;iy.  

'guid epidj;J ,k; %d;Wk; tpl;lNj tPL" vd;w ehw;ghy; nfhs;if Mupaupd; nry;thf;fhy;> gz;ghl;Lg; gilnaLg;ghy; gpw;fhyj;jpy; jkpo;kf;fspil cyf ntWg;Gf; nfhs;ifahf NrHf;fg;gl;lJ.

'tho;thtJ khak; kz;zhtJ jpz;zk;' 'vy;yhk; mtd; nray;' 'mtdpd;wp XuZTk; mirahJ' 'md;nwOjpaij ahUk; mopj;njOj KbahJ' vd;w ntl;b Ntjhe;jk; gpwe;j gpd;dNu mwk;> nghUs;> ,d;gk; vd;w cWjpg; nghUs;fNshL tPL NrHf;fg;gl;lJ.  

cyf ,d;gk; rpw;wpd;gk; vdg; GuhzpfHfs; mjidr; rpWikg; gLj;jpdhHfs;. 'guid epidj;J ,k; %d;Wk; tpl;lNj Ngupd;gk;' vd;W rkathjpfs; NkYyf tho;f;ifiag;  ngUikg; gLj;jpdhHfs;.

 

,tw;why; jkpo; Kd;Ndw Kbahky; NghdJ. jkpoHfs; Kd;Ndw Kbahky; NghdhHfs;.

jkpopy; cs;s rq;ffhy ,yf;fpak; Nghd;w caHthd ,yf;fpak; Ntnwe;j nkhopapYk; ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH gilf;fg;gltpy;iy. 

rq;ffhyj; jkpoHfsJ gFj;jwpT tho;f;ifiag; ghHf;Fk;NghJ tpag;ghfTk; jpifg;ghfTk;  ,Uf;fpwJ. mNj rkak; vg;gb thdshtr; rPNuhLk; rpwg;NghLk; NgNuhLk; GfNohLk; ,kak; vd tho;e;j ,dk; ,d;W mjy ghjhsj;Jf;Fj; jho;e;Jtpl;lNj vd;w ftiyAk; vOfpwJ.  

',k;ik nra;jJ kWikf;F Mk; vDk;
mwtpiy thzpfd; Ma; my;yd;
rhd;NwhH nrd;w newpnad
Mq;Fg;gl; ld;W mtd; if tz; ikNa.'  

vd;W khHjl;ba Mapd; guk;giu nrj;jgpwF rptNyhfk; itFe;jk; NrHe;jplyhk; vd;Nw vz;zp  flTSf;F ifA+l;Lf; nfhLf;f tupirapy; fhy;fLf;ff; fhj;J epw;fpwJ.  

EhW nts;sp nfhLj;J Fj;Jtpsf;Nfw;wpdhy; ,y;ywk; jisf;Fk;> fztDf;F ePz;l MAs; fpilf;Fk; nry;tk; nfhopf;Fk; jpUkzkhfhj ,sk;ngz;fSf;F moFk; FzKk; tha;e;j Jiztd; fpilg;ghd; vd jkpoHfs; ek;GfpwhHfs;. ek;g itf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;.  ,e;j cyfj;ijNa gilj;Jf; fhj;J mUSk;  flTSf;F xU Njq;fha; KbAk;> Rz;lYk; KWf;Fk; ghYk; goKk; gl;lhilAk; nghd;Dk; ve;j %iyf;F? mtH mt;tsT kypthdtuh? 

ePz;l MASf;Fk; Fj;Jtpsf;Ff;Fg; G+irf;Fk; vd;d njhlHG? ,e;jpahtpy; Mapuf;fzf;fpy; Nfhapy;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. jkpo;ehl;by; kl;Lk; %d;W fhy G+ir elf;Fk; Nfhapy;fs; 25>000f;Fk; mjpfkhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. Mdhy; ,e;jpa Fbkf;fspd; ruhrup mfit Mz; 58.5> ngz; 59.6 ( 1911,y; ruhrup taJ 20) kl;LNk.

Mdhy; fpwpj;jt ehlhd fdlhtpy; Mz; ngz;  ruhrup  mfit KiwNa 78.2. 82.9 MFk;.  (2000y; vLf;fg;gl;l fzpg;G)  

ey;y rj;JzT> Rj;jkhd jz;zPH> Jha;ikahd fhw;W> #oy;>  kUj;Jt trjp> guk;giu> ey;nyhOf;fk;> NghJnkd;w kdk;  ,itjhd; xU kdpjdpd; MAis epHzapf;fpwJ. MAisf; flTNsh Nfhs;fNsh epHzapf;fpwJ vd;gJ %lj;jdk;. 

rq;f fhyj; jkpoHfSf;F ,k;ik kWikgw;wpa ek;gpf;if ,Ue;jJ. Jwf;fk; epuak;  mwpKfkhfp ,Ue;jd. ey;tpidf;F ew;NgWk;  jPtpidf;F jPg;NgWk; cz;L vd;W ek;gpdhHfs;. md;igAk; mwidAk; Gwf;fzpj;jtHfs; ePq;fhj epuak; nry;tH vd ek;gpdhHfs;. ij ePuhbdhHfs;.

nghq;fy; tpoh> gq;Fdp tpoh> ,e;jpu tpoh>eLfy; tpoh> Kb#l;L tpoh  nfhz;lhbdhHfs;.  nja;tk; ,Ug;gij ek;gpdhHfs;. nja;tq;fis topgl;lhHfs;. nja;tq;fSf;F capHg; gyp nfhLj;jhHfs;. 

Mdhy; mikg;G Kiwahd rkak; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. vy;yhk; ty;y> vy;yhk; njupe;j> vq;Fk; epiwe;j flTs; topghL ,Uf;ftpy;iy! Astrologyearthmars.jpg (7311 bytes)

rq;f fhyj; jkpoHfs; tho;f;ifia mfj;jpiz Gwj;jpiz vdg; gFj;jdH. mfk; vd;why; cs;Ns. Gwk; vd;why; ntspNa.

cs;sj;J czHTfis ntspg;gLj;JtJ mfk;. Vida tho;tpay; $Wfshd ngUkpjk;> fy;tp> nfhil> JhJ> tzpfk; Nghd;wtw;iwg; Gwj;jpiz vd;wdH. 

fijNahL fij. ehd; Kd;dH Fwpg;gpl;lJNghy vjpH tUk; Mf];L 27 (Gjd;fpoik) nrt;tha;f; Nfhs; g+kpapy; ,Ue;J RkhH 5.5 Nfhb fpNyh kPl;lH Jhuj;Jf;F mUfpy; tug; NghfpwJ. mWgjpdhapuk; Mz;Lfs; fopj;J nrt;tha; ,t;tsT mz;ikapy; tUfpwJ. mg;NghJ mjid ntWk; fz;zhy; ghHj;J kfpoyhk;. ,g;gb Kd;dH nrt;tha; te;jNghJ kdpjd; G+kpapy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy.  epahe;jHjhy; (Neanderthal) vd;w kdpjFuq;Nf ,Ue;jJ! kPz;Lk; nrt;tha; ,g;gb G+kpia neUq;fptu xU ,yl;rk; Mz;Lfs; MFkhk;! mg;NghJ cyfpy; ahH ,Ug;ghHfs;? nrt;tha; ,g;gb G+kpia mz;kpg;gJ gw;wp NrhjplHfs; ftiyg;gltpy;iy. fhuzk; mtHfSf;F Nfhs;fs; G+kpiar; (QhapW) Rw;wptUtJ njupe;jpUe;jJ. Mdhy; Nfhs;fs; vt;tsT Jhuj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ vd;gJgw;wpa Qhdk; mtHfSf;F mbNahL ,Uf;ftpy;iy! (tsUk;)

 


Nrhjplg; Gul;L

Ie;jpy; ehY gq;F rhjfq;fs; gpioahff; fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd!   

(20)

ef;fPud; 

kPz;Lk; mfj;jpizia fstpay; fw;gpay; vdg; ghFgLj;jpdH. gUtk; va;jpa xUtDk; xUj;jpAk; re;jpj;J jkf;Fs; fhjy;nfhz;L kiwthf xOFk; tho;f;if fstpay; vdg;gl;lJ. ,J md;gpd; kpFjpahy; mtd; mts; vd;w Ntw;Wikapd;wp ,UtUk; xUtuha; xOFk;   cs;sg; GzHr;rpahFk;. fw;gpy; epd;W tOthky; md;gpdhw; ,izAk; cs;sg; GzHr;rpNa fsnthOf;fj;jpd; rpwg;gpayhFk;.  fhjyDk; fhjypAk; fsnthOf;fj;jpd; Kbe;j gadhf  xUtiu xUtH Cuwpaj; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;L thOk; tho;f;ifia fw;gpay; vdg; ngaH ,l;ldH. nghJthfj; jpUkzq;fs; fstpaypy; njhlq;fp fw;gpaypy; Kbe;jd. 

xUjiyf; fhjiy iff;fpis vd;Wk; nghUe;jhf; fhjiy ngUe;jpiz vd;Wk; ngaupl;L Vida FwpQ;rp> Ky;iy> kUjk;> nea;jy;> ghiyj; jpizfis kl;Lk; md;gpd; Ie;jpiz vd;W mioj;jdH. 

jiytd; jd;NdhL md;G fhl;Lk; jiytpiag; ngw;NwhH nfhLg;gg; gyH mwpa kze;J thOk; kidtho;f;ifNa fw;ngdr; rpwg;gpj;J ciuf;fg;gLk;. ,jidf; fuzk; vd;w nrhy;yhy; njhy;fhg;gpaH toq;FthH.   

fw;G vdg;gLtJ fuznkhL Gzuf;
nfhsw;Fup kugpd; fpotd; fpoj;jpiaf;
nfhilf;Fup kugpNdhH nfhLg;gf; nfhs;tJNk.

(njhy;. nghUs; -fw;gpay; 1088)

fw;G vd;W $wg;ngWtJ> tJitr; rlq;Fld; nghUe;jpf; nfhs;tjw;Fupa kugpDila jiytd;> jiytpiaf; nfhLg;gjw;Fupa  kugpidAilNahH nfhLg;gJ nfhs;StJ.

(fuzk; - rlq;F> fpotd; fpoj;jp - jiytd; jiytp> )

nfhLg;Nghupd;wpAk; kzk; cz;L. ngw;NwhuJ cld;ghbd;wp fsnthOf;fj;jpy; ,ize;J jiytDk; jiytpAk; CHtpl;L CH Nghjy; cz;L. ,J cld;Nghf;F vdg;gLk;. mtHfisj; Njbg; gpbj;J te;J ngw;NwhHfs; Cuwpaj; jpUkzk; nra;J itj;jdH. 

nfhLg;NghH ,d;wpAk; fuzk; cz;Nl
GzHe;J cld; Nghfpa fhiyahd.  

(njhy;.nghUs;-fw;gpay; 1089)  

jiykfsJ kdj;jpd;fz; mike;j fyq;fh epiyahfpa jpz;ikNa fw;ngdg;gl;lJ. njhy;fhg;gpaH fhyj;jpYk; mjw;F Kd;dUk; ,j; jpUkzr; rlq;F vy;yh kf;fSf;Fk; tpjpf;fg; gltpy;iy. Nru> Nrho> ghz;ba %Nte;jH FLk;gj;jpw;Nf Kjd; Kjy; tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ. gpd;dH VidNahHf;Fk; mJ tpjpf;fg; gl;lJ. 

mfehEhW vl;Lj;njhif Ehy;fspy; xd;W. mjpy; cs;s 400 ghly;fs; ntt;NtW fhyj;jpy; ntt;NtW GytHfshy; ghlg;gl;lit. ,jpy; fhzg;gLk; ,uz;L ghly;fs; (83> 136)  goe;jkpoupd; jpUkzKiwia rpj;jupf;fpd;wd.

NghH> fy;tp> JhJ> nghUs; fhuzkhf neLehs;  gpupe;J nrd;w jiytd; jiytpiaf; fhz MirNahL XNlhb tUfpwhd;. Njhop jLf;fpwhs;. jiytp  jitd; Nky; fLq; Nfhgj;NjhL ,Ug;gjhff; $Wfpwhs;. mg;NghJ jiytd; jdJ jpUkzr; rlq;fpd; NghJ ele;Njwpa fhl;rpfis Njhopf;F vLj;Jf; $WtJNghy;  ey;yhT+H fpohH vd;w  nre;jkpo;g; GytH ehlf ghzpapy; me;jg; ghliy (86) mikj;Js;shH.  

"vq;fs; jpUkzehsd;W cOe;jk; gUg;Gld; $l;br; rikj;j> gf;Ftkhff; Fioe;j nghq;fNyhL> kiyNghy; Ftpe;j  ngUQ; Nrhw;wpid cz;gtHfs; $l;lk;  epiwe;jpUe;jJ.  

tupirahf fhy;fis el;Lf; FspHe;j kzg; ge;jy; KOJk; ntspapypUe;J nfhz;Lte;j   ntz;kzy; gug;gg; gl;bUe;jJ.  

kidapy; tpsf;F Vw;wp  kyH khiyfis ge;jy; KOJk; neUf;fkhfj;  njhq;f tpl;L kpfmofhf myq;fupj;Js;shHfs;. jpUkz tPl;by; kidtpsf;Ffis Vw;wp  itj;J xspngwr; nra;Js;shHfs;. 

GfopidAila jpq;fSld; $ba cNuhfpzp ed;dhs; Fw;wkw;wJk; tho;tpw;F ey;yJ gaf;Fk; mlHe;j ,Us; ePq;fp> tpbay; njhlq;Fk;  tdg;G kpF Neuj;jpy; jpUkz tpoh njhlq;FfpwJ.  

jiyapy; ed;ePHf; Flj;jpidj; jhq;fpAk;> ifapy; mfd;w ghj;jpuj;ij Ve;jpf; nfhz;Lk;> jpUkzj;ij nra;J itf;Fk;> fyfyg;Gld; $ba Kjpa kq;fy tho;turpaH ePHf; Flq;fis Kd;NdAk; gpd;NdAk; KiwKiwahfj; je;jpl kzkfis ed; ePuhl;bdH. 

ey;y kf;fisg; ngw;W mb tapw;wpy; tup tupahfj; jOk;Gfs; nfhz;l kzptapW tha;e;j  kq;fy kfspH ehy;tH Jha MilfisAk; mzpfisAk; mzpe;J $bepd;w kzkfsplk;  'cd;id mile;j fztid tpUk;gpf; $bf; fw;G newpapd;Wk; jtwhky; ey;ywq;fisr;  nra;J> fztd; tpUk;gj;jf;f kidtpahhf mtid tho;ehs; KOJk; ed;F Ngzpf; fhj;J thOk; vz;zj;ijf; iff; nfhz;L tho;thahf!" vd;W  ePUld; FspHe;j ,jo;fs; cs;s G+f;fisAk; Gjpa ney;iyAk; Jhtp tho;j;jpajhy; kzkspd; mlHj;jpahd fupa $e;jypy; mit Njhw;wkspf;f> jpUkzk; ,dpNj epfo;fpwJ.  

mjd;gpd; MHtj;JlDk;> Muthuj;JlDk; R+o;e;j cwtpdH ',d;W Kjy; ePAk; ngupa kidf; fpoj;jp Mfptpl;lha;' vd;W Nfyp Ngrp kzkfSf;F NfhbALj;jp nky;ypa myq;fhuq;fisr; nra;J> tdg;Gld; $ba KjypuT miwf;Fs; cld; $ba GzHr;rpf;Fupa md;wpuNt mtis mDg;gp itj;jdH. mt;tiwf;Fs; EioAk; kzkfs; cLj;jpa Gjpa Glitf;Fs; jd;id xLf;fpf; nfhz;L> jd; ,dpa fztd; ,Uf;Fk; ,lk; Nehf;fpr; nry;fpd;whs;. 

mg;NghJ mts; Gj;jhilapy; xLq;fp  Kfk; Gijj;Jf; fple;jhs;. mtisj; jOTk; tpUg;gj;NjhL Kfj;ij %ba Jzpiar; rw;Nw tpyf;f  mts; mjw;F mQ;rp ngU%r;R tpl;lhs;. eLq;fp xLq;fpdhs;. "Vd; gae;jid> cd; kdjpy; cs;sij cs;sthW vd;dplk; $W' vd tpdhtpNdd;.  

mg;NghJ khidg;Nghy; klik nfhz;ltSk;> nrUf;fpidAila Nehf;fpidAilatSk;> FspHe;j $e;jiyAilatSk;> khepwj;jpid cilatSkhfpa kzkfs;> mfk; kyHe;j kfpo;r;rpasha; Kfk; jho;j;jp vd; fhjyp nkype;j kly; nfhz;l fhjpy; mzpe;jpUe;j rpte;j kzpfs; gjpj;j mofpa Fiofs; mira tpiue;J te;J jdf;Fupatid tzq;fpdhs;. Mjyhy; mts; vf;fhyj;Jk; vd;ghy; md;Gilats;. mjid eP mwpaha;" vd;W Njhopaplk; $wpdhd;. 

rq;ffhyj;jpy; Gifg;glf; fUtp ,Ue;jjpy;iy. tPbNah ,Ue;jjpy;iy. Mdhy;  xU jpUkzf; fhl;rpia ghlypy; glk;gpbj;J itj;j GytH ey;yhT+H fpohUf;F ehk; ed;wp nrhy;yf;  flikg; gl;Ls;Nshk;. mtuJ nrhy;Nyhtpaj;ijg; gbf;Fk;NghJ vkJ Kd;NdhuJ ehfupfr; rpwg;igAk;> gFj;jwpitAk; vz;zp kdk; G+upg;gilfpwJ. jiy epkpHfpwJ. 

GytH ey;yhT+H fpohH fhjyhy; gpizf;fg;gl;l jiytd; - jiytpaJ Kjy; ,uit vg;gb kpf ehfuPfkhf> kpf espdkhf  jiytd; $w;whfr; vLj;Jr; nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhH vd;gJ  vz;zp kfpoj;jf;fJ.  

rq;ffhyj; jpUkzj;jpy; nghUs; Gupahj nrj;j tl nkhop ke;jpuq;fs; ,y;iy.  GNuhfpjH ,y;iy. vup Xk;gy; ,y;iy. jPtyk; ,y;iy. mk;kp kpjpj;jy; ,y;iy. mUe;jjp fhl;ly; ,y;iy.  

rhjfk; ghHj;J jpUkzk; eilngwtpy;iy vd;gijr; nrhy;y Ntz;bajpy;iy. rhjfk; vd;w nrhy;iy nkhj;jk; cs;s 5>877 rq;fg; ghly;fs; xd;wpiyNaDk; fhzKbahJ. rhjfk; ghHf;Fk; tof;fk; gpd;dhy;jhd; te;jJ. 

Mdhy; jpUkzj;jpd; Kd;dH rq;f fhyj; jkpoHfs; nghUj;jk; ghHj;jhHfs;! gj;Jg; nghUj;jq;fs; ghHj;jhHfs;. mit gFj;jwpTf;Fg; nghUj;jkhd nghUj;jq;fs;.

njhy;fhg;gpaH nka;g;ghl;baypy; kzkfd; kzkfs; ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba me;jg; gj;Jg; nghUj;jq;fs;gw;wpf; $wpapUf;fpwhH.  

"gpwg;Ng> Fbik> Mz;ik> Mz;NlhL>
cUT> epWj;j fhk  thapy;>
epiwNa> mUNs> czHnthL> jpUvd
KiwAwf; fpse;j xg;gpdJ tifNa."

(njhy;. nghUs;- nka;g;ghl;bay; 273) 

Fbg; gpwg;G> xOf;fk;> Ms;tpid> mfit> tbT>  fhkxOf;fj;Jf;Fupa cs;sf; fpsHr;rp> Fzk;>  mUSlik> cs;sf; Fwpg;ig mwpe;njhOFk; Ez;zwpT> nry;tk; xj;jjhf ,Uj;jy; ey;yJ.   

gpwg;ngd;gJ Fbg; gpwj;jy;. mjw;Fj; jf;f xOf;fk; Fbik vdg;gLk;. Mz;ik vd;gJ  Ms;tpid. mJ ,UghyhHf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;. cUT - tbtoF.  epWj;j fhkthapy; vd;gJ epiy epWj;jg;gl;l ,d;gj;jpw;F thapyhfpa  md;G. epiw- epiwT.  ahz;L vd;gJ mfit. mUs; vd;gJ vt;TapHf;Fk; ,Lf;fz; nra;ahik. czHntd;gJ cs;sf; Fwpg;ig mwpe;njhOFk; mwpTlik my;yJ Ez;zwpT. jpU vd;gJ nry;tk;. (NguhrpupaH ciu) 

mLj;J jiykfd; jiykfs; ,UtUk; tpyf;f Ntz;ba gj;Jk; vitnait vd;gjid  njhy;fhg;gpaH njhFj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhH.  

'epk;gpup nfhLik tpag;nghL Gwnkhop
td;nrhw; nghr;rhg;G kbiknahL Fbik
,d;Gwy; Vioik kwg;NghL xg;Gik
vd;wpit apd;ik nad;kdhH GytH.' 

epk;gpup- nghwhik.

nfhLik- NfL#o epidf;Fk; jPtpidAs;sk;. tpag;G - jiykfs;ghy;  nja;tj;jd;ik fz;lhy;Nghy tpae;njhOFjy;.

Gwnkhop- Jhw;wy; my;yJ Gwq; $Wjy;.

td;nrhy; - ,uf;fkpd;wp nrhy;Yk; RL nrhw;fs;.

nghr;rhg;G - kwjp.  

kbik - Nrhk;gy;.

Fbik- Fbikr; rpwg;ig caHthf vz;zp ,d;GWk; csg;Nghf;F.

Vioik - mwptpd;ik.  

kwg;G - kwjp>

xg;Gik- xg;gpl;L Nehf;fy;.

njhy;fhg;gpaH $wpAs;s kzg; nghUj;jk; nra;J nfhs;tJjhd; mwpTlikahFk;. NrhjplH  rhjfj;ijg; ghHj;Jf; $Wk; nghUj;jq;fs; ntWk; klikahFk;.

%yel;rj;jpuk; khkpahiu %iyapy; itj;JtpLk;.

Mapy;ak; mz;zDf;F MfhJ.

Nfl;il Nfl;gtiu  mbf;Fk;>

rpk;k ,yf;fdj;jpy; gpwe;j ngz; $lhJ> mts;  rpq;fj;ijg; Nghy;  %Hf;fkhf ,Ug;ghs;.

tpUr;rpf ,yf;dj;jpy; gpwe;j ngz; Njisg; Nghyf; nfhl;Lths;>

nrt;tha; Njhrg; ngz;Zf;F nrt;tha; Njhr khg;gps;isia fl;b itf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

,t;thW kdjpy; Njhd;wpaij tha;f;F te;jgb NrhjplHfs; xg;Gtpg;gjhy; Vida nghUj;jq;fs; ,Ue;Jk; rhjfg; nghUj;jk; ,y;yhjjhy; gy jpUkzq;fs; epd;W Ngha; tpLfpd;wd. ,jdhy; taJ te;Jk; kzk; Kbf;f Kbahky; Mz; ngz; cs;sdH.

 

Nrhjplg; nghUj;jk; ghHj;J> ey;yNeuk; ghHj;J> Ntj ke;jpuq;fs; Koq;f> mf;fpdp tsHj;J> 'Kjypy; fhkd;  cd;id trg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhd;> mLj;J fe;jHtd; cd;id mile;jhd;> gpd;dH mf;dp cd;id mDgttpj;jhd;.  ngUikAk; GfOk; nfhz;l ,e;j Njt GU\Hfshy; mDgtpf;fg;gl;l cd;id kdpjdhd ehd; ,g;NghJ tupf;fpNwd;' vd;W nrhy;yp> ghHtjp guNkRtuH rhl;rpahf> ,yf;Fkp =ehuhazd; rhl;rpahf> Kg;gj;J Kf;Nfhb NjtHfs; rhl;rpahf jhyp fl;b> ifj;jyk; gw;wp  Vob vLj;J itj;J>  mk;kp kpjpj;J> mUe;jjp ghHj;J> mf;fpdp tyk; te;J nra;Jnfhz;l  jpUkzq;fs; rpy Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;Js;sd.  

Nrhjplg; nghUj;jk; ghHf;fhky; nra;J nfhz;l gy fhjy; jpUkzq;fs; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sd.

,jpypUe;J ehk; njupe;J nfhs;tJ jpUkzq;fs; Njhy;tpapy; my;yJ ntw;wpapy; KbtJ  jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;Sk; kzkf;fspd; iffspypNyNa jq;fp ,Uf;fpwJ.  mLj;jgl;rkhfj;jhd; mtHfsJ jha; je;ijaH> cwtpdH>  ez;gHfs; iffspy; jq;fp ,Uf;fpwJ. 

,jpy; cs;s Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; ngUk;ghyhd NrhjplHfs; madhk;r tpj;jpahrj;ij fzf;fpy; vLf;fhJ rhjfj;ij fzpg;gjhy; Ie;jpy; ehY gq;F rhjfq;fs; gpioahd  el;rj;jpuk;> ,uhrp> Nfhs;fisf; fhl;Lfpd;wd! xUtuJ ,uhrp Fk;gk; vd;W rhjfk; nrhd;dhy; ngUk;ghYk; mtH mjw;F Ke;jpa kfu ,uhrpapy; gpwe;jtuhf ,Ug;ghH. ,d;W ,e;j madhk;r tpj;jpahrk; 24 ghif (24 ehl;fs;) MFk;. ,J xU ,uhrp  tPl;by; ehypy; Ie;J gq;fhFk;!  

,jdhy;  gpioahd nghUj;jq;fs; cs;s rhjffhuHfs; jpUkzk; nra;Js;shHfs;! rupahd nghUj;jq;fs;  cs;s rhjffhuHfs; nghUj;jk; rupapy;iy vd;W nrhy;yp jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;s tplhky; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;! Nrhjplj;ijAk; NrhjpliuAk; ek;Gtjhy; te;j tpid ,J! (tsUk;)


  

Nrhjplg; Gul;L  

fhjYf;Fg; ghil fl;bf; nfhy;y epidf;Fk; je;ij!  

(21)

ef;fPud; 

nrd;w fpoik njd;fpof;Fj; jpirapy; mbthdj;Jf;F Nky; Njhd;wpa nrt;tha; Nfhisf;
fz;L fspj;Njd;.  ePq;fSk; fz;L fspj;jpUg;gPHfs; vd;W ek;GfpNwd;. ,jw;FKd;dH
nrt;tha;f; Nfhsj;ij thdj;jpy; ghHj;j epidtpy;iy. ngaUf;F vw;whg;NghyNt mJ nrk;kQ;rs;  (
Orange) epwj;jpy; fhl;rp je;jJ. nrt;tha;f; Nfhisg; gw;wp Vw;fdNt (mj;jpahak; 6) rw;W tpupthf vOjpapUf;fpNwd;. mjd; epwk; rptg;ghf ,Ug;gjw;Ff; fhuzk; mjd; jiug; gug;G  ,Uk;G epiwe;j Jhrpg; glyj;jhy; %lg; gl;bUg;gJjhd;.
Astrologymarsrocks.jpg (8046 bytes)

 

QhapW kz;lyj;jpy; cs;s gj;Jf; Nfhs;fspYk; vkJ G+kpf;Fk; nrt;tha;f; NfhSf;Fe;jhd; mjpf xw;Wik cz;L. G+kpf;Fk; tpahoDf;Fk; ,ilapy; nrt;tha; Qhapiwr; Rw;wp tUfpwJ. G+kpiag; NghyNt mq;F gUtq;fs; (climate) khwp khwp tUfpd;wd. rpy rkak; fLikahd FspH. Mdhy; kdpjHfSf;Fg; gpbj;j  ,jkhd fhyepiyAk;  (weather) cz;L.  G+kpNahL xg;gpLk;NghJ mjd; tpl;lk; (diameter)  53 tpOf;fhlhFk;.

 

mjhtJ 12>756 fp.kP. (7>926 fw;fs;) Jhuk;. nrt;thapy; xU ehs; 23 kzp> 56 kzpj;Jspfs;> 4 tpdhb mJ Qhapw;iwr; Rw;w vLf;Fk; fhyk; 365.2 (G+kp) ehl;fs;. nrt;thapd; mr;R 23.19 ghif rupe;Js;sJ. G+kpapd; mr;R 23.44 ghif rupe;Js;sJ. nrt;thapy; cs;s vupkiyfs; 29
fp.kP. (90>000 mb) cauk; vof;$baJ. mjd; rpy gs;sj;jhf;Ff;fs; jiuf;Ff; fPNo 5000
fp.kP. ( 3>000 fw;fs;) MoKilaJ. nrt;thapy; cs;s fupkytha;tpd;
(CO2)

msT 95.32 tpOf;fhL. mlHj;jp xU tpOf;fhL. mjd; njd;JUtj;jpy; gdpNkfk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; jput epiyapy; jz;zPH ,y;iy.  Astrologymars.jpg (17623 bytes)

 

,e;j mofhd Nfhspdhy; kdpjHfSf;F Njhrk; cz;L vd;W NrhjplHfs; GYlh tpLfpwhHfs;.,tHfSf;F nrt;tha; Nfhs; ,Ug;gJjhd; njupAk;. kw;wg;gb mJgw;wpa mwpT mtHfSf;Fr; #dpak;. mjdhy;jhd; nrt;tha; ,t;tsT mz;ikapy; te;jJgw;wp ve;jr; NrhjplDk; myl;bf; nfhs;stpy;iy. me;jr; nra;jpNa mtHfSf;Fj; njupahJ!

 

NkYk; vOJKd; 'Nrhjplg; Gul;L' fl;Liuj; njhlHgw;wp vdf;F NeupYk;> kpd;dQ;ry; topahfTk; gy thrfHfs; jq;fs; fUj;Jf;fis njuptpj;Js;shHfs;.

 

gyH Nghw;wpAk; kpfr; rpyH Jhw;wpAk; vOjpAs;shHfs;. Jhw;wp vOJtJgw;wp vdf;Ff; ftiy ,y;iy. fl;Liuia mf;fiwNahL gbj;J tpl;Lj; jq;fs; fUj;ij xspT kiwtpd;wp vOjpj; njuptpf;fpwhHfNs! me;j kl;by; vdf;F kfpo;r;rp.

vg;nghUs; ahH ahH tha;f; Nfl;gpDk; mg;nghUs; nka;g;nghUs; fhz;gJ gFj;jwpT.  vdNt ehd; vOJtij mtHfs; nghWikNahL gbj;J tuNtz;Lk;. Nrhjplk; xU Gul;L. mJ xU rhgg;NfL.  mjpy; cz;ikapy;iy> mjid ek;GtHfs; mjw;fhd fhuz fhupaq;fis Muhahky; 'mg;gd; ntl;ba fpzW cg;Gj; jz;zPH' vd;whYk; mjidf; Fbf;f tpUk;GtHfsJ  kdg;Nghf;Fg; Nghy; ele;J nfhs;fpwhHfs;. ,J %lek;gpf;if. mjidr; rhd;WfNshL vz;gpf;f ,Uf;fpNwd;.

nrd;w rdp> QhapW> jpq;fs; (tpLKiw ehs;) fhiy khiy vd;W  xNu jpUkz  ehl;fs;.  ,g;NghJ jpUkz Neuj;ijAk; ehl;fisAk; IaHkhH  gQ;rhq;fj;ijg; ghHf;fhky; jq;fs; ehl;Fwpg;Ngl;ilg; ghHj;J epr;rapf;fpwhHfs;! Mdgbahy;jhd; rdp QhapW tpLKiw ehl;fspy;   vy;yhj; jpUkzq;fSk; elf;fpd;wd. Ntiy ehl;fspy; jpUkzq;fis itj;jhy; ,e;j ehl;by; ahUk; tu khl;lhHfs;!

tof;fk;Nghy vy;yhk; itjPfj; jpUkzq;fs;. xNu xU jpUkzk; kl;Lk; jkpo;Kiwj; jpUkzk;. jkpo;nkhopg; gw;Wk; jkpopdg;gw;Wk; jd;khdKk; epuk;gg; ngw;w jk;gp jpUKfk; (ghG)jhd; jkpo;Kiwj; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;ltH. ,tH ,q;Fs;s cyfj; jkpoH  ,af;fj;jpd;  gFjpg; nghWg;ghsH Mf ,Uf;fpwhH.  

 

IaH ,y;iy> mk;kp ,y;iy> mf;dp tsHj;jy; ,y;iy> tlnkhopf; $r;ry; ,y;iy. mUe;jjp ghHj;jy; ,y;iy (,d;W jpUkzq;fs; kz;lgq;fspy; elg;gjhy; GNuhfpjHfs; rhl;Lf;NfDk;  mUe;jjp fhl;Ltijf; iftpl;L tpl;lhHfs;. ghtk; mUe;jjp.)  gukrptd; ghHtjp>  =ehuhazd; ,yf;Fkp rhl;rp ,y;iy. Kg;gj;J Kf;Nfhb NjtHfs; rhl;rp ,y;iy. mfypia nfLj;jjhy; Nkdp KOJk; Mapuk; Nahdpia fTjk Kdptuplk; 'guprhfg;' ngw;w ,e;jpud; rhl;rp ,y;iy. FU gj;jpdpiaf; nfLj;j mf;dp rhl;rp ,y;iy.

 

,it xd;Wk; ,y;yhky; ,uz;L khiyfis khw;wpg; gj;Jj; jpUf;Fwisg; gbj;Jj; jkpo;kzk; fkOk; jpUkzj;ij jpUKfk; - tjdp ,UtUk; nra;J nfhz;lhHfs;.

 

vdf;F ,ul;bg;G kfpo;r;rp. jpUkz tpohtpw;F ehNd jiyik tfpj;J elj;jp itj;;Njd;.  'Kof;fk;' MrpupaH jpUKUf Nte;jd; tho;j;Jiu toq;fpdhH.

 

itjPfj; jpUkzk; vd;why; IaH nrhy;Yk; tlnkhop ke;jpuk; ahUf;Fk; tpsq;fhJ. IaH ke;jpuj;ij mbtapW Nehff; fj;jpr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;bUf;f jpUkzj;Jf;F te;jtHfs; jq;fs; ghl;by; tPl;Lf;fij> CHf;fij> ehl;Lf;fij fijj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;! ngz;fspd; ciuahly; 'Nyl;u];w;' Nriy> eif gw;wp ,Uf;Fk;!

 

jkpo;Kiwj; jpUkzk; mg;gbapy;iy. 'mHr;rid ghl;NlahFk;> Mjyhy; kz;kPJ vk;ik  nrhw;wkpopy; ghLf!' vd rhl;rhj; rptdhNu tpUk;gpf; Nfl;l nre;jkpopy; ele;j jpUkz tpohit fz;ntl;lhJ fhJ nfhLj;J vy;NyhUk; ghHj;Jk; Nfl;Lk; kfpo;e;jhHfs;!

 

rupahf xd;Nw Kf;fhy;  kzpj;jpahyq;fspy; ele;J Kbe;j jpUkzk; vy;NyhUf;Fk; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. jpUkzk; Kbe;j gpd;dH ngupNahHfs;> jha;khHfs;> ez;gHfs; jq;fs; kfpo;r;rpia vd;NdhL gfpHe;J nfhz;lhHfs;. ,jpy; ,Ue;J xU cz;ik tpsq;fpaJ.

 

itjPfj; jpUkzj;ij nrf;F khl;L kdghd;ikapy;> tof;fj;ij khw;wpf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ> mg;gbr; nra;jhy;  rhkp Nfhgpf;Fk; vd;w gaj;jpy;jhd; gyH; nra;fpwhHfs;. vjw;Fk; gag;glhky; jkpo;j; jpUkzq;fis nra;a jkpo; ,isQHfs; ,isQpfs; Kd; tuNtz;Lk;.   

 

,g;gbahd jkpo;Kiwj;  jpUkzq;fis nra;a Kd;tUkhW jkpo;g; gilg;ghspfs; fofk;  Vw;fdNt miog;G tpLj;Js;sJ. ehDk; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;Nld;. jl;riz vJTk; thq;fhJ nra;J jUtjhf  thf;fspj;Njd;!

 

itjPf jpUkz tPl;by; vd;idf; fz;l ez;gHfs; (gyH Kd;gpd; njupahjtHfs;)  'Nrhjplg; Gul;L' njhliug; gbg;gjhfTk; ,e;jr; Nrhjplf;fhud;fSf;F ed;whff; nfhLq;fs;'  vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhHfs;. xU rpyH kl;Lk; 'ghtk; NrhjplHfs;. mtHfs; gpiog;gpy; kz;izg; Nghl;L tplhjPHfs;' vd;W mohf;Fiwahff; Nfl;lhHfs;.

 

ehd; 'NrhjplHfs; kl;Lk; jpUkzg; nghUj;jk; ghHg;gijf; iftp;l;L tpl;ljhf  VLfspy; gfpuq;fkhf mwptpf;fl;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dH ehDk; mtHfs;gw;wp vOJtij epWj;jptpLfpNwd;' vd;Nwd;.

 

vdJ fl;Liuahy; rpyuJ gpiog;G nfl;Lg; Nghfyhk;. Mdhy; mtHfs; nrhy;Yk; Nrhjplj;jhy; gyuJ tho;f;if my;yth ghohfpg; Ngha;tpLfpwJ! mjid vg;gb mDkjpf;fyhk;?

 

,Njh trpfg; nghUj;jk; ,y;iy vd;W xU NrhjplH nrhy;y mjid ek;gp ngz;zpd; jfg;gdhH fhjyHfSf;F ,ilapy; vg;gb tpy;ydhf Kisj;Js;shH vd;gijf; fhl;Lk; kpd;dQ;riyAk; mjw;F ehd; vOjpa  gjpiyAk; jUfpNwd;. gbAq;fs;.

 

'cq;fs; fl;Liuj; njhlH kpf kpf ed;whf cs;sJ. .ehd; kpfTk; tpUk;gpg; gbg;Ngd;. Vndd;why; jw;NghJ ,;e;jg; gpur;ridapy; rpf;fp kpfTk; Ntjidg; gl;Lf;nfhz;bUf;fpNwd;. vdf;F   caph; ed;gd; xUtd; ,Uf;fpwhd;. mtd; xU ngz;izf; fhjypj;J ,U tPl;lhUila G+uz tpUg;gj;Jld; jpUkzk; eprrapf;fg;gl;Ltpl;l epiyapy; ngz;zpd; je;ij ,ufrpakhff; Fwpg;G nghUj;jk; ghh;j;Jtpl;lhh;. mjpy; ,UtUf;Fk; trpag; nghUj;jk; Fiwthk; fdehl;fSf;F Nrh;e;jpUf;f khl;lhh;fshk;. Mff;$baJ 2 tUle;jhdk; Nrh;e;jpUg;ghh;fs; vd  N[hjplk; $Wfpwjhk;. ,g;NghJ ngz;zpd; je;ij jpUkzj;Jf;F jiltpjpf;fpwhH. vd;d nra;ayhk;? cq;fs; mwpTiu vd;d?' ,g;gbf;F rhe;jd;.  

,e;jpah vd;W Kftup ,l;lhYk; rhe;jd; ,yq;ifapy; ,Ue;Jjhd; ,e;j kpd;dQ;riy vOjpapUf;fpwhH. mtUf;Fg; gpd;tUkhW gjpy; vOjpNdd;. vdJ FLk;gk; gw;wpa rpy nra;jpfis mjpypUe;J vLj;Jtpl;Nld;.

tzf;fk;. Kjypy; ,uz;L NgUila rhjfq;fNs ngUk;ghYk; gpioahff; fzpf;fg;gl;bUf;fyhk;. ,e;jpa Nrhjplk; QhapW Mz;Lf;Fg; gjpy; tpz;kPd; Mz;ilNa fzpj;J te;jJ.   Mdhy; fp.gp. 287 f;Fg; gpd;dH; ,e;j ,uz;L Mz;L fhyf; fzpg;Gf;F ,ilapy; fhzg;gl;l  Neu tpj;jpahrk; fzf;fpy; vLf;fg;gltpy;iy. ,jdhy; rhjff; fzpg;G gpioj;J tpl;lJ.  ,ijg;gw;wp EhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd; tho;e;j kfhftp ghujpahH vOjpapUg;gij mg;gbNa  fPNo jUfpNwd;.

 

"xU fhyj;jpy; tre;j; tp\_thdJ fhHj;jpif e\;rj;jpuj;jpy; ,Ue;jjhfNt Ntjj;jpy; ,Ue;J njupfpwJ. mg;NghJ cj;juhazk; khf khrj;jpw;F gpwe;jpUf;Fk;. mjw;F 2000-25000 tU\q;fSf;fg;ghy; me;j tp\_ mRtdp el;rj;jpuj;jpy; Nk\uhrpapd; Muk;gj;jpypUe;jJ. ,q;qdk;> tre;j tp\{thdJ Nk\ uhrpapd; Muk;gj;jpy; ,Ue;j fhyj;jpy; cj;juhazk; ijkhjg; gpwg;gd;W njhlq;fpw;W. mjw;fg;ghy; fzf;Fj; jtwpg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.  madtp\{f;fspd; rydj;ij (,af;fj;ij) mwpahkNyh mwpe;jpUe;Jk;  ftdpahkNyh ]k;tj;ruj;jpd; gupkhzj;ij 20 1/2 epkp\k; [h];jpahf (mjpfkhf) fzpj;J tpl;lgbahy;> mad tp\{ fhyq;fs; tU\k; xd;Wf;F 20 1/2 epkp\k; gpe;jp tUfpd;wd. 80 tU\j;jpy; xU KOehs; gpe;jptpLk;.

 

Nkw;Fwpj;j epakq;fs; Vw;gl;L ,g;NghJ mNef E}w;whz;Lfsha; tpl;lgbahy; Gz;a fhyq;fs; 20>  22  ehs; gpe;jpg;Ngha; epakq;fs; gpuj;jpa\j;Jf;F tpNuhjkhfpapUf;fpd;wd.' (ghujpahH fl;Liufs; gf;fk; 210-211)Astrologymarsmoon.gif (12112 bytes)

 

ghujpahH Fwpg;gpl;l Neu tpj;jpahrk; rup. Mdhy; 80 Mz;Lfs; vd;W vOjpapUg;gJ jtW. mJ 72 Mz;Lfs; vd;W ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. QhapW Mz;Lf;Fk; ehz;kPd; (el;rj;jpu) Mz;Lf;Fk; cs;s Neu tpj;jpahrk;  3.141592654 nehbfs; (seconds) MFk;. 72 Mz;Lfspy; ,J  22.94884425 kzpj;Jspfs; (minutes) my;yJ mz;zstpy;  xU ghif (xU ehs;) tpj;jpahrj;ij Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. vdNt 72  Mz;LfSf;F xU ghif my;yJ xU ehs; gpe;jpg; NghfpwJ.

 

'njd;dhl;Lg; gQ;rhq;ff; fzpg;ghsHfs; fp..gp. Vohk; E}w;whz;bd; tuhfkpfpuH tFj;Jj; je;j fhyf; fzpg;ig ,d;Dk; mg;gbNa gpd;gw;wp tUfpd;wdH. mjdhy; 23 ehl;fs; ek;Kila fhyf; fzf;fpy; gpw;gl;ljhf ,Uf;fpwJ' vd;fpwhH NguhrpupaH f.j. jpUehTf;fuR.

 

,e;j Mz;L (2002) jPghtsp nehtk;gH 14 ,y; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ vd;W ehl;fhl;b $WfpwJ. Nkw;fhZk; fUj;Jf;fspd;gb 23 ehs; js;spg; Nghfpwnjd;gJ rupahdhy; jPghtsp mf;NlhgH 22-y; my;yJ 23-y; tu Ntz;Lk;." (nghUs; GjpJ E}y; - gf;fk; 91)

 

gp.tp. ,uhkd;>  fpU\;z%Hj;jp Nghd;w NrhjplHfs; ,e;j madhk;r tpj;jpahrj;ij fzf;fpy; vLj;J rhjfq;fisf; fzpj;jhHfs;.  ,tHfNs  madhk;r tpj;jpahrj;ij fzpj;Jf;  nfhLj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. mjw;F mtHfsJ ngaHfs; itf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.  Mdhy; ,jpy;$l NrhjplHfs; xj;j fUj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;ftpy;iy.  ,d;Dk; 7 NrhjplHfs; madhk;re;ijf;  fzpj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.  ,e;jf; fzpg;Gf;fspy;  xU ghiff;F (ehd;F tpdhb) mjpfkhd tpj;jpahrk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. nghJthf yhfpup (Lahiri) vd;gtuJ fzpg;igNa ngUk;ghyhd NrhjplHfs; gpd;gw;WfpwhHfs;. yhfpup fp.gp. 2000Mk; Mz;Lf;F fzpj;j madhk;rk; 23.11.51 ghifahFk;.

 

vdNt NrhjplH ghHj;j rhjfq;fs; gpioahff; fzpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. rhjfHfs; gpwe;j Mz;Lf;Fupa madhk;rj;ij gpwe;j ehs;> Neuj;jpy; ,Ue;J fopj;J rhjfq;fisf;  fzpf;f Ntz;Lk;. (mg;gbr; nra;jhYk; rhjfk; nka;ahfptplhJ) fp.gp. 2000 Mz;bw;F cs;s maehk;rk; 23.11.51 ghif.

 

jpUkzg; nghUj;jj;jpw;F  gj;Jg; nghUj;jk;  ghHf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,jpy; jpdg; nghUj;jk;jhd; Kf;fpak;. ePq;fs;  $Wk; trpag; nghUj;jk; 8tJ nghUj;jk;.  kfpo;r;rp epiwe;j Rfkhd FLk;g tho;f;iff;F ,e;jg; nghUj;jk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nrhjplk; nrhy;fpwJ. trpak; vd;why; ftHr;rp vd;W nghUs;. ftHr;rp ,Ue;jgbahy;jhd; ckJ ez;gDf;F me;jg; ngz; kPJk; ngz;Zf;F mtd; kPJk; fhjy; gpwe;jpUf;fpwJ.

 

,uhrpfis ngz; Mz; vdg; ghFgLj;jp trpag; nghUj;jk; ghHg;gJ mwptPdk;. Vida nghUj;jq;fs;  NghyNt trpag; nghUj;jk; tpjpf;fl;Lg;ghbd;wp NjhjplHfshy; (arbitrary) epHzapf;fg;gLfpwJ.

 

,uhrpfis Mz; ngz; vd;W vg;gbg; gpupj;jhHfs;? mij vg;gbf; fz;L gpbj;jhHfs;? vy;yhk; FUld; ngz;bYf;F mbj;j fijjhd;!

 

,t;tsTjhd; ehd; nrhy;yf;$baJ. fhjYf;F ghilfl;b nfhy;y epidf;Fk;  ngz;zpd; %lj; je;ijf;F ehd; ,g;gb vOjpapUg;gij vLj;Jr; nrhy;Yq;fs;. mtH xw;iwf; fhypy; epd;why; kdg; nghUj;jk; cs;s ckJ ez;gidAk; mtdJ fhjypiaAk; xU NfhapYf;Ff; $l;br; nrd;W jhyp fl;lTk;! mjw;F Kd; gjpTj; jpUkzk; nra;aTk;. mtHfsJ vjpHfhyk; mtHfsJ ifapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. NrhjplH ifapy; epr;rakhf ,y;iy!  

 

ehNdh vdJ gps;isfNsh rhjfk; ghHf;fhky;jhd; jpUkzk;   nra;Njhk;. vdJ jpUkzk; nrhe;jj;Jf;Fs; Ngrpr; nra;jJ. gps;isfs; (6) jpUkzk; vy;yhk; rq;f fhyj;J fstpaypy; njhlq;fp fw;gpaypy; Kbe;j jpUkzq;fs;! vdf;F 7 Ngug;gps;isfs; cz;L. gps;isfs; kUkf;fs;  caHe;j gjtpapy; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. r%f Vzpapd; eLg;gbf;F NkNy vd;W$lr; nrhy;yyhk;.  xg;gPl;;lstpy; ve;jf; FiwAk; ,y;iy. ed;whfNt tho;fpNwhk;.   (njhlUk;)

 

 


 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L

 

NrhjplUf;Nf vkdhfg; Ngha;tpl;l Nrhjplk;!

(22)

ef;fPud;

'%l gf;jpfspNy kpfTk;  njhy;iyahd mk;rk; ahnjdpy; vy;yhr; nra;iffSf;Fk; ehs;> el;rr;jpuk;. yf;fpdk; Kjypad ghHj;jy;.

rtuk; gz;zpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;why; mjw;Ff; $l ek;ktH khrg; nghUj;jk;. gl;rg; nghUj;jk;> ehs; nghUj;jk; ,j;jidAk; ghHj;jhf Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. rtuj;Jf; $l ,g;gbnad;hwy; ,dp fypahzq;fs;> rlq;Ffs;> tpahghuq;fs;> ahj;jpiufs;> tptrha Muk;gq;fs;  Kjypa Kf;fpa fhupaq;fs; gy;yhapuj;jpd; tplaj;jpy; ek;ktH Nkw;gb nfhUj;jq;fs; ghHg;gjpy; nrytpLk; fhy tpuaj;Jf;Fk; nghUs; tpuaj;Jf;Fk; tuk;Ng fpilahJ.

rFdk; ghHf;Fk; tof;fk; fhHaq;fSf;fFg; ngUe; jilahf te;J %z;bUf;fpwJ. ,jpy;   NeUk; mopTfSk; mtw;why; nghUs; mopTfSk; vt;tsT cz;lhfpd;wd vd;gij ek;ktH ftdpg;gNj fpilahJ.'

Ehwhz;LfSf;F Kd;dH ghl;Lf;nfhU Gytd; ghujp ehs; el;rj;jpuk; rFdk; ghHg;gjhy; NeUk; jilfisAk; nghUs; mopTfisAk; ek;ktH ftdpg;gNj ,y;iy vd ftiyg; gl;L  vOjpAs;shH.  

,d;W vd;d thOjhk;? ghujp fhyj;ijtpl ,d;W Nkhrkhd %lek;gpf;iffspy; jkpo;kf;fs; %o;fpg; Ngha; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;! mtw;iw tplkhl;Nlhk; vd;W mlk; gpbf;fpwhHfs;!  

ee;jpdp vd;w xU thrfH vdf;F vOjpapUf;Fk; ,e;j kliyg; gbj;Jg; ghUq;fs;. 

'kdpjDf;F 6 Mk; mwpT tPz;. mtd; 5 mwpTs;s kpUfkhfNt ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;! rpe;jpf;fj; njhpahjtDf;;F vjw;F MwwpT? ,tdpd; %lj;jdj;ij itj;Jj;jhNd fdlhtpy; ,;j;jid Nfhapy;fs;! ,td; fdlh ,y;iy nrt;tha;f; fpufj;jpw;Fg; NghdhYk; jpUe;jg; Nghtjpy;iy. ghujpapd; tupfs; jhd; epidtpw;F tUfpd;wJ. "neQ;R nghWf;Fjpy;iyNa ,e;j epiy nfl;l khe;jiu epidj;jhy;!" 

r%f ey cjtpapy; ,Uf;Fk; xU %jhl;b Jh;f;ifak;kd; Myak; fl;Lk;NghJ jd; ngah; nrhy;ypj; jfL itf;f 500 nlhyh;fs; nfhLj;jhthk;. ,g;gb vj;jidNah 500fs;. ,ij ahuplk; nrhy;yp m*tJ? ,Nj %jhl;b Gdh; tho;tpw;F 5 rjk; Nfl;lhy; %f;fhy; m*thH!

ehk; thOk; fhyj;jpNyNa vk; kf;fs; %lek;gpf;if vd;Dk; nfhba NehapypUe;J tpLgl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj vd; Nghd;Nwhupd; Mir.'   

igad; xU fzdpg; nghwpapayhsH. ,q;Fs;s ngaHNghd fzdp epWtdk; xd;wpy; Ntiy. if epiwar; rk;gsk;. taJ 38j; jhz;btpl;lJ. ,d;Dk; jpUkzk; Mftpy;iy. vd;d fhuzk;? vl;by; nrt;thahk;! mtiug;Nghy vl;by; nrt;tha;f; Fw;wKs;s ngz;izj; Njbf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs; igadpd; ngw;NwhHfs;! kWGwk; mtUf;F Mz;nlhd;W Nghdhy; ta  njhd;W Vwpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ! 

Nghfpw Nghf;ifg; ghHj;jhy; ,tH jpUkzk; nra;a tha;g;Ng ,y;yhky; gps;isahH Nghy; jdpf; fl;ilahf ,Uf;fg; NghfpwhH!

nrt;tha; n[d;k ,yf;fpdj;jpy; (1tJ ,uhrp tPL) ,Ue;J vz;zp 2>4>7>8 my;yJ 12tJ  ,uhrp tPLfspy; ,Ue;jhy; Njhrk; vd;fpwhHfs;. ,jd;gb ghjpg;NguJ rhjfj;jpy; nrt;tha; Njhrk; ,Uf;f tha;g;Gz;L.

 

cyfpy; ,e;Jf;fs;jhd; rhjfk; ghHj;Jj; jpUkzk; nra;fpwhHfs;. kw;w kjj;jtHfSf;Fk; kw;w ,dj;jtHfSf;Fk; rhjfk; vd;why; vd;dntd;Nw njupahJ! mtHfs; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;L thotpy;iyah? ,e;Jf;fSk; fhjy; jpUkzk; vd;why; rhjfk; ghHg;gjpy;iy. ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; thotpy;iyah? 

rhjfk; ghHj;Jr; nra;j jpUkzq;fs; vy;yhk; ntw;wp mile;J tpl;ldth? mjw;fhd cj;juthjj;ij NrhjplHfshy; juKbAkh? khq;fy;ak; ,oe;j ngz;fs; ,y;iyah? kidtpfis ,oe;j Mz;fs; ,y;iyah? Nrhjplupd; kfNs tpjitahfptpl;l gupjhgk; ,y;iyah?   

me;jf; FLk;gk; 23 Mz;LfSf;F Nkyhf  vdJ FLk;gj;NjhL xl;b cwthba  FLk;gk;. vq;fs; tPl;L ey;y fhupaq;fs; vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Kd;tupirapy; epw;gtHfs;.  ahUf;Fk; jPq;F epidf;fhjtHfs;. kw;wtHfs; Nfl;fhkNy jhq;fshf type;J Ngha; cjtp nra;af; $batHfs;.  ele;jhy; Gy;Yf;$lr; rhfkhl;lhJ vd;W nrhy;thHfNs me;j tif.  flTs; gf;jp epiwa cs;stHfs;.  Nfhapy; Fsk; NjH jPHj;jk; xd;Wk; jtWtjpy;iy. ez;gH Njthu jpUthrfk;. jpUg;gy;yhz;L Nghd;wtw;iw ,ir Qhdj;NjhL ghlf; $batH.  

 

fle;j Mz;L ele;j vdJ filrp kfdpd; jpUkzj;Jf;Fr; nrhd;Ndhk;. Mdhy; mtHfs; tutpy;iy. mNj ehspy; jq;fSf;F NtW xU Kf;fpa mYty; ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;.
mij ehk;  ek;gpNdhk;.

 

Mdhy; mtHfs; jpUkzj;Jf;F tuhj  cz;ikahd fhuzk; kpf mz;ikapy;jhd; vkf;Fj; njupe;jJ. gbj;Jg; gl;lk;ngw;W jq;f tpf;fpufk; Nghy tPl;by; tyk; te;j jq;fs; xNu kfis  rhjfg; nghUj;jk; ghHj;J itjPf Kiwg;gb jpUkzk; nra;J nfhLj;jhHfs;. xNu kfs; vd;gjhy; jpUkzk; rpwg;ghf ele;jJ.

 

Mdhy; jpUkzk; Kbe;J MW khjq;fs; ,y;iy.  kfs; tPl;NlhL te;Jtpl;lhH. fztd;-kidtpf;fpilapy; vd;d rpf;fy; vd;W njuptpatpy;iy. Mdhy;  mtpo;f;fKbahj
rpf;fy; vd;gJ kl;Lk; njupfpwJ.

 

rhjfg; nghUj;jk; ghHj;J nra;j jpUkzk; MWkhjj;Jf;Fs; Kwpe;J tpl;lJ! NrhjplH ,uz;L rhjfq;fisAk; ghHj;J kzg; nghUj;jk; cz;L ''nra;ayhk;'' vd;W tpilnfhLj;j gpd;dHjhNd  jpUkzk; ele;jJ?   Nrhjplk; ngha;j;Jg; Nghdjw;F mJTk; ,t;tsT tpiutpy; ngha;j;Jg;   Nghdjw;F vd;d fhuzk;?

 

Kd;dH Fwpg;gpl;lJNghy fp.gp. 285 Mk; Mz;L Kjy;  fhyj;ijf; fzpg;gjpy; tpl;l jtWjyhy; QhapW Mz;Lf;Fk; el;rj;jpu Mz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; RkhH 24 ghif tpj;jpahrk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; nghUs; vd;dntd;why; NrhjplHfs; fzpj;Jf; nfhLf;fpw rhjfq;fspy; Ie;jpy;  ehd;F rhjfq;fs; gpioahd rhjfq;fshFk;. rhjfHfsJ n[d;k ,yf;fpdk;  xU ,uhrp kz;lyj;jhy; Kd;Df;Fj; js;sg;gl;Ltpl;lJ.  

 

rhjfj;jpy; xUtuJ n[d;k ,yf;fpdk; rpk;kk;   vd;W ,Ug;gJ cz;ikapy; flf ,uhrp Mf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;! flf ,uhrp vd;W ,Ug;gJ   kpJd ,uhrpahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jdhy; xUtuJ n[d;k el;rj;jpuKk; NtWgLfpwJ!

nkhj;jj;jpy; rhjfKk; gpio! mjd; mbg;gilapy; nrhy;fpd;w gyd;fSk; gpio!

 

Mz; ngz; ,UtuJ rhjfq;fisg; ghHj;Jg; kzg; nghUj;jk; ,y;iy vd;W Nrhjpluhy;   js;sptpl;l rhjfq;fs; cz;ikapy; nghUj;jkhf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;! nghUj;jk; vd;W nrhd;d rhjfq;fs; cz;ikapy; nghUj;jk; mw;wjhf ,Uf;fyhk;!

 

Nrhjpl ,uj;jpdq;fs;> Nrhjpl rpfhkzpfs;>  Nrhjpl fiyf;Nfhf;fs;> gpioahd rhjfj;ij fzpj;J mjd; mbg;gilapy; gyd; nrhy;yp gyuJ vjpHfhy tho;f;ifia ehrkhf;fp tpllhHfs;.  

,jpypUe;J Nrhjplk; vt;tsT Gul;L vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;. kpf mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy;jhd; ,e;j fhy tpj;jpahrj;ijf; (madhk;rk;) fopj;J fzdpapd; cjtpNahL  rhjfk; fzpf;Fk; Kiw eilKiwf;F te;Js;sJ. Mdhy; vd;dplk; ,Uf;Fk; ifahy; vOjpa rhjfq;fspy; xd;NwDk; ,e;j madhk;rj;ij ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L fzpf;fg;gltpy;iy!

ghujpahH kdk;nehe;J vOjpAs;sijg; Nghy Nrhjplj;ij ek;Gtjpdhy; jkpo; r%fj;Jf;F Vw;gLk; NfL nfhQ;r eQ;rky;y. ,e;jf; fl;Liuj; njhlH %yk; Nrhjplk; vd;w  %lek;gpf;ifapy; %o;fpj; jtpf;Fk; xU rpyiuahtJ kPl;L fiu NrHf;fyhk;  vd cskhu ek;GfpNwd;.

,Njh ,d;ndhU kly;. vOjpatH jpUkhtstd;> kNyrpah.   

kpfr; rpwe;j fl;Liu. Nrhjplj;jpy; topAk; ,e;J kj ntwpahy; Vkhw;wg;gLk; jkpou;fSf;F ,J tpopg;Gzu;r;rpia Vw;gLj;Jk;. kNyrpa khjpiffspy; ,jid ntspapl tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;. ,aYkh? mwpag;gLj;Jf. ef;fPuDf;F vk; ed;wpAk;. ghuhl;Lk;.

tzf;fk;. ghuhl;Lf;F ed;wp. vdJ fl;Liuiag; gbj;Jtpl;L Nrhjplr; RtbfNshL Nrhjpl rhj;jpupfs; vd;NdhL rz;ilf;F tUthHfs; vd epidj;Njd;. xUtHjhd; Kd;te;jhH. Mdhy; mtH Nrhjplj;ij njhopyhff; nfhs;shky; mjidg; nghOJ Nghf;Ff;fhf Muha;gtH. vdJ fl;Liufis jhuhskhf ntspaplyhk;. ef;fPud;.

,d;ndhUtH 'Nla; kilah' vd;W jdJ ngaiu kl;Lk; vOjptpl;L Ntnwhd;iwAk; jdJ kpd;dQ;rypy; Fwpg;gplhJ tpl;Ltpl;lhH!

'vdJ ngaH Mde;j;. n`hyd;by; fle;j 9 Mz;Lfshf tjpj;J tUfpNwd;. 'Nrhjplg; Gul;L' cl;gl cq;fsJ fl;Liufs; vy;yhtw;iwAk; thrpj;J tUfpNwd;. mit vy;NyhUf;Fk;  gaDs;sjhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. cq;fSld; Ngr tpUk;GfpNwd;. mJ rhj;jpakh?

jkpod;gd; vd;gtH vd;idg;NghyNt Nrhjplj;ij ek;ghky; ,Ue;jjhfTk; gpd;dH mijapl;L jhd; nra;j Ma;tpd; gpd;dH mJ mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; mike;Js;s xU fiy vd thjpl;L vOjpAs;shH. Mdhy; ,tH Nrhjplj;ij njhopyhff; nfhz;ltH my;y. mtH NkYk;  vOjpapUg;gjhtJ>

'ehd; mtu;fSf;F (NrhjplHfSf;F ) tf;fhyj;J thq;f tutpy;iy. Mdhy; thdpay; mwpTg;gb Nrhjplj;ij gbj;jhy; mjd; cz;ik tpsq;Fk;. xU cz;ik vd;dntd;why; thdrhj;jpuj;jpd; %yk; Nrhjplj;ij cyFf;F czHj;;jpatu;fs; fpNuf;fu;fNs. ek;ktu;fs; gy tpjkhd   fl;Lf; fijfis Gide;J mtw;iw jhk; fz;L gpbj;jjhf ek;gg; gz;zpapUf;fpwhu;fs;.  Fwpg;ghf ,uhF NfJf;fSf;F fl;lg;gl;l fij.

,tw;iw ehd; ntspehl;by; thd rhj;jpuj;Jld; $ba Nrhjplk; fw;wjhy; ed;F mwpe;J nfhz;Nld;. ,uhF NfJf;fisg; gw;wpAk;   mitfs; vg;gb G+kpapy; ,Ug;gtu;fSf;F ghjpg;Gfis Vw;gLj;Jfp;d;wd vd;gjw;F mwpT G+Htkhd tpsf;fk; cs;sJ. ,tw;Wf;nfy;yhk; NeUf;F Neh; Kl;b Nkhjy; ,d;wp tpsf;fkhf   jahu; gLj;jp nfhz;bUf;fpNwd;. mtw;iw KbAkhdtiu mDg;gp itf;fpNwd;.

vdJ Nehf;fk; xUtiu fz;%bj;jdkhf vjpu;f;f Ntz;Lnkd;gjy;y. ehd; vdJ Mo;e;j  Kaw;rpapd; gadhf fz;lwpe;j cz;ikfisg; gfpu;e;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;w Nehf;fNkahFk;.

,d;iwa Nrhjplj;ij nrk;ikg; gLj;jpatHfs fpNuf;fHfs; vd;gJ rupNa. Mdhy; fpNuf;fHfs; ghgpNyhdpaHfsplk; ,Ue;Nj ,uhrp rf;fuk;> Nfhs;fs; gw;wpa juTfisf; fld; thq;fpdhHfs;.  Nrhjplj;jpd; Njhw;wk; tsHr;rp> Nja;T gw;wp gpd;dH vOJNtd;.

jkpod;gd; uhF NfJ  fl;lg;gl;l fij vd;W xj;Jf;  nfhz;Ltpl;L 'mitfs; vg;gb G+kpapy; ,Ug;gtHfSf;F ghjpg;Gfis Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd vd;gjw;F mwpT G+Htkhd tpsf;fk; cs;sJ' vdKd;Df;Fg; gpd; Kuzhf vOjpAs;shH.

Nrhjpl Ehy;fisg; gbj;jjpy; ,uhF NfJ Nfhs;fs; Ntj fhyj;jpy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. gpw;fhyj;jpy;jhd; mit NrHf;fg;gl;ld.

Nrhjpl rhj;jpuj;jpd;gb G+kpia QhapW Rw;wptUfpwJ.  G+kpia jpq;fs; Rw;wptUfpwJ. mg;gb Rw;wptUk;NghJ Qhapw;wpd; Row;rp tl;lj;ij (ecliptic) jpq;fspd; Row;rp tl;lk;  ,uz;L  Kiw njw;F tlf;fhfTk; tlf;Fj; njw;fhfTk; ntl;LfpwJ. mjhtJ xUKiw tlf;Fj; jpirapYk; ,d;ndhUKiw njw;Fj; jpirapYk; ntl;LfpwJ. ,jid Mq;fpyj;jpy; KiwNa  North node /  South node vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;.

vjpH vjpuhf fhzg;gLk;  ,e;j re;jp;iaNa ,e;jpa Nrhjplk; ghk;ghf my;yJ Ntjhskhfr; rpj;jupj;J jiyg;gFjpf;F ,uhF vd;Wk; thw;;gFjpf;Ff; NfJ vd;Wk;  ngaH itj;J mjw;Fg; gyDk; nrhy;fpwhHfs;!  

rpyH Nrhjplk; cz;ikahdJ Mdhy; mijr; rupahfg;gbf;fhky; gyd; nrhy;Yk; NrhjplHfshy;jhd; Nrhjplj;Jf;Ff; nfl;l ngaH vd;fpwhHfs;. Nrhjplk; rup NrhjplH gpio vd;why; me;jr; Nrhjplj;jhy; r%fj;Jf;F vd;d gad;?

,Njh  xU nra;jp. Nrhjplj;ij ek;Gtjpdhy; nghJ kf;fs; ghjpf;fg; gLfpwhHfs; vd;gJ kl;Lky;y NrhjplHfSk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;.

Nryj;ij mLj;Js;s rpd;dfTz;lhGuj;ij NrHe;jtH n[aNty; (taJ 34). ,tUf;F kidtpAk; ,uz;L kfd;fSk; cs;sdH.

jdf;Fj;jhNd jdJ rhjfj;jpd; gyd;fis ghHj;jhH. jdf;F kuzNahfk; neUq;fptpl;lJ vd;Wk;> Neuk; rupapy;iy vd;Wk; rhjf gydpy; ,Ug;gjhf rf ez;gHfsplk; n[aNty; Gyk;gpAs;shH.

,e; epiyapy; tPl;by; ahUkpy;yh Neuj;jpy; tp\k; Fbj;jhH. thapy; Eiu js;sp kaq;fpf; fple;j mtiu mg;gFjp kf;fs; jdpahH kUj;Jtkidf;F nfhz;L nrd;wdH. Mdhy; itj;jpak; gydpd;wp NrhjplH n[aNty;  ,we;J NghdhH. ('jpdkyH' -A+iy 11> 2003) (tsUk;)

 

 


Nrhjplg; Gul;L

 

"mwptpy;yhjtHfSf;F ,d;gkpy;iy" vd;gJ <rDila tpjp!

(23)

ef;fPud;

   

'rhjpapNy> kjq;fspNy> rka newpfspNy
    rhj;jpu re;jbfspNy> Njhj;jpur; rz;ilapNy
MjpapNy> mgpkhdpj;(J) miyfpd;w cyfPH!
    miye;J miye;J tPNz eP mopjy; mofy;y'

vd rhjp> kjk;> rkak;> rhj;jpuk;> Njhj;jpuk; Nghd;w  %l ek;gpf;iffspy; %o;fp miye;J   miye;J tPNz jkpoHfs; moptijf; fz;L tlYhH ts;syhH foptpuf;fg;gLfpwhH. mtuJ mwpTiu ,d;Wtiu ahH fhjpYk; Vwpajhfj; njupatpy;iy.

'fiyAiuj;j fw;gidia epiynadf; nfhz;lhLk;
fz;%bg; gof;fnky;yhk; kz;%bg; Nghf.......'

'ehy; tUzk; Mrpukk; Mrhuk; Kjyh
etpd;wfiyr; rupjnky;yhk; gps;istpisahl;Nl..'

'xj;jhUk; caHe;jhUk; jho;e;jhUk; vtUk;
xUik csH Mfp cyfpay; elj;jy; Ntz;Lk;..' 

'Ntjnewp Mfkj;jpd; newpGuhzq;fs;
tpsk;Gnewp ,jpfhrk; tpjpj;jnewp KOJk;
XJfpd;w #jidj;Jk; cstidj;Jk; fhl;b
cs;sjid cs;sgb czu ciuj;jidNa.....' 

ts;syhH Ntj> Mfk> ,jpfhr> Guhzq;fis Kw;Wk; KOJkhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;lhk;   vd;W mwpTWj;jpdhH.  mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s #Jfisf; fz;lwpa Ntz;Lk; vd;W mbj;Jr; nrhd;dhH. Mdhy; mtuJ mwpTiufs; fhw;NwhL fhw;wha; fiue;J  Ngha;tpl;ld. 

kw;w ,dj;jtHfs; tpOe;jhy; vOk;gp tpLfpwhHfs;. ,uz;lhtJ kfhAj;jj;jpy; ghupa capH  ,og;Gf;fisAk; clik  ,og;Gf;fisAk; re;jpj;j n[HkdpaUk; ag;ghdpaUk; kPz;Lk; vOr;rp ngw;W ,kak; Nghy; cyf muq;fpy; vOe;J epw;fpwhHfs;! cyfpd; gzf;fhu ehLfspy; n[HkdpAk; ag;ghDk; Kd;tupirapy; epw;fpd;wd! njhopy;El;gj;jpy; nfhbfl;bg; gwf;fpwhHfs;. 

Mdhy; jkpoHfs; tpOe;jhy; vOk;gNt khl;lhHfs;.  mg;gbj; jg;gpj; jtwp vOk;gpdhYk; kPz;Lk; mNj ,lj;jpy; tpOe;J tpLfpwhHfd;!

jkpo;r; rhjpapd; ehbia ed;F  gpbj;Jg; ghHj;jtH ghujpahH. jkpo;r; rhjpiag; gPbj;jpUe;j Nehia El;gkhff; fz;lwpe;jtH. Neha;f;F kUe;J nrhd;dtH. jkpo;r; rhjpapy; kz;bf; fple;j %l ek;gpf;iffisg; ghHj;Jf; fLk; Nfhgg;gl;ltH.

"jkpo; kf;fs; vUikfisg; Nghy  vg;NghJk; <uj;jpNyNa cl;fhUfpwhHfs;. <uj;jpNyNa elf;fpwhHfs;. <uj;jpNyNa gLf;fpwhHfs;.  <uj;jpNyNa rikay;> <uj;jpNyNa czT.

cyHe;j jkpod;  kUe;Jf;Ff; $l mfg;glkhl;lhd;. ehs;Njhwk; rpyH ,we;J NghfpwhHfs;.  kpQ;rpapUf;Fk; %lH ""tpjptrk;"" vd;fpwhHfs;. Mklh  tpjptre;jhd;. "mwptpy;yhjtHfSf;F ,d;gkpy;iy" vd;gJ <rDila tpjp. jkpo;ehl;bNy rhj;jpuq;fspy;iy. cz;ikahd rhj;jpuq;fis tsHf;fhky;> ,Ug;gdtw;iwAk; kwe;J  tpl;Lj; jkpo; ehl;Lg; ghHg;ghH ngha;f; fijfis %luplk; fhl;b tapW gpioj;J tho;fpwhHfs;."(ghujpahH fl;Liufs;)

NrhjplKk; kjKk; gpd;dpg; gpize;J fplf;fpd;wd. NrhjplHfs; Njhrk; ,Uf;fpwjhfr; nrhy;yp   Nfhapy;fspy; rhe;jp nra;AkhW NjhrfhuHfis mq;F mDg;gp itf;fpwhHfs;.  NrhjplHfs; mDg;gj; jtwpatHfis Nfhapy;fhuHfNs thndhyp> ehspjo;fs; thapyhf gaKWj;jp miof;fpwhHfs;.  fpuf Njhrj;jhy; ,uz;L NgH fhl;bYk; kio!

kw;w ve;j ,dj;jtiuAk;tpl jkpoHfs;  Nrhjpl rhj;jpuj;jpd; Nky; mjpfkhf ek;gpf;if itj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. jpUkzk; kl;Lky;y kw;w ve;j ey;y fhupak; vd;whYk; gQ;rhq;fk; ghHf;fhky; vijAk; nra;Ak; JzpT mtHfsplk; ,y;iy.  fil jpwg;G tpohth? tPL FbG+uh? gps;isf;F NrhW Cl;lyh? fhJ Fj;jyh? vjw;F vLj;jhYk; ,uhF fhyk;> ml;lkp etkp> akfz;lk;> kuzNahfk; vd ehSk; NfhSk; ghHf;fhky; jkpoHfs; mLj;j mb vLj;J itf;fkhl;lhHfs;. gy;yp nrhd;dhy; NghJk;> vOe;jpUe;jtH cl;fhHe;J tpLthH. G+id FWf;Nf Nghdhy; nrhy;yNt Ntz;lhk;. rFdg; gpio vd;W nrhy;yp Ngrhky; tPl;by; ,Ue;J tpLthH.  

fhyq;fhykhf Nrhjplj;jpd; kPJ itj;jpUf;Fk;  ek;gpf;if tsHe;J tUfpwNj xopa Fiwe;j ghl;ilf; fhNzhk;.

tzpf Nehf;NfhL elj;jg;gLk; nra;jp VLfs;> fpoik VLfs; ghku kf;fspd; Nrhjpl Nkhfj;jpw;F nea;A+w;wp mjid NkYk; tsHj;J tUfpd;wd.

Nrhjplk;> ,uhrp gyd;> rdp ngaHr;rp>  FU ngaHr;rp> ,uhF NfJ ngaHr;rp>   jpUkzg; nghUj;jk;>  Njhr rhe;jp> Nfs;tp gjpy; Nghd;wtw;iwj; jhq;fp tuhj VLfNs ,d;W ,y;iynad;W nrhy;yptplyhk;.

fdlhtpy; ntsptUk; VLfspy;  ',e;jthu ,uhrp gyd;' Fiwe;jJ ,uz;L gf;fq;fisahtJ epug;gp tpLfpwJ. mg;gb ,lk; xJf;fhj VLfisg; ghHg;gJ kpf mupJ. 'Kof;fk;' 'cyfj; jkpoH' Nghd;w VLfs; kl;LNk ,e;j tpjpf;F tpyf;F!   

,iza tiyak; te;j gpd;dH  NrhjplHfs; thd ntspapYk;  fil tpupj;J tpl;lhHfs;. Mapuf;fzf;fhd KONeu NrhjplHfs; ftHr;rpfukhd Kiwapy; rhjfk; fzpg;gJ> gyd; nrhy;tJ>   nghUj;jk; ghHg;gJ> epidj;j fhupak; nrhy;tJ> cly;eyk;> Ntiy> tzpfk;> gzk;> gazk; gw;wpa MNyhrid> Njhrq;fSf;F gupfhuk;> mjpl;lj;Jf;F jhaj;J> etuj;jpdf; fw;fs;>  Nkhjpuk;> cUj;jpuhl;rk;> ae;jpuk;  Nghd;wtw;iw  tpw;gid nra;fpwhHfs;. my;yJ ke;jpuk;> ae;jpuk;> je;jpuk;> tpujk;> nrgk;> jtk;> rhe;jp> mHr;rid> vs;nsz;nza; rl;b vupj;jy;> mgpNrfk; Nghd;wtw;iw nra;AkhW nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

Nrhjplj;NjhL njhlHGila vz;rhj;jpuk;> ehb rhj;jpuk;>  Tarot thrpg;G> mUs;thf;F (clairvoyance) Nghd;w %l ek;gpf;iffis %yjdkhf itj;Jf;nfhz;L thzpfk; nra;Ak; NgHtopfSf;Fk; Fiwtpy;iy.

ehd; Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw xU mUs;thf;Fr; nrhy;Yk; xUtNuhL kpd;dQ;ry; %yk; njhlHG nfhz;L vdJ vjpHfhyk;gw;wpr; nrhy;YkhW Nfl;Nld;. mtH xU nts;isf;fhug; ngz;kzp. mLj;j tpdhb mtuplk; ,Ue;J gjpy; te;jJ.

'NtYg;gps;is (vdJ Kjy; ngaH) ePq;fs; ek;g khl;BHfs;! cq;fisg;gw;wp ,uT fdT fz;Nld;. tpba cq;fs; kpd;dQ;ry; tUfpwJ. cq;fSf;F ,d;W Kjy; ey;y fhyk; gpwe;jpUf;fpwJ. cq;fsJ mjpl;l vz; 1> 3> 13. vjw;Fk; tpgukhd gyd;  nrhy;tjw;F 50 nlhyHfs; mDg;gp itAq;fs;.......'' ehd; gjpy; mDg;gtpy;iy. Mdhy; mtH vd;id tpl;lghby;iy. mjpl;l Njtij tPl;Lf; fjitj; jl;Ltijj; jdJ mff; fz;zhy; ghHf;f KbfpwJ vd;W nrhd;dhH. xt;nthU ehSk; vOjpf; nfhz;bUe;jhH. mtuplk; ,Ue;J ntl;bf; nfhs;sg; ngupa ghlhfptpl;lJ.  

rhjfk; fzpj;jy;> gyd; nrhy;Yjy;>  ehb ghHj;jy; Nghd;wtw;Wf;F 50 Kjy; 250 mnkupf;f nlhyHfs; fl;lzkhf mwtpLfpwhHfs;. njhopy;> epjp> cly;eyk; gw;wpa Nfs;tp xt;nthd;Wf;Fk; 10,y; ,Ue;J 50 nlhyH mwtpLfpwhHfs;. =yq;fhtpy; cs;s xU rpq;fs  NrhjplH rhjf gyd; nrhy;y &gh.4>750  Nfl;fpwhH.

tl mnkupf;fhtpy; Nrhjplk; gyNfhb nlhyHfs; GuSk; tzpfkhf tpsq;FfpwJ. gj;jhapuj;Jf;Fk; mjpfkhd KO Neu NrhjplHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. xU Mz;by; 2.2 Nfhb Nrhjplg;  Gj;jfq;fs; tpw;gidahfpwJ. 1997,y; Life rQ;rpif elj;jpa fUj;Jf; fzpg;gpd;gb mnkupf;fHfspy; 47 tpOf;fhl;bdH Nrhjplj;ij ek;GfpwhHfshk;.

mwptpay;f; fz;L gpbg;ghd fzdpapd; tUif  NrhjplHfspd; cly; ciog;igf; Fiwj;J Cjpaj;ij gd;klq;F mjpfg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. rhjfk; fzpg;gJ> gyd; nrhy;tjw;F Vuhskhd nkd;nghUs; gad;ghl;Lf;F te;Jtpl;ld.       

gbahjtHfs; kl;Lky;y  gbj;jtHfs;> mwpthspfs;> jpwikrhypfs; midtUNk Nrhjplj;Jf;F  mbikahf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Nrhjplj;Jf;F mwpit kaf;Fk;  Mw;wy; (rf;jp) ,Ug;gjw;Ff; fhuzk;  fhyk; fhykhf jkpoHfsJ %is ryit nra;ag;gl;L mjw;Fs;  %lek;gpf;iffis kjKk;> kjFUkhUk; jpzpj;J tpl;lNj.

ahUila tho;f;ifapy;jhd; Jd;gk; ,y;iy? njhy;iy ,y;iy?  xt;nthUtUila tho;f;ifapYk; ,d;gk; Jd;gk;> ,lH jsH> caHT jho;T> nry;tk; tWik> ed;ik jpd;ik> Vw;wk; ,wf;fk; fye;Nj ,Uf;fpwJ. ,it cyf eil Kiw.

'xU tPl;by; rhf;fhl;Lg; giwapd; xyp. ,;d;ndhU tPl;by; kzj;jpw;Ff; nfhl;Lk; kpff; FspHe;j  Kotpd; Xir. xU tPl;by; fhjyNuhL G+ mzpe;j kfspH. ,d;ndhU tPl;by; fhjyH gpupthy;  fz;fspy; ePH epiwe;j kfspH. ,t;Tyf ,aw;if ,J. ,jd; ,ay;G czHe;NjhH ,dpa fhz;f' (Gwk; 194)  vd;fpwhH gy;FLf;if ed;fzpahH vd;w rq;f fhyg; GytH.

'ed;Wk; jPJk; gpwHju thuh> rhjy; GJtjd;W. tho;jy; ,dpnjd kfpo;e;jd;W' (Gwk; 192) vd;fpwhH ,d;ndhU Gfo;ngw;w rq;fg; GytH fzpad; G+q;Fd;wdhH.  xU Fwpg;gpl;l  fhyj;jpy; nghUs; NrUk;. ,d;ndhU Neuk; mJ NghFk;. xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyk; cly; eyk; ,Uf;Fk;. KJikapy;> mJ nfLk;.  ,J ,aw;if.

kdpjHfs; Nrhjplj;ij ek;Gtjw;F mtHfsJ gytPdkhd kdNk fhuzpahFk;. gytPdkhd  kdk; guk;giu guk;giuahf %isapy; jpzpf;fg;gl;l gof;f tof;fq;fis> fl;Lf; fijfis mtw;wpd; cz;ik ngha;ia MuhahJ vspjpy; ek;gp tpLfpwJ. kdpjHfs;-

 

1) cstpay; mbg;gilapy; jq;fisg;gw;wp kw;wtHfs; nrhy;tijf; Nfl;f kpfTk; Mirg;gLfpwhHfs;. Fwpg;ghfg; ngz;fSf;F ,e;j Mir ,Uf;fpwJ.   

2) jq;fs; vjpHfhyk; vg;gb ,Uf;Fk; vd;gij Kd;$l;b mwpa kpfTk;  Mirg;gLfpwhHfs;. jq;fSf;F gpuk;kh my;yJ gilj;jtd; VNjh xU  'ngupa jpl;lk;' (grand design)   xd;;iw jahupj;J itj;Jf; nfhz;L fhj;jpUg;gjhf epidf;fpwhHfs;.  

3) 'mw;Gjq;fis' mg;gbNa ek;gp tpLfpwhHfs;. mwptpaiy mg;gb ek;Gtjpy;iy. gps;isahH ghy; Fbf;fpwhH> NaRehjH miwag;gl;l rpYitapy; ,Ue;J ,uj;jk; tbfpwJ> rhap ghgh glj;jpy; ,Ue;J  jpUePW nfhl;LfpwJ vd;why; thiag; gpsg;ghHfs;.

thdtpayhsHfs; neLe;njhiytpy; cs;s #upa kz;lyj;ij Rw;wp G+kpiag; Nghd;w fpufq;fs; tyk; tUfpd;wd vdr; nrhd;dhy; mijapl;L myl;bf; nfhs;s khl;lhHfs;. mWgjpdhapuk; Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH G+kpf;F kpf mUfpy; te;j nrt;thia vj;jid NgH ghHj;jhHfs;?  

4) kdpjHfs; jhq;fs; epidj;jJ elg;gij tpUk;GfpwhHfs;.  fhiyapy; fz; tpopj;jTld; ',d;W ehs; ey;yhf ,Uf;fhJ> VjhtJ nfl;lJ elf;fg; NghfpwJ' vd;W epidj;jhy; mg;gb Na elf;fpwkhjpup ele;J nfhs;fpwhHfs;. nrd;w fpoik Nrhjplg; gyidg; ghHj;Jtpl;L tp\k; Fbj;J jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhz;l NrhjplH n[aNty; ,jw;F ey;y vLj;Jf; fhl;L. jdJ rhtpd; %yk; Nrhjplj;ij 'nka;g;gpj;J' tpl;lhH! 

5) kw;wtHfs; nrhy;tij vspjpy; xg;Gf; nfhz;LtpLfpwhHfs;. ',d;W cdf;F Neuk; rupapy;iy' vd;W kw;wtHfs; nrhd;dhy; mJ rup Nghyj; Njhd;Wk;.  Astrologyflatchartmodern.jpg (20982 bytes)

6) jq;fSf;Fj; jw;nrayhf Vw;gl;l epfo;Tfis (coincidences) epidtpy; itj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. kw;wij trjpahf kwe;JtpLfpwhHfs;. Fil nfhz;Ltuhj ehl;fspy; kio nga;jJ  epidtpy; epw;fpwJ. Fil nfhz;Lte;j ehl;fspy; kio nga;jJ kwe;J Ngha;tpLfpwJ. 

7) xt;nthUtUk; jq;fs; rpf;fy;fs; jq;fs; tho;f;if epiyik jdpj;JtkhdJ vd;W epidf;fpwhHfs;. 

8) kw;wtHfs; nfhLf;Fk; Muthukhd thf;FWjpfis tpUk;gp Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;.  

9) rpf;fyhd tplaq;fSf;F Rygkhd  jPHit vjpHghHf;fpwhHfs;. gs;spapy; gbf;Fk; khztHfs; ghlq;fis  ghLgl;Lg; gbj;Jj; NjHT vOJtjw;Fg; gjpy; 'nfhg;gp' mbj;Jr; rpj;jpngw KbAnkd;why; mg;gbr; nra;a  tpUk;GthHfs;.

gpd;;tUk; Nrhjplg; gyidg; gbj;Jg; ghUq;fs;. mJ cq;fSf;F nghUe;jp tUtJ Nghd;w kaf;fk; Vw;gLk;.    

'cq;fs; kdR fs;skpy;yhj nts;is kdR. mjw;fhf ahiuAk; ePq;fs; vspjpy; ek;gp tpl khl;BHfs;.

ez;gHfNshL NrHe;J Fk;khsk; mbg;gPHfs;. mNj Neuk; jdpikapy; ,Ug;gJ cq;fSf;Fg; gpbf;Fk;.

ePq;fs; Kw;Nfhgf;fhuH. Mdhy; mLj;j fzk; 'I];' khjpup FspHe;J tpLtPHfs;.
cq;fSf;F vijAk; xspj;J itf;fj; njupahJ. mNj rkak; vy;yh ,ufrpaq;fidAk; cq;fsJ ez;gHfNshL gfpHe;J nfhs;s khl;BHfs;.

cq;fs; if Xl;ilf; if. ePq;fs; vt;tsTjhd; Xb Xb cioj;jhYk; ifapy; ehY fhR kpQ;rhJ.

ePq;fs; Gjpjhfj; njhlq;Fk; njhopypy; el;lk; miltPHfs;. Mdhy; ,Uf;fpw njhopy;fspy; ,ul;bg;G ,yhgk; ngWtPHfs;.

cq;fsJ neUq;fpa cwtpdH xUtupd; kuzk; cq;fs; kdepiyiag; ghjpf;Fk;.

cq;fs; kidtpNahL rz;il NghLtPHfs;. Mdhy; gpd;dH rkhjhdk; MfptpLtPHfs;.

gioa fld; jpUk;gp tUk;. Mdhy; Nfhl;Lg;gbfspy; Vwp ,wq;f Ntz;btUk;.  

cq;fSf;F ,dpg;Gr; rhg;ghL gpbf;Fk;. ghiy Rlr; Rlf; Fbg;gPHfs;.

fle;j MW khjq;fshf cq;fsJ fpufq;fspd; epiy rupapy;iy. mjdhy; cq;fSf;F xNu kd cisr;ry;. miyr;ry;. mLj;j khj eLg;gFjpapy; etehafHfspd; jiytdhd #upad; cr;rk; ngWfpwhH. mq;fhufd; (nrt;tha;) Ml;rp nra;fpwhH. tpahogfthd; flf ,uhrp 5Mk; ghifapy; guk cr;rk; ngWfpwhH. rdpNah ePr;rk; milfpwhH. cq;fSf;F Nahf fhyk; gpwf;fpwJ.  (tsUk;)

 


 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L

gz;ila kdpjDf;F fz;lnjy;yhk; flTs;fs;!

(24)

ef;fPud; 

ehrh epWtdj;jpdhy; tpahoDf;F 150 Nfhb mnkupf;f nlhyH nrytpy; mDg;gg;gl;l tpz;fyk; 14 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH jdJ MAis Kbj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. fle;j Qhapw;Wf;fpoik ehrh mwptpayhsHfs; me;j tpz;fyj;ij Ntz;Lnkd;Nw tpahod; kPJ Nkhjr; nra;J rpjwbj;jhHfs;.

me;j Mspy;yhj tpz;fyk; kzpf;F 174>000 fp.kP. Ntfj;jpy; tpahodJ fhw;W kz;lyj;jpw;Fs; GFe;jNghJ mJ rpjWz;L Mtpahf khwp cUf;Fiye;J NghdJ.

me;j tpz;fyk; filrpahf mDg;gpa mwptpay; juTfs; G+kpf;F 800 kpy;ypad; (80 Nfhb) fp.kP. Jhuj;ij fle;J tu vLj;j Neuk; 52 epkplq;fs;. tpahoDf;F ,Jtiu 6 tpz;fyq;fs; mDg;gg;gl;Ls;sd. igadpaH 10> gadpaH 11> NthNa[;[H 1> NthNa[;[H 2> fypypNah kw;Wk; A+yprp]; (Ulysses) vd;gdNt mit MFk;. 1989,y; Vtg;gl;l fypypNah tpahodpd; fhw;Wkz;lyj;jpy; cs;s ePH kw;Wk; Ntjpg;nghUl;fis mstpl mDg;gg; gl;ljhFk;.

tpz;fyj;jpd; ngaiu ehd; nrhy;ytpy;iyNa? mjd; ngaH fypypNah (Galileo).   Gfo;ngw;w fypypNah (fp.gp. 1564-1642) vd;w thdtpayhsHjhd;  tuyhw;wpy; Kjd;Kiwahf tpaho Nfhis njhiyNehf;fp %yk; ghHj;jtH. 1610,y; mtH tpaho Nfhisr; Rw;wptUk; 4 re;jpud;fisf; fz;L gpbj;jhH. Qhapwpy; Gs;spfs; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gijAk;> re;jpudpy; gs;sj;jhf;Ffs; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gijAk;> re;jpuidg; NghyNt nts;spapYk; tsHgpiw Nja;gpiw njupfpwJ vd;gijAk; mtNu fz;L gpbj;jhH.

 

mtUf;Fg; gpd;dH NkYk; 12 re;jpud;fs; Mf nkhj;jk; 16 re;jpud;fs; tpahodpy; cz;nld;gJ fz;Lgpbf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ.  ,jpy; ANuhgh (Europa)  vd;w re;jpud;jhd; mstpy; ngupaJ. mjpy; jz;zPH ,Uf;fyhk; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ.

1989 ,y; ml;yhd;b]; (Atlandis) vd;w VTfiz %yk; tpz;Zf;F Vtg;gl;l ,e;j fypypNah tpz;fyk; Kjd; Kiwahf xU Ez;Nfhisr; (Asteroids) Rw;wp epyh xd;W tyk; tUtijf; fz;L gpbj;jJ. ,e;j Ez;Nfhs;fs; tpz;ntspapy; tpahoDf;Fk; nrt;tha;f;Fk; ,ilapy; fhzg;gLgit MFk;.  NkYk; tpaho Nfhspd; 3 epyhf;fspy; cg;Gf; fly;fs; ,Ug;gijAk; tpahod;  kPJ thy; kPd; NkhjpaijAk; glk; vLj;J mDg;gp tpz;fyKk; ,Jjhd;.  ,e;j tpz;fyk; G+kpf;F nkhj;jk; 14>000 Gifg;glq;fis mDg;gpaJ.

1994Mk; Mz;L A+iy 16-22 ,ilg;gl;l fhyj;jpy; #Nkf;fH- nytp 9 vd;w (Shoemaker -Levy 9 ) vd;w thy; kPd; tpahodpd; njd; miuAUz;ilapy; (southern hemisphere)  Nkhjp mjd; kPJ fUg;Gj; jOk;Gfis cz;lhf;fpaJ gyUf;F epidT ,Uf;fyhk;.

fypypNah tpz;fyj;ij ,g;gb mopar; nra;jjw;Ff; fhuzk; tpahodpd; epyhf;fspy; xd;whd ANuhg;gh (Europa) kPJ mJ Nkhjp mjd; kPJ G+kpapd; Ez;Zapupfs; (microbes) vijahtij gbar; nra;JtpLNkh vd;w gag;ghLjhd;. 1999 ,y; epyhtpy; Nkhjr; nra;J mopf;fg;gl;l tpz;fyj;Jf;F (Lunar  Prospector ) mLj;jjhf ehrhthy;  jpl;lkpl;L Nkhjp mopf;fg;gl;l tpz;fyk; fypypNah  kl;LNk.

 

ehrh ,d;Dk; xU gj;jhz;by; NkYk; xU Mspy;yhj tpz;fyj;ij ( Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter ) mDg;g ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

,e;j mwptpay; nra;jpia vOJk;NghJ ve;jj; jkpo; ehNsLfSk; mjid ntspapltpy;iy.   mtw;iwg; nghWj;jstpy; ,J nra;jpNa my;y. ehfghk;G xd;W vq;NfahtJ xU Nfhapypy; fhzg;gl;lnjd;Nwh my;yJ ey;y ghk;nghd;W mHr;rfupd; Foe;ijapd; fOj;ijr;  Rw;wpaJ vd;Nwh Nfs;tpg;gl;lhy; NghJk;. mJ cz;ikNah ngha;Nah clNd mJ nra;jpahfptpLk;.

 

mnkupf;fd; tpz;zpy; cs;s Nfhs;fis jPtpukhf MuhAk;NghJ jkpod; mNj Nfhs;fis gf;jpNahL Fk;gpl;Lf; nfhz;L Rw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd;. Njhrk; ePq;f mHr;rid> mgpNrfk;> vs;nsz;nza;r; rl;b vupf;fpwhd;.

mnkupf;fd; ifapy; tpz;tiuglk; ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpod; ifapy; gQ;rhq;fk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjpy; nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;s gy;yp nrhw; gyd; (gjpdhW jpf;F> gj;Jj; jpf;F)> gy;yp tpOk; gyd;>  fdtpd; gyd;> re;jpu ,yf;fpd Nfhru gyd;> jhuh gyd;> tpthfg; nghUj;jk;> Mz;Lg; gyd; ,tw;iw tpOe;J tpOe;J gbf;fpwhd;!

 

,e;j ,yl;rzj;jpy; xU jkpodhtJ Gfo;ngw;w Nehgps; gupir mwptpay;Jiwapy; rup my;yJ Ntnwe;jj; JiwapyhtJ  rup jl;bf; nfhz;LNghf xU vs;Kid mstpyhtJ rhj;jpak; ,y;iy. mLj;j Ehw;whz;byhtJ mg;gbahd rhj;jpak; ,Uf;fpwjh?

 

Nrhjplk; xU Gul;L vd;gij mwpT G+Htkhf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s thdtpay;gw;wpa eilKiw mwpT mtrpak;. ,d;iwa etPd mwptpay; Afj;jpYk; kdpjDf;F tpz;ntsp gw;wpa kiyg;G Vw;gLfpwJ. vJTk; ,yFthfg; GupahjthW  Gjpuhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

,e;j mz;lk; (universe) fhyk; ntsp vd;w  ,uz;bYk; cs;s xsp> gUg;nghUs;> Mw;wy; ,tw;why; MdJ.  

 

ghy;top (milky way) vd;W miof;fg;gLk; vkJ jpuspy; (galaxy) fhzg;gLk; 200 gpy;ypad; (20>000 Nfhb) ehz; kPd;fspy; vkJ QhapWk;   xd;W. QhapW jpuspd; ikaj;jpy; ,Ue;J 30>000 xsp Mz;LfSf;F mg;ghy; xU %iyapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. G+kpapy; ,Ue;J QhapW 93 kpy;ypad; (9.3 Nfhb) iky; Jhuj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,Ue;Jk;    mJ mLj;j fpl;lb ehz; kPNdhL xg;gpLk;NghJ 270>000 klq;F mz;ikapy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

vkJ ghy;top mz;lj;jpy; cs;s gy Nfhb jpus;fspy; xd;whFk;. ghy;ntspapy; vt;tsT ehz; kPd;fs; cz;Nlh me;jsT jpus;fs; mz;lj;jpy;  cz;L.

 

,e;j mz;lk; 15 gpy;ypad; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH mlHj;jpahd jput tbtpy; ,Ue;jJ vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ. mg;NghJ ePupak; (hydrogen) kw;Wk; `Pypaj;ijtpl Ntnwhd;Wk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ehz; kPd;fNsh Nfhs;fNsh ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mz;lj;jpd; taJ EhW kpy;ypad; Mz;L ,Uf;Fk;NghJ ehz; kPd;fs; ePupaj;jpy; ,Ue;J Njhd;wp ,Uf;fyhk;.

 

,g;gbj;jhd; vkJ QhapW ehz; kPd; 4.49 gpy;ypad; Mz;LfSf;F Kd; Njhd;wp ,Uf;fyhk;. QhapW Njhd;Wtjw;F Kd;dUk; gpd;dUk; gy ehz; kPd;fs; Njhd;wpd. 

,e;jj; Njhw;wk; ,d;Wk; njhlHfpwJ. Mw;wy; tha;e;j njhiyNehf;fp %yk; ghHf;Fk;NghJ ePupak; neUf;fk; mile;J mjpy; ,Ue;J ehz; kPd;fs; Njhd;Wtijf; fhzf; $bajhf ,Uf;fpwJ.  

mz;lj;Jf;F xU KbT my;yJ vy;iy ,Ug;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy. mNj Neuk; mJ tpupe;J nfhz;L nry;tjhf mwptpayhsHfs; nrhy;fpwhHfs;.     

gz;ila tho;e;j kdpjDf;F tpz;ntspAk; mq;F fhzg;gLk; Nfhbf;fzf;fhd ehz; kPd;fSk; (stars)    Nfhs; kPd;fSk; (planets)  ngupa kiyg;igAk; tpag;igAk; mr;rj;ijAk; nfhLj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.     

me;j kiyg;G> tpag;G> mr;rk; fhuzkhf kdpjd; ehz; kPd;fisAk; Nfhs; kPd;fisAk; mjprf;jp gilj;j NjtijfshfTk; nja;tq;fshfTk; flTsHfshfTk; fw;gid nra;J mtw;iw topglTk; nra;jhd;.  

#upad; xU Njtij> re;jpud; xU Njtij> el;rj;jpuk; xt;nthd;Wk; jdpj;jdp Njtij>    kiy xU Njtij> ejp xU Njtij> rKj;jpuk; xU Njtij> kio xU Njtij> ,bkpd;dy; xU Njtij. ,g;gb ghHj;jJ njhl;lJ vy;yhk; Njtij Njtij vd;W vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; ntt;NtW ngaH itj;J mtw;iwj; jpUg;jp nra;a G+rhupfisAk; ke;jputhjpfisAk; kdpjd; ehbdhd;. kdpjdpd; Kl;lhs;jdk; Njtijfspd; Nguhy; G+rhupfSk; ke;jputhjpfSk; kdpjd; jiyapy; ifia itj;J nfhs;isabf;f trjpahfg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

Nrhjplk; xt;nthU fpufj;Jf;Fk;  ,uhrpfSf;Fk; el;rj;jpuq;fSf;Fk; mjpNjtijfs; cz;L vdr; nrhy;fpwJ.  

fpufq;fspd; mjpNjtijfs;. 

#upad; -      rptd;
re;jpud; -      ghHtjp
mq;ffhufd; -  fe;jH
Gjd; -          kfhtp\;Z
FU-           gpukd;
Rf;fpud; -      ts;sp
rdp     -       vkd;
uhF    -        gj;jpufhsp
NfJ -          ,e;jpud; 

,uhrp tPLfspd; mjpNjtij

Nk\k; -       Rg;gpukzpaH
up\gk; -       kPdhl;rp
kpJdk; -      kfhtp\;Z
flfk;  -      ghuhrf;jp
rpk;kk;  -      gpukd;
fd;dp  -        ,yl;Rkp
Jyh  -         ru];tjp
tpUr;rpfk; -    Iag;gd;
jDR   -        ntq;fNlr ngUkhs;
kfuk;  -        ,uh[uhN[];tup
Fk;gk; -       guNk];tuH
kPdk;  -        md;dthfd Njtp
 

,t;thNw mRtdp njhlq;fp ,Nutjp <whf cs;s el;rj;jpuq;fSf;F KiwNa ru];tjp njhlq;fp rdpgfthd; <whf mjpNjtijfs; vd vOjp itj;Js;sdH.  

Mdhy; ,e;j mjpNjtij ahH ahH vd;gjpy; tof;fk;Nghy; NrhjplHfs; MSf;F Ms; NtWgLfpwhHfs;. ehd; NkNy je;jJ V.vk;. gps;is vOjpa 'N[hjpl mKjk;' vd;w Ehypy; fhzg;gLk; juTfshFk;. ,d;ndhU NrhjplH tpy;ypak; MH. nytrp  jhd; vOjpa 'xU Ntj thdpd;  fPo;' (Beneath a Vedic Sky by William R.Levacy) vd;w Ehypy; gurhufiu Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b gpd;tUkhW mjpNjtijfspd; ngaHfis tupirg;gLj;JfpwhH. 

#upad; -     mf;fpdp
re;jpud; -     tUzd;
mq;ffhufd; - Rg;gpukzpaH
Gjd; -       kfhtp\;Z
tpahod; -    ,e;jpud;
nts;sp -     ,e;jpuhzp
rdp -        gpukd;
,uhF -      JHf;if
NfJ -       fNzrH
 

mq;ffhufd;> Gjd; Nfhs;fs; ,uz;ilAk; jtpu Vida mjpNjtijfs; NtWgLtijAk; ,lk;khwp ,Ug;gijAk; ePq;fs; ftdpf;fyhk;. ,uhrp> el;rj;jpuq;fs; ,tw;iwg; nghWj;jtiuapYk; ,Nj fijjhd;. Nrhjplj;jpy; jHf;fKiwahd fUJNfhs;fis vjpHghHg;gJ tPz;NtiyahFk;!

cNuhk fpNuf;f ,jpfhrq;fspYk; Nfhs;fs; Njtijfs;> nja;tq;fs;> flTsH Mfr; rpj;jupf;fg;gl;lhd. 

Gjd; (Mercury) tzpfj;jpd; Njtijahf cNuhk ,jpfhrq;fspy; rpj;jupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. fpNuf;fHfs; Gjid Hemes  vd;W mioj;jhHfs;. flTsupd; Jhjtd; vd;gJ mjd; nghUs;. 

nts;sp (Venus) cNuhkHfspd; fhjy; kw;Wk; mofpd;  nja;tk;. fpNuf;f ,jpfhrj;jpy; nts;spia Aphrodite vd;W  mioj;jhHfs;. 

nrt;tha; (Mars) cNuhkHfspd; NghHf; flTs;. fpNuf;fHfs; mjid Ares vd;W mioj;jHfs;. 

tpahod; (Jupiter) cNuhk flTsupd; murd;. cNuhk murpd; fhty; nja;tKk; tpahod;jhd;. fpNuf;fHfs; mjid rPa]; (Zeus) vd;W mioj;jhHfs;. rPa]; fpNuf;f flTsH kw;Wk; xypk;g]; kiy (Mount Olympus)  MSk; flTs;. ,e;jpa ,jpfhrj;jpy; tpahod; NjtHfsJ FU. kdpj Fyj;ijf; fhf;Fk; nja;tk;. 

rdp (Saturn) cNuhk ,jpfhrj;jpy; tptrhaf; flTshf rpj;jupf;fg;LfpwJ. fpNuf;f ,jpfhrj;jpy; mjid Cronus  vd mioj;jhHfs;. Saturday vd;w Mq;fpyr; nrhy; Saturn  vd;w NtHr; nrhy;ypy; ,Ue;J gpwe;jjhFk;.

rdp A+NuNdarpd; gps;isahFk;. jdJ gps;is Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;J jd;id ftpo;j;JtpLk; vd;w gaj;jpy; rdp A+Nudpair Mz;ikf; Fiwg;Gr; nra;jJ. gpd;dH rdp mjdJ gps;isahd A+gpl;lH (Jupiter) My; gjtp ftpo;fg;gl;lhH.

,e;jpa  ,jpfhrk; rdp #upaDf;Fk; rhah Njtpf;Fk; gpwe;j  Foe;ij vd;W rpj;jupj;J ,Ue;jij Kd;dH ghHj;Njhk;.   

re;jpud; (Moon) Luna vd cNuhkHfshy; miof;fg;gl;lJ. fpNuf;fHfs; mjid Artemis vd mioj;jhHfs;. 

#upad; (Sun). ,jid Sol vd cNuhkHfSk;  Heilos vd fpNuf;fHfSk; mioj;jhHfs;. (tsUk;)

 


Nrhjplg; Gul;L 

kio nga;tpg;gjw;F gpuhzpfSf;Fj; jpUkzk;!

(25)

ef;fPud; 

Ngud;GilaPH!

tzf;fk;.  kio Ntz;bAk;> jz;zPH gQ;rk; ePq;fTk;> grpg;gpzp ePq;fTk;> ehL nropf;fTk;> tptrhak; kw;Wk; njhopy; tpUj;jpailaTk; epfOk; RghD tUlk; Gul;lhrp khjk; 15 Mk; ehs; (2.10.2003) tpahof;fpoik tsH gpiw jpjpAk;> %y el;rj;jpuKk; rpj;jNahfk; $ba RgNahf Rgjpdj;jpy; fhiy 10.30 kzp Kjy; 12 kzptiu kzkfd; mUs;kpF   NkftHzd;>  mUs;kpF fhHKfpy;ty;yp ,UtUf;Fk; jpUkzk; Ng&H neha;ay; Mw;W tpehafH rd;djpapy; eilngWtjhy; nghJkf;fs; midtUk; fye;J nfhz;L kio Ntz;b gpuhHj;jpf;FkhW Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpNwhk;.

 

,g;gbf;F

Ng&H nghJkf;fs;. 

 

ahH ,e;j mUs;kpF NkftHzd; mUs;kpF fhHKfpy;ty;yp? nghJthf khg;gps;is tPl;lhH my;yJ ngz;  tPl;lhHjhd; jpUkzj;Jf;F jdpj;jdpahf miog;G mDg;GthHfs;. Mdhy; ,g;Nghnjy;yhk; ,U tPl;lhH miog;G vd;W Nghl;L xU miog;gpjiog; gad;gLj;JfpwhHfs;. Mdhy; ,q;Nf CH kf;fNs xd;W$b miog;G tpLj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. vdNt ,J xU ngupa ,lj;Jj; jpUkzk; vd ePq;fs; epidf;fyhk;. mg;gb epidj;jhy; cq;fis ahUk; Fiw$w KbahJ.

 

cz;ikapy; ,e;j NkftHzd; -fhHKfpy;ty;yp ,uz;Lk; fOijfs;! fOijfSf;Fj; jpUkzk; nra;J itj;jhy; kio nga;Ak; vd;w %lek;gpf;ifahy;jhd; ,e;jj; jpUkzk;! jpdkyH ehNsL ,e;jr; nra;jpia ntspapl;Ls;sJ.

 

Ng&upy; xU Nrhb fOijf;Fj;jhd; jpUkzk;. nrd;idapy;  'kio kw;Wk; cyf mikjp  Ntz;b ghk;G> kPd;> Xzhd;> gd;wp cs;gl 18tif [PtuhrpfSf;F xNu ,lj;jpy; jpUkzk; ele;jJ' vd jpdfud; ehNsL ngupa jiyg;gpl;L nra;jp ntspapl;Ls;sJ.

 

'nrd;id> nrg; 28- cyf mikjp kw;Wk; kiof;fhf nrd;id Nf.Nf efH ky;b tpdhafH Nfhtpy; tshfj;jpy; ,d;W fhiy 18 tif [PtuhrpfSf;F jpUkzk; ele;jJ Fjpiu> fOij> eha;> thj;J> Nfhop> thd;Nfhop> khL> Kay;> vyp> Fuq;F> gd;wp> kPd;> ez;L> fpsp> fhfk;> cLk;G> ghk;G> Xzhd; Nghd;w tw;Wf;F jpUkzk; elj;jp itf;fg;gl;lJ.  mtw;Wf;F XJthH thRNjtd; ke;jpuk; Xjp jhyp fl;bdhH.

 

Kd;djhf mjpfhiyapy; th];J Xkk;> fzgjp Xkk;> fz;b Xkk;> Nfhkhjh g+i[> f[g+i[> m];tg+i[ Nghd;wit ele;jJ.  ,e;jpa Njrpa nfhb cs;gl 5 ehl;L nfhbfSf;Fk; rpwg;G g+i[ nra;ag;gl;lJ.  cyf rkhjhdk; Ntz;b 10 Gwhf;fs;  gwf;f tplg;gl;ld.'

 

,e;jr; nra;jfisag; gbj;jNghJ ehq;fs; tho;tJ kdpjd; rpf;fpKf;fp fy;iyg; gad;gLj;jpa fw;fhykh my;yJ kdpjd; tpz;ntspg; gazk; nra;Ak; 21Mk; Ehw;whz;lh? vd;w Iak; epahakhfNt vOfpwJ.

 

,e;j Ehw;whz;by; ve;j kilaHfshtJ kio nga;tjw;F ,g;gb Fjpiu> fOij> eha;> thj;J> Nfhop> thd;Nfhop> khL> Kay;> vyp> Fuq;F> gd;wp> kPd;> ez;L> fpsp> fhfk;> cLk;G> ghk;G> Xzhd; Nghd;wtw;Wf;F ke;jpuk; nrhy;yp jpUkzk; nra;J itg;ghHfsh? vyp> kPd;> ez;L> fhfk;> cLk;G> ghk;G> Xzhd; ,tw;Wf;F vg;gbj; jpUkzk; nra;J itg;gJ?

 

kio nga;tjw;Fk; gpuhzpfs; fy;ahzj;jpw;Fk; Xk Fz;lq;fSf;Fk; VjhtJ njhlHGz;lh? ,e;jg; gpuhzpfSf;Fj; jpUkzk; nra;J itg;gjd; %yk; kio nga;tpf;f KbAkhdhy; gUt  kio ngha;j;J tpl;ljhYk; fhNtupapy; jz;zPH tuhjjhYk;  njhlHr;rpahf 3 Mz;Lfs; jQ;ir khtl;lj;jpy; tptrhak; fLikahfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. fUfpa gapiuf; fz;L tptrhapfs; jw;nfhiy nra;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.Astrologyseasons.gif (97878 bytes)

 

'thd; ngha;g;gpDk; jhd; ngha;ah kiyj; jiya flw;fhtpup ' vdg; gl;bdg; ghiy ghba fbaYhH cUj;jpuq;fz;zdhH cr;rpkPJ itj;J nkr;rpg; ghba fhtpup ngha;j;Jg; Nghdjhy; gQ;rk; mq;F jiytpupj;jhLfpwJ.

 

kf;fs; grp jhq;f KbahJ vypfisg; gpbj;J fwpahf;fp cz;L capH tho;fpwhHfs;.   ,e;jj; jpUkzj;ij> Xkq;fis ,e;j  XJthH $l;lk; jQ;irapy; elj;jp Vd; kioiag; nga;tpf;ftpy;iy?

 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; nrd;idapNyNa kio nga;atpy;iy! mg;gbg; nga;jhYk; mjw;Fk; ,e;jj; jpUkzj;Jf;Fk; Xkj;Jf;Fk; njhlHG mwNt fpilahJ.

 

Ntjid vd;dntd;why; ,e;jj; jpUkztpohtpw;F  jkpo;ehL rl;lrig rghehafH   fhspKj;J jiyik jhq;fpapUf;fpwhH. mtuJ kidtp kNdhfhp> th];J rh];jpu epGzH MH.Nf.gftjp uh[;> kidtp uhjh MfpNahH Fj;J tpsf;F Vw;wpdhHfs;. jpUthLJiw Kj;JFkhu jk;gpuhd; Rthkp> fUzhfud; Rthkp> tyk;Ghp Nahd;> ftpQH gpiw#bahd; tho;j;jpg; NgrpdhHfs;. gl mjpgH gp.b.nry;tFkhH ed;wp $wpdhH. 

 

,jpy; MH.Nf. gftjp uh[;  tyk;Gup Nahd; ,tHfs;gw;wp ,e;jf; fl;Liuj; njhlupd; njhlf;fj;jpNyNa (mj;jpahak; 2> 3) vOjpAs;Nsd;.  

 

'xU kdpjdpd; ed;ik jPikia mtH FbapUf;Fk; tPl;bd; th];J mikg;G epHzapf;fpwJ vd;gJ tpQ;Qhd g+Ht cz;ikahFk;. Foe;ij nry;tk; ,y;yhky;NghtJ> kdepiy ghjpj;j MNzh> ngz;Nzh ,Ug;gJ> jPuhj Neha; gPbj;jpUg;gJ> jpUkzj; jilfs; cUthFtJ> gbg;G ke;j epiy vd;W ,d;Dk; gy;NtW jPikfs; th];J Fiw ghLs;s tPl;bdhy; Vw;gLk;. mjw;F me;j tPl;bd; Fiwfis rhpnra;tJ kpf Kf;fpak;. th];J FiwAs;s ,lq;fspy; mkHe;J nra;Ak; njhopy;fSk; el;lj;jpy; jhd; KbAk;' vd;W  nrhd;d gpuf];gjp ,Nj gftjp uh[;jhd;.

th];J rhj;jpuk; gpuhkzd;> rj;jpupad;> itrpfd;> #j;jpud; ,tHfsJ tPl;Lf;F ntt;NtW jpirapy; thry; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Fyj;Jf;F xU tpjp nrhy;fpwJ!

jkpo;ehl;by; vjw;Fg; gQ;rk; ,Ue;jhYk; ,g;gbahd %lj;jdj;Jf;Fk; Kl;lhs;jdj;Jf;Fk;  gQ;rNk ,y;iy.

Kilehw;wk; tPRfpd;w %lek;gpf;iffspd; nkhj;j cUtkhf n[ayypjh cyh tUfpwhH.  mtH Nghfhj Nfhtpy; ,y;iy> Fk;gplhj nja;tk; ,y;iy. nfhLf;fhj fhzpf;if ,y;iy. ,Uf;Fk; tPNl ahfrhiyahf khw;wg;gl;L tpl;lJ.   

 

ehs;> el;rj;jpuk; ghuhJ n[ayypjh ve;j mYty;fisAk; nra;tjpy;iy. mtuJ ,uhrp vz; 9 vd;gjhy; vy;yhtw;iwAk; 9,y; itj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhH. ghJfhg;Gf;F epWj;jg;gLk; Nghyprhupd; vz;zpf;if xd;gJ. mikr;ruitapd; $l;Lj;njhif xd;gJ. mtuJ ,uhrp epwk; gr;ir vd;gjhy; fl;Lfpw Glit gr;ir. gpbf;fpw Fil gr;ir. Nfhl;ilf;Fg; Nghtnjd;whYk; ml;lkp etkp ,uhF fhyk; ghHj;Jj;jhd; NghfpwhH.

Nfhl;il mtUf;F ,uhrp ,y;iy vd;W ahNuh xU th];J rhj;jpup nrhy;y gf;fj;jpy; cs;s ,uhzp Nkup fy;Yhupia ,bj;Jj; js;sptpl;L mq;F jkpo;ehL murpd; jiyikr; nrayfj;ijf; fl;lg; Gwg;gl;ltH. ifapy; rpyk;NghL> Rl;nlupf;Fk; fz;NzhL> jiytpup Nfhyj;NjhL 'Njuh kd;dh! nrg;GtJ cilNad;'  vd ghz;bad; neLQ;nropad; mitapy; ePjp Nfl;l fz;zfp rpiy Koptsj;Jf;F $lhnjd NrhjplH nrhy;y mJ ,uNthL ,uthf mfw;wg;gl;lJ.

 

jkpo;ehl;by; vjw;Fg; gQ;rk; ,Ue;jhYk; ,g;gbahd %lj;jdj;Jf;Fk; Kl;lhs;jdj;Jf;Fk; gQ;rNk ,y;iy. ehlhSk; Kjyikr;rNu %lj;jdj;Jf;F Kd; vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf tpsq;Fk;NghJ Fbkf;fisf; Nfl;fth Ntz;Lk;?

 

gpuhzpfSf;F jpUkzk; nra;J itj;jhy; kio nga;Ak;> th];J Kiwapy; tPl;ilf; fl;btpl;lhy; Foe;ijr; nry;tk; fpilf;Fk; jPuhj Neha; jPUk; gbg;G tUk;  vd;why; ,e;jpahtpy; Vo;ik> tWik> gQ;rk; Neha; ,Ug;gJ Vd; vd;W mwpTilatHfs;  Nfl;f khl;lhHfsh? Nfl;f Ntz;lhkh?

 

,e;jpahtpy; 360 kpy;ypad; (36 Nfhb) kf;fs; tWikf; Nfhl;bd; fPo; tho;fpwhHfs;. ,J nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 35 tpOf;fhlhFk;. khjk; &gh 264 tUkhdk; cs;NshH tWikf; Nfhl;Lf;F Nky; tho;tjhff; fzpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; 526 kpy;ypad; FLk;gq;fsJ (59tpOf;fhL) ruhrup Mz;L tUkhdk; &gh 12>500.  khj tUkhdk; &gh 1>000.

 

,e;jpahtpy; Mz;Lf;F 25 kpy;ypad; ( 2.5 Nfhb) Foe;ijfs; gpwf;fpd;wd. ,jpy; 2.7 kpy;ypad; gps;isfs; 5 taJ epiwAKd; ,we;J tpLfpd;wd. 

,e;jpahtpy; 4 taJf;Ff; Fiwthd 60 kpy;ypad; Foe;ijfs; Cl;lr; rf;jp gw;whf; Fiwahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.   

,e;jpahtpy; Mapuj;jpy;  7 Foe;ijfs;> 20 taJte;NjhH fhr Nehahy; gPbf;fg; gl;Ls;shHfs;. 

,e;jpahtpy; Mz;Lf;F 600>000 Foe;ijfs;  tapw;Nwhl;lj;jhy; Vw;gLfpw ePHtul;rpahy; (dehydration) ,wf;fpwhHfs;. 

,e;jpahtpy; gPfhH> ,uh[];jhd;> cj;jug;gpuNjr khepyq;fspy; cs;s ngz;fspy; Ehw;Wf;F 75 tpOf;fhl;bdH mwptpypfs;. mjhtJ vOjg; gbf;fj; njupahjtHfs;. 

,e;jpahtpy; vapl;]; Nehahy; gPbf;fg;gl;ltHfs; njhif 3.97 kpy;ypad;. (2001)    

,e;jpahtpy; njhO Nehahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfs; njhif 704>000.  ( khHr; 31> 2000) 

fzf;fw;w flTsUk;> Mapuf;fzf;fhd Nfhapy;fSk; NrhjplHfSk; th];J rh];jpupfSk; mHr;rfHfSk; G+rhupfSk; thOk; Gz;zpa G+kpahd ,e;jpa ehl;bd; myq;Nfhyk; ,Jjhd;. ,e;j ,yl;rzj;jpy; Nfhapy; Fsk;> NjH> jPHj;jk;> mHr;rid> mgpNrfk;>  Nehd;G> fhtb ,tw;wpy; VjhtJ nghUs; ,Uf;fpwjh?  rpe;jpf;fj; njupe;jtHfs; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;. Astrologysunannualpath.gif (100278 bytes)

vkJ QhapW kz;lyk; (solar system ) Qhapw;iw tyk; tUk; xd;gJ Nfhs;fs;> Ehw;Wf;fzf;fhd Ez;Nfhs;fs;> thy;kPd;fs; Kjypatw;iw cs;slf;fpaJ. 

Qhapw;wpy; ,Ue;J mjpfupf;Fk; ruhrup Jhuj;jpy; cs;s Nfhs;fs; Gjd;> nts;sp> G+kp> nrt;tha;> tpahod;> rdp> A+Nwdpa];> neg;jpA+d; kw;Wk; GSl;Nlh MFk;. ,tw;wpy; Kjy; 6 fpufq;fs;gw;wp Vw;fdNt ( mj;jpahak; 6) XusT tpsf;fkhf vOjpAs;Nsd;.  AstrologyAtlas.gif (584038 bytes)

A+nwdpa];jhd; jw;fhyj;jpy; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;l Kjy; NfhshFk;. ,jd; epwk; gr;ir> ePyk;  fye;jJ. Qhapw;wpy; ,Ue;J VohtJ ,lj;jpy; ,e;jf; Nfhs; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J rdpiag; Nghy; ,d;ndhU klq;F Jhuk;. ,e;jf; Nfhis jw;nrayhf gpupj;jhdpa ehl;ilr; NrHe;j tpy;ypak; N`Hnry; (William Herschel ) vd;gtH njhiyNehf;fp %yk; thdj;ijg; ghHj;jNghJ mjidf; fz;L gpbj;jhH. fz;Lgpbj;j Mz;L 1781. mjw;F Kd;dUk; rpyH mjidg; ghHj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; mtHfs; mjid xU ehz; kPd; (star) vdj; jtwhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;.   

,e;jf; NfhSf;F tpy;ypak; N`Hry; jdJ ehl;bd; murH NahH[; epidthf itj;j ngaH (Georgian Star )  vd;gjhFk;. Mdhy; Vida Nfhs;fsJ ngaHfs; midj;Jk; fpNuf;fk; my;yJ cNuhkhdpa  ,jpfhr flTsHfsJ ngaHfshf ,Ue;jjhy; ,jw;F A+Nudpa]; vd;w  fpNuf;f Mfha ,jpfhrf; flTspd; ngaiu Johann E.Bode  vd;w n[Hkhdpa mwptpayhsH khw;wpr; #l;bdhH.

,e;jf; Nfhs; ngUk;ghYk; ePupak; kw;Wk; `Pypak; ,uz;bdhYk; MdJ. Mdhy; tpahod;  my;yJ rdpiatpl ghukhd jdpkq;fs; (elements) nfhz;lJ. Kfpy;fshy; %lg;gl;Ls;sJ. 1986,y; tpz;ntspf;F Vtg;gl;l  nthNa[;[H 2 (Voyager 2)  tpz;fyk; %ye;jhd; Kjd; Kjyhf A+Nwdpa];gw;wpa gy juTfis thdtpayhsHfs; mwpe;J nfhz;lhHfs;. ,e;j tpz;fyk; A+Nudpair %bAs;s Kfpy;fSf;F NkNy 50>000 iky; (80>000 fp.kP.) Jhuj;jpy; gwe;jJ.  

 

tpl;lk; -      31>763 iky;fs; (51>118 fp.kP.) MFk;. 
jiu -          thA kw;Wk; jputfj;jhy; MdJ. ,jd; ikag; gFjpapy; G+kpapd; mstpy;                    ghiwfs; ,Uf;ff; $Lk;.

fhw;W kz;lyk; - ePufk;> `Pypak;> nkNjd; kw;Wk; mNkhdpah.

ntl;gk; -    -353 ghudapl; my;yJ -214 nry;rpa];..

mr;rpd; Row;rp - 17 kzp 16 epkplq;fs;.

QhapW tyk; - ehl;fs; 30>685  my;yJ 84 G+kp Mz;Lfs;.

G+kpapy; ,Ue;J mz;ikj; Jhuk; -  1>784>860>000 iky;fSf;F (2>872>460>000 fp.kP.)

Qhapw;wpy; ,Ue;J ruhrup Jhuk; - 2>796>46 iky;fs; (4>497 kpy;ypad; fpkP )

Jizf; Nfhs;fs; -21

tisaq;fs; -   11     

mLj;j fpoik vQ;rpAs;s neg;jpA+d; kw;Wk; GSl;Nlhgw;wp vOJNtd;. (tsUk;)

 

 


 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L

tpz;izg;gw;wpa mr;rNk Nrhjplk;!

(26)

ef;fPud;  

 

nrd;w fpoik Ng&H> nrd;id ,uz;L efuq;fspYk; kio Ntz;b gpuhzpfSf;F 'jpUkzk;' nra;J itj;j %lj;jdj;ijg; gw;wp  vOjpapUe;Njd;. ,e;j epfo;r;rp gw;wp Gtdfpupapy; ,Ue;J m. FzNrfud; vd;gtH vOjpa  'Mapuk; <.nt.uh. te;jhYk; jpUj;JtJ fbdk;!'   vd;w fbjk; jpdkyH ehNsl;by; (7-10-2003) ntspte;Js;sJ. mjidf; fPNo jUfpNwd;.

 

'%lek;gpf;iffSf;F vjpHg; gpurhuk; nra;jtH <.nt.uh.  mtH njhlq;fpa jpuhtpl ,af;fj;jpypUe;J gpupe;jNj jp.K.f.  ,f;fl;rpapd; jiytHfs; ghHg;gd Mjpf;fj;ij vjpHg;gjhf nrhy;ypAk;> %lek;gpf;iffSf;F vjpuhdtHfs; vd;W nrhy;ypAk; jq;fsJ fl;rpia tsHj;jdH.

 

,e;epiyapy;> cyf ed;ik fUjp 18 tif gl;rp> kpUfrhjp rPtuhrpfSf;F jpUkzk; nra;J itg;gjhf nrhy;yp gy capupdq;fis tijj;Js;sdH. cyf ed;ikf;fhf ,j;jpUkzk; nra;tjhf nrhy;yp> capupdq;fis tijj;Js;sJ Kw;wpYk; nfh^ukhd nray;. ,jw;F Kd;dpiy tfpj;jtH rghehafH fhspKj;J. ,g;gb jpuhtpl ,af;fj;jpdNu %lek;gpf;ifapy; %o;fpAs;sij ghHf;Fk;NghJ Mapuk; <.nt.uh. gpwe;jhYk; ek;ktHfisj; jpUj;j KbahJ Nghy; Njhd;WfpwJ.'

 

jkpo;ehl;by; mjpKfTf;F %lek;gpf;iffspd; nkhj;j cUtkhd nry;tp n[ayypjh jiyik tfpg;gJ xU ngupa tuyhw;W tpgj;J. mijtplg; ngupa tpgj;J jpuhtplH fof nghJr; nrayhsH 'jkpoH jiytH'  fp.tPukzp me;j mk;khTf;F Mytl;lk; tPRtJ!

 

'khdkpF' tPukzp ghHg;gd vjpHg;igj; jdJ tho;ehs; KOJk; mbg;gilf; nfhs;ifahff; iff;nfhz;l je;ij ngupahH njhlf;fpa jpuhtplH fl;rpapd; nghJr; nrayhsuhf ,Uf;fpwhH.  

 

fle;j ,uz;L Mz;Lfshf ngupahH epidthf jkpof muR  toq;Fk; gupR vtUf;Fk; nfhLf;fg;gltpy;iy. me;j tplaj;ij mk;khtpd; kdk; Nehfhj tpjj;jpy; kpfTk; gt;akhf tPukzpahH mtuJ ftdj;Jf;F 'tpLjiy' Vl;bd; thapyhff; nfhz;L NghapUf;fpwhH. fiyQH Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; mtuJ mZFKiw Ntwhf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;. fiyQiuj; jpl;b xU mwpf;if tpl;Lj; jdJ Nfhgj;ij ntspg;gLj;jp ,Ug;ghH!  

 

,ijtpl ntl;ff; NfL jiyf; FdpT jkpopdj;Jf;F NtW ,Uf;fNt KbahJ. fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; jkpo;kf;fshy; jiytHfs; vdf; nfhz;lhlg; gl;ltHfs; gpd;db fhyj;jpy; mtHfis Vkhw;wptpl;lhHfs; my;yJ iftpl;L tpl;lhHfs; vd;gNj tuyhW.   

 

'murd; vt; top Fbfs; mt; top' vd;ghHfs;. ,J jkpo;ehl;Lf;F Kw;wpYk; nghUe;Jk;.

neg;jpA+d; Nfhs; 1846Mk; Mz;L Kjd; Kjyhf Johann Galle
vd;gtuhy;  fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;lJ. neg;jpA+d; vd;w ngaH cNuhkuJ  fly;j; nja;tj;ij Fwpg;gjhFk;. neg;jpA+d; Qhapw;wpy; ,Ue;J G+kpia tpl 30 klq;F Jhuj;jpy; fhzg;gLfpwJ.
 

msT -       G+kpiatpl 4 klq;F ngupaJ.

tpl;lk; -      30>775 iky;fs; (49>528 fpkP)

jiu -        jbj;j Gay; Nkfq;fs; %lg;gl;Ls;s jpuhtfg; gil.   

fhw;W kz;lyk; - ePufk;> `Pypak;> nkNjd; kw;Wk; mNkhdpah.

ntl;gk; -    -353 gupdapl; (-214 nry;rpa];)

mr;rpd; Row;rp - 16 kzp 7 epkplq;fs;.

QhapW tyk; - 165 Mz;Lfs;.

G+kpapy; ,Ue;J mz;ikj; Jhuk; - 2>680>000>000 iky;fs;.

Qhapw;wpy; ,Ue;J ruhrup Jhuk; - 2>796>46 iky;fs; (4>497 kpy;ypad; fpkP )

Jizf; Nfhs;fs; - 8

tisaq;fs; -   4     

GSl;Nlh cNuhkhdpa kw;Wk; fpNuf;f ghjhsf; flTspd; ngauhFk;. GSl;Nlhit 1930Mk; Mz;L Clyde Tombaugh vd;gtH fz;L gpbj;jhH. kpfTk; rpwpa> FspHe;j> ntF njhiytpy; cs;s Nfhs; ,JthFk;.  GSl;Nlhtpd; Jizf; Nfhs; rhud; (Charon) vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ.  mjid 1977,y;  fz;L gpbj;jhHfs;. mjd; tpl;lk;  148 - 208 fpkP (92-129 iky;fs;).  mjdhy; GSl;NlhTk; rhuDk; ',ul;ilf; Nfhs;fs;' vd tHzpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. 

nraw;iff; Nfhs;fis Vtp Muhag;glhj xNu Nfhs; GSl;Nlhjhd;. ,UgJ Mz;Lfs; (1979-1999) GSl;Nlh neg;jpA+Df;F cl;Gwkhf Qhapiw tyk; te;jJ. mg;gb tyk; tUk;NghJ neg;jpA+d; QhapW kz;lyj;Jf;F mg;ghy; cs;s Nfhshf (outer planet) fhl;rp mspf;Fk;.   

msT - G+kpiatpl Ie;jpy; xU gq;F

tpl;lk;- 1>423 iky;fs;? (2>290 fpkP?)  

jiu - nkj;Njd;> jz;zPH fye;j ghiw

fhw;W kz;lyk; - nkj;Njd;

ntl;gk; - -369 - 387 gupdapl; ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; (-223-233nry;rpa];)

mr;rpd; Row;rp - 6 ehs;> 9 kzp 18 epkplq;fs;

QhapW tyk; - 248 Mz;Lfs;

cq;fsJ vil - njupahJ

G+kpapy; ,Ue;J mz;ikj; Jhuk; - 2.67 gpy;ypad; (267 Nfhb) iky;fs;.

Qhapw;wpy; ,Ue;J ruhrup Jhuk; - 3>666 kpy;ypad; iky;fs; (5>900 kpy;ypad; fpkP )

Jizf; Nfhs;fs; - 1

tisaq;fs; -   ?

Vida Nfhs;fisg; NghyNt A+Nudpa];> neg;jpA+d;> GSl;Nlh ,e;j %d;wpYk; capupdk; ,Uf;f KbahJ vd mwptpayhsHfs; fUJfpwhHfs;.  

,y;yhj ,uhF NfJ Nfhs;fis fzf;fpy; vLf;Fk; ,e;jpa NrhjplHfs; ,e;j 3 Nfhs;fisAk; fzf;fpy; vLg;gjpy;iy. fhuzk; Nrhjpl rhj;jpuk;  vOjpa up\pfsplk; njhiyNehf;fp ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mtHfsplk; Qhdf; fz;Zk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Qhdf; fz; ,Ue;jnjd;Wk; mtHfSf;F Kf;fhyKk; njupe;jpUe;jJ vd;W nrhy;yg;gLtJ ntWk; fl;Lf; fij.  

Nkw;Fyf NrhjplHfs; ,e;jf; Nfhs;fisf; fzf;fpy; vLj;J> mtw;Wf;F ,uhrp tPLfis xJf;fpg;  gyd; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. vg;gbr; nrhy;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ tpsq;ftpy;iy. 1846,y; fz;L gpbj;j neg;jpA+d; ,d;Dk; Qhapiw KOikahf xU Rw;Wr; Rw;wp tutpy;iy.  GSl;Nlh fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;l gpd;dH  74 Mz;Lfs;jhd; Qhapiwr; Rw;wpAs;sJ.  mjid KOJk; Rw;wptu  ,d;Dk; 174 Mz;Lfs; nry;Yk;. Nrhjplk; xU Gul;L vd;gjw;F ,ijtpl NtW vd;d rhd;W Ntz;Lk;?

njhlf;f fhy thdtpay; tuyhW gw;wp  vk;khy;  Cfpf;f kl;LNk KbAk;.  tpz;Zyifg;gw;wpa kdpjdJ mf;fiw vOj;J fz;Lgpbg;gjw;F Kd;dNu njhlq;fptpl;lJ. Mjpfhyk; njhl;Nl kdpjd; thDyif xUtpj gagf;jpNahL mz;zhe;J ghHj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mq;Nf fz;izr;  rpkpl;bf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,yl;rf; fzf;fhd el;rj;jpuq;fs; mtd; kdjpy;  mr;rk; tpag;G Nghd;w nka;g;ghLfis Njhw;Wtpj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.  

 

,d;iwa Nrhjplk;  kj;jpa fpof;F Mrpahit NrHe;j  nkNrhg;nghl;lkpah (Mesopotamia)  gFjpapy;  Muk;gkhdJ.  nkNrhg;nghl;lkpah ehfupfj;jpd; njhl;by; vd tuyhw;W MrpupaHfshy; ghuhl;lg; gl;Ls;sJ. 

nkNrhg;nghl;lkpah vd;gJ iufpwp]; AgpNul;b]; (Tigris and Euphrates) MWfs;  XLfpd;w ,d;iwa ,uhf; ehlhFk;. ,e;j epyg;gFjpiar; Rw;wpNa RNkupaH>  mrPupaH> ggpNyhdpaH> ry;baH tho;e;jhHfs;.  

ggpNyhdpahit Mz;l murHfspy; `Kuhgp (fpK 1795-1750) vd;gtH Gfo; tha;e;jtH. ,tNu tuyhw;wpy; Kjd; Kjyhf xU ehl;bd; rl;lq;fis Kiwg;gb njhFj;J vOjpatH.

fpK ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dNu ggpNyhdpa G+rhupfs; fhty; NfhGuq;fis epWtp Mfhaj;ij tiuglkhf tiue;jhHfs;. fpK 1800 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dNu fspkz; tpy;iyfspy; (clay tablets )  QhapW> epyh ,tw;wpd; Xl;lq;fis Jy;ypakhf vOjp itj;jhHfs;.

 

ehz;kPd;fs; Nfhs;kPd;fs; ,tw;Wf;F nja;tPfk; fw;gpf;fg;gl;ljw;F ,e;jg; G+rhupfNs fhuzk;. mtHfsJ fw;gidNa gpd;dH Nrhjplkhf cUg;ngw;wJ.

 

G+kp jl;il tbtk;. mJ mirtjpy;iy. mJNt mz;lj;jpd; kj;jpapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. G+kpiar; Rw;wpNa xt;nthU ehSk; QhapW  fhiyapy; fpof;Nf  Fjpiufs; G+l;ba jPapdhy;  Md Njupy; fpsk;gp Mfha topahfg; gazpj;J  khiyapy; flypy; tPo;tjhf ggpNyhdpaHfs; vz;zpdhHfs;.

vfpg;jpaHfs; Qhapiwf;  flTshff; Fk;gpl;lhHfs;. rhy;baH> ghgpNyhdpaH NghyNt vfpg;jpaHfSk; thDyif Muha;e;jhHfs;. mtHfs; fl;ba ngupa gpukpl; (Great Pyramid )  Xwpad;  (Orion) el;rj;jpu kz;lyj;jpd; Njhw;wj;ij xj;jjhff; fl;lg;gl;ljhFk;. Astrologypyramid.gif (222642 bytes)

 

fpK 4Mk; Ehw;whz;lstpy; ggpNyhdpadupd; Nrhj;plk; fpNuf;fHfSf;F mwpKfkhdJ. fpNuf;fj;jpd; Gfo;ngw;w jj;Jtthjpfshd gpsl;Nlh mtuJ khzhf;fH mup];Njhl;ly; ,tHfsJ vOj;Jf;fs; %yk; Nrhjplk; kpfTk; Nghw;wj;jf;f xU mwptpay; ghlkhf Njhw;wk; ngw;wJ. gpd;dH cNuhkhdpaHfs; Nrhjplj;ijj; jOtpf; nfhz;lhHfs;. ,d;Wtiu cNuhkHfsJ flTsH ngaHfshNyNa Nfhs;fs; miof;fg;gl;L tUtJ ftdpf;fj;jf;fJ.

 

thdtpay; kw;Wk; Nrhj;plk; ,uz;Lk; kz;zpy; tho;NthH kPJ tpz;Zyf el;rj;jpuq;fs; kw;Wk;  Nfhs;fs; nry;thf;F nrYj;JfpwJ vd;w nghJthd Mdhy; jtwhd ek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; Njhw;wk; ngw;wd.

 

njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; thdtpaYk; NrhjplKk; ifNfhHj;Jf; nfhz;L xNu ghijapy; eilNghl;ld.   

thdtpay; vd;gJ xU jdpapay; my;y. mJ Nfe;jpufzpjk;> Ntj;jpay;> Gtpapay;> capupay;> ,aw;gpay; Nghd;w fw;iffisAk; cs;slf;fpaJ.     

thdtpay; Nrhjplk; ,uz;ilAk; Fwpf;f njhlf;fj;jpy; xNu nrhy;jhd; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. fpNuf;f nkhopapy astrology vd;why; el;rj;jpuj;ijg; gw;wpa mwpT vd;gJ nghUs;. fpgp gjpdhwhk; Ehw;whz;by; thdtpay; Nrhjplj;jpy; ,Ue;J KOjhfg; gpupe;J jdp ,ayhf cUntLj;jNghJ mJ astronomy vd;W miof;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;jr; nrhy;ypd; nghUs; el;rj;jpuq;fis msg;gJ vd;gjhFk;. 

thdtpaYf;F mfuKjyp jUk; tiutpyf;fzk; 'G+kpapd; fhw;W kz;lyj;Jf;F ntspNa fhzg;gLk; nghUl;fs; (objects) gUg;nghUl;fs; (matter) mtw;wpd; ,aw;gpay; kw;Wk; Ntjtpay; gz;Gfs; (properties) gw;wpa fw;if' vd;gjhFk;. Vd; vy;yhtw;iwAk; gw;wpa fw;if vd;W $lf; $wyhk;. fhuzk;  ehk; ghHf;Fk; nghUl;fs; ahTk; mz;lj;jpd; xU $Nw. 

gpd;dH ,aw;if mopTfis Kd;$l;b mwpaTk;> kd;dHfsJ Kb#l;L tpohf;fSf;Fk;  NghH njhlq;Ftjw;Fk; ey;y Neuj;ijj; NjHe;njLf;fTk; gapHfis eLtjw;Fk; mtw;iw mWtil nra;tjw;Fk; cupa gUtq;fisf; fzpg;gjw;F Nrhjplk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

 

fhyg; Nghf;fpy; nghJ kf;fSf;F ey;yJ nfl;lJ nrhy;tjw;Fk; Nrhjplk; gad;gLj;jg;  gl;lJ. mJ ,d;Wtiu njhlHfpwJ.   

njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;Nj re;jpud; thdtpayhsHfsJ ftdj;ij ngupJk; <Hj;jJ. mJ  tpag;Gf;Fupa tplak; my;y. re;jpudpd; jhf;fj;jpdhy; fly; ngUf;F  vLg;gij mtHfs; ftdpj;jhHfs;. epyhf; fhyk; fhjy; czHTfis fpsHj;Jtjhf ek;gpdhHfs;.  

Mfhaj;jpy; cs;s el;rj;jpuq;fs; G+kpia tyk; tUtJ Nghyf; fhzg;gl;lhYk;   mit jkf;Fs; xNu ,lj;jpy; ,Ug;gJ Nghy; fhzg;gl;ld. Mdhy; mtw;wpy; 5 'el;rj;jpuq;fs;' kl;Lk; miye;J nfhz;L jpUlHfs; Nghy; G+kpia ntt;NtW Ntfj;jpy; Vida el;rj;jpuq;fs; tyk; tUk; mNj jpirapy; Rw;wp tUtijf; fz;lhHfs;. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; mit xU FWfpa ghijapy;> G+kpapd; eLf;Nfhl;by; ,Ue;J RkhH 23.5 ghif ePs;tl;lj;jpy; (elliptic); Rw;WtijAk; ftdpj;jhHfs;. (njhlUk;)

 


 

Nrhjplg; Gul;L

,uhrpfs; ntWk; fw;gid cUtq;fNs!   

(27)

ef;fPud;  

rPdh New;W (xf;NjhgH 15)  fhiy 9 kzpf;F xU tpz;ntspf;F kdpjDld; $ba tpz;fyj;ij Kjd; Kiwahf mDg;gpAs;sJ. rPdhtpy; cs;s Nfhgp ghiytdj;jpy; mike;Js;s [pAFthd; vd;w VTfizj; jsj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,J Vtg;gl;lJ.

 

,e;j kfj;jhd;  rhjid %yk; tpz;ntspf;F kdpjid mDg;gpa  cUrpah> mnkhpf;fh ehLfs; tupirapy; rPdhTk; NrHe;Js;sJ! rPdhtpd; tpz;ntsp tPuH g+kpia ntw;wpfukhf  Rw;wp tUfpwhH.

 

42 Mz;fSf;F Kd; cyfpNyNa Kjd;Kiwahf kdpjid tpz;ntspf;F  mDg;gpa ehL cUrpah. mijj; njhlHe;J mnkhpf;fh kdpjid tpz;ntspapy; nrYj;jpa 2tJ ehL vd;w  Gfio <l;baJ. ,e;j thpirapy; 3tJ ehlhf rPdh ,g;NghJ NrHe;Js;sJ

 

rPdhtpd; Kjy; tpz;ntsp tPuH vd;w ngUikia ahq; yPNt ngw;W cs;shH. ,tuJ taJ 38.  ,tH rPd tpkhdg;gilapd; Kd;dhs; tPuH.  tlfpof;F rPdhit NrHe;jtH.  ,e;j tuyhw;Wg; Gfo; epfo;r;rpia Neub xspgug;ghf rPdh xspgug;G nra;a Kjypy; jpl;lkpl;lJ.  Mdhy; jhkjkhf xspgug;g gpwF KbthdJ. vd;whYk; VTfiz tpz;Zf;F fpsk;gpaTld; me;j nra;jp njhiyf;fhl;rp.apy; xspgug;gg;gl;lJ. 

 

rPd tPuUld; g+kpia tpz;zpy; Rw;Wk; ,e;j tpz;fyk; 14 jlit g+kpia Rw;wp tUk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpwJ. nkhj;jk; 21 kzp Neuk; ,e;j gazk; mikAk; vdf; $wg;gLfpwJ.

 

rPd kf;fspd; ePz;lehs; fdT ,J vd tHzpf;fg;gLfpwJ. rPd [dhjpgjp `^[pd;l;lhNth kw;Wk; %j;j jiytHfs; VTfizj; jsj;Jf;F Nehpy; nrd;W VTfiz tpz;Zf;Fg; gha;tijg; ghHitapl;ldH.

 

rPdhtpd; tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rp jpl;lq;fspy; ,e;j epfo;r;rp xU iky;fy;. tpz;ntspapy; Rw;wp Kbe;j gpwF kq;Nfhypahtpy; tpz;fyk; jiu ,wq;Fk; vdf; $wg;gl;L cs;sJ.

 

rPdhTf;F RkhH Iahapuk; Mz;L fhy mwptpay; ghuk;gupak; cz;L. rPdHfNs mr;Rae;jpurhiy> ntbkUe;J> jhs; ehzak; ,tw;iwf; fz;L gpbj;jtHfs;. rPdhit Mz;l rf;futHj;jpfs; thdtpay; Muha;r;rpf; $lq;fis epWtp tpz;iz Muha;e;J te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

jdp kdpjd; rup> xU ehL rup> nghUshjuj;jpy; Kd;Ndw Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mwptpaiy tsHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,d;W mnkupf;fh> cUrpah> ag;ghd; Nghd;w ehLfs; cyfpy; nry;thf;NfhL NfhNyhr;Rfpd;wd. mjw;Ff; fhuzk; me;j ehLfs; mwptpaypy; nfhbfl;bg; gwg;gJjhd;. Nrhjplk; my;y. Mq;fpyj;jpy;  Knowledge is  power  (mwpNt rf;jp ) vd;W nrhy;thHfs;.

 

jkpoHfSf;F fiykfs; tpohtd;W Rz;ly;  mty; nra;J rhg;gplj;jhd; njupAk;! mg;gbr;  nra;jhy; NghJk;. mwpT te;JtpLk; vd epidf;fpwhHfs;.

 

nghUshjhuj;jpy; xU ehL Kd;Ndwpdhy; kl;LNk tWik> Vo;ik> fy;yhik> mwpahik>   ,ayhik> js;shik Nghd;w Mikfis xopf;f KbAk;! Astrologyophiuchusconstellation.gif (14950 bytes)

 

,dptpl;l ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J njhlUfpNwd;. ehsiltpy; NrhjplHfs; ,e;j ePs;tl;lj;ij 12 ,uhrp kz;lyq;fshf (constellations ) gpupj;jhHfs;. gpupj;jgpd; me;j ghijapd; gpd;Gyj;jpy; fhzg;gl;l el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fspd; ngaHfis mtw;Wf;Fr; #l;bdhHfs;. cz;ikapy; ,e;j ,uhrp kz;lyq;fspd; vz;zpf;if 13. gd;dpuz;L vd;W ,Ug;gJ jtW.  ggpNyhdpaHfs; 13 ,uhrpfs; vdf; fzf;fpl;lhHfs;. gpd;dhy; xd;W tpLgl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. mg;gb tpLgl;l my;yJ fzf;fpy; NrHf;fg;glhj ,uhrp kz;lj;jpd; ngaH Ophiuchus.  ,jd; nghUs; ghk;ghl;b (The Serpent Holder or Snake Charmer ). ,e;jj; jtW ,Jfhytiu NrhjplHfshy; jpUj;jg;glNt ,y;iy.  

 

mJ kl;Lky;y. ,uhrp rf;fuk; xt;nthd;iwAk; 30 ghif tPjk; gpupj;jJk; jtWjhd;. thdtpaypd;gb ,uhrp kz;lyq;fspd; cz;ikahd vz;zpf;if 21. mtw;wpy; 13 ,uhrp kz;lyq;fisAk; mtw;wpd; msitAk; ghHg;Nghk;. xU ghif fpl;lj;jl;l xUehs; MFk;.  

,uhrp          jpfjp                  ghif        cUtk; 

Nklk;       Vg;gpuy; 19- Nk 13             25        ML

up\gk;       Nk 14- A+d; 19               37        vUJ

kpJdk;      A+d; 20 - A+iy 20             31      Mz; ngz;

flfk;       A+iy 21-Mf];l; 09           20        ez;L

rpk;kk;       Mf];l; 10- nrg;njk;gH 15      37        rpq;fk;

fd;dp        nrg;njk;gH 16-xf;NlhgH 30      45        ngz;

Jyhk;       xf;NlhgH 31 - nehtk;gH 22     23         juhR

tpUr;rpfk;     nehtk;gH 23- nehntk;;gH 29    07        Njs;

ghk;ghl;b    nehtk;gH 30- bnrk;gH 17       18         ghk;ghl;b

jDR       bnrk;gH 18- rdtup 18         32         tpy;

kfuk;      rdtup 19-ngg;utup 15          28         fly;Fjpiu

Fk;gk;       ngg;utup 16-khHr;R 13          24         Flk;

kPdk;        khHr;R 14- Vg;gpuy; 18          38         ,ul;il kPd; 

tpUr;rpf ,uhrpia QhapW flf;Fk; Jhuk; 7 ghif Jhuk;. mNj Neuk; fd;dp ,uhrpiaf; flf;Fk; ePsk; 45  ghif Jhuk;! MW klq;Ff;F Nky;! tpLgl;l ,uhrp kz;lyj;ij G+kp (QhapW) Rlf;Fk; Jhuk; 18 ghif. tpUr;rpf ,uhrpia (7 ghif) tpl 11 ghif mjpfkhdJ! 

NrhjplHfs; ghk;ghl;b ,uhrp kz;lyj;ij vd;d nra;jhHfs;? mjid tpUr;rpfk; (18 ghif) ,uhrpfNshL NrHj;J tpl;lhHfs;!  

,g;gbahd Fog;gq;fSf;F Nrhjplj;jpy; fzf;Nf ,y;iy! Nkl ,uhrpia tpl;L up\g ,uhrpf;F QhapW  25 ghifapy; fle;J tpLfpwJ. Mdhy; NrhjplUf;F Nkl ,uhrpapy; ,Ue;J QhapW  flf;f vLf;Fk; Jhuk; 30 ghif! my;yJ 30 ehl;fs;! ,g;gbNa Vida ,uhrpfis QhapW cz;ikahf flf;f vLf;Fk; Neuj;Jf;Fk; NrhjplHfs; QhapW flg;gjhff; nfhs;Sk; Neuj;Jf;Fk; tpj;jpahrk; Vw;gLfpwJ! 

Nrhjplrpfhkzpfs; ,ijg;gw;wpf; nfhQ;rKk; ftiyg;gLtjpy;iy. 'vd;Dila tho;f;ifapy; vdJ rhjfj;jpy; nrhd;dgb> vdJ ifNuif rhj;jpuk; nrhd;dgb vy;yhk; mr;nrhl;lhf  elf;fpwJ' vd;W nrhy;Yk; VkhspfSk; NfhkhspfSk; ,Uf;F kl;Lk; NrhjplHfs; vjw;fhff; ftiyg; glNtz;Lk;? vijg;gw;wpf; ftiyg; glNtz;Lk;? 

Nrhjplk; xU Gul;L vd;gjw;F Nkw; $wg;gl;l juTfs; NkYk; rhd;W gfUfpd;wd. 

G+kpapy; ,Ue;J thdj;ij mz;zhe;J ghHj;j ghgpNyhdpaHfSf;F ,e;j el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fs; xt;nthd;Wk; xU cUtj;ij  xj;J ,Ug;gjhfj; Njhd;wpaJ. me;j cUtj;ijNa ,uhrpf;Fg; ngauhf itj;jhHfs;. el;rj;jpuq;fis ,uhrpkz;lykhfg; gpupj;jjw;F ve;j mwptpay; mbg;gilAk; fpilahJ. mJ kdk;Nghd Nghf;fpy; tpjpf;fl;bd;wp (arbitrary) kdpjHfshy; nra;ag;gl;lNj. ggpNyhdpaHfSf;F ,e;j el;rj;jpuq;fs; vt;tsT Jhuj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ njupahky; ,Ue;jJ.

el;rj;jpuq;fs; mUfUNf fhzg;gl;lhYk; cz;ikapy; mit Kd;Dk; gpd;Dkhf gy Nfhb Nfhb iky;fs; tpj;jpahrj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;wd. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf  fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s juTfisg; ghUq;fs;.  

el;rj;jpu kz;lyk;     xsp Mz;Lfs; 

up\gk;      -          120

kpJdk;     -           60

flfk;       -          20

fd;dp       -         2>100

tpUr;rpfk;   -         7>500 

njhykp vd;gtH 48 el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fis tupirg; gLj;jpdhH. 1930,y; $ba cyf thdtpayhsHfs; khehL 88 el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fis tupirg;gLj;jpaJ.  mtw;wpd; ngaHfis  ,yj;jPd; nkhopapy; miog;gJ vd;Wk; KbthdJ.  

vkJ #upaDk; xU el;rj;jpuk; vd;gJ njupe;jNj. mjd; Jhuk; G+kpapy; ,Ue;J 150 kpy;ypad; fpkP (93 kpy;ypad; iky;fs;) MFk;. G+kpiag; Nghy; my;yhJ mz;lj;ij msf;f fpkP my;yJ iky;fs; cjthJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf vq;fsJ jpuSf;F mLj;j Andromeda Galaxy vd;w jpus; 21>000>000>000>000>000>000 fpkP (21 quintrillion km.) Jhuj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ.  ,ij vOJtJ fbdk;.  vdNt el;rj;jpuq;fs; Nfhs;fs; ,tw;wpd; Jhuj;ijf; Fwpg;gpLtjw;F G+kpf;Fk; QhapWf;Fk; cs;s Jhuj;ij xU thdtpay; myfhf (Astronomical Unit )(AU) vLj;Jf; nfhz;L Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;. ,jd;gb GSl;Nlh RkhH 40 VA  Jhuj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ. 

Mdhy; mz;lntspapy; cs;s el;rj;jpuq;fs; jpus;fs; ,tw;wpd; Jhuj;ij fzf;fpl;Lr; nrhy;tjw;F ,e;j msTNfhy; $lg; gw;whJ. vdNt mtw;iw xsp Mz;Lf; fzf;fpy; my;yJ parsec ,y; mstpLfpwhHfs;. xU  parsec 3.26 xsp Mz;LfSf;Fr; rkkhdJ.  

xU xsp Mz;nld;gJ xsp xU nehbf;F 300>000 fpkP (186>000 iky;fs;)  Ntfj;jpy; xU Mz;L nry;Yk; Jhuk;. mjhtJ 9>500>000>000>000 fpkP Jhuk;. 

vkJ QhapW kz;lyj;Jf;F mzpj;jhfTs;s my;gh nrd;Jhup ( Alpha Centauri) vd;w el;rj;jpuk; 4.24 xsp Mz;LfSf;F mg;ghy; cs;sJ!

Crab supernova  4>000 xsp Mz;LfSf;F mg;ghy; cs;sJ! vq;fsJ ghy;top jpuspd; gpw gFjpfSf;Fr; nry;y vLf;Fk; Neuk; 150>000 xsp Mz;Lfs;  MFk;!  Andromeda Galaxy  
vd;w jpus; 2.3 kpy;ypad; xsp Mz;LfSf;F mg;ghy; cs;sJ!  

el;rj;jpuq;fs; Nfhs;fs; ,tw;wpd; Jhuj;ij ehd; jUtjw;Ff; fhuzk; ,it mg;ghYf;Fk; mg;ghy; ,Ug;gijAk; mjdhy; mit ,e;jg; G+kpapy; cs;s kdpjHfs; kPJ ve;jtpj jhf;fj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;Jtjw;Fupa rhj;jpak; vs;KidasT $l ,y;iy vd;gij vLj;Jf; fhl;lNt.  

,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; ,e;j el;rj;jpuq;fs; ,g;NghJ ,Uf;fpd;wdth my;yJ ,y;iyah vd;gJ vkf;Fj; njupahJ! fhuzk; gy xsp Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH Gwg;gl;l xspiaj;jhd; ehk; ,d;W ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpNwhk;!  

,e;j khjk; (xf;NjhgH> 2003) #upad;> nts;sp (Venus)  kw;Wk; Gjd;;  (Mercury) fd;dp (Virgo) ,uhrpf;F Clhfg; gazpf;fpwJ.  ,tw;wpd; Jhuk; G+kpapy; ,Ue;J KiwNa    152>287>976> 124>707>265 iky;fs; MFk;.  nrt;tha; Fk;g (Aquarius) ,uhrp Clhff; gazpf;fpwJ. mJ ,d;dKk; G+kpf;F mz;ikahfNt (49>270>85 iky;fs;) epw;fpwJ! tl mnkupf;fhtpy; cs;stHfs; mjid njd; fpof;Fj; jpirapy;  ,d;Wk; ghHf;fyhk;.  Astrologydistant_stars.gif (2691 bytes)

                       Jhuj;J el;rj;jpu kz;lyk;

tpahod; rpk;k (Leo) ,uhrpapYk; rdp kpJd (Gemini) ,uhrpapYk;  gazpf;fpwJ.  mtw;wpd; Jhuk; KiwNa 567>151>749> 483>880>000 (778>3000>000 fpkP) iky;fs; MFk;.  

,e;j ,uhrp kz;lyq;fSf;F Clhf Nfhs;fs; gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ G+kpapy; gpwf;fpw Foe;ijfs; xNutpjkhd Fzhk;rq;fis nfhz;bUg;gjhf ggpNyhdpaHfs; ek;gpdhHfs;.  

fle;j %thapuk; Mz;Lfshf NrhjplHfs;/thdtpayhsHfs; QhapW kz;lyj;ij Muha;e;J thDyfj;jpy; elf;Fk; epfo;r;rpfSf;Fk; G+kpapy; eilngWk; epfo;r;rpfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; Kbr;Rg; Nghl;lhHfs;. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf njhykp 1>022 el;rj;jpuq;fspd; gl;baiyj; jahupj;jJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ Tetrabiblos vd;w Nrhjpl EhiyAk; fpgp 139-161 ,ilapy; vOjpdhH.  

Nkw;Fyf ntg;gl kz;ly Nrhjplf; fiyf;F njhykp vOjpa EhNy ,d;Wtiu mbg;gilahf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. njhykp kl;Lk; my;y mtUf;Fg; gpd;dH te;j fypypNah> nfg;yH> NfhngHdprpa]; kw;Wk; Tycho Brahe Nghd;wtHfSk; Nrhjplj;ij jq;fsJ gbg;gpd; xU $whff; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.

Mdhy; vg;NghJ QhapW G+kpiar; Rw;wptu tpy;iy khwhf Qhapiwr; Rw;wpNa G+kp tyk; tUfpwJ vd;gJ vz;gpf;fg;gl;lNjh mg;NghjpUe;J Nrhjplk;> thdtpay; ,tw;Wf;F ,ilapy; KwpT Vw;gl;L ,uz;Lk; jdpj; jdpg; ghijfspy; nry;yj; njhlq;fpd.

gpd;dH 'etPd' Nfhs;fshd A+Nwdpa];> neg;jpA+d;> GSl;Nlh fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;l NghJ Nrhjplk; gyj;j mb thq;fpaJ. (tsUk;)

 


 

Nrhjplg; Gul;Lg; Nghy; nja;tPfKk; Gul;Lj;jhd;!

(28)

ef;fPud;  

md;id njNurhTf;F ,uz;lhtJ mUsg;gH rpd;dg;gH  'mUsk;ik' vd;w gl;lj;ij toq;fp mtiu Nkd;ikg; gLj;jpAs;shH. ,e;j epfo;r;rp xf;NjhgH 18,y; tj;jpf;fdpy; ele;jJ. mLj;j fl;lkhf md;id njNurhTf;F GdpjH gl;lk; nfhLf;fg;gl  ,Uf;fpwJ.

njhz;lwj;Jf;F xU vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf Vio vspatHfs;> eypTw;NwhH nkypTw;NwhH kw;Wk; r%fj;jhy; Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;l mbkl;l Nruptho; kf;fspd; Gfyplkhfj; jpfo;e;jtH md;id  njNurh.

 

my;Ngdpa ngw;NwhHfSf;F kh]pNlhdpahtpy; gpwe;j md;id njNurh ,sk; tajpNyNa ,e;jpah nrd;W nfhy;fj;jhtpy; Mr;rpukk; xd;iw Muk;gpj;J njhz;^opak; nra;jhH. mtuJ gzp ,e;jpahtpy; kl;Lkpd;wp cyfpd; gy ehLfspYk; gutpd.  mtUf;F Nehgs; gupRk; toq;fg;gl;lJ. mtH jdJ 87tJ mfitapy;  1997,y; kuzk; MdhH.

 

md;id njNurh mUshsH> GdpjH vdg; Nghw;wg;gLtij ahUk; Ntz;lhk; vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ. mit mtuJ  njhz;lwj;Jf;F fpilj;j guprhff; nfhs;syhk;.

 

Mdhy; md;id njNurh mw;Gjk; Gupe;jhH Mjyhy; mtUf;F mUshsH gl;lk;  toq;fg;gl;lJ mLj;J GdpjH gl;lk; toq;fg;gl ,Uf;fpwJ  vd;W nrhy;yg;gLtij gFj;jwptpd;   mbg;gilapy; xg;Gf;nfhs;s Kbahky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

md;id njNurh ,we;j gpd;G nfhy;fj;jhtpy; Gw;WNehahy; mtjpg;gl;l 35 taJs;s Nkhdpfh g];uh vd;w goq;Fb ngz; xUtH mtuJ fy;yiwia tzq;fp te;jhH. ,jd; gadhf   mtuJ  tapw;wpy; fhzg;gl;l Gw;WNeha; njNurhtpd; nja;tPfj;jd;ikahy; ,y;yhky; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

 

,e;jf; fijia gFj;jwpthsHfs; kWj;Js;shHfs;. mg; ngz;Zf;F kUj;Jtk; ghHj;j kUj;JtHfSk; kWj;Js;shHfs;.  

 

'Vioapd; rpupg;gpy; ,iwtidf; fz;l'  md;id njNurhtpd; njhz;lwr; rpwg;ig mw;Gjkhff; fhl;LtJ %l ek;gpf;ifia tsHg;gjhFk;.

 

flTs; ek;gpf;ifapy; md;id njNurh mtHfSf;F Iag;ghL ,Ue;jJ vd mtupd; ehl;Fwpg;gpy;  ,Ue;J njupate;Js;sjhff; $l   nra;jpfs; njuptpj;jd.  

 

,Nj Nghg;ghz;ltH 36 Mz;LfSf;FKd; thdpayhsH fypypNah G+kp cUz;il vd;Wk;> g+kpjhd; #upaidr; Rw;WfpwJ vd;Wk; fz;Lgpbj;Jr; nrhd;djw;fhf md;iwa Nghg;ghz;ltH   mspj;j rpiwj; jz;lid jtwhdJ vd;W xg;Gf;nfhz;ltH.

md;id njNurh nja;tPfj;jd;ik tha;e;jtH mw;Gjk; nra;af; $batH vd;W tpsk;gug;gLj;Jtjpy; cs;s ,lH vd;dntd;why; Gw;W> fhrk;> vapl;]; Nghd;w nfhba tpahjpfshy; gPbf;fg;gLk; ghku kf;fs; kUj;Jtuplk; nrd;W itj;jpak; nra;tjw;Fg; gjpy; mUsk;ikfs;> G+rhupfs;> kfhd;fs;> Rthkpfs; Nghd;wtHfisj; Njb miya Kw;gLthHfs; vd;gNj!

 

Nrhjplg; Gul;Lg;Nghy; nja;tPfKk; xU Gul;Lj;jhd;!

 

vy;yh kjq;fSk; jq;fs; kjj;ijg; gug;Gtjw;F flTs;fs;> kfhd;fs;  mw;Gjq;fs; nra;jhHfs; mjpraq;fs; Gupe;jhHfs; vd vOjp itj;Js;sd. ,e;J kjj;jpy; ,e;j mw;Gjq;fSf;Fk; mjpraq;fSf;Fk; msTfzf;Nf fpilahJ.

 

eupiag; gupahf;fpaJ> gupia eupahf;fpaJ> ,we;jgpd; vupf;fg;gl;l ngz;iz capHg;gpj;jJ> %bf;fple;j jpUf;Nfhapy;  fjit jpwf;fg; ghbaJ> itif Mw;wpy; Nghl;l Vl;Lr; Rtbfs; vjpHePr;ry; Nghl itj;jJ> #yNeha; ePf;fpaJ ,g;gb Xuhapuk; mw;Gjq;fs;.

 

fpwpj;jt kjj;jpy; NaRehjH jz;zPiu itd; Mf khw;wpdhH. fly; kPJ ele;jhH. ,uz;L mg;gj;ijAk; Ie;J kPidAk; Iahapuk; NgUf;F gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLj;jhH.  kupj;j NaRehjH kWgbAk; capHj;njOe;jhH. ,J Nghd;w mw;Gjq;fs; mNefk; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.  

 

kjj; jiytHfspy; Gj;jUk; KfkJ egp ,UtUk; mw;Gjq;fSf;F tpjptpyf;F. ,tHfs; jq;fsJ tho;ehspy; mw;Gjq;fs; nra;jjhfNth nja;tPfj;jd;ik jq;fSf;F cz;nld;Nwh $wpajhff; fijfs; ,y;iy.

 

rhap ghgh gpugy;ak; miltjw;Ff; fhuzk; mtH jpUePW> Nkhjpuk;> rq;fpyp> fbfhuk; Nghd;wtw;iw jdJ nja;tPf rf;jpahy; #dpaj;jpy; ,Ue;J tutioj;J jdJ gf;jHfSf;Ff; nfhLf;fpwhH vd ek;gg; gLtJjhd;.

 

,d;ndhU RthkpahH gpNukhde;jh  jdJ nja;tPfj;jd;ik %yk; tpG+jp> tapw;wpy; ,Ue;J rptypq;fk;  tutioj;Jf; fhl;bdhH.

,g;NghJ mtuhy; xU ngapy; (bail) $l vLf;f Kbahky; jpUr;rp rpiwapy; nfhiy> ghypay;td;Kiw Fw;wj;Jf;fhf ,uz;L MAs; jz;lidia Vf fhyj;jpy; fopj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhH!

 

ngupa kfhd; vd;W Nghw;wg;gl;l rptfq;if fhkhl;rpKj;JTk; fhzp thq;fp tpw;wjpy; Nfhbf; fzf;fhd gzj;ij RUl;bdhH vd;w Fw;wrhl;by; jz;lid ngw;W rpiwr; rhiyapy; 'jtk;' ,Uf;fpwhH.

 

gpNukhde;jhtpd; jpUtpisahly;fs;> fhkf; fspahl;lq;fs; ,tw;iwg;  ghHj;j gpd;dUk; vkJ kf;fs; jpUe;jpdhHfsh  vd;why; mJjhd; ,y;iy. gpNukhde;jh Nghdhy; ehuhazp mk;kh> fy;fp gfthd;> guk`k;r  epj;jpahde;j Rthkpfs; vd;W vQ;rp ,Uf;Fk; Rthkpfs; gpd;dhy; Rw;WfpwhHfs;.

 

kdpjd; epyhtpy; fhy;gjpj;j ,e;jf; fhyj;jpy; thOk; kf;fNs mw;Gjq;fisAk; nja;tPfj;ijAk; ek;Gk;NghJ  2>500 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH tho;e;j ggpNyhdpaHfs;> fpNuf;fHfs;> cNuhkhdpaHfs;>   vfpg;jpaHfs; tpz;iz mz;zhe;J ghHj;J mq;F njupe;j el;rj;jpuq;fSk;> Nfhs;fSk; nja;tPf rf;jp gilj;jit vd;Wk; jq;fsJ ed;ik jpd;ik caHT jho;it epHzapf;fpd;wd vd;W epidj;jijf; ngupa Fw;wkhff; fUj KbahJ.

fpNuf;f> cNuhk ,jpfhr fhyj;jpy; gy nja;t topghL ,Ue;jJ. #upad;> re;jpud; kw;Wk; Nfhs;fs; topglg; gl;ld. tz;b tz;bahf ek;g Kbahj Guhzf; fijfs; vOjp itf;fg;gl;ld. %lek;gpf;iffs; kype;J fple;jd.

 

Mdhy; mNj fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j rq;f fhyj; jkpoHfsplk; epyj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l nja;tq;;fNs topglg;gl;ld. topghLk; ngupjhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Guhzf; Fg;igf; fijfs; mbNahL ,Uf;ftpy;iy.  Mupaupd; CLUtYf;Fg; gpd;dNu vz;zpwe;j flTsUk;> Nfhapy;fSk; Fsq;fSk; cUthfpd.

 

RNkupaHfs;> mrPupaHfs;> ggpNyhdpaHfs;> vfpg;gjpaHfs;> fpNuf;fHfs;> cNuhkHfs; tzq;fpa vz;zpwe;j vy;yhk; ty;y flTsH xUtUk; ,g;NghJ Gof;fj;jpy; ,y;iy. mtHfs; rpiy tbtpy; mUq;fhl;rpafq;fspy; Ehjdg; nghUl;fshf ghHitf;F itf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

,J kdpjHfNs flTsiug; gilf;fpwhHfs; vd;gjw;F ey;y rhd;W. New;wpUe;j flTsH ,d;iwf;Ff; fhzhky; Ngha;tpl;lJ Nghd;W ,d;wpUf;Fk; flTsUk; ehis fhzhky; Ngha;tplf; $Lk;. ,J Kw;wpYk; elf;ff; $baNj.   

,e;jf; fl;lj;jpy; thdtpay; tuyhw;wpd; rpy iky; fw;fis kPs; epidT nfhs;tJ nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;W ek;GfpNwd;.  

fpK 600>000 - N`hNkh Nrg;gpad;]; (Home-sapiens ) vd;W miof;fg;gLk; kdpj gpuptpdupd; Nkiyg; goq;fw;fhyk;.

fpK 40>000-  epahe;jHjhy; (Neanderthal) vd;w kdpj gpuptpdupd; fhyk;.

fpK 8>000 - khad; thdtpay; fl;Lkhdq;fis epWTjy;.

fpK 2>300 - rPd thdtpayhsHfs; thid Muha Muk;gpj;jhHfs;.

fpK 2>296 - rPdHfs; Kjd;Kjyhf xU thy;kPid (vupel;rj;jpuk;) ghHj;jhHfs;.

fpK 2>680 -  vfpg;jpaHfs; fprhtpy; gpukpl; (The Great Pyramid)  xd;iw Kjd; Kjyhf fl;b Kbj;jhHfs;.  

fpK 1>800 - ggpNyhdpaHfs; thdtpay; juTfis tifg;gLj;j Muk;gpj;jhHfs;.

fpK 1>600 - ry;ba (Chaldiens) thdtpayhsHfs; ,uhrpfis milahsk; nra;jhHfs;.

fpK 763 -  Kjd; Kjyhf #upa fpufzj;ij ggpNyhdpaHfs; ghHj;J mjidg; gjp                   T nra;jhHfs;.

fpK 600 - Anaximander  vd;w fpNuf;f jj;Jtthjp el;rj;jpuq;fs; xU fk;gj;ijr; Rw;wp Roy;tjhf epidj;jhH. mtH Mfhak; G+kpiar; Rw;wp tl;ltbtpy; ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhd;dhH. G+kp xU ePs; cUis tbtpy; ,Ug;gjhf vz;zpdhH.

fpK 500 - fpNuf;f jj;Jtthjp igj;jhnfhwh]; (Pythagoras) G+kp jl;il my;y  mJ cUz;ilahf ,Uf;fyhk; vdr; nrhd;dhH.

fpK 440 - fpNuf;f jj;Jtthjpfs; Leucippus kw;Wk; Democritus    vy;yhj; jdpkq;fSk; (elements) mZf;fyhy; Mdit vd;w fUJj;JUit  (concept) epWtpdhHfs;. (fpNuhf;f nkhopapy; mZ vd;why; gpupf;f KbahjJ vd;W nghUs;) 

fpK 440 - rPdHfs; tpaho Nfhspd; epyhit ntWq; fz;zhy; ghHj;jhHfs;. 

,Nj fhyg; gFjpapy; vfpg;jpaHfs;  Canis     Major    vd;w el;rj;jpu kz;lyj;jpy; irwpa]; (Sirius) vd;w ehz;kPd; QhapW vOKd;dH cjpg;gijf; ftdpj;jhHfs;. ,JNt thdtpaypd; njhlf;fk; vdf; fUjg;gLfpwJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ gy ehz;kPd;fs; xNu ,lj;jpy; mirahJ ,Uf;Fk;NghJ QhapW epyh ePq;fyh Ie;J 'ehz;kPd;'fs; kl;Lk;  thdj;jpy; miytij mtjhdpj;jhHfs;. fpNuf;fHfs; ,tw;Wf;F  'planets' (Nfhs;kPd;) vd;W ngaupl;ldH. fpNuf;f nkhopapy; gpsdl; vd;why; miygtH vd;W nghUs;.

ggpNyhdpaHfs; ,e;j miyAk; ehz;kPd;fs; VNjh xU fhuzj;Jf;fhfj; Njhd;Wfpd;wd vd epidj;jhHfs;. me;jf; fhuzk; jdp kdpjdJ tpjpia epHzapf;fNt vd NkYk; KbT nra;jdH. thdj;jpy; miyAk; Nfhs;fs; mjd; gpd;dzpapy; ,Ue;j el;rj;jpuq;fisf; (,uhrpfs;) nfhz;L jdp kdpjdJ 'tpjpia' epHzapj;jhHfs;. ,JNt Nrhjplj;jpd; Njhw;WthahFk;.  

fpK 350 - mup];Njhl;ly; Kjd; Kjyhf gUtq;fs;gw;wp Meterorologica  vd;w Ehiy vOjpdhH.

fpK 300- ,Fypl; Kjd; Kjyhf Nfj;jpu fzpjj;ij cUthf;fp jdpkq;fs; (Elements)
vd;w Ehiy vOjpdhH. Nfj;jpu fzpjk; fhzpfis msf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

fpK 212 - MHfpkPb]; ( Archimedes) tl;lj;jpd; gug;gsit fzpj;jhH.  

( ,Nj fhy fl;lj;jpy; tho;e;j rq;ffhyg; GytH xUtH tl;lj;jpd; gug;gsit fzpf;Fk; #j;jpuj;ij ghlypy; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH. jkpoHfsJ thdtpay; mwpT gw;wp gpd;dH vOJNtd;.) 

fpK 194 - vwj;Njh];dp]; (Eratoshenes) G+kpapd; gug;gsit fzpj;jhH.

fpK 120 - `pg;gHR]; (fpK 161-122) mz;lj;ij FWf;Ff;NfhL (latitude) kw;Wk; neLf;Ff;NfhL ( longitude) ,uz;bd; %yk; epHzapj;jhH.

fpgp 128- FNyhba]; njhykp  ( Claudius Ptolemy  ) 1>022 el;rj;jpuq;fis Nfhitg; gLj;jpdhH. mtUf;F Kd;dH 850 el;rj;jpuq;fNs njupe;jpUe;jJ. 48 el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fisAk; tupirg;gLj;jpdhH.

fpgp 1514 -  epf;fy]; nfhngHdpf]; (Nicolas Copernicus) G+kpia QhapW tyk; tUtjw;Fg; gjpy; Qhapiw G+kp tyk; tUtjhf nrhd;dhH.

fpgp 1543 - epf;fy]; nfhngHdpf]; De Revolutionibus Orbium Caoelestium vd;w Ehiy vOjp ntspapl;lhH. 

fpgp 1552- Gtpapay; thdtpay; Ehy;fspy; ke;jpuk; ,Ug;gjhff; fUjp ,q;fpyhe;J kf;fs; mtw;iw vupj;jdH.

fpgp1583 - fypypNah Nfhs;fis ghHg;gjw;F njhiyNehf;fpiaf; fz;L gpbj;jhH.

fpgp 1546 - Tycho Brahe vd;w thdtpayhsH gpwe;jhH. 

fpgp 1608 - Hans Lippershey   vd;gtH njhiyNehf;fpiaf; fz;L gpbj;jhH.

fpgp 1596 - nfg;yH (Johannes Kepler) Mysterium  Cosmographicum                                                    vd;w Ehiy vOjp ntspapl;lhH.

fpgp 1610 - fypypNah tpaho Nfhspd; 4 epyhf;fis fz;L gpbj;jhH.

fpgp 1609-1619 - nfg;yH Nfhs;fspd; miritg; gw;wpa jdJ 3 tpjpfis ,uz;L Ehy;fs; %yk; ntspapl;lhH.

fpgp 1633 - fj;Njhypf;f  kjtprhuiz rig NfhHngdparpd; fUJNfhs;fis rupnad;W nrhd;d fypypNahit fl;lhag;gLj;jp mjid kWf;f itj;jJ.  

fpgp 1762 - Nak;]; gpwl;yp (James Bradley)   vd;gtH 60>000 el;rj;jpuq;fs; gw;wpa gl;baiy ntspapl;lhH.

fpgp 1796 - gPNu yg;gpsh]; ( Pierre Laplace ) vd;gtH mz;lj;jpd; Njhw;wk; gw;wpa fUJNfhis cUthf;fpdhH.

fpgp 1820 - Nwhay; thdtpay; fofk; njhlf;fg;gl;lJ.

fpgp 1838 - gpul;wpr; ngry; (Friedrich  Bessel ) vd;gtH Kjd; Kiwahf njhiytpy; ,Ue;j xU el;rj;jpuj;jpd; Jhuj;ij 6 xspahz;Lfs; vdf; fzf;fpl;lhH. gpd;dH mjd; cz;ikahd Jhuk; RkhH 12 xspahz;Lfs; vdf; fzpf;fg;gl;lJ.

fpgp 1865 - Kjd; Kiwahf tpy;ypak; nghd;l; vd;gtH xU el;rj;jpuj;jpd; Njhw;wj;ijg; Gifg;glk; vLj;jhH.

fpgp 1865 - A+y; NtHNd (Jules Verne)

 vd;gtH G+kpapd; <Hg;Gr; rf;jpia kPwp xUnghUs; tpz;ntspia mila Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mjd; Ntfk; xU nehbf;F 7 iky; Mf ,Ue;jhy; kl;LNk (7 miles per second )   rhj;jpak; vd;gij ',q;fpUe;J G+kpf;F' vd;w Ehypy; Fwpg;gpl;lhH.  

1900 - Max Karl Ernst Ludwig    Planck vd;gtH n[Hkd; ,aw;gpay; mitapy; tpupTiuahw;Wk;NghJ gUg;nghUs; ntg;g rf;jpia cs;thq;Ffp xsprf;jpia ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ vd;whH.  

fpgp 1903 - xHtpy; iwl; (Orville Wright ) cld;gpwg;Gf;fs; Kitty   Hawk                                vd;w Mfha tpkhdj;ij 12 nehbfSf;F gwf;f tpl;lhHfs;.

fpgp 1905 - my;Ngl; Id;];jPd; (Albert Einstein) 'rhHgpay; nfhs;if' (Theory of Relativity) gw;wpa fUJNfhis ntspapl;lhH.

fpgp 1915 - QhapW ePq;fyhf G+kpf;F mLj;J mzpj;jhf ,Uf;Fk;  Proxima Centauri vd;w ehz;kPd; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJ.

fpgp 1924 - vl;tpd; `gps; vd;gtH jpus;fs; ghy;topapy; ,Ue;J jdpj;JtkhdJ vd;gij vz;gpj;Jf; fhl;bdhH.

fpgp 1957 - Nrhtpaj; ehL Kjd; Kiwahf ];Gl;dpf;if tpz;ntspapy; VtpaJ.

fpgp 1959 - Yhdh 111 vd;w tpz;fyd; re;jpudpd; ,Uz;l gf;fj;ijg; glk; gpbj;J G+kpf;F  mDg;gpaJ.

fpgp 1961 - A+up ffwpd; (Yuri Gagarin)  tpz;zpy; gwe;j Kjy; kdpjH.  

 fpgp 1965 - Alexei Leonov  tpz;ntspapy; ele;j Nrhtpaj; tpz;ntsp tPuH.

,e;jg;  gl;bay; KOikahdjy;y. ,l neUf;fb fhuzkhf Ehw;Wf; fzf;fhd thdtpayhsHfsJ fz;L gpbg;Gf;fs; ,e;jg; gl;baypy; ,lk; ngwtpy;iy.  thdtpay; fz;L gpbg;Gf;fisg; gw;wpa mjpKf;fpa juTfis kl;Lk; NkNy je;jpUf;fpNwd;.

mLj;j thuk; fpNuf;f thdtpaypd; Njhw;wk; tsHr;rp gw;wp vOJNtd;. (tsUk;)

 

 


Nrhjplg; Gul;L

mwptpay; tsHr;rpf;F fpNuf;fj;jpd; gq;fspg;G

(29)

ef;fPud;  

thdtpay; vd;gJ thdpy; Njhd;Wk; Nfhs;fs;> ehz;kPd;fs;> jpus;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpd; ,Ug;G   (position) mirT (motion) fl;likg;G (structure) gw;wpa fw;ifahFk;. 17Mk; Ehw;whz;bd; gpd;dHjhd; Nrhjplj;jpy; ,Ue;J thdtpay; gpupe;J xU jdp ,ayhf kyHr;rp ngw;wJ.

thdpay; vd;gJ mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; tpz;ntspapy; cs;s midj;ijAk; Muha;tJ. thdtpayhsHfs; ehk; fhZk; ehz;kPd;fs; gy xsp Mz;LfSf;F mg;ghy; ,Ug;gjhy; G+kpapy; cs;s vtUf;Fk; mjdhy; ghjpg;G ,y;iy vd;fpwhHfs;.

xU kdpjdJ gpwe;j Neuk; ehs; ,tw;iw itj;J xUtdJ vjpHfhyk;gw;wp M&lk; nrhy;yyhk; vd;gij Nrhjplk; ,Jtiu mwptpay; milg;gilapy; vz;gpj;Jf; fhl;ltpy;iy.  

 

fpNuf;fHfs; jq;fs; fhyj;Jf;F Ke;jpa ggpNyhdpaH> vfpg;jpaH Nghd;wtHfsJ thdtpay; mtjhdq;fisf;  (Astronomical observations) fld; thq;fpdhYk; gUg;nghUspd; Njhw;wk;> jd;ik> khw;wk; gw;wp NkYk; Muha;e;jhHfs;. mj;NjhL mz;lj;ijg;gw;wpAk; mjidf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; my;yJ Ml;rp nra;Ak; tpjpfs; gw;wpAk; mwpa Kaw;rpj;jhHfs;.  

 

,d;W mz;lj;jpd; fl;likg;G gw;wpa fw;if jdp ,ayhf kyHe;Js;sJ. mjw;F mz;lg; gilg;Gf; Nfhl;ghL (cosmology) vd;W ngaH.    

 

ghurPfk; fpK 538,y; ghgpNyhdpah kPJ gilnaLj;jJ. ,jidj; njhlHe;J fpK 432 mstpy; el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fSf;Fg; gjpy; ,uhrpfisg; gad;gLj;jp rhjfk; fzpf;Fk; Kiw njhlq;fpaJ. jdp kdpjDf;fhd Kjy; rhjfk; fpK 409,y; vOjg;gl;lJ.

 

tuyhW rupahf gjpag;glhjjhy; ,e;jf; fhyf; fzf;if tuyhw;W MrpupaHfs; midtUk; rupnad;W Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy.  

 

fpgp 331,y;698 kfh mnyf;rhe;jH ggpNyhdpahit jhf;fpf; ifg;gw;wpdhH. ,jidj; njhlHe;J fpNuf;f  nkNrhg;nghl;lkpad; fyhr;rhuq;fs; xd;NwhL xd;W fye;J nfhz;ld.

 

,jd; tpisthf thdtpaypy; Vw;gl;l Kd;Ndw;wq;fs; jdpj;jdp fpNuf;fHfs; my;yJ nkNrhg;nghl;lkpaHfs; my;yJ ,U rhuhuJk; fyg;gpdhy; Vw;gl;ljh vd;gijr; nrhy;y Kbahky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

vJ vg;gb ,Ug;gpDk; ,e;jf; fyhrhuf; fyg;ghy; 12 kzpj;jpahyq;fs; nfhz;lJ  xU ehs;  vd;w Kiwik eilKiwf;F te;jJ. gpd;dH ,J vfpg;jpauJ 24 kzpj;jpahyq;fs; nfhz;l ehshf khw;wk; ngw;whYk; xU kzpapy; 60 epkplq;fs;> xU epkplj;jpy; 60 nehbfs; vd;w msT ePbj;jJ. mJ ,d;Wtiu ePbf;fpwJ.   

 

kpfg; gioa gQ;rhf;ff; fzpg;G fpK 308,y; ,Ue;J eilKiwf;F te;jJ. ,uhrpfisg; ghifahf tFj;jy; fpK 263 Kjy; eilKiwf;F te;jJ. Mg;GKiwahd (cuneiform) vOj;J Kiwapy; vOjg;gl;l filrp rhjfk; fpK 68,y; vOjg;gl;lJ. fpNuf;f  nkhopapy
fpK 61 ,y; vOjg;gl;lJ. ,J xUtuJ gpwg;Gg; gw;wpa rhjfk; my;y.
 Antiochus I of Commagene     vd;w fpNuf;f kd;ddpd; fl;lisapd;gb mtd; Ml;rpf;F te;j epfo;r;rp gw;wpa rhjfkhFk;.                                                                                                    

 

Kjd; Kjypy; cjauhrpia (Ascendant)  Fwpg;gpl;L vOjg;gl;l gpwg;G rhjfk; fpK 4,y; vOjg;gl;lJ.

 

Kjypy; murHfSf;F rhjfk; fzpf;f G+rhupfshy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l Nrhjplk; gpd;dH gz;bjHfs;> jj;Jtthjpfs; Nghd;wtHfshy; rhjhuz Fbkf;fSf;Fk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

vfpg;jpy; rhjfk; fzpf;Fk; gof;fk; fpK Kjy; Ehw;whz;bNyNa Muk;gkhdJ. Mdhy; fpK 3000 Mz;L kl;by; thDyff; Nfhs;fNshL jq;fisj; njhlHGgLj;jp xU nja;tj;jd;ikia   Njbf; nfhz;lhHfs;.                                               

 

vfpg;jpy; fl;lg;gl;l ngupa gpwkpl; (fpK2>600) QhapNwhL xd;wpizj;J (alignment) fl;lg;gl;lJ.

Jl;lfhkdJ je;ij mf;dhl;ld; ghNuhjhd; (Pharoah Akhnaton - 1375-1358 BC) Kjd; Kjyhf #upa topghl;il njhlf;fp itj;jjhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

vfpg;jpaupd; gioa ehl;fhl;bapd;gb mtHfsJ Mz;L iey; ejpapd; ngUf;NfhL Muk;gpj;jJ. mtHfsJ Mz;L 120 ehl;fisf; nfhz;l 3 gUtq;fs; nfhz;lJ.

 

vfpg;jpaHfs; thd;ntspia mtjhdpj;J eha; el;rj;jpuk; vd miof;fg;gLk; irwpa]; (dog-star Sirius ) cjakhFk; fhyj;jpNyNa iey; ejp ngUf;nfLf;fpwJ    vd;gijf; fz;lwpe;jhHfs;.                                                                                      

nkNrhg;nghl;lkpaNuhL xg;gpLk;NghJ vfpg;jpauJ thdtpay; kw;Wk; fzpjk; ,Nyrhdjhf ,Ue;jJ. vfpg;jpaHfs; nrhe;jkhf thdtpaiy tsHj;J vLf;fhjjw;F ,J xU fhuzkhFk;.

 

fpNuf;f jj;Jtthjpfspy; xUtuhd n`wNlhl;l]; vOJk; NghJ (fpK 460) vfpg;jpaHfs; kw;iwa ehl;ltHfNshL xg;gpLk;NghJ nja;tPf Mw;wy;gw;wpNa mjpf ftdk; vLg;gjhfTk; xUtH gpwe;j ehs; el;rj;jpuj;ij itj;J mtuJ vjpHfhyj;ijf; $WtjhfTk; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH.

 

vfpg;J mrPupaHfshy; fpK671,y; jhf;fpg;gpbf;fg;gl;lJ. gpd;dH ghurPfHfshy; fpK 525,y; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. filrpahf kfh mnyf;rhe;juhy; fpK 332,y; gpbf;fg;gl;lJ. mnyf;rhe;jupd; gilnaLg;Gf;Fg; gpd;dNu vfpg;jpaHfs; Nrhjplj;ij jq;fs; fyhrhuj;jpy; cs;thq;fpf;   nfhz;lhHfs;.

 

vfpg;Jf;F fpNuf;fk; mspj;j ngupa mwptpay; nfhil mnyf;rhe;jpupahtpy; fpNuf;f kd;dHfs; Njhw;Wtpj;j cyfg; Gfo; ngw;w Ehy; epiyakhFk;. fpK 30,y; vfpg;J cNuhkg; NguuNrhL NrHj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;lNghJ mnyf;rhe;jpupah kj;jpajiuf; fly; ehfupfj;jpd; tsHr;rpapy; Kf;fpa  gq;if tfpj;jJ.

 

fpK 600 mstpy; fpNuf;fHfs; thdtpay; gw;wp mwptjpy; MHtk; fhl;bdhHfs;. fpK 569-510f;F ,ilapy; fpNuf;f jj;Jtthjpfspy; xUtuhd igjhf;nfhwh]; (Pythagoras of  Samos ) (fpK 586-572) ggpNyhdpah nrd;W gbj;jhH. mtuJ Kd;khjpupiag; gpd;gw;wp NkYk; gy fpNuf;f khztHfs; ggpNyhdpah nrd;W fy;tp fw;whHfs;.  Astrologypythagoras.jpg (3131 bytes)                                                                                  

fpNuf;f ehfupfj;jpd; nghw;fhyk; N`hkuJ ,ypal; kw;Wk; xbrp ,jpfhr fhyj;Jf;F (fpK 1800-1100) gpd;Nehf;fp ePSfpwJ. fpK 1000k; Mz;lstpy; tlf;fpy; ,Ue;J te;j md;dpa gilnaLg;ghy; eype;J Nghd fpNuf;fk; kPz;Lk; fpK 600,y; Gj;JapH ngw;wJ.

igjhf;nfhwh]; Njw;wj;ij (Pythagoras Theorem ) fz;Lgpbj;j igjhf;nfhwh];jhd; kjk; mwptpay; ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;jpa Kjy; jj;Jtthjp. ,e;j ,izg;Ng 17Mk; Ehw;whz;Ltiu INuhg;gpa rpe;jidapd; mbj;jskhf ,Ue;J te;jJ. Nrhjpl jj;Jtj;Jf;Fk; ,JNt ,d;Wtiu mbg;gilahf tpsq;FfpwJ.  

igjhf;nfhwhNr cyfpd; kpfTk; nry;thf;Fs;s mjpGj;jprhypahd  jj;Jtthjpahfg; Nghw;wg;gLfpwhH.  ,tNu Nkw;f INuhg;gpa-kj;jpajiu jj;Jtj;jpd; je;ijahff; fUjg;gLfpwhH.

 

,tUf;F Njy;]; kw;Wk; mdf;];khe;jiuj; njupe;jpUe;jJ. ,tH vfpg;jpYk; gbj;jhH. vfpg;ij ghurPfH gilnaLj;Jf;  ifg;gw;wpaNghJ igjhf;nfhwh]; ifjpahfg; gpbgl;L ghurPfk; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;lhH. mq;fpUe;jNghJ fPioj;Nja rpe;jidfis njupe;J nfhz;lhH. fpgp 518,y; igjhf;nfhwh]; tpLjiyahfp jdJ nrhe;j Cuhd rhNkhRf;Fj; jpUk;gpdhH. mq;F rka topghl;Lj; jyq;fisj; juprpg;gjpYk; Nfj;jpu fzpjk; (geometry)  gbg;gjpYk; Neuj;ij nrytpl;lhH. rkaj;ij mwptpay; fz;Nzhl;lj;NjhL ghHj;jhH.                                                                         

fpgp 520 mstpy; ,j;jhypapy; cs;s fpNuf;f FbNaw;w efuhd FNwhl;lDf;F (Croton) nrd;W FbNawpdhH. ,q;F xU FOitj; Njhw;Wtpj;jhH. mjd; cWg;gpdHfs; khkprk; rhg;gplf; $lhJ>  jiykapH ntl;lf; $lhJ> efk; ntl;lf; $lhJ> nghUl;fis nghJthf itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; Nghd;w gy fl;Lg;ghLfs; tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; igjhf;nfhwhrpd; gbg;gpidfis mtHfsJ FOTf;F ntspNa gbg;gpf;ff; $lhJ vd;w fl;Lg;ghLk; tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ.                                                                         

 

Nrhjplj;Jf;F igjhf;nfhwh]; Mw;wpa nfhLg;gdT vd;dntd;why; mz;lj;Jf;Fk; vz;Zf;Fk; cs;s njhlHGgw;wpa mtuJ Nfhl;ghNl. vz;fs; msit kl;Lk; Fwpg;gjpy;iy. Nkyhf  xt;nthU vz;Zk; xt;nthU Fzhk;rj;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ. mjidf; nfhz;L mz;lj;ij tpsf;fyhk; vd mtH nrhd;dhH.

 

xd;W vd;w vz; xUikiaf; (one- ness) Fwpf;fpwJ. ,uz;L vd;w vz; ,Uikiaf; (duality) Fwpf;fpwJ.  ,d;iwa Nrhjpl rhjfj;jpy; 4tJ tPL tPl;ilf; Fwpg;gjw;F igjhf;nfhwhrpd; Nfhl;ghNl mbg;gil. Guhzq;fspd; FwpaPLfSk; vz;fspd; FwpaPLfSk; gpupf;f Kbahj xNu cz;ikapd; ntt;NtW $Wfs;   vd;gJ mtuJ Nfhl;ghL.

 

cyfk; tl;l tbthdJ vd;w Nfhl;ghl;bd; je;ij igjhf;nfhwh]; vd;W vd;W rpyH  $WfpwhHfs;. NtW rpyH ,e;jg; ngUikf;FupatH ghHnkidl;]; (Parmenides) vd;W $WfpwhHfs;.

 

Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; igjhf;nfhwhrpd; Nfj;jpu fzpj fUJNfhs;fNs 17Mk; Ehw;whz;by; Nrhjplk; gw;wpa ek;gpf;ifiaj; jfHf;f cjtpaJ. nfg;yH vd;gtH igj;jhf;nfhwhrpd; fUJ Nfhs;fis gad;gLj;jpNa QhapNw QhapW kz;lyj;jpd; ikaj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ mjidr; Rw;wpNa Vida Nfhs;fs; ePs;tl;lj;jpy; Rw;wptUfpd;wd vd;gij vz;gpj;jhH.  

 

nfh];nkh]; (Kosmos) vd;w nrhy;iy Kjd; Kjypy; gad;gLj;jpatH igjhf;nfhwh]; my;yJ ghHnkidl;]; Mf ,Uf;fyhk;. nfh];k]; vd;why; cyf xOq;F (world-order) vd;W nghUs;.    

 

 igjhf;nfhwhrpd; khztHfspy; xUtuhd gpNyhNyh]; (Philolaus; fpK 5k; Ehw;whz;L) vd;gtNu thdtpaYf;F mjpfsT gq;fspg;Gr; nra;jtH. mtuJ Kiwikfs; (systems) 17k; Ehw;whz;Ltiu INuhg;gpauJ thdtpaypy;  nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jpaJ.                                                                                        

rPa]; (Zeus) nja;tj;jpd; fhty; NfhGukhd xU ikaj; jPiar; Rw;wp cyfk;> QhapW kw;Wk; Nfhs;fs; Rw;wptUtjhf gpNyhNyh]; nrhd;dhH. Mdhy; Nfhs;fspd; ghij G+kpapy; ,Ue;J   ghHf;Fk; NgJ rup tl;lkhf ,y;yhky; ePs;tl;lkhf ,Ue;jJ 'Nfhs;fs; rup tl;lq;fspy; rup mirtpy; Rw;wptUfpwnjd;w igjhf;nfhwhrpdpaupd; ek;gpf;iff;F NeH vjpHkhwhf ,Ue;jJ.

gpd; ehspy; nfg;yH>  epA+ld; ,UtUNk thdtpayhsHfSf;Fj; jiyapbah ,Ue;j ,e;j Kuz;ghl;ilj; jPHj;J itj;jhHfs;.  

 

mdf;]hnfhwh]; (Anaxagoras-fpK 500-428) vd;gtH njhiyNehf;fpapd; cjtpapd;wp      epyhtpd; jiu gs;sk; gpl;bahf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;Wk; QhapW xU vupAk; gUg;nghUs; vd;Wk; nrhd;dhH. Qhapiwg; gw;wp md;W mtH nrhd;dJ ,d;W rhjhukhf ,Ue;jhYk; md;W mJ ngupa Gul;rpfu fUj;jhff; fzpf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; xU Nfs;tpf;F tpil njupahky; ,Ue;jJ. 'QhapW vupAk; gUg;nghUs; vd;why; mJ Vd; vupe;Jgl tpy;iy?' vd;gJjhd; me;jf; Nfs;tp. mjw;F mdf;]hnfhwh]; fz;Lgpbj;j tpil ,e;j mz;lk; xU guk;nghUshy; gilf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJjhd;!

 

mLj;J vk;ngnlhf;ny]; (Empedoches-fpK 495-430 ) vd;gtH ,e;j mz;lk;  epyk;> ePH> jP> fhw;W> Mfpa ehd;F jdpkq;fshy; Mdit vd;w Nfhl;ghl;il Kd;itj;jhH.

Vwf;Fiwa ,Nj fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j njhy;fhg;gpaH ,e;j mz;lk; 'epyk;> jP> ePH> tsp> tpRk;G vd;w Ik;G+jq;fspd; fyit' vd jhk; vOjpa njhy;fhg;gpaj;jpy; (#j;jpuk; 1589) nrhy;ypapUg;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.  

 

mLj;J fpNuf;f jj;Jtj;jpd; Kk;;%Hj;jpfspy; xUtuhf vz;zg;gLk; gpsl;Nlhtpd; (fpK 427-347) gq;fspg;G Kf;fpakhdJ. ,tH Nrhf;fpwl;brpd; khztH. mtH eQ;R Fbj;J ,we;j gpd;dH vfpg;J> rprpyp (Sicily) ,j;jhyp Nghd;w ehLfSf;Fg; gazk; nra;jhH. vfpg;jpy; ehopif tl;bypd; (water clock  ) nra;Kiwiaj; njupe;J nfhz;L mjidf; fpNuf;fj;jpy; mwpKfg;gLj;jpdhH.

 

,j;jhypapy; igjhf;nfhwhrpd; fw;iffis gbj;J fzpjj;jpd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ijj; njupe;J  nfhz;lhH. mwptpaypy; ,J Kf;fpakhd jpUg;GKid.

 

,jd; tpisthf 'mwptpay; rpe;jidfis vy;yhk; fzf;fpay; Kiwapy; Jy;ypakhfTk; epr;raj;NjhLk; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;' vd;w  KbTf;F te;jhH. gpsl;Nlhtpd; ,e;jr; rpe;jidjhd; md;W njhlf;fk; ,d;Wtiu mwptpay; tsHr;rpf;F ngupJk; JizGupe;J tUfpwJ.

Nrhjplk; my;yJ thdtpay; fUJNfhSf;F igjhf;nfhwh]; fhy;Nfhs; ,l;ltH vd;W nrhd;dhy; mjid fl;b vOg;gpatH gpsl;Nlh MthH.

 

gpsl;Nlh mz;lj;ij tpsf;f gUg;nghUis (matter)tpl Md;kPfj;Jf;F (spirit) Kf;fpak; nfhLj;jhH.

 

gpsl;Nlhtpd; khzhf;fupy; xUtuhd A+nlhf;];r]; (Eudoxus) vd;gtHjhd; Nfhs;fs; KiwNflhd tl;lj;jpy; Rw;wptUtjw;F mit xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l cUisapy; (sphere)  Rw;wp tUtJjhd; fhuzk; vd;W mWjpahrr; nrhd;dtH.

 

mtuJ fzpg;gpd;gb nkhj;jk; 26 cUisfs; cz;nld;Wk; el;rj;jpuq;fisAk; NrHj;J mtw;wpd; vz;zpf;if 27 vd;whH.  (tsUk;)

                                                                                                                                         

 

 


Nrhjplg; Gul;L

Gfo;ngw;w fpNuf;f thdtpayhsHfs;  

(30)

ef;fPud;  

Nrhjplj;jpdhYk; NrhjplHfshYk; jkpo; r%fj;Jf;F Vw;gLk; NfLfs;gw;wp gyH rpe;jpf;f kWj;jhYk; xU rpyuhtJ mijapl;L mf;fiw nfhz;Ls;shHfs; vd;gij thrfHfs; vdf;F mDg;Gk; kpd;dQ;ry;fs; Gyg;gLj;Jfpd;wd.

 

,e;jf; fl;Liuj; njhliu gbg;gNjhL epy;yhky; gbnaLj;J kw;wtHfSf;Ff; nfhLj;J gbf;f itg;gjhf rpy thrfHfs; vOjpj; njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. nkj;j kfpo;r;rp.

 

'Kaw;rp jpUtpidahf;Fk;'

 

 'nja;tj;jhd; MfhJ vdpDk; Kaw;rpjd;
 nka;tUj;j $yp jUk;'
(Fws; 619)

 

vd;gJ ts;StH thf;F.

 

,Njh rpe;jhupg;Ngl;il> nrd;idapy; ,Ue;J b.b.tp. ,uhkd; vd;gtH NrhjplHfspd; jpUFjhsq;fs; gw;wp jpdkyH ehNsl;Lf;F vOjpa kliy mg;gbNa je;jpUf;fpNwd;. gbAq;fs;.

 

'rkPgfhykhf gj;jpupiffspYk;> njhiyf;fhl;rpfspYk; rpy NrhjplHfs; Njhd;wp jq;fSila gpujhgq;fis rhw;Wfpd;wdH.

 

Kd;ndy;yhk; ,e;j NrhjplHfs; ifNuif> Nrhjplk;> vz;rhj;jpuk; ,itgw;wpj;jhd; NgRtH.  ,g;NghJ tpsk;guj;jpy; tUk; NrhjplHfs; jhq;fs;  ifNuif> Nrhjplk;> vz;rhj;jpuk; ,it jtpu th];J> trpak; ,it vy;yhtw;wpYk; tpw;gd;dHfs; vd;W tpsk;guk; nfhLf;fpd;wdH.

 

,tHfspy; gyH jk; ngaUf;Fg; gpd;dhy; vk;.V. gp.vr;.b. (A+.v];.V.) vd;W bfpup NrHj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdH. ,itfs; ve;jg; gy;fiyf; fofq;fshYk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lit my;y.

tpsf;fk; Nfl;lhy; vk;.V. vd;why; kh];lH Mg; m];l;uhy[p> gp.vr;.b. (A+.v];.V.) vd;why; A+idnll; nrhirl;b Mg; m];uhy[p (Nrhjpl ,izg;G rq;f cWg;gpdH) - ,g;gb nrhy;ypf; nfhs;fpd;wdH.

 

rpyH jq;fs; ngaUf;F Kd;dhy; GnuhgrH> lhf;lH vd;W ill;by; NrHj;Jf; nfhs;tJ Nghd;W Nrhjpl rf;futHj;jp> Nrhjpl rpq;fk; vd;w gl;lq;fis NrHj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdH. ,e;jg; gl;lq;fis ahH ,tHfSf;Ff; nfhLj;jhHfNsh.... flTSf;Nf ntspr;rk;!

 

rpy rpj;j itj;jpaHfs; va;l;];> fhd;rH Nghd;w Neha;fSf;F (Mq;fpyKiwapy; kUe;J fz;L gpbf;f Kbahj Neha;fSf;Fk;) kUe;J ,Ug;gjhf b.tp. kw;Wk; gj;jpupiffspy; gpurhuk; nra;fpd;wdH. ,e;jg; gpurhuj;ij fz;L gy NgH gzj;ij ,oe;J Vkhe;J jq;fs; tho;f;ifia Fl;br;Rtuhf;fpf; nfhs;fpd;wdH.

 

,e;jg; ngha;g; gpurhuj;ij jLf;f cupa mjpfhuk; gilj;jtHfs; rPf;fpuk; eltbf;if vLj;jhy; ey;yJ.'

 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; Nrhjplk; xU fl;Lg;gLj;jg;glhj njhopy;. ahUk; jq;fis Nrhjpl rpfhkzp> Nrhjpl Mrhd;> Nrhjplf; fiyf;Nfh vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L njhopy; nra;ayhk;.  Njit xU ngaHg; gyifjhd;. nfhQ;rk; trjpahdtHfs; gj;jpupifapy; tpsk;guk; nra;fpwhHfs;. ,d;Dk; trjpahdtHfs; mwptpay; fz;Lgpbj;j ,iza jsj;jpy; kpff; ftHr;rpfukhf tpsk;guk; nra;fpwhHfs;.

 

kf;fs; NrhjplHfs; tpupf;Fk; tiyapy; tpohky; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mtHfs; vg;NghJk; tpopg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.   

 

gpsl;Nlh Vjd;]; efiur; NrHe;j xU nry;tf; FLk;gj;jpy; gpwe;jtH. gpsl;Nlh rpWtdhf ,Uf;Fk; NghNj  je;ijahH ,we;J Nghf mtuJ jhahH kWkzk; nra;J nfhz;lhH. gpsl;Nlh jdJ ,stajpy; Cratylus  vd;gtuplk; gbj;jhH vd mtuJ khzhf;fuhd mup];Njhl;ly; vOjpapUf;fpwhH.  Cratylus  jPNa mz;lj;jpd; mbg;gilg; nghUs; vd;W nrhd;d Heracleitus vd;gtupd; khztuhthH.  

 

N`hkH mz;lj;ij vspa Kiwapy; tpsf;fpdhH. mz;lk; xU tl;ltbtkhd jl;L. G+kpf;F NkNy tpRk;Gyfk; (heavens) fPNo fhty; fplq;F (Tartaus) ,Uf;fpwJ vd;whH. Mdhy; 5 Nfhs;fs;> QhapW> re;jpud;> G+kp ,tw;wpd; Xl;lq;fis tpsf;f rpf;fyhd xU khjpuptbtk; (model) Njitg;gl;lJ.

 

gpsl;Nlhtpd; fhyj;jpy; thdtpay; gw;wpa fw;if khw;wk; ngw;W gy topfspy; Kd;NdwpaJ. ntWkNd tpz;iz mz;zhe;J mofhd el;rj;jpuq;fis ghHg;gij tpLj;J fzf;fpaiyAk; (Mathematics) Nfj;jpu fzpjj;ijAk; (Geometry) gbj;J thdtpaypd; cz;ikfis fz;lwpa Ntz;Lk; vd;W tw;GWj;jpdhH. thdtpaypd; gbKiw tsHr;rpapy; gpsl;Nlh Kf;fpa gq;F tfpj;jhH. thdtpaiy xU mofpay; fiy vd;W ,y;yhky; mjid Nfj;jpu fzpjk; Nghd;w xU mwptpay; ghlkhff; fUj Ntz;Lk; vd;whH. Nfhs;fspd; Xl;lq;fis tpsf;f caH Nfj;jpu fzpjj;ijg; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;whH. thdpaiy xU mwptpay; ghlkhff; fw;Fk; NghJ tpaj;jF khw;wq;fs; Vw;gLk; vd gpsl;Nlh ek;gpdhH. vtd; thdtpaiyg;gw;wp ed;F mwpe;J nfhs;fpwhNdh mtd;jhd; cz;ikahd mwpthsp vd;Wk; nrhd;dhH. gpsl;Nlh elj;jpa fofj;jpd; (Academy) thrypy; ,g;gb vOjg;gl;bUe;jJ.Astrologyplato.jpg (2719 bytes)

 

'fzf;fpaypy; ghz;bj;jpak; ,y;yhjtHfs; cs; Eioaf; $lhJ.'  

 

N`hkH mz;lj;ij vspa Kiwapy; tpsf;fpdhH. mz;lk; xU tl;ltbtkhd jl;L. G+kpf;F NkNy tpRg;Gyfk; (heavens) fPNo fhty; fplq;F (Tartaus) vd;whH. Mdhy; 5 Nfhs;fs;> QhapW> re;jpud;> G+kp ,tw;wpd; Xl;lq;fis tpsf;f rpf;fyhd xU khjpupgbtk; (model) Njitg;gl;lJ.

 

                                                                     gpsl;Nlh

igjhnfhwhrpdpaH kw;Wk; gpsl;NlhdpaH G+kp kw;Wk; Nfhs;fSf;F mirT ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij Vw;Wf;nfhs;sj; jaq;fpdH. mjd; tpisthf kpifg; gLj;jg;gl;l> fl;Lg;ghlw;w Nfhl;ghLfis mtHfs; cUthf;f NeHe;jJ.

 

gpsl;Nlhtpd; Kf;fpa khzhf;fHfspy; xUtH mup];Njhl;ly; (Aristotle -fpK 384-323) vd;gtH. ,tHjhd; krpNlhdpahit Mz;l kfh mnyf;rhe;jupd; MrpupaH. kfh mnyf;rhe;jH Kjypy; fpNuf;fj;ij ifg;gw;wpdhH. mjd; gpd;G vfpg;J> ghurPfk;> ,e;jpah Nghd;w ehLfs; kPJ gilnaLj;Jr; nrd;W me;j ehLfisAk; ifg;gw;wpdhH. AstrologyAristotle.jpg (2614 bytes)

 

,e;j gilnaLg;Gf;fs; mwptpay; kl;lj;jpy; Nkw;ifAk; fpof;ifAk; xd;wpizf;f cjtpaJ. ,d;W ,e;jpa Nrhjplj;Jf;Fk; fpNuf;f Nrhjplj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapy; fhzg;gLk; xw;Wikf;F ,e;jg; gilnaLg;Gf;fNs fhuzk; vdr; nrhy;yyhk;.

gpsl;NlhdpaHfs; vjidAk; nja;tPfj;jd;ikNahL ghHf;Fk; mZFKiwiaf; filg;gpbj;jhHfs;. mjw;F khwhf mup];Njhl;ly; mz;lj;ij mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;F mtjhdpg;G Kf;fpakhdJ vd thjpl;lhH. ,tupd; ,e;j kdg;ghd;ikNa njhkh]; mf;Fdh]; (Thomas

    mup];Njhl;ly;

Acquinas ) kw;Wk; Nwh[H Ngfd; (Roger Bacon ) Nghd;w  kj;jpafhy INuhg;gpa mwptpayhsHfSf;F topfhl;lyhfTk; Kd; vLj;Jf;fhl;lhfTk; mike;jJ.

 

mup];Njhl;ly; mz;lj;ijg; gw;wpa gpsl;Nlhtpd; fw;gid gytw;iw epuhfupj;jhH. ,Ue;Jk; gpsl;Nlhtpd; tpz;Zyfk; (cosmos) gw;wpa gpopitg; gpd;gw;wpdhH. mjhtJ ,e;j mz;lj;jpd; ikak; G+kp vd;gijAk; mijr; Rw;wpNa Vida Nfhs;fs; tyk; tUfpd;wd vd;w Nfhl;ghl;il mtH mg;gbNa Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhH.

 

Nfhs;fspd; mirTfis tpsf;f mtH 28f;Fg; gjpy;  54 cUisfis cUthf;fpdhH. mNj rkak; Nfhs;fSf;F nja;tPfk; fw;gpf;fg;gLtij epuhfupj;jhH. cyfpaw;wpahid (Creator) mz;lj;Jf;Fk; el;rj;jpuq;fSf;Fk; mg;ghy; itj;jhH.

 

,J ,ul;il tpisTfis Vw;gLj;jpaJ. (1) mz;lk; Md;khthy; ,aq;Fk; xU capUs;s nghUs; vd;w gpsl;Nlhtpd; Nfhl;ghl;Lf;Fg;  gjpy; mJ capuw;w xU ,ae;jpuk; vd;gJ. (2) el;rj;jpuq;fs; nja;tPfk; gilj;jit vd;gjw;Fg; gjpy; mit nja;tPfj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jk; Clfq;fs; kl;LNk vd;gJ.

 

NtWtpjkhfr; nrhd;dhy; gpsl;Nlh vy;yhk; nja;tr; nray; vd;whH. Mdhy; mup];Njhl;ly;   el;rj;jpuq;fSf;Fk; mg;ghy; cs;s nja;tPfk; nkJthf Nfhs; topahf G+kpia  te;jilfpwJ vd;whH. mJ kl;Lk; my;y  kdpjdJ Ratpidf;Fk; (free will) ,lk; cz;L vd;W nrhd;dhH.   

 

gpsl;NlhdpaHfistpl ];nuhfp]; (Stoics) vd miof;fg;gLk; jj;Jtthjpfs; Nfhs;fis nja;tq;fshfTk; NjtijfshfTk; ghHj;jhHfs;. ];nuhfprpk; (Stocism)

fpK 311,y; Vjd;]; efUf;Ff; FbNawpa rpupah ehl;ilr; NrHe;j rPNdh (Zeno) vd;gtuhy; Njhw;Wtpf;fg; gl;lJ. ,tuJ jj;Jtk; mbg;gilapy; fpNuf;f jj;Jtj;ij xj;jJjhd;. Mdhy; njhdpapy; itjPf rkaf; fUj;Jf;fis nfhz;ljhf ,Ue;jJ.

Nrhjplj;Jf;F rPNehtpd; Nghjidfs; ,uz;L Kf;fpa tpisTfis cz;L gz;zpd. KjyhtJ thDyf cUf;fs; (bodies) nja;tPfkhdit vd;gjw;F Nkyhf mz;lk; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; Njhd;wp kiwe;J tUk; ,ay;G cilaJ vd;whH.  ,uz;lhtJ 'ahJk; CNu ahtUk; NfspH' vd;W nrhd;d rq;fg; GytH G+q;Fd;wdhH ghzpapy; 'cyf kdpjFyk; xd;Nw' vd;whH.

 

kdpjFyk; xd;Nw vd;gJ kfh mnyf;rhe;jupd; gilnaLg;ghy; Vw;gl;l xU fUj;jhFk;.

 

kdpjFy xw;Wik vd;gJ kd;dHfspd; xw;Wik vd;gjy;y. mJ jdp kdpjHfsJ xw;WikahFk;. xt;nthU kdpjDk; jdJ tpjpf;F jhNd nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mtd; jd;idj;jhNd Nkk;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. rhjfk; fzpg;gjd; Nehf;fk; kdpjd; jd;idg; Gupe;J nfhz;L jdJ jiytpjpapypUe;J jg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfj;jhd;.

 

thdtpay; tsHr;rpapd; mLj;j fl;lk; Herakleides   vd;gtNuhL Muk;gpf;fpwJ. ,tH cyfk;jhd; mz;lj;jpd; ikak; vd;gij xj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. Mdhy; mNj cyfk; jdJ mr;rpy; jd;idj;jhNd Rw;WfpwJ vd;whH. ,g;gb cyfk; jd;idj;jhNd Rw;Wtjhy;jhd; thDyfk; mirfpw khjpupahd khaj; Njhw;wk; cz;lhfpwJ vd;whH. Gjd; kw;Wk; nts;sp Nfhs;fspd; xOq;fw;w Nfhs;tPjp Xl;lj;Jf;Ff; (orbit) fhuzk; mit Qhapiwr; Rw;wptUtjhy; Vw;gLfpwJ vd;Wk; Mdhy; nrt;tha;> tpahod;> rdp Nfhs;fs; G+kpiaj;jhd; Rw;wp tUfpwJ vd;Wk; nrhd;dhH.

 

,jd; %yk; mup];Njhl;lypd; Nfhl;ghl;by; cs;s gytPdq;fis  Herakleides   tpsf;f Kaw;rpj;jhH. ,tH fpK 310,y; ,we;jhH.  

 

mup];Njhl;lypd; mz;lj;jpd; ikak; G+kp (geocentricity) vd;w Nfhl;ghl;by; ,Ue;J Kw;wpYk; Kwpj;Jf; nfhz;l ngUik mwp];jhHR]; (Aristarsus -fpK310-230) vd;gtiur; rhUk;.

 

,tNu G+kp cl;gl kw;wf; Nfhs;fs; midj;Jk; Qhapiw tyk; tUfpd;wd vd;w Gul;rpfukhd Nfhl;ghl;il Kd; itj;j Kjy; thdtpayhsH.  

 

mwp];jhHR]; md;iwa thdtpayhsHfspy; Kd;dzp thdtpayhsH Mff; fUjg;gl;lhH.  G+kp jdJ mr;rpy; 24 kzpj;jpahyj;Jf;F xUKiw jd;idj;jhNd Rw;WfpwJ vd;Wk;> G+kp Qhapiwr; Rw;wptu vLf;Fk; fhyk;  xU Mz;L vdTk; nrhd;dhH. G+kpiag; NghyNt Vida Nfhs;fSk; Qhapiwr; Rw;wp tUfpwJ vd;W nrhd;dhH.

 

G+kp jd;idj;jhNd Rw;wpf; nfhz;L QhapiwAk; tyk;tUfpwJ vdr; nrhd;d mwp];jhHRir  nja;tgf;jp ,y;yhjtH vdr; Fw;wk; rhl;b mtiu ePjpkd;wj;jpy; epWj;jp jz;lid ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f epidj;jhHfs;!

 

gjpdhwhk; Ehw;whz;by; epnfhNyh]; NfhHngdpf;f]; (Nicolaus Corpenicus-1473-1543)
fz;L gpbj;Jr; nrhd;dij mwp];jhHf]; RkhH 1800 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dNu nrhy;yptpl;lhH. Mdhy; ntt;NtW fhuzq;fSf;fhf mwp];jhHR]; nrhd;dij mtH fhyj;jpa thdtpayhsHfs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy. mtuJ  Gul;rpfu vz;zq;fs;  gpsl;Nlh kw;Wk; mup];Njhl;ly; ,UtuJ  G+kpika kjrhHG jj;Jtj;jpd; nry;thf;fpddhy; mKf;fg;gl;L kiwf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld. (tsUk;)

 

 

 


 

 Nrhjplg; Gul;L

re;jpu #upa fpufzq;fs;!

(31)

ef;fPud;  

'Ntjq;fis ek;g mtw;wpd; nghUisj; njupe;J nfhz;L gpwF ek;G. Guhzq;fis Ntjq;fshf  epidj;J klikfs; Ngrp tpyq;Ffs; Nghy; ele;J nfhs;shNj.

 

jkpoh cdJ Ntiyfs; midj;jpYNk ngha;f; fijfs; kpjkpQ;rp tpl;ld. cdJ kjf; nfhs;ifs;> nysfpff; nfhs;iffs;> itjpf eil- vy;yhtw;wpYNk ngha;fs; GFe;J jiy Jhf;fp Ml ,lq;nfhLj;J tpl;lha;. ,tw;iw ePf;fp tpL> tPl;bYk; ntspapYk;> jdpikapYk; $l;lj;jpYk; vjpYk; vg;NghJk; NeHikapUf;f Ntz;Lk;! cz;ikapUf;f Ntz;Lk;!

 

ePAk; gpwiu tQ;rpf;fyhfhJ! gpwUk; cd;id tQ;rpf;fyhfhJ! gpwH gpwiu tQ;rpg;gijAk;     eP ,ad;wtiu jLf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

vy;yhg; NgWfisf; fhl;bYk; cz;ikg; NgWjhd; ngUik nfhz;lJ. cz;ik jtq;fSf;nfy;yhk; capH. cz;ik rhj;jpuq;fSf;nfy;yhk; NtH.  cz;ik ,d;gj;Jf;F ey;YWjp. cz;ik gukhj;khtpd; fz;zhb. Mjyhy; jkpoh vy;yhr; nra;jpfspYk; cz;ik epyTk;gb nra;!'

 

<uhapuk; Mz;L Xa;e;J fple;j gpd;dH thuhJ te;j kfhftp Rg;gpukzpa ghujpapd; fbe;JiuiaNa NkNy je;Js;Nsd;.

 

jkpopd tuyhw;wpy; jkpOf;F fpilj;j kpfg; ngupa ftpQd; ghujp. ,J cz;ik ntWk; Gfo;r;rp ,y;iy!

 

ghujp xUtNd jkpo; nkhopf;F tho;j;Jg; ghbatd;. jkpo;ehl;Lf;F jpUg;gs;sp vOr;rp ghbatd;. jkpo;j; Njrpaj;Jf;F fhy;Nfhs; ,l;ltd;.

 

,d;iwa cyfj;ij jiyfPohf ftpo;j;J tpl;L Kw;wpYk; xU GJikahd> Gul;rpfukhd  cyfj;ij cUthf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ghujpapd; fdT. Fwpg;ghf %lj;jdkw;w jkpo;r; rKjhaj;ij fl;bnaOg;g epidj;jhd;.

 

ghujpf;F Kd; ve;jj; jkpo;g; GytDk; rKjha rPHjpUj;jk; gw;wpNah> rKjha kwkyHr;rp gw;wpNah ghltpy;iy. vy;NyhUk; miuj;j khitNa miuj;jhHfs;.

 

ghujp xUtNd rhjp xopg;G> %lek;gpf;if xopg;G> ngz;tpLjiy> nghJTlik> jkpopdTzHT> jkpo;nkhopg;gw;W ,g;gb rfy JiwfspYk; jdJ ftpjh rf;jp %yk; Kj;jpiu gjpj;jhd;.

 

'Ntjq;fis mtw;wpd; nghUisj; njupe;J nfhz;L gpwF ek;G. Guhzq;fis Ntjq;fshf  epidj;J klikfs; Ngrp tpyq;Ffs; ele;J nfhs;shNj.'

 

'jkpoh cdJ Ntiyfs; midj;jpYNk ngha;f; fijfs; kpjkpQ;rp tpl;ld. cdJ kjf; nfhs;ifs;> ngsjPff; nfhs;iffs;> itjPf eil vy;yhtw;wpYNk ngha;fs; GFe;J jiy Jhf;fp Ml ,lq; nfhLj;J tpl;lha;. ,tw;iw ePf;f tpL>

 

'tPl;bYk; ntspapYk;> jdpikapYk; $l;lj;jpYk; vjpYk; vg;NghJk; NeHikapUf;f Ntz;Lk;! cz;ikapUf;f Ntz;Lk;!Mjyhy; jkpoh vy;yhr; nra;jpfspYk; cz;ik epyTk; gb nra;!'

 

EhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH tho;e;j ghujpf;F ,Ue;j rpe;jidj; njspT fUj;Jr; nrwpT ,d;iwa jkpoDf;F ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

fle;j rdpf;fpoik KOr; re;jpu fpufzk; ,lk;ngw;wJ. fdlhtpy; khiy 7 Kjy; ,jidg; ghHf;ff; $bajhf ,Ue;jJ. thdj;jpy; nrk;kQ;rs; epwj;jpy; fhl;rp mspj;j re;jpud; fz;fSf;F mofhfTk; FspHr;rpahfTk; ,Ue;jJ.

 

re;jpud; nrk;kQ;rs; Mfj; njuptjw;Ff; fhuzk; Qhapwpd; xsp fhw;W kz;lyj;ij CLUTk;NghJ mJ rpjWz;Ztjhy; (retract) mjd; epwk; khWgLtJjhd;.

 

re;jpu fpufzk; vg;gb Vw;gLfpwJ vd;gJ cq;fSf;Fj; njupAk;. re;jpuDf;Fk; #upaDf;Fk; ,ilapy; G+kp xNu NeHf; Nfhl;by; tUk;NghJ G+kpapd; epoy; re;jpud; kPJ tpOe;J mjid kiwf;fpwJ.

 

KOepyhtpd; NghJjhd; re;jpu fpufzk; Vw;gLfpwJ. mg;NghJjhd; mJ QhapWf;F NeH vjp
Nu epw;fpwJ.  KOr; re;jpu fpufzk; EhW  epkplq;fs; ePbf;fyhk;.
Astrologyfullmoon08112003.jpg (5036 bytes)

 

cz;ikapy; xt;nthU jpq;fSk; (khjKk;) fpufzk; Vw;gl Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; G+kpiag; NghyNt re;jpuDk; jdJ mr;rpy; 5 ghif rupe;J ,Ug;gjhy; mit xNu NeHf; Nfhl;by; vg;NghJk; tUtjpy;iy. rhjhuzkhf Mz;by;  3 re;jpu fpufzq;fs;  ,lk;ngWfpd;wd.

 

Mdhy; #upa fpufzk; Mz;by; 5 Kiw Vw;gLfpd;wd. ,g;gb xU ,ay;ghd ,aw;if epfo;r;rpia  jkpoHfs; vd;d fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ghHf;fpwhHfs;;?

 

goepf; Nfhapy; Kd;djhf fOtp Rj;jk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. re;jpu fpufz Njhrj;ij eptHj;jp nra;Ak; tifapy; ifyhrehjH Nfhapy; Kd; nts;spf; Fk;gk; itj;J jPHj;jk; epug;gp rk;ul;rid  G+ir eilngw;wJ. mjd; gpd;dH rd;dpjpf;F me;j nts;spf; Fk;gk; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;L %ytUf;F mgpNrfk; nra;j gpd; tof;fkhd G+irfs; eilngw;wd.

 

goepf; Nfhapypd; cg Nfhapy;fshd jpUMtpdd;Fbf; Nfhapy;> ngupa ehafpak;kd; Nfhapy;> ngupaTilahH Nfhapy; Nghd;w Nfhapy;fspYk; re;jpu fpufz eptHj;jp G+ir eil ngw;w gpd;dNu rd;djp jpwf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

goep Nfhapypy; kl;Lky;y vy;yhf; Nfhapy;fspYk; re;jpu fpufz Njhrk; ePq;f G+irfs; ele;jd.

,q;Fs;s thndhypapy; Ngrpa cs;@H Nfhapy; FUf;fs; re;jpu fpufzk; KbAk;tiu rikf;ff; $lhJ> rhg;gplf; $lhJ vd;W gf;jHfSf;F  ;mwpTiu' toq;fpdhH.

 

FUf;fSf;F re;jpu fpufzk; vjdhy; Vw;gLfpwJ vd;gJ njupahJ vd;W ehd; epidf;ftpy;iy. me;jsTf;F mtH gbg;gwptpy;yhjtH my;y. Mdhy; mtH Guhzq;fspy; rhj;jpuq;fspy; uhF  NfJ vd;w ghk;G re;jpuidf; ft;TfpwJ vd;W vOjp itj;j Guhzq;fis Ntjq;fshf ek;gp klik NgRfpwhH.

 

ghk;G ft;tpdhy;  eQ;R Vwj;jhNd nra;Ak;? mjdhy;jhd; rikf;f Ntz;lhk; rhg;gpl Ntz;lhk; vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH.

 

xU miu Ehw;whz;Lf;F Kd;dH mwptpay; ngupjhf tsuhj me;jf; fhyj;jpy;>  mt;itahH ghl;b Kw;wk; $l;bf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ re;jpud; jiyapy; ,bf;f>  mtH Nfhgk; nfhz;L mjid tpsf;Fkhw;why; tpshr mJ NkNy Ngha;tpl;lJ vd;W nrhy;yg;gl;l ghl;bf; fijia nrtpkLj;jpUf;fpNwd;. mJ kl;Lky;y epyhtpy; njhl;lk; njhl;lkhfj; njupfpw   fWg;Gg; gFjpfs; mt;itahH Rq;fhd; Fbf;fpw fhl;rp vd;W $lr; nrhd;dhHfs;!

 

,e;jg; ghl;bf; fijfs; ,g;NghJ nrhy;yg;gLtjpy;iy. nrhd;dhYk; ahUk; ek;gg; Nghtjpy;iy.

Mdhy; ,e;j re;jpu fpufz Njhrk; gw;wpa gak; tpl;lFiw njhl;lFiwahfj; njhlHfpwJ. Nfhapy;fs; mjidg; gad;gLj;jp ghku kf;fsplk; gzk; gwpf;fpd;wd.

 

fdlhtpy; re;jpu fpufzk; ePq;Fk;tiu (,uT 11 kzp) ahuhtJ rikf;fhky; rhg;gplhky; ,Ue;jpUg;ghHfs; vd;W ehd; epidf;ftpy;iy. ngUk;ghyhNdhHf;F re;jpu fpufzk; epfo;e;jNj njupe;jpuhJ! xUtifapy; ,J tuNtw;ff; $ba Kd;Ndw;we;jhd;.

 

re;jpu #upa fpufzq;fisg; ghHj;J jkpoHfs; kl;Lk; eLq;fpdhHfs; vd;wpy;iy. kw;wf; fyhr;lrhuq;fspYk; ,j;jifa gak; ,Ue;;jpUf;fpwJ.AstrologyLunar.png (7274 bytes)

 

rPdHfs; re;jpu #upa fpufzj;jpd; NghJ re;jpu #upaiu Ntjhsk; (dragon) ft;tp tpOq;Ftjhf ek;gpdhHfs;! me;j Ntjhsj;ij tpul;b re;jpu #upaiuf; fhg;ghw;w mtHfs; Nksq;fis mbj;J Muthuk; nra;jhHfs;.

 

re;jpu #upa fpufzq;fs; vy;yhf; fyhr;rhuq;fshYk; nfl;l rFdq;fshf fUjg;gl;ld. mjdhy; NghYk; ,e;j fpufzq;fs; Vw;gl;lij gz;ila tuyhw;whrpupaHfs; tuyhw;wpYk; ,yf;fpaj;jpYk; gjpT nra;J itj;Js;sdH. ,g;gb Mapuj;Jf;Fk; Nkyhd gjpTfs;  gioa kw;Wk; kj;jpa fhyj;jpy; gjpag;gl;Ls;sd.

 

fpK 2300  Mz;lstpy; rPd NrhjplHfs; tpz;iz msf;f gy mtjhdpg;G epiyaq;fis epWtp ,Ue;jhHfs;. fpK 2650,y; yp R+ (Li Shu ) vd;gtH thdpay; gw;wp vOj Muk;gpj;Jtpl;lhH. rPd rf;futHj;jpfsJ vjpHfhy cly; eyj;ijg;gw;wp gyd; nrhy;tjw;F fpufzq;fis mtjhdpg;gJ mtrpakhf ,Ue;jJ. fpK xf;NjhgH 22> 2134,y; xU fpufzk; Vw;gl;ljhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. rPdHfs; vOjp itj;j Shu China vd;w Ehypy;  're;jpuDk; QhapWk; re;jpj;jNghJ me;jr; re;jpg;G RKfkhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy' vd;W Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

NkYk; Hsi kw;Wk; Ho vd;w ,uz;L muz;kidr; NrhjplHfs;  fpufzk; ,lk; ngWtij Kd;$l;bNa nrhy;yj; jtwp tpl;lhHfs; vd;w Fw;wj;Jf;F jz;lidahf mtHfs;  jiy rPtg;gl;lJ. fpufzj;jpd; gpd;dH  QhapW jpUk;gpj; Njhd;wpdhYk; NrhjplHfs; tpl;l jtwpdhy; rPw;wk; mile;j rf;futHj;jp mtHfsJ jiyia ntl;l cj;juT ,l;ljhfj; njupfpwJ.  muz;kidr; NrhjplHfs;  flik jtwpajw;F mtHfsJ Fbg; gof;fk; fhuzk; vdr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. ,J fpK 2>300 ,y; ,lk;ngw;wJ.  

 

gz;ila fhyj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;w kpfTk; Gfo; tha;e;j fpufzk; fpK 585 Nk 28,y; ,lk;ngw;w #upa fpufzkhFk;. ,uz;L kj;jpa fpof;F ehLfSf;F (Lydians and Medes) ,ilNa 5 Mz;Lfs; ePbj;J te;j NghH gfy; ,uthdNghJ ,UrhuhUk; rz;ilia epWj;jpf; nfhz;ld. mjd; gpd;dH ,e;j ehLfs; xU mikjp xg;ge;jj;ij vOjpf; nfhz;ld. ,e;j fpufzj;ij Kd;$l;bNa fzpj;Jr; nrhd;dtH Njy;]; (Thales) vd;w fpNuf;f thdpayhsH MthH. Mdhy; Njy;rpd; M&lk; rz;ilapl;l gilapdUf;Fj; njupahjpUe;jJ NghYk;.

 

fpK 413 Mf];l; 27,y; ,lk;ngw;w re;jpu fpufzk; Vjpdpad;]; kw;Wk; rpwf;$]; (Syracus) ehLfSf;F ,ilNa ele;j Nghiu vjpHghuhj tifapy; KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L te;jJ. thdj;jpy; Vw;gl;l re;jpu fpufzk; Vjpdpad;]; gil tPuHfis fjpfyq;f itj;jJ.  mjidf;  nfl;l rFdkhff; fUjp mtHfs; NghHKidf;Fr; nry;y kWj;J tpl;lhHfs;. mtHfsJ gilj;  
jsgjp eprpad;
(Nician) NrhjplHfis fye;jhNyhrpj;J tpl;L gil efHit 27 ehl;fSf;Fg; gpw;Nghl;lhH. ,e;j mtfhrk; Vjpdpad;]; ehl;L vjpup ehlhd rpwf;$]; gilf;F rhjfkhfg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

 

rpwhFrd;]; gilfs; kpf vspjhf Vjpdpahtpd; flw;gilia ntw;wpnfhz;lNjhL mjd;   gilj; jsgjp eprpahirAk; nfhd;whHfs;.  

 

,e;jr; rk;gtq;fs; gz;ila fhyj;jpy; ele;j Nghupy; fpufzq;fs; Vw;gLj;jpa jhf;fj;ij   fhl;Lfpd;wd.

 

vl;Lj; njhif Ehy;fspy; xd;whd GwehDhw;wpy; fgpyH ghba ghly; QhapW NtWglj; Njhd;wpdhYk; vupnfhs;sp tpOe;jhYk; mit jPikf;fhd mwpFwpfs; vd;W jkpoHfs; ek;gpaJ   njupfpwJ.

 

'ikk;kPd; GifapDk; Jhkk; Njhd;wpDk;
njd;wpir kUq;fpd; nts;sp NahbDk;'     
 
(Gwk; 117)

 

ikk; kPd; - fupa epwKila rdp
Jhkk; -thy;nts;sp
(comet)

 

NkYk; Nrhod; NfhT+HfpohH FsKw;wj;Jj; JQ;rpa fps;sptstDila vjpupfs; mtd; gilnaLg;ghy; jkf;F mopTtug; NghfpwJ vd jPa rFdq;fs; %yk; czHe;J mQ;rpdH vd;fpwhH.

 

'myq;FfjpHf; fdyp ehy;tapw; Nwhd;wpDk;
,yq;FfjpH nts;sp njd;Gyk; glupDk;'
 
(Gwk; 35)

 

myq;FfjpH- QhapW
,yq;FfjpH- nts;sp

 

,d;ndhU GytH Nrukhd; ahidf;fl;Nra; khe;juQ;Nruy; ,Uk;nghiw ,wf;fg; NghFk; epfo;it rpy cw;ghjq;fs; %yk; mwpe;J jhk; mQ;rpajhfTk;> mt;tr;rk; cz;ikahFk; tz;zk; Vohk; ehspy; mtd; ,we;Jgl;ljhfTk; Gyj;Jiw Kw;wpa $lYhH fpohH (Gwk; 229) $wpapUf;fpd;whH.

 

Mdhy; re;jpu fpufzk; gw;wpNah my;yJ #upa fpufzk; gw;wpNah jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fspy; Fwpg;ngJTk; ,Ug;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy. (tsUk;)