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thUq;fs; Nrhjpl Mrhd;fNs!

(jpUkfs;)

 

mNjh thUk; gps;sha;

Nrhjpl Mrhd;fNs!

Nrhjpl rpfhkzpfNs!

Nrhjpl rf;futHj;jpfNs!

Nrhjpl NkijfNs!

Nrhjpl fiyf;Nfhf;fNs!

Nrhjpl ,uj;jpdq;fNs!

jhe;jpu epGzHfNs !

vy;NyhUk; thUq;fs;!

 

Nghb ,uhjhfpU\;z NrhjplNu

gl;Lf;Nfhl;il rhkpehj NrhjplNu

ePq;fSk; thUq;fs;!
ml;lkp etkp> ,uhF fhyk; ak fz;lk; ghHj;J thUq;fs;!
cq;fs; tuT ey;tuthf ,Uf;fl;Lk;!
fpU\;zh> fTrpfd;> KJtpuyhwpdp Nghd;w

cs;@H Nrhjplr; rf;futHj;jpfNs!

ePq;fSk; thUq;fs;!

 

rptuhj;jpup ehisf; fzpg;gjpy; cq;fSf;Fs; FLkpg; gpbr; rz;il ele;jij ehd; ngupa tplakhf vz;ztpy;iy.

 

rptuhj;jpup 21y; vd;why; vd;d? 22y; vd;why; vd;d?

 

,njd;d NjHjyh ntw;wp Njhy;tp ghHg;gjw;F?

 

Kl;ilia ePs; gf;fk; cilj;jhy; vd;d? mfyg; gf;fk; cilj;jhy; vd;d?

FbKOfpah Ngha;tpLk;? Kl;ilia cilj;jhy; rupjhNd!

 

ghtk; fTrpfH. kw;w vy;NyhUk; NrHe;J mtuJ fhiy thupdhHfs;. fTrpfH vd;d nra;thH? mtH fhiy Kd;Ng Mfkk; vOjpatHfs; thup tpl;lhHfs;!

 

,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; ,UgFjpapdUNk  Mfkj;ij  Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b jj;jk; fzpg;ig epahag;gLj;jpaJjhd;. ,Jgw;wp gpd;dH tpupthf vOj ,Uf;fpNwd;. Kjypy; jkpo;ehl;Lr; Nrhjpl Mrhd;fisr; re;jpf;f tpUk;GfpNwd;.

 

NjhjplHfis jpUkfs; re;jpj;J  nfhQ;rf; fhyk;  Mfptpl;lJ. mtHfshfg; ghHj;J  mtHfs; jq;fs; njhopiy tpl;lghby;iy. Ciu Vkhw;wpg; gpiof;fyhk; vd;w mtHfs; fzpg;gpy; khw;wk; ,y;iy. mtHfsJ Nahf fhyk;. mtHfSf;Fj; Njhjhf ,opj;jtha;j; jkpoHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.  mtHfs; ,Uf;Fkl;Lk; NrhjplHfsJ fhl;;by; ,y;iy tPl;by; xNu kiojhd; Nghq;fs;!

 

NjHjy; jpUtpohf; fhyk; vd;why; cq;fSf;F xNu nfhz;lhl;lk;. Gw;wPry;Nghy; fpsk;gp tpLtPHfs;. filia tpupf;f Ntz;baJjhd; jhkjk; cq;fs; ruf;F XNfh XNfh dd;W NghzpahfptpLk;.

 

ehd; Ke;jp eP Ke;jp vd;W murpay; fl;rpf;fhuHfSk;> gj;jpupifahsHfSk; cq;fis Rw;wp te;Jnfhz;Nl ,Ug;ghHfs;. gyd; Nfl;f mtHfSk; gzk; thq;f ePq;fSk; jahuhfptpLfpwPHfs;. cq;fs; gyd; gj;jpupiffspy; nfhl;il vOj;Jf;fspy; gpuRukhfpd;wd.

 

mJ rup cq;fSf;F

fiyQH> lhf;lH> Kj;jkpo; mwpQH jkpopdj; jiytH

fUzhepjp kPJ mg;gb vd;d Nfhgk;? kfh kfh Nfhgk;?

fiyQiuj; jz;bf;f tpUk;gpdhy; NtW tpjj;jpy; jz;bj;jpUf;fyhNk?

,g;gb ek;gitj;J Nkhrk; nra;J tpl;BHfNs?

gyd; nrhy;yp mtH fOj;ij mWj;J tpl;BHfNs?

,J epahakh? jHkkh? Kiwah? mLf;Fkh?

 

______________________________________________________________________________

 

"" INfhup Nahfj;jhy; vjpupfs; ruz; -fUzhepjp kPz;Lk; Ml;rpf;F tUthH""

______________________________________________________________________________________

Kjypy; Nghb NrhjplH uhjhfpU\;zd; mtHfNs! ePq;fs;

""FUgfthd; 2k; ,lkhd FLk;g];jhdj;jpw;F ngaHr;rpahtjhy; jkpo;ehl;by; midj;J ,lq;fspYk; jpKf $l;lzpfs;jhd; KOikahf ntw;wp ngWk;""

vd;W fzpj;Jr; nrhd;dPHfNs?

 

cq;fs; ""Jy;ypakhd"" M&lk; vd;dthapw;W?

cq;fSf;F my;yJ ePq;fs; ek;Gk; fpufq;fSf;F Gj;jp ,Ue;jhy; ""midj;J ,lq;fspYk; jpKf $l;lzpjhd; KOikahf ntw;wp ngWk;"" vd;W nrhy;ypapUg;gPHfsh? mjw;Fg; gjpy; nfhQ;rk; jf;F itj;J  jpKf $l;lzp ngUk;ghd;ik ,lq;fisg; gpbj;J Ml;rp mikf;Fk; vd;W nfhQ;rk; Gj;jprhypj;jdkhfr; nrhy;ypapUf;fyhk; my;yth?

 

xU Kl;lhs;$l ""midj;J ,lq;fspYk;> mjhtJ 234 rl;lrigj; njhFjpfs;> xU ehlhSkd;wj; njhFjp nkhj;jk; 235 ,lq;fspYk; jpKf $l;lzp ngUk;ghd;ik ,lq;fisg; gpbf;Fk;"" vd;W nrhy;ypapUf;f khl;lhd;.

 

midj;J ,lq;fspYk; jpKf $l;lzp ntw;wpthif #Lk; vd;W nrhy;yp ePq;fs; gLKl;lhs; gl;lk; thq;fpapUf;fpwPHfs;!

 

Vd; ,g;gb tPzhfj; njUtpy; Nghfpw rdpaid tpiyf;F thq;FfpwPHfs;?

 

,Njh ePq;fs; nrhy;ypa NjHjy; M&lk;. jpKf rhHghd  jpdfud;  (khHr;R 7k; ehs;) ehNsl;by; te;jJ. KOijAk; ""ehk;ehL"" thrfHfSf;fhf mg;gbNa jUfpNwd;.

 

"" INfhup Nahfj;jhy; vjpupfs; ruz; -fUzhepjp kPz;Lk; Ml;rpf;F tUthH""

(tsUk;)

 

 

 

'''rdpg; ngaHr;rp fUzhepjpf;F mNkhf ntw;wpiaf; nfhLf;Fk;'';

(jpUkfs;)

(2)

Kd;ida njhlHr;rp

 

"" INfhup Nahfj;jhy; vjpupfs; ruz; -fUzhepjp kPz;Lk; Ml;rpf;F tUthH""

 

Nghb. khHr;. 6. fUzhepjp f[Nfrup Nahfk; ngw;W ,Ug;gjhy; vjpupfs; ruz; miltHfs;. kWgbAk; fUzhepjp Ml;rp mikg;ghHvdg; Nghb NrhjplH fUj;J njuptpj;J cs;shH.

 

jkpofj;jpy; mLj;j Vg;uy; khjk; rl;lkd;w NjHjy; eilngw ,Uf;fpwJ. mjdhy; mjw;fhd Ntiyfs; Maj;jk; mila NjHjy; Mizak; KO %r;rpy; <LgLfpwJ. ,e;j epiyapy; jkpofj;jpy; cs;s gy;NtW NrhjplHfs; mtutHfspd; fUj;Jf;fis njuptpj;Js;sdH. mjpy; NrhjplHfs; mLj;j KiwAk; Kjy;tuhf fUzhepjpf;Fj;jhd; mjpf khd tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ vd jpl;ltl;lkhf nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

,e;j epiyapy; fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; n[dd fhy rhjfg;gb fpufq;fs; midj;JNk mtUf;F rhjfkhfNtjhd; mike;Js;sJ vdg;  Nghbiar; NrHe;j gpugy NrhjplH vk;. ,uhjhfpU\;zd; jpdfud; epUguplk; $wpdhH. mtH NkYk; $wpajhtJ:

 

"",J fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; gpwe;j Neug;gb cs;s n[dd rhjfk;. ,tH 3-6-1924k; Mz;L  gpwe;jtH. [hjftpjpg;gb tUfpd;w itfhrp khjk; 20k; Njjp Kjy; FU gfthd; 2k; ,lkhd FLk;g ];jhdj;jpw;F ngaHr;rpahtjhy; jkpo;ehl;by; midj;J ,lq;fspYk; jpKftpd; $l;lzp fl;rpfs;jhd; KOikahf ntw;wp ngWk;.

 

f[NfrupNahfk;

 

"",jdhy; ,tupd; [hjfj;jpy; FUtpw;F vjpH re;jpud; ,Ug;gjhy; f[Nfrup Nahfk; ngw;wpUg;gjdhy; ,tiu  vjpHj;J Nghl;baplf; $batHfs; vy;NyhUk; mg;gbNa Njhy;tp milaf; $ba epiyNa Vw;gLk;. ,jdhy; ,tUf;F tUk; vjpupfs; ahtUk; rpq;fj;ij fz;L gag;gLk; ahidiag; Nghy; vjpupfs; ahrpj;J Nahrpj;J Nerpj;J G+rpj;J if$g;gp tzq;fp jhs; epw;ghHfs;.

 

NkYk; ,tH 5-tJ jlitahf rpk;khrdj;jpy;  mkUk; ghf;fpak;  fpilj;jhYk; tUfpd;w 11-04-2001-k; Njjp rdpg;  ngaHr;rp  ,tUf;F xU Mz;L mNkhf ntw;wpiaf; nfhLf;Fk;.""

 

""vjpupfs; ahrpj;J Nahrpj;J Nerpj;J G+rpj;J...."" NrhjplUf;F vJif Nkhid ifte;jsTf;F Nrhjplf; fiy iftuhjJ Nrhfkhd nra;jp.

 

Nrhjplupd; M&lk; "",e;jg; GSF fe;jGuhzj;Jf; filrp xw;iwapYk; ,y;iy"" vd;w gonkhopiajj;jhd; Qhgfj;Jf;Ff;  nfhz;LtUfpd;wJ. ghtk; fiyQH. NjHjypy; gLNjhy;tp mile;jjpdhy; rl;lrigf;F Nghfg; gae;J vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytH gjtpia Kd;dhs; fy;tp mikr;rH md;gofdplk;  nfhLj;Jtpl;L xt;nthUehSk; mwpthyaj;jpy; cs;s "Kunrhyp" mYtyf;fj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W mtuJ fhiy thuptpl;l "" cld;gpwg;Gf;fSf;F"" kly; vOjp jdJ tapw;nwupr;riyg; gfpHe;J nfhs;fpwhH!

''jkpod; Mapuk; ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;f Kd;Ng ehfupfk; gilj;jtdhf> mwpTj;njspT cs;stdhf ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhd;. ehd; md;iwf;F ,Ue;j jkpoidr; nrhy;fpNwd;. ,d;iwf;F ,Uf;fpw jkpoidr; nrhy;ytpy;iy. ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;G ey;yJ vJ? nfl;lJ vJ? vd;W md;iwf;F ,Ue;j jkpoDf;f ed;whfNt njupe;jpUe;jJ.

 

Mdhy; ,d;iwa jkpod;  ,utiyj;jhd; mjpfkhf  Nerpf;fpwhd;.  ,q;fpUg;gij mtd; mjpfkhf tpUk;Gtjpy;iy. vq;fpUe;Njh te;jijj;jhd; mjpfkhf Nerpf;fpwhd;. vq;fpUe;J te;jtHfs; fhypNy tpOfpwhd;. fd;dj;jYk; Nghl;Lf;nfhs;fpwhd;. mg;gb jkpoDila jd;khdk; ,d;iwf;F Xq;fp tsHe;jpUf;fpwJ.''

 

""vq;fpUe;Njh te;jij"" vd;W fiyQH fUzhepjp Vf trdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpLtJ Kjy;tH n[ayypjhit vd;gij nrhy;yj; Njitapy;iy. n[ayypjh fd;dlf;fhup> jkpo;ehl;Lf;F mupjhuk; G+rp ebf;f te;jtH vd;gijj;jhd; fUzhepjp Rw;wp tioj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhH. fUzhepjpf;F NjHjypy; kz;ft;Tk;NghJjhd; jkpoDila jd;khdk;gw;wpa Qhdk; gpwf;Fk;. gjtp ehw;fhypapy; ,Uf;F kl;Lk; me;j czHT Rl;Lg;Nghl;lhYk; mtUf;F tuhJ.

 

miuf;Nfhbj; jkpoHfs; $g;gpL njhiytpy; Fz;lb gl;Lk; nry;yb gl;Lk; nrj;J kbe;jhHfNs. mijapl;L fiyQH fUzhepjp fLfsTjhDk; ftiyg; gl;lJz;lh? jkpor;rpfspd;  fw;G rpq;fsf; fhilaHfshy; Jg;ghf;fp Kidapy; gwpf;fg;gl;lNj mijapl;LfiyQH fUzhepjp new;wpf; fz;izj; jpwf;f Ntz;lhk; xU nrhl;Lf; fz;zPH tpl;lJz;lh? jkpoPoj; jkpoiu tpl;L tpLNthk;. mtHfs; vf;NfL nfl;lhYk; nfl;Lg; Nghfl;Lk;. jkpo;ehl;L kPdtHfs; tifnjhifapd;wp nfhe;jspf;Fk; flypy; rpq;fsf; flw;gilapdH FUtpfisr; RLtJNghy; Rl;Lj; js;spdhHfNs? mg;NghJ Nfhl;ilapy; FbapUe;j fiyQupd; jkpo;khdKk; jd;khdKk;vd;dhapw;W?

 

rup ,g;NghJ gpugy NrhjplH ,uhjhfpU\;zdpd; M&lj;Jf;F>  mtH fzpj;J 'mr;nrhl;lhfr;' nrhy;ypa fzpg;Gigg; ghHg;Nghk;.  

 

""tUfpd;w 11-04-2001-k; Njjp rdpg; ngaHr;rp  ,tUf;F xU Mz;L  mNkhf ntw;wpiaf; nfhLf;Fk;"" vd;gNjhL Nghb NrhjlH epd;Wtpl tpy;iy. NkYk; mtH fiyQH fUzhepjpia ,e;jpud; re;jpud;> rupj;jpu ehafd;> mLj;j Kjy;tH vd;W GSFtijg; gbAq;fs;.

 

"",e;j rupj;jpu ehafH flf yf;fpdj;jpy; gpwe;J fly; #o;e;j (?) jlhf jkpo;ehl;il MAs; KOtJk; Msg; NghtJ ,e;j jkpopd; cUtNk! jkpopd; jj;JtNk! jkpo; jhapd; jtg; Gjy;tH fiyQH  fUzhepjpjhd; mLj;j Kjy;tH  vd;gij jpl;ltl;lkhfj; njuptpf;fpNwd;.""

 

tof;fkhf NrhjplHfs; jf;F itj;Jj;jhd; Nrhjplk; nrhy;thHfs;. mg;gbAk; elf;fyhk; ,g;gbAk; elf;fyhk; elf;fhkYk; Nghfyhk;vd;W G+rpnkOFtJ mtHfs; thbf;if. Mdhy; Nghb NrhjplH mg;gb ,g;gb vd;W jf;F itj;Jr; nrhy;ytpy;iy. ntl;nlhd;WJz;buz;L  vd;wthW ""fiyQH  fUzhepjpjhd; mLj;j Kjy;tH vd;gij jpl;l tl;lkhfj; njuptpf;fpNwd;"" vd;W mbj;Jr; nrhd;dhH.  (tsUk;)

 

 

'

 ''Nrhjplk; ngha;j;jJkl;Lky;y kuj;jhiy tpOe;j fUzhepjpia khL Vwp kpjpj;jJ'';

'

'(jpUkfs;)

(3)

Kd;ida njhlHr;rp

 

ghtk; Nghb NrhjplH. mtH ,g;NghJ vq;F ,Uf;fpwhH  vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.  ntl;fg;gl;L vq;NfahtJ jiykiwthfp ,Ug;ghH vd;W ehd;  epidf;ftpy;iy. my;yJ filia tpupj;Njd; nfhs;thupy;iy  vd;W nrhy;yp njhopiyf; iftpl;L tpl;lhH vd;Wk; ehd; vz;ztpy;iy. NrhjplHfSf;F me;jsT Jhuk; Nuhr khdk; ,Ue;jhy; ehl;by; ,d;W xU NrhjplUk; mfg;gl khl;lhHfs;.

 

mtHfsplk; Vkhw ,Uf;fNt ,Uf;fpwhHfs; ,opj;jtha;j; jkpoHfs; ( nfhQ;rk; ehfupfkhfr; nrhd;dhy; 'Gd;dif kd;dHfs;'). mtHfs; NrhjplHfisg; ghHf;f [hjfKk; ifAkhf  'fpA+' tupirapy; epw;f;Fk;NghJ mtHfs; Vd; njhopYf;F KOf;Fg; Nghl Ntz;Lk;?

 

Nghb NrhjplH nrhd;d M&lk; Ehw;Wf;F EhW  tpOf;fhL ngha;j;J tpl;lJk; my;yhky; kuj;jhNy ,Ue;J tpOe;jtid khNlwp kpjpj;jJNghy NjHjypy;  Njhw;w Kjy;tH fUzhepjpia khL (n[ayypjh) Vwp kpjpj;jJ. fUzhepjp  Coy; Fw;wr;rhl;by; es;sputpy; mtuJ tPl;Lf; fjit cilj;J cs;Ns Eise;j  jkpo;ehL NghyPrhH  mtiu cLj;j cilapy; ifJ nra;J mbj;J> ,Oj;J> kpjpj;J> Jitj;J Fz;Lf;fl;lhff; fl;bf; nfhz;LNgha; nrd;id rpiwr;rhiyapy; milj;jhHfs;.  

 

""Kd;dhs; Kjy;tH fUzhepjp kUj;Jt rpfpl;ir Nfl;L rpiw Kd;G xU gpr;irf;fhuiug; Nghy epyj;jpy; jHzh Nghuhl;lk; elj;jp cs;shH. ,tH elj;jpa Nghuhl;lj;ij cyfk; KOtJk; cs;stHfs; b.tp. %yk; ghHj;J ,Ug;ghHfs;. vd; cj;juit mKy;gLj;jhjJ Vd;? kdpjhgpkhdk; $l cq;fSf;F ,y;iyah?

 

78 tajhd mtUf;F VjhtJ Vw;gl;lhy; ahH gjpy; $WtJ.  Kjpatuhd mtuJ cly;epiyia ghHj;jhy; cs;sk; cUFNk. Vd; cq;fs; cs;sk; cUftpy;iy. cq;fs; kdJ rijahy; Mdjh? ,y;iy fspkz;zhy; Mdjh? ,jw;F fhuzk; ahH? ,tiu rpj;jputij nra;jhy; cq;fSf;F mg;gb vd;d mw;g re;Njh\k; fpilf;fpwJ. cq;fSf;F ahH ,g;gb cj;juT Nghl;lJ"" vd  mtUf;F vjpuhd tof;if tprhupj;J tUk;  nrd;id ePjpgjp mNrhf;FkhH nghupe;J js;spapUf;fpwhH.

 

NrhjplHfs; kl;Lk; Kjy;tH fUzhepjpia Vkhw;wtpy;iy. fUzhepjp ifJ nra;jgpd; fle;j Ie;J Mz;Lfspy; mtuJ jathy;murpay; tho;T ngw;wtHfs;> mikr;rH MdtHfs;> vg;nghOJk; fz;izf; fhg;ghw;Wk; ,ikNghy; mtH mUfpy; ,Ue;J mtiuf; fhg;ghw;Wtjhf Ntlk; Nghl;l cj;jkHfs;> gjtp caHT ngw;w mjpfhupfs;> mtH Kaw;rpahy; caHePjpkd;w> cr;r ePjpkd;wg; gjtpngw;w fdthd;fs;......

 

fy;tpahsHfs;> mtH jathy; gy;fiyf; fofj; JizNte;jH gjtp ngw;wtHfs;> mtH gpwe;jehspy; gf;fk; gf;fkhf vJif Nkhidiag; nga;J tho;j;Jf; ftpijghba ftpQHfs;> ePjhd; jkpo;! eP ,y;yhtpl;lhy; jkpo; ,y;iy! mz;zh Kj;jkpo; mwpQH ePq;fNsh Ie;jkpo; mwpQH!  vd;W JjpghbatHfs;. Je;Jkp Kof;fpatHfs;> thdsht ,e;jpud; re;jpud; vdg; Gfo;e;J vOjpa jkpo; vOj;jhsHfs;> nra;jpahsHfs;> Nkilg; Ngr;rhsHfs;..........

 

gpwe;j ehspy; tho;j;Jr; nrhy;yte;j $l;lk;> ,yl;rf;fzf;fpy; cz;baypy; gzk; Nghl;l $l;lk;> mtuJ jathy; njhopw;rhiyfs; epWt mDkjpr; rPl;Lg; ngw;w njhopyjpgHfs; $l;lk;> kJ cw;gj;jpahsHfs; $l;lk;> kJf;fil tzpfHfs; $l;lk;....

 

mtuhy; gj;k= gl;lk; ngw;w $l;lk;> fiykhkzpg; gl;lk; ngw;w $l;lk;> jFjpapy;yhky; ,Ue;Jk; mtH jathy; gy;fiyf; fofq;fspy; fTutg; gl;lk; ngw;w $l;lk;> kUj;Jtf; fy;Yhupapy; ,lk;ngw;w Raeyg; ngw;NwhHfspd; $l;lk;........

 

,tHfspy; ahuhtJ Kjy;tH fUzhepjp ifJ  nra;ag;gl;l  Kjy; ,uz;L ehl;fSk;  rpiwr;rhiyf;F Kd; ftiy Njha;e;j Kfj;Jld;> mtiuf; fhzj; jtk; fplg;ghHfs;>  rj;jpahf;fpufg; Nghuhl;lk; elhj;JthHfs;> gl;bdpg; Nghuhl;lk; elhj;JthHfs; vdg; ghHj;jhy; kUe;Jf;Fk; ahUk; ,y;iy. gj;jpupifahsHfs;> njhiyf;fhl;rp glg;gpbg;ghsHfs;> Gifg;glf;fhuHfs;> epUgHfs;> Kjy;tH fUzhepjpapd; kidtp gps;isfs; kw;Wk; neUq;fpa cwtpdHfs; ,tHfisj; jtpukw;wtHfs; khakha; kiwe;J tpl;lhHfs;!

 

vy;yhk; ""mw;w Fsj;J mWePHg; gwitfs; Nghy;" midtUk; gwe;J tpl;ldH! n[ayypjh muR jq;fs; gjtpfisg; gwpj;JtpLNkh> njhopy; ghjpf;fg;gLNkh> nrhj;Jr; Rfq;fis ,of;f Ntz;b tUNkh vd;w gak; mtHfSf;F!  

 

cz;ikapy; Kjy;tH fUzhepjpf;Fg;  gjpy; Nghb  Nrhjpliuj;jhd; jkpo;ehL  NghyPrhH  ifJ  nra;J rpiwf;Fs; js;sp ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.  Mdhy; Nfhtpy;  Nfhtpyhf Rw;wpj; jpupe;J mHr;rid> mgpN\fk;> G+ir> ahfk;  vd;W ehSk; nghOJk;  nra;J tUk; n[ayypjhtpd; Ml;rpapy; mg;gb elf;f tha;g;gpy;iy. FUthA+H NfhtpYf;F NeHj;jpf; fldhf ahidf; Fl;b xd;iw jhdk; nra;a Nfusj;Jf;F gazk; Nkw;nfhz;l n[ayypjh xNu ehspy; 25 ,yl;rk; &gha; nryT nra;jpUf;fpwhhH. ,jpy; FUthA+H  NfhtpYf;F kl;Lk; &gh 14 ,yl;rk; nryT. jhdk; nfhLj;j  ahidg;  guhkupg;Gf;F Mz;nlhd;Wf;F xd;Nwfhy; ,yl;rk; nryT.  

 

FUthA+H Nfhtpypy; cs;s 'ehuhazFyq;fu  gftjp' vd;w  rpiyKd; gf;jHfs; rpupj;J ifjl;b topgLtJ tof;fkhk;. mjd;gb n[ayypjhTk; rrpfyhTk; ifjl;b rpupj;J topgl;ldH. gpwF 50 gTz; jq;fths; gupR toq;fpdhH. gj;J fpuhk; jq;f  khiyAk; toq;fpdhH. ,g;gbNa nfhl;bfhtp yk;kh> gftjp Nfhtpy;fs; ,uz;bw;Fk; jq;fths; gupR toq;fpdhH. NkyfhT gftjpf;F NfhtpYf;F 50gTz; jq;f#yk; toq;fpdhH. kk;kpA+H mg;gd; NfhtpYf;F xU fpNyh nts;sp Fk;gk; toq;fpdhH.

 

mnkupf;f ehl;L rdhjpgjp $l ,g;gb Njthyaq;fSf;F  'jhdk;' nra;tjpy;iy. ahj;jpiu Nghtjpy;iy. Mdhy; grpahYk; gl;bdpahYk; thb tjq;fp> tWikapd; nfhLik jhq;fhJ ngw;w gps;isfSf;F tp\k; nfhLj;J jw;nfhiy  nra;Ak; FLk;gq;fs;gw;wp  ehl;jtwhJ nra;jpfs; tUk; jkpo;ehl;bd; Kjy;tH xNu  ehspy;  mHr;rid Muhjid vd  25 ,yl;rk; nryT nra;jpUf;fpwhH! mg;Gwk; jkpo;ehL ca;tJ vg;NghJ? (Kw;Wk;)   

 

 

 

''jpKf $l;lzpf;F Mjuthf u[pdp gpurhuk; nra;thH vd;w M&lk; ngha;j;jJ!';

(jpUkfs;)

(4)

Kd;ida njhlHr;rp

 

,Njh Nghb Nrhjpliuj; njhlHe;J  ''rl;lrigj; NjHjypy; jpKf mNkhf ntw;wp ngWk;> fpuf khw;wq;fis itj;J gpugy NrhjplH fzpg;G"" vd;w jiyg;gpy; 60 Mz;L fhy murpay; khw;wq;fisAk;> mNjhL fpuf khw;wq;fisAk; ,izj;Jg; ghHj;J gpugy  NrhjplUk;> murpay; gpuKfUkhd gl;Lf;Nfhl;ilrhkpehjd; $wpa M&lj;ij mNj jpdfud; ehNsL ngg;utup 23 Mk; ehsd;W nra;jpahf ntspapl;Ls;sJ.

 

""mfpy ,e;jpa murpaypYk; jkpof murpaypYk; ele;Js;s epfo;Tfs;> khw;wq;fis cw;W Nehf;Fk;NghJ rpy uhrpfspy; rdp tUk;NghJ khw;wq;fSk; xNu khjpup mike;jpUg;gij fhzKbfpwJ.

1967 ,y; jpKf Ml;rpf;F te;jJ. mg;NghJ kPdj;jpy; rdp ,Ue;jJ. kPz;Lk; 1971 ,y; hp\gj;jpy; rdp ,Ue;jNghJ jp.K.f. kfj;jhd ntw;wpia ngw;wJ.

,g;NghJ 30 Mz;Lfs; fopj;J kPz;Lk; 2001 ,y;  hp\gj;jpw;F rdp jpUk;gp  te;jpUf;fpwJ. 1971 Mk; Mz;L Njh;jiyg; Nghy ,e;j Njh;jypy; mghpkpjkhd  ntw;wpia jp.K.f. ngWk;.

 

NtW gy epfo;TfisAk; xg;gpl;L ghh;f;Fk;NghJ ,J elf;fg; NghtJ cWjp vd;gij Gupe;J nfhs;s KbAk;.  

1947 Kjy; 1967 tiu fhq;fpu]; Ml;rp ele;jJ. ,jpy; tpUr;rpf uhrpia tpl;L jDR uhrpf;F rdp te;jNghJ uhrhrp Kjy;tuhdhh;. kfu uhrpf;F rdp te;jNghJ gf;jtr;ryk; Kjy;tuhdhh;. kfuj;jpy; rdpapUe;j NghJ mtuJ Ml;rpf;F vjpuh f gy;NtW Fw;wr;rhl;Lfs;  njhptpf;fg;gl;ld.

vk;.[p.Mh;. Ml;rp

1977 njhlq;fp 1988 tiuapy; mjhtJ flfk;   Kjy;  tpUr;rpfk; tiu rdp ,Ue;j fhy fl;lj;jpy; vk.;[p.Mh;. Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;jhh;. jDR uhrpf;F rdp Eise;jJk; 1989 ,y; fUzhepjp kPz;Lk; Kjy;tuhdhh;.

1991 ,y; kfu uhrpf;F rdp te;jnghJ n[ayypjh Kjy;tuhdhh;. vg;gb 1962 Kjy; 1967 tiu kfu uhrpapy;  rdp ,Ue;j fhy fl;lj;jpy; mtuJ Ml;rp kf;fspd; ntWg;Gf;F ,yf;fhfp gy;NtW Fw;wr;rhl;Lfis re;jpj;J kf;fshy; J}f;fp vwpag; gl;lNjh mNjNghy kfu uhrpapy; rdp ,Ue;j fhy fl;lj;jpy;jhd; n[ayypjh Ml;rpAk; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;F ,yf;fhfp kf;fshy; J}f;fp vwpag;gl;lJ.   

n[. epidg;G

1967 Kjy; 1971 tiuap yhd  fhyj;jpy; Nkl uhrpapy; rdpapUe;jnghJ ehfh;Nfhtpy; vk;.gp. Njh;jypy; fhkuhrh;  ntw;wp  ngw;whh;. mtuJ  fl;rpf;F nry;thf;F cah;e;J tpl;ljhf Ngrg;gl;lJ.

,g;NghJ 1997 Mk; Mz;bw;F gpwF ele;j ghh;ypnkzl; Njh;jy;fspy;   n[ayypjhtpd; m.jp.K.f.  G+[;aj;jpypUe;J kPz;L xU rpy vk;gp njhFjpfspy; ntw;wp ngw;wij itj;J nry;thf;F  caHe;J  tpl;ljhf n[ayypjh epidf;fpwhH. mtUf;F Ntz;batHfs; tje;jpfisAk; gug;gp tpl;bUf;fpwhHfs;.   

 

fdT Nfhl;il fiyAk; 

 

Mdhy; 30 Mz;LfSf;F xU Kiw xU uhrpapy; thrk; nra;fpw rdpf;fpufk; cUthf;fpaUf;fpw epfo;Tfis xg;gPL nra;jhy; n[ayypjhtpd; fdT Nfhl;il jfHf;fg;gLtJ cWjp.

 

,g;NghJ kPdk; Kjy; flfk; tiuapyhd Rw;W ele;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. Kd;G 1971 ,y; up\gj;jpy; rdp ,Ue;jNghJjhd; jpKf mNkfh ntw;wp ngw;wJ. 2001y; kPz;Lk; up\gj;jpw;F rdpf; fpufk; te;Js;sJ. jpKfNt mNkhf ntw;wp ngwg; NghfpwJ.

 

 NjHjy; KbTfs; n[ayypjhtpd; fdTf; Nfhl;il jfUtjw;Fg; gjpy; fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; fdTf; Nfhl;iliaj;jhd; fiyj;J tpl;lJ.   

 

jkpo;ehl;bd; kf;fs; njhif 6.2 Nfhb. ,jpy; thf;fhsH njhif 4.5 Nfhb. thf;fspj;jtHfs; njhif RkhH 2.7 Nfhb. mjpKf $l;lzp ngw;w thf;Ffs; 1 Nfhb 40 ,yl;rk;. jpKf $l;lzpf;Ff; fpilj;j thf;Ffs; 1 Nfhb 8 ,yl;rk;. mjpKf $l;lzp ntd;w njhFjpfs; 196. jpKf $l;lzp ntd;w njhFjpfs; 37.  

xU NfhbNa 40 ,yl;rk; thf;fhsHfs; fpufq;fs;> uhrpfs; ,tw;iwAk; kPwp fiyQUf;Fk;; mtuJ fl;rpf;Fk; vjpuhfg; Nghl;L NjHjypy; kz;ft;t itj;Js;shHfs;. fpufq;fSk;> ,uhrpfSk; thf;fhsH kdij fiyQH rhHghf khw;Wk; vd;W Nrhjplk;  nrhy;tJ vt;tsT Ngjik? gy Nfhb iky;fSf;F mg;ghy; cs;s Nfhs;fSf;F jkpo;ehl;Lj; NjHjypd; Kbit epHzapf;fpw 'rf;jp' ,Uf;fpwjh?NjHjy; KbTfs; ',y;iy' vd;w gjpiy my;yth Jy;ypakhfr; nrhy;yptpl;ld!  

fiyQH fUzhepjpf;F vjpuhf vj;jid fl;rpfs; NrHe;J $l;lzp  mikj;jhYk; kPz;Lk; mtHjhd; Kjy;tuhf tUthH> jpKf $l;lzpf;F Mjuthf u[pdp gpurhuk; nra;thH vd;W jpz;Lf;fy; Vl;L cyf NrhjplH fUg;igah nrhd;d NrhjplKk; ngha;j;Jtpl;lJ.  

fUg;igah NrhjplH vd;d rhkhdpa Nrhjpluh? mtuJ Gfo; nfhQ;r neQ;rkh? ngUik ,NyRg;gl;ljh? ,ijf; nfhQ;rk; NfSq;fs;.

 

cyf Nrhjpl khHj;jhz;l G+gjp> tp];tNrhjp];r thr];gjp> cyf th];J rhk;uhl;> cyf el;rj;jpu %Hj;jp kw;Wk; mnkupf;fh-,e;jpa gy;fiyf; fofq;fs; ,ize;J toq;fpa lhf;lH gl;lq;fs; ngw;wtH. (tsUk;)(ek;ehL -2001)