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re;jpupfh muR fiuNrUkh my;yJ ftpOkh?

ef;fPud; 

=yq;fhtpy; vd;djhd; elf;fpwJ?  xl;lf;$j;jd;  ghl;Lf;F ,ul;ilj; jho;g;ghs; vd;w fijNghy kf;fs; Kd;dzp muR kPJ ek;gpf;ifapy;yhj; jPHkhdj;ij vjpHfl;rpfs; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; nfhz;LtUtij Kwpabf;F Kfkhf rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh FkhuJq;fh ehlhSkd;wj;ij nrg;lk;gH 7Mk; ehs; kl;Lk; js;sp itj;J ,Uf;fpwhH. 

N[.MH. n[atHj;jdh jdJ If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp  Ml;rpia Ie;J el;rj;jpu kf;fshl;rp vd;W mbf;fb nrhy;thH. mJ mtH fhyj;jpy; ngupa gfpbahf vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLk;. 

N[.MH; 1980 Mk;  Mz;L  jpUkjp  =khNth  gz;lhuehaf;fhit murpaypy; ,Ue;J xuq;fl;l mtuJ thf;Fupikiag; gwpj;J NjHjypy; epw;f KbahjthW nra;jhH. 

1983k; Mz;L elj;j Ntz;ba NjHjiy 1982 Mk; Mz;L elhj;jpa Neub thf;nfLg;gpd; %yk; ehlhSkd;wj;jpd; MAis N[.MH NkYk; Ie;J Mz;Lfs; ePbj;jhH. 

1987 Mk; Mz;L vOjg;gl;l ,e;jpa-,yq;if xg;ge;jj;jpd; ik fha;tjw;Fs; me;j xg;ge;jj;ij> Fwpg;ghf tl-fpof;F ,izg;ig>  vjpHj;J ehL jOtpa gug;Giu nra;ag; Nghtjhf N[.MH mwptpj;jhH. 

,it fhuzkhfj;jhd; N[.MH jdJ Ml;rp Ie;J el;rj;jpu kf;fshl;rp (five star democracy) vd;W nrhd;dNghJ kw;wtHfs; tpOe;J tpOe;J rpupj;jhHfs;.  

rdhjpgjp uzrpq;f  gpNukjhrhTk; 1991Mk; Mz;L jdf;F vjpuhff; nfhz;L tug;gl;l Fw;wtpay; jPHkhdj;;jpy; ,Ue;J jg;g (impeachment motion) ehlhSkd;wj;ij ,uz;L khjq;fSf;Fj; js;sp itj;jhH. me;j ,ilf;fhyj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp jd;id vjpHj;j fl;rpf;fhuHfis topf;Ff; nfhz;L te;jhH. 

,g;NghJ rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh ve;j N[.MH. kw;Wk;  gpNukjhrh  Ml;rpia rHthjpfhu Ml;rp> kf;fs; tpNuhj Ml;rp vdg; gug;Giu nra;J Ml;rpf; fjpiuiag; gpbj;jhNuh mNj N[.MH. kw;Wk; gpNukjhrh ifahz;l kf;fshl;rp tpNuhj topiaf; ifahz;L ehlhSkd;wj;ij js;sp itj;Js;shH. MSk; fl;rp ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; jdJ ngUk;ghd;ikia ,oe;jij mLj;J kf;;fs; Kd;dzp muR ftpo;tijj; jLf;fNt ,e;j js;sp itg;G ,lk;ngw;Ws;sJ. 

rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh ehlhSkd;wj;ij js;sp itj;jjd; %yk;  kf;fshl;rp kuGfisf; FopNjhz;bg; Gijj;Jtpl;lhH. N[.Mupd; Ie;J el;rj;jpu kf;fs; Ml;rpiaAk; Vg;gk; nra;J tpl;lhH! 

mJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ N[.MH  ghzpapy; "Njrpa kl;lj;jpy; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; cilaJk;> kpfTk; mtrpakhdJkhd Gjpa murpay; ahg;G ehl;Lf;Fj; Njit vd;w Kd;nkhopjNjhL ePq;fs; xj;Jg; NghtPHfsh? (- "Are you in agreement with the proposal that the country needs a new constitution which is nationally important and an essential requirement?" )
vd;w Nfs;tpiaf; Nfl;L Mf];l; 21k; ehs; xU Neub thf;nfLg;ig elhj;jTk; re;jpupfh jpl;lkpl;L cs;shH.  

xU tpjj;jpy; ,J nrj;j ghk;ig mbf;fpw nfl;bj;jdk; Nghd;wJ. re;jpupfh 1994> 2000k; Mz;Lfspy; ele;j  ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;fhd nghJj; NjHjypy; midj;J ty;yik gilj;j rdhjpgjp Ml;rpKiwia xopj;J kPz;Lk; ehlhSkd;w kf;fshl;rp Kiwiaf; nfhz;L tUtjw;F Vw;fdNt Miz Nfl;Lg;  ngw;Ws;shH. mg;gbapUf;f kPz;Lk; 80 Nfhb &gh gzr; nrytpy; xU Neubthf;F elj;j Ntz;ba mtrpak; Vd; vd;gJ Gupatpy;iy.

,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; me;j Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; ngwg;gLk; KbT ehlhSkd;wj;ijf; fl;Lg;gLj;jhJ vd;gJjhd;!

 

,e;j Neub thf;nfLg;gpd; Nehf;fk; xU Gjpa ahg;igf; nfhz;Lte;J> murpay; mjpfhuj;ij gutyhf;fp ,dg; gpur;rpidf;F jPHT fhz;gjy;y. khwhf ,g;NghJs;s tpfpjhrhu NjHjy; Kiwia xopj;J tpl;L xU NjHjy; njhFjpapy; ahUf;F  mjpf thf;Ffs; fpilf;fpwNjh mtNu ntw;wpngw;wtH vd;w Kd;ida NjHjy; Kiwia kPz;Lk; nfhz;LtUtJjhd;. Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,e;j Kiwia first past the post winners take all  vd;W nrhy;YthHfs;. ,jd; fPo; elj;jg;gLk; NjHjy; KbTfs; rpq;fsf; fl;rpfs; rpWghd;ik Njrpaf; fl;rpfsJ MjuT ,y;yhky; Ml;rp nra;a top rikf;Fk; vd;gJ re;jpupfhtpd; fzpg;G. 

,e;j Kiwapyhd NjHjy; %yk; nkhj;j thf;Ffspy; 45-50  tpOf;fhL thf;Ffisg; ngWk; xU fl;rp ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; 70-80 tpOf;fhL ,Uf;iffisg; ngw tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ. mjhtJ xU fl;rpf;F %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;F ngUk;ghd;ik fpilj;J tpLk; tha;g;Gz;L. mg;gb ngUk;ghd;ik ngWk; rpq;fsf; fl;rpf;F rpWghd;ik kf;fisg; gpujpepj;Jtg;  gLj;Jk; fl;rpfspd; jatpy; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba
mtrpak; ,y;yhJ NghFk;. ,g;NghJ kf;fs;  Kd;dzp muRf;F  Ml;rpapy; epiyj;jpUf;f  K];ypk;> jkpo;f;  fl;rpfspd; jaT
Njitg;gLfpwJ.  

,e;jj; NjHjy;Kiw rpWghd;ik  Njrpa ,dq;fSf;Fk;> rpwpa fl;rpfSf;Fk; ghjfkhdJ. ngUk;ghd;ik rpq;fsf; fl;rpfshd =yq;fh Rje;jpuf; fl;rp my;yJ If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp ,uz;Lf;Fk; rhjfkhdJ.  N[tpgp> jkpo;f; fhq;fpu]; Nghd;w  rpW fl;rpfSf;Fj; NjHjypy; ntw;wpngw tha;g;G ,Uf;fhJ.  

=yq;fhtpw;F xU Gjpa ahg;G cUthf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy; fUj;J Ntw;Wik ,y;iy. Mdhy; mJ vg;gb> ve;j mbg;gilapy;  tiuag;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJjhd; Nfs;tpahFk;. 

=yq;fh Rje;jpuk; ngw;w  gpd;dH ,uz;L ahg;Gf;fs; Fg;igj; njhl;bapy; tPrg;gl;Ltpl;ld. ,g;NghJs;s ahg;Gk; tPrNtz;ba epiyapy; cs;sJ. Vw;fdNt ,e;j ahg;Gf;F nkhj;jk; 16 jpUj;jq;fs; nra;ag;gl;L tpl;ld. mjpy; Kjy; 10 jpUj;jq;fSk; 1978-88 Mz;LfSf;F ,ilapy; nra;ag;gl;lit.  murpay; ahg;G tiuag;gl;lNghJ mJ ntWkNd117 gf;fq;fisf; nfhz;ljhf kl;Lk; ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; mjw;Ff; nfhz;L tug;gl;l jpUj;jq;fs; 102 gq;fq;fis nfhz;Ls;sJ! mjhtJ nkhj;j ahg;gpy; 87 tpOf;fhL jpUj;jq;fs;. 

Ntjid vd;dntd;why; ,e;jj; jpUj;jq;fs; (vz; 6> 13) ehl;bd; ,dg; gpur;ridf;F jPHT fhz;gjw;Fg; gjpy;  NkYk;
mjidr; rpf;fyhf;tpl;lJ.
 

xU ehl;bd; murpay; ahg;G vd;gJ me;j ehl;L kf;fspd; r%f>  murpay;> nghUshjhu mgpyhirfisg; gpujpgypf;f Ntz;Lk;. ehl;bd; kpfg; ngWkjp gilj;j Mtzk; murpay; ahg;Gj;jhd;. mJjhd; ehl;bd; murpay; kw;Wk; Ml;rpKiwapd; mj;jpthuk;. xU ehl;bd; Mf;fk; my;yJ mopT me;j ehl;bd; ahg;gpy; jq;fpapUf;fpwJ.

xU ehL fhyj;Jf;fhyk; ehlhSkd;wj; NjHjiy itj;J  kf;fs; gpujpepjpfisr; njupT nra;J tpl;lhy; kl;Lk; me;j ehL xU kf;fshl;rp Kiwiaf; filg;gpbf;Fk; ehL vd;W nrhy;yp tplKbahJ. ehlhSkd;wj; NjHjy; kf;fshl;rp Kiwapd; xU $W kl;LNk. mJ kl;Lk; NghJkhdJ my;y.   

cz;ikahd kf;fshl;rpj; jj;Jtk; eilKiwapy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why; rl;lj;jpd; Kd; rfUk; rkk; vd;w Nfhl;ghL Mokhf me;j ehl;bd; ahg;gpy; vOjg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

 

,g;NghJs;s ahg;gpy; rpy mbg;gil cupikfSk; Rje;jpuq;fSk; NrHf;fg;gl;bUe;jhYk; mit epiwthdjy;y. vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf xUtuJ cupikfs;> Rje;jpuq;fs; kPwg;gLk; NghJ cupikfs; Rje;jpuq;fs; gw;wpa midj;Jyf kuG tpjp 2(3),y; nrhy;yg;gLk; epthuzj;ijg;ngw mtUf;F cupik ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy;  ghjpf;fg;gl;l xUtH epthuzk; Nfl;L xU khjj;Jf;Fs;  cr;r ePjpkd;wj;Jf;F Kiwapl Ntz;Lk;. eilKiwapy; ,e;jf; fhyf; nfLTf;Fs; KiwapLtJ vd;gJ rhj;jpaky;y.  

 

,jdhy; rhjhuz nghJ kf;fs;> ehl;Lg;Gw kf;fs;> Viofs; ePjpiag;  ngwKbahjthW Ngha;tpLfpwJ.  ,g;NghJs;s ahg;G kf;fshl;rpf;F  tpNuhjkhdjhFk;. rdhjpgjp N[.MH. n[atHj;jd> uzrpq;f gpNukjhr Nghd;NwhuJ tpUg;G ntWg;Gf;F mika tiuag;gl;ljhFk;.

 

,e;j ahg;ig tiue;jtHfs; xU gytPdkhd> Fog;gkhd ehlhSkd;wj;ij cUthf;fpdhHfs;. rHthjpfhuk;> jhd;Njhd;wpj;jdk;>  nfhLq;Nfhd;ik Nghd;w jj;Jtq;fspd; mbg;gilapNyNa ,e;j ahg;G cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;j ahg;igg;gw;wp N[.MH. xUKiw nrhd;dij Qhgfg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tJ ey;yJ. ""xU Mizg; ngz;zhf khw;WtJ ePq;fyhf kw;w vjidAk; ,e;j ahg;gpd; fPo; vd;dhy; nra;a KbAk;"" vd;gJjhd; N[.Mupd; $w;whFk;.

 

tsHKf ehLfspy; thOk;  kf;fSf;F kf;fshl;rp  muRKiw xj;JtuhJ. mtHfSf;F xUtpj rHthjpfhu Ml;rpjhd; ey;yJ vd;w Nfhl;ghl;il N[.MH. filg;gpbj;jhH. ,J ngUk;ghYk; gHkhtpd; eP tpd; ( Ne Win ) > ,e;Njhdprpahtpd; RfHl;Njh ( Suharto) gpypg;gpd;]; ehl;bd; ngHbdd;l; khHf;f]; ( Ferdinand Marcos)  gpd;gw;wpa murpay; jj;Jtj;ij xj;jpUe;jJ.  

 

NkNy $wpathW xU ehl;bd; ahg;Gj;jhd; me;j ehl;bd; mbg;gilr; rl;lk; ( fundamental law).  me;;j mbg;gilr; rl;lk; rhjhuz rl;lj;Jf;F NkyhdJ MFk;. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ xU ahg;G ehl;bd; khWgl;l r%fq;fspd; mgpyhirfs;> tpUg;Gf;fs; ,tw;iw gpujpgypf;f Ntz;Lk;. xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l ,dq;fs; thOk; ,yq;if Nghd;w ehl;by; vy;yh  ,dq;fspd; eyd;fisAk;>  ,dq;fSf;F  ,ilapyhd  cwTfisAk;  ahg;ghdJ gpujpgypf;f Ntz;Lk;. 

,g;NghJs;s ,Wf;fkhd xw;iwahl;rp Kiw ahg;G ,tw;iwg; gpujp gypf;ftpy;iy. gjpd;%d;whtJ jpUj;jk; ,e;j ,Wf;fkhd xw;iwahl;rp  Kiwia rpwpjsNt khw;wpaikj;jJ.

 

midj;Jyf kl;lj;jpy; xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l ,dq;fs; thOk; ehLfspy; me;j ,dq;fspd;  nkhop> fiy> gz;ghL> jdpj;jd;ik ,tw;iwg; ghJfhf;f mjpfhug; guty; %yk; jd;dhl;rp jhafq;fis cUthf;Fk; Nfhl;ghL gpd;gw;wg;gLfpwJ. ,jd; %yk; me;j ehLfspd;  murpay; cWjpg;ghl;il epiy ehl;l KbfpwJ.

 

fdlh ehl;bd; ahg;G ,jw;F kpfr; rpwe;j vLj;Jf; fhl;lhFk;. gpud;Rnkhop NgRNthUf;Ffpl;lj;jl;l  Rje;jpuk; gilj;j khepyk;  cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.  mtHfSf;F  jdpahd (khepy) ehlhSkd;wk;>  nfhb> mikr;ruit> ePjpj;Jiw>  fy;tpj;Jiw>  fhty;Jiw> FbtuT  ,Uf;fpd;wd. vdNtjhd; gpud;R  kf;fspy; rupghjpf;F  NkyhNdhH fNdba kj;jpa murpy; ,Ue;J gpupe;J Nghtij Mjupf;ftpy;iy. 

=yq;fhtpy; mjpfhug; gutyhf;fy; vd;why; gpuptpid vd;w jtwhd vz;zk; epyTfpwJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ KO ,yq;ifAk; rpq;fstHfSf;Nf nrhe;jk;> Gj;jgpuhd; ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; Gj;jkjk; 5>000 k; Mz;Lfs; ePbj;J epyt Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhH vd;w gug;Giu ghku rpq;fs kf;fs; kj;jpapy; nra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,g;gbahd Nfhl;ghl;bd; mbg;gilapy;jhd; rpq;fs  murpay;thjpfs; =yq;fhit xw;iwahl;rp ehlhfhTk;  Gj;j kjj;ij mur kjkhfTk; ahg;gpy; gpufldg; gLj;jpapUf;fpwhHfs;.  

murpay; mjpfhug; gutyhf;fy;>  jkpoHfsJ jhaff;  Nfhl;ghL> jkpoHfsJ jd;dhl;rpf;  Nfhupf;if ,tw;wpw;F vjpuhd Nghf;Ff;Fk;>  jkpoH  jhafq;fspy; eilngw;Ws;s> eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; rpq;fsf; FbNaw;wq;fSf;Fk; rpq;fs  ,dthjpfsJ  Nkw;$wpa kfhtk;r kdg; Nghf;Nf fhuzpahFk;.   

vdNt xU Gjpa ahg;Gj; Njitah vd;w Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; kf;fs; mjw;F MjuT ey;fpdhYk;> mJ vj;jifa ahg;G? ve;jtifahd ahg;G? xw;iwahl;rpah? $l;lhr;rpah? mbg;gil Rje;jpuq;fs; cWjpg;gLj;jg; gLkh? ehl;L kf;fs; vy;NyhUk; xNu epiw> xNu tpiy> xNu juk; vd;gJ cj;juthjk; nra;ag;gLkh? vd;gijg; nghWj;Nj ehl;Lf;F kPl;rpah my;yJ njhlHe;J tPo;r;rpah vd;gJ jPHkhdpf;fg;gLk;.   

xd;W kl;Lk; epr;rak;. kf;fshl;rpj; jj;Jtj;jpd; Fuy;tisia neupg;gJNghy; ehlhSkd;wj;ij js;sp itj;J kf;fs; kj;jpapy; xU Neub thf;nfLg;Gf;F Vw;ghL nra;jjpd; %yk; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh ,dg;gpur;rpidf;fhd NehHNt ehl;bd; rkhjhd Kd;ndLg;Gf;fis gwzpy; nrUfp tpl;lhH.  mj;NjhL rpq;fstH> jkpoH> K];ypk;fs; vd midj;J  kf;fsJ vjpHg;igAk; ghugl;rkpd;wp rk;ghjpj;Js;shH. murpay;> nghUshjhug; Gaypy; rpf;fpj; jtpf;Fk; re;jpupfh muR jg;gpf; fiuNrUkh? my;yJ ftpOkh? vd;gNj ,d;W vy;NyhH kdijAk; thl;Lk; Nfs;tpahFk;. (ek;ehL -2002)