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rHtkj FUkhHfsJ rkhjhd Kaw;rpfs; NghHthdj;jpy; Njhd;wp kiwAk; thdtpy;!

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NghH NghH vd;w rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh murpd; NghHg;giw Kof;fj;jpd; kj;jpapy; rkhjhdj;Jf;fhd xU fPr;Rf; Fuy; Nfl;fpwjh?

mz;ikapy; td;dpf;F ey;nyz;zg; gazk; nra;J tp.Gypfspd; murpay; jiytHfis 21 NgH mlq;fpa rHt kj FUkhH FOnthd;W re;jpj;J ,dg;gpur;rpidf;F jPHTfhz;gJ njhlHghf mtHfSld; Ngr;R thHj;ij elhj;jp tpl;Lj; jpUk;gpaij mLj;J rkhjhdj;Jf;fhd xU vjpHghHg;G njd;dpyq;if murpay; tl;lhuq;fspy; JspHtpl;Ls;sJ.

gjpNdO Mz;L fhykhf rpq;fs Njrj;Jf;Fk; jkpo; Njrj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;J tUfpw Nghupy; rHtkj FUkhH jiyapl;L rkhjhdj; jPHT fhz Kaw;rpg;gJ ,J Kjy; jilitay;y. fle;j fhyq;fspYk; rHtkj FUkhH tp.GypfSf;Fk; - =yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,zf;fk;fhz xU Kiwf;F gyKiw Kaw;rp nra;J te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

Mdhy; fle;j fhyq;fspy; rHtkj FUkhH Nkw;nfhz;l rkhjhd Kaw;rpf;Fk; ,k;Kiw Nkw;nfhz;l Kaw;rpf;Fk; ,ilapy; ngupa tpj;jpahrk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

fle;j fhyq;fspy; ngUk;ghYk; fpwpj;jt kjgPlhjpgjpfNs tp. GypfSld; re;jpj;J Ngr;R thHj;ij elhj;jpapUf;fpwhHfs;. xU rpy Gj;j NjuHfs; rHtkj FUkhH FOtpy; ,lk; ngw;whYk; mtHfs; ngsj;jkj gPlq;fisg; gpujpepj;Jtg; gLj;Jk; Kf;fpa jiytHfshf ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

,jw;F khwhf ,k;Kiw ,yq;ifapd; Kf;fpa %d;W ngsj;jkj gPlq;fspd; (m];fpupah- ky;tj;ij> mkuGu> uhkz;zh) cg gPlhjpgjpfs; rHtkj FUkhH FOtpy; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jhHfs;.

,J kl;Lky;yhJ tp.GypfNshlhd Ngr;RthHj;ijfspd; NghJ ,e;j ngsj;jkj NjuHfSf;Nf Kf;fpa ,lk; nfhLf;fg; gl;lJ.

,yq;ifapy; rpq;fs Njrj;Jf;Fk; - jkpo; Njrj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Aj;jj;Jf;F eNkhntd mbj;jsk; ,l;ltHfs; rpq;fs-ngsj;j FUkhHfNs. rpq;fs murpay;thjpfSf;F mOj;jk; nfhLg;gjpd; %yk; rpq;fs Ml;rpj; jiytHfSf;Fk; jkpo;jiytHfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; ifr;rhj;jhd ,uz;L xg;ge;jq;fs; 1959 Yk; 1965Yk; iftplg;gl;ld. ,Nj rpq;fs-ngsj;j NjuHfNs md;W Kjy; ,d;Wtiu Aj;jj;jpw;Fk; JhgjPgk; fhl;b tsHj;J tUfpwhHfs;.

cz;ikapy; Vida kjq;fistpl Gj;jkjk; mfpk;iria $Ljyhf tw;GWj;JfpwJ. nfhy;yh tpujk; Gj;jkj Nfhl;ghLfspd; mr;rhzpahFk;. ,jd; fhuzkhfNt rpq;fs ngshj;jHfs; rpyH Kl;il rhg;gpLtjpy;iy. mij cilj;Jr; rhg;gpLtJ ghtk; vd;gJ mtHfsJ ek;gpf;ifahFk;.

fpl;lj;jl;l vy;yh kjq;fSNk "Gdpj Aj;jk;" vd;w Nfhl;ghl;by; ek;gpf;if itj;Js;sd. Fwpg;gpl;l xU kjj;jpd; caHTf;F my;yJ ghJfhg;Gf;F capHtpLk; xUtDf;F nrhHf;fj;jpd; fjTfs; jpwe;J itf;fg;;gl;Ls;sd vd ,e;j kjq;fs; typAWj;Jfpd;wd.

Mdhy; Gj;jkjk; ,jw;F tpjptpyf;F. Gj;jH "Gdpj Aj;jk;" gw;wpNah> "jHk Aj;jk;" gw;wpNah vJTk; nrhy;ytpy;iy.

Gj;jupd; Nghjidfs; ve;jf; Fwpf;fg;gl;l ,dj;jpw;fhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;lit my;y. Gj;jupd; Nghjidfs; Copfhyk; kdpj ,dj;jpd; tpbTf;fhfg; Nghjpf;fg;gl;lit.

vdNt =yq;fhtpYs;s ngsj;jkj gPlhjpgjpfSk;> rpq;fs-ngsj;j NjuHfSk; ntspg;gilahf rpq;fnkhop> rpq;fs kf;fs; rhHghf ,dkj mbg;gilapy; Fuy; nfhLg;gJk;> jkpoHfSf;F vjpuhd gr;ir ,dthjj;ij ff;FtJk;> Aj;jj;jpd; %yk; tp.Gypfis mopj;njhopf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W $f;Fuy; NghLtJ cz;ikapNyNa Gj;jrkaj;Jf;F Ntl;L itg;gjhFk;. ,jdhy; cyfshtpa kl;lj;jpy; Gj;j kjj;jpw;F xU nfl;l ngaH Vw;gl;L ,Uf;fpwJ.

New;Wtiu ,e;j epiyg; ghl;by; khw;wk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Mdgbahy;jhd; %d;W Kf;fpa ngsj;jkj gPlq;fspd; cggPlhjpgjpfs; rHtkj FUkhupd; FOtpy; ,lk;ngw;wJ rw;W tpj;jpahrkhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

ky;yhtpapy; jq;fisr; re;jpj;j kjj; jiytHfsplk; tp.Gypfspd; murpay; gpuptpd; nghWg;ghsH jkpo;nry;tDk;> cg nghWg;ghsH fupfhyDk; tp.Gypfs; vg;NghJk; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;fhd fjTfisj; jpwe;Nj itj;jpUg;gjhfTk;> fle;j Mz;L khtPuH ehs; nra;jpapYk; epge;jidaw;w rkhjhdg; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;F tp.Gypfs; vg;NghJk; jahuhf ,Ug;gjhf Njrpaj; jiytH gpughfud; njuptpj;jpUe;jijr; Rl;bf; fhl;bdhHfs;. NkYk; Aj;jk; tl-fpof;fpy; elg;gjhy; rpq;fstHfistpl jkpo;kf;fNs Nghupdhy; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs; vd;Wk;. rpq;fstHfistpl jkpo; kf;fSf;Nf rkhjhdk; Njitg;gLtjhfTk;> cz;ikapy; kjFUkhH tp.Gypfistpl =yq;fhtpd; Ml;rpahsHfSlNdNa rkhjhdj;jpd; mtrpak; gw;wpAk; Njs;it gw;wpAk; Ngr Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; njuptpj;jhHfs;.

cz;ikAk; mJjhd;. rkhjhdj;Jf;fhd jpwT Nfhy; td;dpf; fhl;by; ,Uf;Fk; tp.Gypfs; jiytH gpughfud; iffspy; ,Uf;fpwnjd;gijtpl mJ myupkhspifapy; thrk; nra;Ak; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh iffspy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJjhd; rupahdjjhFk;.

Aj;jk; rpq;fs kz;zpy; ,lk;ngwtpy;iy. khwhf mJ jkpo; kz;zpy;> jkpo; kf;fsJ ghuk;giug; gpuNjrj;jpy; ,lk;ngWfpwJ.

jkpo; kf;fsJ jhaf G+kpapd; kPJ xU Mf;fpukpg;Gg; Nghiu elhj;Jfpd;w rpq;fsg; gilia vjpHj;J tp.Gypfs; xU jw;ghJfhg;G Aj;jj;ijNa elhj;jp tUfpwhHfs;.

vdNt =yq;fhtpd; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh jkpo; kf;fsJ jhaf G+kpapypUe;J rpq;fsg; gilia jpUk;gpg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhy; ,dg;gpur;rpidf;F cldbahfj; jPHT fhzg;glhtpl;lhYk; Aj;jk; KbTf;F te;JtpLk;.

td;dpapy; tp.GypfSld; Ngr;R thHj;ij elhj;jptpl;L nfhOk;G jpUk;gpa rHtkj FUkhH ,g;NghJ rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhitr; re;jpg;gjw;Ff; NeuKk; fhyKk; Nfl;L tpl;L fhj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhit re;jpf;fr; re;jHg;gk; Nfl;lJ Nghy vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytH uzpy; tpf;fpukrq;fpiaAk; re;jpj;Jg; Ngr Neufhyk; Nfl;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

xU fhyj;jpy; tl-fpof;fpy; eilngWk; Aj;jj;ijgw;wp njd;dpyq;if kf;fs; ftiyg;glhj fhyk; ,Ue;jJ. njhiyf;fhl;rpapYk;> thndhypapYk; Aj;jj;ijg;gw;wp a nra;jpfis ghHj;Jk; Nfl;Lk; tpl;L jq;fs; jq;fs; mYtHfisg; ghHj;j fhyk; ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; ,d;W mg;gbahd epyik khwptpl;lJ.

Aj;jj;jpdhy; jkpo;kf;fs; mstpw;Fg; ghjpf;fg;glhtpl;lhYk;> rpq;fs kf;fs; ,d;W gutyhfg; ghjpf;fg; gl;bUf;ffpwhHfs;. Aj;jj;jpy; ,we;J gl;ltHfs;> gLfhag; gl;L mq;faPdkhdtHfs;> Aj;jj;jpy; fhzhky; NghdtHfs; ,tHfspdhy; gutyhf r%fj;jpd; fPo;j;jl;by; cs;s fpuhkg;Gw Vio vspa rpq;fsf; FLk;gq;fs; ghjpf;fg; gl;Ls;sd. ,g;gbg; ghjpf;fg; gl;l FLk;gq;fisr; NrHe;jtHfs; rpq;fstH-jkpoH Aj;jj;ij KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Lte;J ehl;by; Vw;gl;LtUk; capH - clik mopTfis KbTf;F nfhz;Ltu Ntz;Lk; vd;W epidf;fpwhHfs;.

,d;ndhU rhuhH tp.Gypfis Aj;jj;jpy; nty;yyhk; vd;wpUe;j ek;gpf;ifia ,oe;Js;shjhy; rkhjhd topapy; ,dg; gpur;rpidf;F jPHT fhzg;;glNtz;Lk; vd vz;ZfpwhHfs;. ""n[arpf;FW"" ,uhZt eltbf;if re;jpj;j Njhy;tp ,e;jg; ghlj;ij mtHfSf;Fg; gbg;gpj;Jf; nfhLj;jpUf;fpwJ.

Kd;diutpl Gj;j NjuHfspy; xU gFjpapdUf;Fk;> rpq;fs mwpTg;gpiog;ghsHfspy; rpyUf;Fk; rpq;fstH-jkpoH ,ilapy; cs;s ,dg;gpur;rpid rkhjhd topfspy; jPHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;> mjd; %yNk ,d;W ehL nrd;W nfhz;bUf;Fk; mopTg; ghijapypUe;J mjidf; fhg;ghw;w KbAk; vd;w QhNdhjak; gpwe;jpUf;fpwJ.

n[atHj;jdGu gy;fiyf; fofg; j;H NguhrpupaH v];.up. nfl;bNf 2>000 rpq;fs kf;fs; kj;jpapy; elhj;jpa xU fUj;Jf; fzpg;gpd;gb 77 tpOf;fhL rpq;fs kf;fs; Ngr;RthHj;ijapd; %yk; rkhjhd topfspy; ,dg;gpur;rpidf;F jPHTfhzg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W mgpg;gpuhak; njuptpj;Js;shHfs;. rpq;fs ,isQHfs; kj;jpapy; ,e;j tpOf;fhL 85 Mf caHe;J fhzg;gLfpwJ.

td;dpg; Ngr;RthHj;ijia mLj;J Njrpa rkhjhdj;jpw;fhd rig nfhOk;gpy; xU MHg;ghl;l CHtyj;ij elhj;jpAs;sJ. ,UEhw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhd r%f mikg;Gf;fspd; gpujpepjpfs; ,e;j MHg;ghl;l CHtyj;jpy; fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;.

tz.lhf;lH Fk;GuFKt t[;[pu NjuH gj;jpupifahsUld; NgRk;NghJ td;dpapy; mg;ghtpj; jkpo; kf;fs; gLk; Jd;gj;ijg; ghHj;jNghJ jdJ cs;sk; cile;J rpjwpajhfr; nrhd;dhH. nfhOk;G xspnts;sj;jpy; kpjf;Fk;NghJ td;dp kf;fs; xU khjj;Jf;F xU Nghj;jy; kz;nzz;izapy; tpsf;Nfw;wp> gbj;J> rikj;J tho;fpwhHfs;. mjpYk; (jkpo;) gs;sp khztHfs; epiy kpfg; gupjhgkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. mtHfSf;Fg; gbf;fg; Gj;jfq;fs; ,y;iy. kf;fSf;F Fspf;fr; Nrhg;gpy;iy. jiyapbf;Fg; ghtpf;Fk; m];gpupd; tpy;iyfSf;Ff; $lg; ngUk; jl;Lg;ghL epyTfpwJ. rj;jpu rpfpl;ir trjpapd;ik fhuzkhf kf;fs; cataract Neha;te;J fz;ghHit ,oe;J tUfpwhHfs;.

tz.t[;[pu NjuH NkYk; NgRifapy; ngsj;j FUkhupy; xU gpuptpdH ,dg;gpur;rpidf;F Aj;jj;jpd; %yk;; jPHT fhz Ntz;Lk; vd;W NgrptUtJ jdf;F kdtUj;jkhf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;whH. ,g;gbahd $g;ghL Gj;jngUkhdpd; Gdpj jHkj;Jf;F mstplKbahj ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. Gj;j jHkk; ,dnkhop Ngjj;jpw;F mg;ghw;gl;l newpahFk;. Aj;jj;ij epahag;gLj;j Gj;jNjuHfs; cl;glg; gyH Jl;lifKD -vy;yhsd; Nghiu jpupGgLj;JfpwhHfs;.

Mdhy; ahH vijr; nrhd;dhYk; rkhjhdj;Jf;fhd Jspiu KisapNyNa =yq;fhtpd; %j;j mikrH xUtH fps;spnawpe;jpUf;fpwhH.

""jkpo; <o tpLjiyg; GypfSld; Ngr;R elhj;Jk; murpd; epiyg;ghl;by; ve;jtpj khw;Kk; ,y;iy. Ngr;R thHj;ijf;fhd fjit muR jpwe;Nj itj;Js;sJ. Mdhy; Ngr;RthHj;ijf;F muR tpjpj;Js;s epge;jidfis Gypfs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;"" ,g;gb mikr;rH jpUtha; kyHe;jpUf;fpwhH. mjhtJ tp.Gypfs; MAjq;fisf; fPNo NghlNtz;Lk;> jkpoPof; Nfhupf;ifia iftpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;.

mikr;rupd; $w;W Ntjhsk; KUq;f kuj;ijtpl;L ,wq;fhJ vd;gijj;jhd; fhl;LfpwJ. ,e;j mikr;rUk; ,tiug; Nghd;NwhUk; njhlH;e;J fpzw;Wj; jtisNghy ,Uf;fNt tpUk;GfpwhHfs;.

gpe;jpf; fpilj;j nra;jpfspd;gb td;dp Aj;jfsj;jpy; Nkyjpf ,uhZtj;jpdH NtW ,lq;fspypUe;J nfhz;L te;J Ftpf;fg;gLfpd;wdH. ,e;j ,uhZt efHTfs; Ky;iyj;jPit ,yf;fhf itj;J kw;WnkhU ghupa gilnaLg;Gf;F rpq;fs ,uhZtk; jahuhfp tUtij fhl;LfpwJ.

cyfpy; jPHf;fg;gl KbahJ vd;W ehYNgUk; iftpl;l murpay; -,dg;gpurpidfs; Ngr;R thHj;ijfs; %yk;> rkhjhd topfspy;> ,uh[je;jpu kl;lj;jpy; jPHf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wd.

,Ugj;J Ie;J Mz;Lfs; GiuNahbg; Ngha;f;fple;j tl IaHye;Jg; gpur;rpid mnkupf;fhtpd; mDruizAld; gpupj;jhdpah-Iup\;FbauRj; murpay; jiytHfshy; Ngrpj; jPHj;J itf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

fpof;F jPNkhiu fle;j 24 Mz;Lfhykhf (1975k; Mz;L bnrk;gH 7) jdJ ,uhZ Mf;fpukpg;Gf;Fs; itj;Jf;nfhz;L> nkhj;j kf;fs; njhifapy; (700>000) %d;wpy; xU gq;F kf;fis (200>000) nfhd;nwhopj;j ,e;Njhdprpa ehl;L ,uhZtj;ij jpUg;gp mioj;Jf; nfhs;sg; Nghtjhf ,e;Njhdprpahtpd; rdhjpgjp gp.N[. fgpgp mwptpj;Js;shH.

,J NghyNt njd; Rlhid Mf;fpukpj;J mjidj; jd; gpbapy; itj;jpUf;f xU cs;ehl;L Aj;jj;ij elhj;jp tUk; tl Rlhdpd; Ml;rpj; jiytH njd; Rlhd; gpupe;J Nghtjw;F ,g;NghJ gr;irf; nfhb fhl;bAs;shH.

nfhNrhNth khfhzj;J my;NgdpaHfs; Njrpa ,dq;fSf;F ,Uf;Fk; RaepHza cupikapd; mbg;gilapy; NrHgpah ehl;bd; gpbapypUe;J tpLgLtJ ,g;NghJ epr;rakhfptpl;lJ. Kjypy; jd;dhl;rp mg;Gwk; %d;W Mz;Lfs; fopj;J G+uz Rje;jpukh ,y;iyah vd;gijapl;L xU Neub thf;nfLg;G elhj;jg;gl ,Uf;fpwJ.

mLj;j ,Ugj;njhuhk; Ehw;whz;bw;F cyfk; fhyb vLj;J itf;f ,d;Dk; Kd;DhW ehl;fNs ,Uf;Fk; ,d;iwa fhy fl;lj;jpy; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhtpd; ,dthj muR tuyhW gbj;Jf; nfhLf;Fk; ghlq;fisg; gbf;f kWj;J epw;fpwJ. tuyhW fw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk; ghlj;ij gbf;f kWg;gtHfSf;F mbNghl;Lj;jhd; ghlj;ij gbg;gpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ tpjp.

cyf muRfs; murpay;> nghUshjhu> njhopy;> jftH Jiwfspy; mjpetPdg;gl;L khwptUk;NghJ =yq;fh muR ,d;Dk; ehfupfk; mw;w xU Mjpthrp(fs;) muR ( Tribal State) NghyNt ele;J nfhs;fpwJ.

,e;jg; gpd;dzpapy; rHtkj FUkhuJ rkhjhd Kaw;rpfs;> mz;ika njhopyjpgHfsJ rkhjhd Kaw;rpNghy;> NghHthdj;jpy; Njhd;wp kiwAk; thdtpy;yhfNt Njhw;wkspfpwJ! (ek;ehL-2000)