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,izg;ghl;rpf;F  ey;y vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf tpsq;Fk; fdlh!

ef;fPud;

,d;W If;fpa ehLfs; rigapy; nkhj;jk; 192 ehLfs;  cWg;Gupik  tfpf;fpd;wd. elg;G Mz;by; ,uz;L ehLfs; I.eh.rapy; NrHj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;ld. xd;W fpof;F jpNkhH. kw;wJ Rtp];yhe;J. Rtp]; ehL fle;j nrg;njk;gH khjk; 10Mk; ehs; jhd; cWg;Gupik ngw;wJ. ,J gyUf;F tpag;ghf ,Uf;fyhk;.

cyf ehLfspd; murpay; ahg;Gf;fs; xd;Wf;F xd;W tpj;jpahrkhdit. ve;j ,uz;L ehLfsJ ahg;ghthJ xNu khjpupahf ,Ug;gijg; ghHf;fNt KbahJ. ehl;Lf;F ehL tuyhW> Gtpapay; fhuzkhf murpay; mikg;Gf;fs; tpj;jpahrg;gLfpd;wd.

cyf ehLfspd; murpay; ahg;Gf;fis mtw;wpd; Fzhk;rq;fdpd; mbg;gilapy; %d;W  gpupTfSf;Fs; mlf;fptplyhk;.

xw;iwahl;rp (unitary)> ,izg;ghl;rp (federal)> $l;L ,izg;ghl;rp (confederal) vd;gdNt me;j Kg;gpupTfshFk;.

xw;iwahl;rp vd;why; mjd; jd;ik vd;d vd;gJ vq;fSf;F njupAk;. ''=yq;fh FbauR xw;iwahl;rp muR MFk;''  (The Republic of Sri Lanka is a Unitary State)  vd ,g;NghJs;s =yq;fh murpay; ahg;gpy; njspthfr; nrhy;yg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.  

vy;yh mur ahg;Gf;fspYk; mjpfhug; gutyhf;fy; fl;lhak; ,lk; ngw;Nw Mf Ntz;Lk;. mJ nray; (functional) mbg;gilapy;  ,Uf;fyhk;. my;yJ gpuNjr mbg;gilapy; (territorial) ,Uf;fyhk;. ika muR ehl;bd; midj;J tplaq;fisAk; ftdpf;f KbahJ. vt;tsT Jhuk; mjpfhuk; ika murhy; khepy muRf;F gutyhf;fg; gLj;jg;gLfpwNjh (devolution) my;yJ ghug;gLj;jg; gLfpwNjh mijg; nghWj;Nj  xU ahg;G  xw;iwahl;rpah? ,izg;ghl;rpah? my;yJ $l;L ,izg;ghl;rpah? vd;gijr; nrhy;y KbAk;.  

Ehw;Wf;Fk; mjpfkhd ehLfs; xw;iwahl;rp murpay; mikg;igf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. nfhs;ifastpy; ika murhy; khepy muRf;F toq;fg;gLk; mjpfhuk; ve;j NeuKk; ,uj;Jr; nra;ag;glyhk;. my;yJ jpUj;jg;glyhk;. gy Mgpupf;f> kj;jpa fpof;F ehLfspd; murpay; mikg;G xw;iwahl;rpahFk;. xw;iwahl;rpapd; fPo; mjpfhuk; gutyhf;fg;glyhk;.  Mdhy; ,iwik gfpug;gl khl;lhJ.

,izg;ghl;rp murpay; mikg;gpy; xU ika muRk; xd;W my;yJ xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l khepy muRfSk; ,Uf;Fk;. ,izg;ghl;rp murpaypd;  Kf;fpa ,yf;F Ntw;Wikapy; xw;Wik (Unity in Diversity) fhz;gJ. ngUk;ghYk; me;j Ntw;Wik nkhop> gz;ghL> Gtpapay; Nghd;wtw;iw  mbg;gilahf ,Uf;Fk;.

If;fpa mnkupf;fh> fdlh> n[Hkdp> ,e;jpah> ghf;fp];jhd; Nghd;w ehLfs;  ,izg;ghl;rp murpay; mikg;igf; nfhz;Ls;s ehLfs;.

$l;L ,izg;ghl;rp murpay; mikg;gpy; nghJthd Fwpf;Nfhs;fSf;fhf gy khepy muRfs; xd;Wgl;L xU ika muir cUthf;Ffpd;wd. khepy muRfs; jq;fs; ,iwikiaj;  jq;fNshL itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wd. mjpfhuq;fs; NkypUe;J fPo; Nehf;fpr; nry;yhky;   fPopUe;J Nky; Nehf;fpr; nry;fpwJ. Fwpg;gpl;l rpy mjpfhuq;fis khepy muR(fs;)  jhkhfNt Kd;te;J ika muRf;Ff; ifaspf;fpd;wd. mjpfhuf; ifaspg;G ehl;Lf;F ehL tpj;jpahrg;gLk;.  $l;L ,izg;ghl;rpapd; fPo; xU khepy muR tpUk;gpdhy; gpupe;J Nghfyhk;. my;yJ cWg;Gupikiaf; fj;jupj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. Kd;ida Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak;> Kd;ida A+Nfhrpyhtpa FbauR> ,d;iwa INuhg;gpa xd;wpak; ,j;jifa murpay; mikg;Gf;F ey;y vLj;Jf;fhl;lhFk;.  

fdlh xU ,izg;ghl;rp murpay; Kiwiaf; nfhz;l ehL. %d;W Njrpa  ,dq;fspd; jha;ehL. Mq;fpNyaH> gpuQ;R> G+HtPf Fbfs; ,itNa me;j %d;W ,dq;fshFk;.

fdlh  ,yq;ifj; jPittpl (65>610rJu fp.kP.)  160 klq;F (9>984>670 rJu fp.kP.) ngupaJ. gj;J khfhzq;fisAk; 3 gpuNjrq;fisAk; nfhz;lJ.  Mq;fpyk; gpuQ;R ,uz;Lk; mur nkhopfs;.

kf;fs; kd;wk; (House of Commons) ehlhSkd;wk; Nkw;rig vd ,uz;L mitfisf; nfhz;lJ. ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;F 4 Mz;LfSf;F xUKiw elf;Fk; NjHjy; %yk; 301 cWg;gpdHfs; kf;fshy; NjHe;njLf;fg; gLfpwhHfs;. Nkw;rigapy; 104 cWg;gpdHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfs; gpujkuhy; epakpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. cr;rkd;w  ePjpgjpfSk; gpujkuhNyNa epakpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;.

xt;nthU khfhzj;Jf;Fk; jdp ehlhSkd;wk;> mikr;ruit> Kjyikr;rH> nfhb> ePjpj;Jiw> fy;tpj;Jiw> fhty;Jiw ,Uf;fpd;wd. Mdhy; ghJfhg;Gf;Fj;  jdp  ,uhZtk; fpilahJ. fdlh ahg;ig mg;gbNa Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhy; jkpo; kf;fSf;Fj; jdp ,uhZtk; itj;jpUf;f tha;g;gpy;iy.

fdlhtpd; ahg;G xNu Mtzkhf ,y;iy. gy rl;lq;fspd; njhFg;Ng  fNdba murpay; ahg;ghff; nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.  

fdlhtpd; murpay; ahg;G Muk;gj;jpy; jdpj;jdpahf ,aq;fpa  4 nfhydp ehLfSf;F gpupj;jhdpa ehlhSkd;wj;jhy; ,aw;wg;gl;l rl;lq;fshf ,Ue;jd. ,J ,d;W gj;J khfhzq;fs; %d;W gpuNjrq;fSf;Fupa ahg;ghf tsHr;rpaile;Js;sJ.

ve;jnje;jr; rl;lq;fs; fNdba ahg;gpy; cs;slf;fg; gl;bUf;fpwJ vd;w tpguj;ij 1982Mk; Mz;L ,aw;wg;gl;l ahg;gpd; ml;ltiz xd;wpy; gl;bay; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

,e;j 1982 ahg;Ng gpupj;jhdpa ehlhSkd;wk; fdlhtpw;fhf ,aw;wg;gl;l filrp murpay; ahg;ghFk;. mjd; gpd; murpay; ahg;Gf;F nfhz;L tug;gl;l  jpUj;jq;fs; ahTk; fNdba ehlhSkd;wj;jpdhNyNa epiwNtw;wg;gl;ld.

rl;lthf;fj;ijg; nghWj;jstpy; 1982 murpay;  ahg;G  fNdba ehl;bd; tuyhw;wpy; xU iky; fy;yhFk;. ahg;gpd; xU $whf cupikfs; kw;Wk; Rje;jpuq;fs; gl;lak; (Charter of Rights and Freedoms) NrHf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;jg; gl;lak; Fbkf;fsJ mbg;gilg; Ngr;Rr; Rje;jpuk;> vz;zr; Rje;jpuk;> rl;lj;jpd; Kd; vy;NyhUk; rkk;> xd;W$ly; Rje;jpuk; Nghd;wtw;iw cWjpg; gLj;Jfpd;wJ. NkYk; fNdba G+HtPf Fbkf;fSf;Fk; (rptg;gpe;jpaH) fdlhtpw;Fk; ,ilapy; fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; vOjg;gl;l cld;gbf;iffSf;F ,e;j murpay; ahg;G mq;fPfhuk; toq;fpAs;sJ.

,e;jg; Gjpa ahg;gpy; 1982 Vg;gpuy; 17 Mk; ehs; xl;lhthtpy; md;iwa gpujkH WhNl     (Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau)  kw;Wk; gpupj;jhdpa murpahH ,uz;lhtJ vyprngj; (Queen Elizabeth 11) ,UtUk; ifr;rhj;jpl;ldH. ,e;jg; Gjpa ahg;G 1867y; gpupj;jhdpa  ehlhSkd;wj;jhy; ,aw;wg;gl;l ahg;gpd; ,lj;ijg; gpbj;Jf; (replacement) nfhz;lJ.  

Mdhy;  ,e;jg; Gjpa ahg;G gpuQ;R nkhop NgRk; fpA+ngf; kf;fsJ Mjuitg; ngwj; jtwptpl;lJ. mg;NghJ fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpy; Kjyikr;ruhf ,Ue;j NwNd nyt];f;  (Quebec Premier Rene Levesque ) gpujkH gpaH]; WhNlAk; Vida khfhz Kjy;tHfSk; rjpnra;J jd;id Xuq;fl;btpl;lhHfs; vd;W Fw;wk; rhl;bdhH.

nyt];f; Gjpa murpay; ahg;G mjpfhuq;fis ikag;gg;gLj;JfpwJ vd;W nrhd;dhH. xl;lhthtpw;Fk; (ika muR) khfhz muRfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; tuptpjpg;G FbtuT gw;wpa mjpfhuq;fs;  mfyg;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W NfhupdhH. Gjpa   ahg;gpy; nyt];f; ifnaOj;jpl kWj;J tpl;lhH. ,e;j ,Ogwp ,d;Wtiu ePbf;fpwJ.  

,UgJ Mz;Lfs; fopj;Jk;  Gjpa  murpay; ahg;ig fpA+ngf; kf;fs;  G+uzkhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy vd;w kdTisr;ry;  Nga; gpbj;jkhjpup ehl;il Ml;bg;gilf;fpwJ.

fpA+ngf; murpay; thjpfspy; xU rhuhH (gpuptpidthjpfs;) gpaH]; WhNlh (,tH xU gpuQ;R fNdbaH) jq;fis tQ;rpj;J tpl;lhH vd;fpwhHfs;. ,d;ndhU rhuhH mjpfhuq;fs; ikag;gLj;jg;gl;L tpl;ld vd;W Fw;wr; rhl;L nghUsw;wJ> Njitapy;yhj gak; vd;W   mbj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. rhd;whf Rje;jpukhd FbtuT> tUkhdtupj; Jiwfs; fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,Ug;gij mtHfs; Rl;bf; fhl;LfpwhHfs;.

fpA+ngf; kf;fsJ xU Kf;fpa Nfhupf;if fNdba muR fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpd; r%f jdpj;jd;ikia (province's distinct society)
 
xg;Gf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;.

fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpy; Rje;jpuk; NfhUk; fl;rpahd ghHl;b fpA+ngf;Fth 1994Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; gjtpapy; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.  

fpA+ngf; kf;fsJ jiyaha gak; vd;dntd;why; tl mnkupf;fhtpy; thOk; RkhH 30 Nfhb Mq;fpNyaHfSf;F ,ilapy; Kf;fhy; Nfhb gpuQ;R nkhop NgRk; kf;fsJ nkhop> gz;ghL tpOq;fg;gl;LtpLk;; vd;gJjhd;. vdNt gpuptpidf; Nfhupf;iff;F cstpay; uPjpahf ,Uf;ff;$ba fhuzk; ,e;jg; gak;jhd;.   

fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpy; gpuQ;R nkhopf;Nf mur fUkq;fspy;  Kjyplk; nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ. ika  murj; jpizf;fsq;fspy; kl;Lk; Mq;fpyk; gpuQ;R ,uz;L nkhopf;Fk; rkTupik nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ.

fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpy; mq;fhbfspd; ngaHg; gyiffs; gpuQ;R nkhopapy; ngupjhfTk; Mq;fpyj;jpy; rpd;djhfTk; vOjp itf;f Ntz;Lk;. mq;fhbfspy; tpw;gidahFk; nghUl;fSk; ,Njkhjpup ,U nkhopfspYk; vOjg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mjw;fhd rl;lk; ,Uf;fpwJ. rl;lj;ij mKy;gLj;j jdpf; fhty;Jiw ,Uf;fpwJ. rl;lj;ij kPWgtHfs; kPJ tof;Fj; njhlug;gLfpwJ.  

fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpy; thOk; Mq;fpNyaHfSf;F ,e;jr; rl;lk; ngupa jiyapbahf ,Uf;fpwJ. mjdhy; mtHfSf;Fk; fpA+ngf; muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; KWfy;  ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. mz;ikf;fhykhf fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpy; ,Ue;J Mq;fpNyaH ntspNawp NtW khfhzq;fspy; FbNawp tUfpwhHfs;.

fpA+ngf; khfhzj;Jf;F ntspNa ika mur jpizf;fsq;fspy; ,uz;L nkhopf;Fk; rkTupik cz;L. khfhzq;fspy; my;yJ gl;bdq;fspy;  gpuQ;Rnkhop  NgRNthH fzprkhf ,Ue;jhy; (Fiwe;jJ 15tpOf;fhL) gpuQ;Rnkhopapy; fUkkhw;w trjpnra;J nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ.

ika muNrhL xUtH Mq;fpyj;jpy; my;yJ gpuQ;Rnkhopapy;  njhlHG nfhs;s KbAk;.   rl;lq;fs;> mur mwptpj;jy;fs;> Mtzq;fs;> ghuq;fs;> rl;lq;fs; midj;Jk; ,U nkhopapYk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. xU jpizf;fsj;NjhL njhiyNgrpapy; xUtH njhlHG nfhz;lhy; ,uz;L nkhopfspy;  ''ve;j nkhopapy; Nrit ngw tpUk;GfpwPHfs;?''  vd;W md;ghff; Nfl;fpwhHfs;!   

fNdba murpay; ahg;G  fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpy; thOk; gpuQ;R fNdbaHfsJ mgpyhirfis epiwT nra;aj; jtwptpl;lJ vd;w xU Kiwg;ghL ,Uf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; fdlhtpy; ,Ue;J gpupe;J jdpehL mikf;Fk;  Kaw;rp gpuQ;R  kf;fisg; gpujpepj;Jtg; gLj;Jk; ghHl;b fpA+ngf;Fth ( Parti Québécois ) vd;w fl;rpahy; fle;j fhyq;fspy; jPtpug; gLj;jg;gl;L te;jJ.   

filrpahf 1995 xf;NjhgH 30Mk; ehs; ele;j Neub  thf;nfLg;gpy;  jdpehl;Lj; jPHkhdk; mUk;nghl;by; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;lJ.  Mjuthf 49.4  tpOf;fhLk; vjpHj;J 50.6 tpOf;fhLk; thf;fspj;jd. nkhj;j thf;fhsHfspy; 93.52 tpOf;fhL thf;fhsHfs; thf;fspj;jpUe;jhHfs;.

fNdba murpaypy; fhzg;gLk; xU NeHj;jpahd ehfupfk; vd;dntd;why; ve;j Kuz;ghl;ilAk; Neupy; re;jpj;Jg; Ngrpj; jPHj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. MSk; fl;rpf;Fk; vjpHf;fl;rpfSf;Fk;> ika muRf;Fk; khfhz muRfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; ey;y Gupe;JzHT ,Uf;fpwJ. murpay; gz;ghL ,Uf;fpwJ.

vjpHf;fl;rpfis vjpupf; fl;rpfshfg; ghHf;Fk; FWfpa murpay; ,q;F kUe;Jf;Fk; ,y;iy.  ve;jnthU ika my;yJ khfhz ehlhSkd;wj;jpYk; mbjb rz;il> ehw;fhyp tPr;R> vd;gd fpilahJ. rig eltbf;iffis Fog;Gjy; vd;w Ngr;Rf;Nf ,lkpy;iy. mbf;fb khfhz Kjy;tHfSk; gpujkUk; $bg; NgRfpwhHfs;.  Njhw;w vjpHf;fl;rpj;  jiytiu fdlhtpd; JhJtuhf my;yJ xU mur $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpd; jiytuhf epakdk; nra;Ak;   mjpraj;ij ,q;Fjhd; ghHf;f KbAk;.

murpay; fl;rpfis Mjupf;Fk; nra;jpj;jhs;fs; cz;L. Mdhy; fl;rp nra;jpfs; fpilahJ. mJ NghyNt thndhyp njhiyf; fhl;rpfs;. mur fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,Uf;Fk; thndhyp njhiyf;fhl;rp eLepiyNahL ele;J nfhs;fpd;wd.  mtw;iw MSk;fl;rp jdJ fl;rp eyq;fSf;Fg; gad;gLj;jyhk; my;yJ tisf;fyhk; vd;gJ fdtpYk; vz;zpg; ghHf;f Kbahj tplak;.  

fdlhtpy; nts;isaH> fUg;gH> rPdH> ,e;jpaH> jkpoH (xd;Nuhwpah khfhzj;jpy; kf;fs; njhifappy; jkpoH 8tJ ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;) vd 80f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l ,dj;jtHfs; tho;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; ,dg; ghFghL ,y;iy. rl;lj;jpd; Kd; midtUk; rkkhf elj;jg;gLfpwhHfs;. xU  nts;isaH  fUg;giug; ghHj;J ""eP xU fUg;gd;'' vd;W nrhy;yptpl;lhy; mLj;j tpdhb mtiu fhty;Jiw ifJ nra;J nfhz;LNgha; tpLk;.

njhopy; xg;GuT  (Employment Equity)  ehL KOJk; rl;lg;gb  cWjp nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ,Ue;Jk; jdpahHnjhopy; Jiwapy; kl;Lk; ,dg;ghFghL ,iykiw fhahf ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; ghFghL fhl;lg;gLtJ mk;gykhdhy; rk;ge;jg;gl;ltHfs; kPJ rl;lk; ghAk;. Fw;wk; vz;gpf;fg;gl;lhy; fk;gp vz;z Ntz;bAk; tUk;!

,ijg; gbj;Jtpl;L fNdba ahg;ig mg;gbNa =yq;fhtpw;Ff; nfhz;L nrd;W  xl;l itj;J tpLtJjhNd vd;w Mir cq;fSf;F tuyhk;.  xl;l itf;f Kaw;rpf;fyhk;.  Mdhy; ,q;F fhzg;gLk; murpay; gz;ghL ghuk;gupak; ehfupfk;  mq;F ,Uf;f Ntz;LNk?

kuq;fs; $l vq;F el;lhYk; jisj;J tpLtjpy;iy. njd;dpyq;ifapy; jhdhfr; nropj;J tsUk; <ug;gyhf;fha; fd;iwf; nfhz;LNgha;  tlf;fpy; el;lhy; jl;gntg;g NtWghl;lhy; mJ ,Nyrpy; jisj;J tsuhJ. fNdba ,izg;ghl;rp murpay; ahg;Gf;Fk; me;jf; nfjp  Vw;glyhk;.    

 

fdlhtpy; ,Ue;J gpupe;J Nghf Kaw;rpf;Fk; gpuQ;R kf;fs;

fpA+ngf; kf;fs; gpupe;J Nghtjw;F toptFf;Fk;  Neubj; NjHjypy; gpuptpid Nfl;Fk; fpA+ngf;th fl;rp Njhy;tpAw;whYk; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;jgbNa mJ  risf;fhky; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; mg;gbahd NjHjy;fis itf;fg;Nghtjhf gaKWj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ.  ,e;jj; jiyapbf;Fg; gpujkH Nad; fpur;rpad; (Jean Chretien) xU KbT fl;l epidj;jhH. 1998Mk; Mz;L ika muR rhHgpy; gpujkH fNdba  cr;r ePjpkd;wj;ij mZfp %d;W Nfs;tpfSf;F gjpy; toq;FkhW Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. J. gJ.aH]; WhNl NghyNt fpur;rpaDk; xU gpuQ;R fNdbaH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpy; fNdba muR Kd;itj;j Nfs;tpfs; gpd;tUkhW.

·  Can Quebec unilaterally secede under Canada's Constitution?

·  Does international law give the province the right to secede?

·  If international and domestic law conflict, which takes precedence?

m) fNdba ahg;gpd; fPo; fpA+ngf; jd;dpr;irahfg; gpupe;J nry;y KbAkh?

M) midj;Jyfr; rl;lk; (fpA+ngf;) khfhzj;Jf;Fg; gpupe;J nry;Yk; cupikia toq;Ffpwjh?

,) midj;Jyfr; rl;lKk; cs;ehl;Lr; rl;lKk; Kuz;gl;lhy; ,uz;by; vjw;F  Kd;Dupik?

  ,e;jf; Nfs;tpfSf;F fNdba cr;r ePjpkd;wk; gpd;tUkhW gjpy; mspj;jJ.

''fpA+ngf; kf;fs; 'kf;fs;' vd;w nrhy;ypd; tiutpyf;fzj;Jf;Fupa mNef Fzhk;rq;fis epr;rakhfg; ngw;wpUf;fpwhHfs;.  Mdhy; mtHfs; xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fs; my;yJ nfhydpj;Jt kf;fs; vd;w msT epiyf;Fupa (threshhold) tiutpyf;fzj;ij epiwT nra;atpy;iy. vdNt mtHfs; jd;dhl;rp cupikf;F  (right of self determination) cupj;JilatHfs; my;y.

Mdhy; mtHfs; xU Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; gpuptpidf;F Mjuthfj; njspthff; Nfl;fg;gl;l Nfs;tpf;F 'Mk;' vd;W njspthd Kiwapy;  ngUk;ghd;ik (kf;fs;)  thf;fspj;jhy; fdlh fpa+ngf; khfhz muNrhL gpuptpidgw;wpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij Muk;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ Vida khfhz muRfs;> ika muR kw;Wk;  fpA+ngf; cl;gl vy;yh kf;fsJk; Fwpg;ghf rpWghd;ik kf;fsJ eyq;fs; fUj;Jf;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;.''

,uz;lhtJ %d;whtJ Nfs;tpf;Fg; gjpy; nfhLf;f Ntz;ba mtrpak;  ,y;iy vd;W cr;r ePjpkd;wk; nrhy;ypaJ.

 ,jpy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why;  cr;r ePjpkd;wj; jPHg;ig ,izg;ghl;rpia Mjupg;NghH gpuptpidia Mjupg;NghH vd ,UrhuhUk;  jq;fs;; jq;fs; gf;fj;Jf;Ff; fpilj;j ntw;wp vd;W nfhz;lhb kfpo;e;jJjhd;.

fpA+ngf; kf;fSf;F jd;dhl;rp cupik ,y;iy vd;W cr;r ePjpkd;wk; $wpaij itj;J  ,izg;ghl;rpapdH (federalists)  jq;fSf;Fj;jhd; ntw;wp vd;whHfs;. rpy epge;jidNahL gpupe;J Nghfyhk; vd;W cr;r ePjpkd;wNk nrhy;yptpl;lJ vd;gjhy; gpuptpidahsHfs; jq;fSf;F ntw;wp vd;whHfs;.

NkYk; njspthd Nfs;tp vd;why; vj;jd;ikaJ vd;Nwh njspthd ngUk;ghd;ik vd;why; vd;d tpOf;fhL vd;Nwh cr;r ePjpkd;wk; njspT gLj;jhJ me;juj;jpy; njhq;f tpl;L tpl;lJ.

1995Mk; Mz;L ele;j Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; 0.6 tpOf;fhL tpj;jpahrj;jpy;jhd; gpuptpidthjpfs; Njhw;whHfs; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

,e;j cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jkpo; kf;fSf;F Gw jd;dhl;rpAupik (external self-determination) ,Uf;fpwjh? epr;rakhf ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpo; kf;fSf;F vd;W xU tiuaiw nra;ag;gl;l epyk;>  jdpj;Jtkhd tuyhW> nkhop> gz;ghL kw;Wk; ghuk;gupak;  ,Uf;fpwJ. NkYk; mtHfs; rpq;fs murpdhy; fle;j ehd;F jrhg;jq;fshf xLf;fg;gLfpwhHfs; vd;gjw;fhd tYthd rhd;Wfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

fpA+ngf; kf;fSf;Fg; Gw jd;dhl;rpAupik ,y;yhj ,lj;Jk; ngUk;ghd;ikapdH tpUk;gpdhy; gpupe;J NghFk; cupik ,Uf;fpwJ vd cr;r ePjpkd;wk; nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwJ. vdNt jkpo; kf;fSk; xU Neub thf;nfLg;G %yk; gpupe;J Nghfyhk;. my;yJ Aj;j fsj;jpy; ntw;wp ngw;W  jq;fsJ jd;dhl;rp cupikia epiyehl;lyhk;.

1995Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpwF fpA+ngf; gpuptpidthjpfs; ,d;ndhU Neub thf;nfLg;ig elj;j Kd;tutpy;iy. mjid ghHl;b fpA+ngf;th fl;rp js;spg; Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L tUfpwJ.  epr;rak; nty;y KbAk; vd;w ek;gpf;if mtHfSf;F ,y;yhky; ,Ug;gNj mjw;Ff; fhuzkhFk;. fle;j 35 Mz;Lfshf fdlhtpd; gpujkuhfg; gjtp tfpj;J tUgHfs; fpA+ngf; khfhzj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; vd;gJ Nehf;fj;jf;fJ.

fdlh ehl;bd; nkhj;j epyg; gug;gsT 9>984>670 rJu.fp.kPl;lH (mnkupf;fhit tplr; rw;Wg; ngupaJ)  ,jpy; fpA+ngf; khfhzj;jpd; nkhj;jg; gug;gsT 1>542>056 rJu.fp. kPl;lH. fdlhtpd;  kf;fs; njhif 30>007>094 (2001).  fpA+ngf; khfhz kf;fs; njhif 7>291>498. ,jpy; 85 tpOf;fhL gpuQ;R fNdbaHfs;.   

NkYk; fpa+ngf; gpupe;J Nghfj; jPHkhdpj;jhy; me;j KbT jq;fisf; fl;Lg;gLj;jhJ vd;W me;j khfhzj;jpy; thOk; G+HtPf Fbkf;fs; (rptg;gpe;jpaH)  mwptpj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

,Ue;Jk; xU Rje;jpu fpA+ngf; muRf;fhd ,iwikg; Nghuhl;lk; ePW G+j;j neUg;ghfNt ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.

jkpo; kf;fs; mDgtpj;j mdHj;jq;fs;> mtyq;fs;> nkhop> fy;tp> Ntiytha;g;G ghFghL ,tw;wpy; 10 tpOf;fhL jd;Dk; fpA+ngf; kf;fs; mDgtpj;jpUe;jhy; fNdba ,izg;ghl;rp murpay; mikg;G cile;J xU Rje;jpu ,iwikAs;s fpA+ngf; muR vg;NghNjh cUthfpapUf;Fk;! (ek;ehL-bnrk;gH 19>2002)