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,iwth kPjp cyfj;ijAk; mopf;fth G\;irg; gilj;jha;?

ef;fPud;

,iwth> Vd;
kdpjidg; gilj;jha;?

kdpjidg; gilj;jjhy;
ghjp cyfk; mope;J tpl;lJ!

kPjpiaAk; mopf;fth
G\;irg; gilj;jha;?

'tPuNfrup' ehNsl;by; ntspte;j GJf; ftpij ,J. MW tupfspy; G\;rpd; Njhiy cupj;Jf;fhl;batH tl;lfiyiar; NrHe;j V.GtNde;jpud;.

cyfj;ij mopf;Fk; G\;NrhL mtuJ "ril eha;' Md Nuhdp gpNsaiuAk; NrHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. gpupj;jhdpahtpy; cs;s kf;fspy; 54 tpOf;fhl;bdH Nuhdp gpNsaH 'G\;rpd; ril eha;' ("Bush's poodle'' ) vd vz;ZfpwhHfs;. The Daily Telegraph ehNsl;Lf;fhf elj;jg;gl;l xU fUj;Jf; fzpg;G ,jidj; njuptpj;Js;sJ. NkYk; Nuhdp gpNsah; G\;rpd; Vty; eha; (running dog) kbeha; (lap dog) vd;Wk; mHr;rpf;fg; gLfpwhH.

''Nuhdp gpNsaH gpupj;jhdpahtpd; gpujkH my;y. mtH mnkupf;fhtpd; ntspAwT mikr;rH'' vd;W njd; Mgpupf;fhtpd; Kd;dhs; Ml;rpj; jiytH ney;rd; kz;Nlyh nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhH.

G\;irg; gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpLifapy; ''G\; If;fpa ehLfspd; mjpfhuj;ij Vd; fPoWg;Gr; nra;fpwhH? mjd; nrayhsH ehafk; xU fUg;gH vd;gJjhd; fhuzk;. nts;isaHfs; me;jg; gjtp tfpj;jNghJ mtHfs; mg;gb elf;ftpy;iy. G\; njspthfr; rpe;jpf;fj; njupahjtH. mtH cyfj;ij xU ngUk; mopTf;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpwhH''

(" Why is the U.S. "undermining the authority of the United Nations? Because Kofi Annan, the Secretary General, is black. They never did that when secretary-generals were white. Mr. Bush is a president who can't think properly and wants to plunge the world into holocaust") vd kpff; fLikahfr; rhbapUf;fpwhH.

ney;rd; kz;Nlyhtpd; $w;wpy; cz;ik ,Uf;fpwJ. ,e;j Aj;jk; nts;isaH fUg;gUf;F ,ilapyhd Aj;je;jhd;. ,uhf; ehl;bd; kPJ gilnaLj;j mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah. mT];jpNuypah ehLfs; cwtpy; mz;zd; jk;gpfs;. mq;Nyh rf;];rd; (Anglo-Saxons) ,dj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs;!

,d;W rdhjpgjp NahH[; G\;Rk; gpujkH Nuhdp gpNsaUk; cyf mikjpf;F kpfg; ngupa mr;RWj;jyhf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfNs cz;ikahd gaq;futhjpfs;.

mnkupf;fh gpw ehLfs; kPJ gilnaLj;Jj; jhf;Fjy; elj;JtJ ,J Kjy; jlit my;y. kf;fshl;rp gw;wp tha;fpopag; NgRk; mnkupf;fh xU Vfhjpgj;jpa ehL. gy ehLfs; kPJ mnkupf;fh Mf;fpukpg;Gg; NghHfis fl;ltpo;j;J tpl;Ls;sJ. gy ehLfspd; Ml;rpj; jiytHfis mnkupf;f csT epWtdkhd rpIV jPHj;Jf; fl;bAs;sJ.

gpA+l;Nlh wpf;Nfh (Puerto Rico -July, 1898)
rPdh (1945-1946> 1950-1953)
tlnfhupah (1950-1953)
,;e;Njhdprpah (1958)
fTj;jkhyh (1960, 1967-1969)
fpA+gh (Vg;gpuy; 1961)
nfhq;Nfh (1964)
tpal;ehk; (1964-1975)
NgU (1965)
yhNth]; (1964-4973)
fk;Nghbah ( 1969-1970)
gdhkh ((1989)
nlhkpdpf;fd; FbauR (1965)
gdhkh (1979)
gpypg;gpd;];
rpyp (1973)
vy;ry;tNlhH (1980)
fpnwndlh (1983)
,uhf; (1990-1999)
A+NfhrpNytpah (1999)
Mg;fdp];jhd; (1998-2001)

,e;jg; gl;bay; KOikahdjy;y. mnkupf;fh cyfpy; cs;s 144 ehLfs; kw;Wk; gpuNjrq;fspy; jdJ gilfis epWj;jpAs;sJ. Fwpg;ghf njd; nfhupah> ag;ghd;> n[Hkdp> rTjp mNugpah> gpupj;jhdpah> Mg;fdp];jhd; Nghd;w ehLfspy; Mapuf;fzf;fhd gilfisAk; jsq;fisAk; mnkupf;fh itj;jpUf;fpwJ. elkhLk; mnkupf;f NghHf;fg;gy;fspy; kl;Lk; 20>000 flw;gilapdH ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

,g;gb ,yl;rf;fzf;fhd gilfis NtW ehLfspy; mnkupf;fh epWj;jp itj;jpUg;gjw;F vd;d fhuzk;? mikjpiag; Ngzth? ,y;iy. jdJ ehl;bd; G+Nfhs murpay;-nghUshjhu tzpf eyd;fisf; fl;bf; fhf;fNt ,e;jg; gilfis mnkupf;f epWj;jpapUf;fpwJ.

,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd Nghupy; vspjhf ntw;wp thif #btplyhk; vd;Wjhd; mnkupf;fhTk; gpupj;jhdpahTk; vz;zpapUe;jd. Rw;WyhTf;Fg; NghtJNghy ,uhf;Ff;Fs; Eise;J gj;jhj; efiuf; ifg;gw;wp rjhk; FNrdpd; Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;j;J tplyhk; vd;gJ ,e;j ,uz;L ehLfspd; ,uhZtj; jsgjpfspd; fzpg;ghf ,Ue;jJ.

$l;lzpg;gilfs; ,uhf;fpy; fhyb vLj;J itf;f Ntz;baJjhd;> rjhk; FNrdpd; rHthjpfhu Ml;rpapy; rpf;Fz;L my;yy;gLk; ,uhf; nghJ kf;fs; mtuJ Ml;rpf;F vjpuhf fpsHe;J vOthHfs; vd;W vjpHghHf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; mJ eilngwtpy;iy.

,uhf; gil mzpnahd;W (Divison) ruz; mile;jjhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;. gpd;dH mJ xU gpupNfl; vd;wstpy; Fiwf;fg;gl;lJ.

'rjhkpd; Ml;rpf;F vjpuhf g];uh efu kf;fs; fpsHe;J vOe;Js;shHfs;' vd;W mnkupf;f gilj;jsgjp nrhd;dhH. mnkupf;f njhiyf;fhl;rpfs; mij xspgug;gpd. Mdhy; mJ ntWk; GYlh vd;gJ ,g;NghJ njupe;Jtpl;lJ.

xU ,uhradj; njhopw;rhiyia mnkupf;fg; gilfs; fz;Lgpbj;J tpl;lhHfs; vd;w nra;jp te;jJ. mJTk; ngha; vd;gJ gpd;dH njuptpf;fg;gl;lJ.

,uhf;fpd; Kf;fpa ,uhZt jsgjpiag; gpbj;J tpl;Nlhk; vd;W gpupj;jhdpa gil mjpfhup nrhd;dhH. Mdhy; me;jr; nra;jp te;j rpy kzpj;jpahyaq;fspy; me;jr; nra;jpapy; cz;ikapy;iy vd;W kWf;fg;gl;lJ.

,uz;L thug; NghUf;Fg; gpd;dUk; ve;jnthU ngupa efuj;ijAk; $l;lzpg; gilfs; KOjhf ,d;Dk; ifg;gw;wtpy;iy. ,uhf; Jizg;gilfspd; nfupy;yh vjpHj;jhf;Fjy; mt;tsT fLikahf ,Ue;jJ.

Mdhy; gf;jhj; efH kPJ ghupa Fz;LfisAk; VTfizfisAk; tPrp mjidg; ngUkstpy; mopg;gjpy; $l;lzpapd; tpkhdg; gil 'ntw;wp' fz;Ls;sJ.

muz;kidfs;> mikr;R mYtyfq;fs;> jfty;njhlHG epiyaq;fs;> njhiyf;fhl;rp thndhyp Clfq;fs;> kf;fs; FbapUg;Gf;fs; Kw;whf Fz;Lfs; Nghl;L mopj;njhopj;Js;sd.

,e;jf; Fz;L tPr;rpy; ,Jtiu 650f;Fk; Nkyhd nghJ kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. me;jf; Nfhuf; fhl;rpia ,uhf; njhiyf;fhl;rp xspgug;gp tUfpwJ. 'Aj;jj;jpy; nghJ kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gLtJ jtpHf;f KbahJ' vd;W mnkupf;f ,uhZt jsgjp jpkpNuhL nrhy;fpwhH.

mnkupf;fg; gilfs; Najaf vd;w efupy; cs;s jLg;G Kidf;F mUfpy; te;j thfdk; kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jpajpy; 7 nghJ kf;fs; ngUk;ghYk; ngz;fs; Foe;ijfs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. Hillah vd;w efupy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l ,d;ndhU mnkupf;f cyq;F thDhHjpj; jhf;Fjypy; xU thfdj;jpy; gazk; nra;j xNu FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;j 15 ,uhf;fpa Fbkf;fs; ,we;J NghdhHfs;.

mnkupf;f-gpupj;jhdpag; gilnaLg;Gf;F vjpuhf cyfpy; thOk; Nfhbf;fzf;fhd nghJ kf;fs; jq;fs; vjpHg;igf; fhl;bAs;shHfs;. muG ehLfspy; Aj;jj;jpw;F vjpuhd czHtiyfs; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ntbj;Jf; fpsk;Gfpd;wd. muhg; yPf; mnkupf;fhtpd; Mf;fpukpg;Gg; Nghiuf; fz;bj;J jPHkhdk; epiwNtw;wpaJ. Mdhy; ,e;j vjpHg;Gf;fis mnkupfhTk; gpupj;jhdpahTk; fz;L nfhs;stpy;iy.

ngUk;ghyhd ehLfs; ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd Aj;jk; epWj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W fPr;Rf; Fuypy; nrhy;tNjhL epd;W tpLfpd;wd.

rTjp mNugpah> NahHlhd; Nghd;w ehLfs; ntspapy; Nghiu epuhfupg;gJNghy ebj;jhYk; jpiu kiwtpy; mnkupf;fh ,uhf; kPJ njhLj;jpUf;Fk; NghUf;F ngupJk; cjtp tUfpd;wd.

cUrpah. gpuhd;]; kw;Wk; n[Hkdp ehLfs; Muk;gj;jpy; fhl;ba #uj;jdj;ij ,g;NghJ fhl;Ltjpy;iy. cUrpahTk; gpuhd;Rk; ,uhf; vz;nza; Rj;jpfupg;Gj; njhopw;rhiyfspy; Nfhbf;fzf;fpy; KjyPL nra;Js;sd. ,jdhy; Aj;jk; Kbtile;j gpd;dH me;j KjyPLfisf; fhg;ghw;Wk; Nehf;NfhL mnkupf;fhit gifj;Jf; nfhs;sg; gag;gLfpd;wd.

rPdh thastpy; mnkupf;fhit jpl;btpl;L jpiukiwtpy; me;j ehl;il Mjupj;J tUfpwJ.

,e;jpahtpd; epiyg;ghLjhd; gupjhgk;. mzpNruh ehLfspd; ek;gpf;if el;rj;jpuk; vd;W vz;zg;gLk; ,e;jpah thiyr; RUl;b fhy;fSf;F ,ilapy; itj;Jf; nfhz;L mnkupf;fhtpw;F ey;y gps;isahf ele;J nfhs;fpwJ. ,uhf; kPjhd mnkupf;f-gpupj;jhdpa gilnaLg;igf; fz;bf;fpNwhk; vd;W nrhy;y ,e;jpa muR jahuhapy;iy.

,e;jpa Jizg; gpujkH vy;.Nf. mj;thdp> ntspAwT mikr;rH a];te; rpq;fh. ghJfhg;G mikr;rH ngHdhd;l]; Nghd;NwhH 'ehq;fs; mbf;fpw khjpup mbf;fpNwhk; eP (mnkupf;fh) mOfpw khjpup mO' vd;fpw Njhuizapy; Nehfhky; nry;ykhf mnkupf;fhit thastpy; fz;bf;fpwhHfs;!

mnkupf;fhitg; gifj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; mJ ghfp];jhd; gf;fk; NkYk; rha;e;JtpLk; vd;gJ ,e;jpahtpd; mr;rkhFk;. Mdhy; ghfp];jhd; ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd Nghupy; ntspg;gilahf MjuT njuptpf;fhj epiyapYk; mnkupf;fhtpd; nry;yg;gps;isahfNt ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. mjpy; ve;j khw;wKk; ,y;iy. ,e;jpahtpw;F mnkupf;fh nfhLf;Fk; epjpAjtpiatpl MW klq;F cjtpia mnkupf;fh ghfp];jhDf;F toq;FfpwJ.

,jpy; kpfTk; gupjhgj;Jf;Fupa mikg;G If;fpa ehLfs; mitjhd;. Fitj;J kPJ 1990 ,y; ,uhf; gilnaLj;jNghJ If;fpa ehLfs; mit mnkupf;fh jiyikapy; gil jpul;b ,uhf; kPJ 'ghiytdg; Gay;' vd;w NghH njhLj;jJ. ,d;W mJ filg;gpbf;Fk; gaq;fu kTdk; mjd; gbkj;ij Rf;F Ehwhf cilj;Js;sJ!

Mdhy; ,d;W midj;Jyf rl;lq;fisf; fhypy; Nghl;L kpjpj;Jtpl;L ,uhf; kPJ xU mg;gl;lkhd Mf;fpukpg;Gg; Nghiu fl;ltpo;j;J tpl;bUf;Fk; mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah kw;Wk; mT];jpNuypah kPJ Nfhgp mdd; ve;j eltbf;ifiaak; vLf;ftpy;iy. ,uhf;fpd; kPs; fl;likg;G I.eh. mitapdhy;jhd; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; vd;W Nfhgp mdd; NgrpapUf;fpwhH. ,J mnkupf;f gilnaLg;Gf;F yhyp ghLtJ Nghd;wJ.

,ij vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ mnkupf;ftpd; %d;whtJ gil mzp njw;fpy; ,Ue;J gf;jhj; efiu neUq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. mnkupf;f gilazpfs; 30 fw;fs; njhiytpy; mz;kpj;Jtpl;ljhfr; nra;jpfs; njuptpf;fpd;wd. gf;jhj;jpd; ghJfhg;Gf;fhf ,uhf;fpd; jiyrpwe;j ,uhZtkhd FbauRg; gilfs; epWj;jp itf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Vw;fdNt ,e;jg; gilazpfspd; gyj;ij kOq;fbf;f mnkupf;f tpkhdq;fs; mtw;wpd; kPJ Fz;L kio nghope;J tUfpwJ. ehnshd;Wf;F 900f;Fk; mjpfkhd tpkhdg; gwg;Gf;fis mnkupf;f NghH tpkhdq;fs; Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpd;;wd.

xU ty;yurpd; etPd gilazpfisAk; etPd NghH MAjq;fisAk; NghH tpkhdq;fisAk; vjpHj;J xU %d;whtJ cyf ehlhd ,uhf; ntw;wp ngWtJ kpff; fbdkhFk;.

Mdhy; ,uhf;ifg; nghWj;jstpy; ,e;jg; NghH ntw;wp Njhy;tpiag; gw;wpajy;y. xU ehl;bd; khdg; gpur;rpid.

,uhf; mjpgH rjhk; FNrd; kbtnjd;why; ,uhf; kz;zpy;jhd; tpOe;J kbNtd; capUf;Fg; gae;J jhNdh jdJ FLk;gNkh may;ehLfSf;F Xl khl;Nlhk; vd;W miw$tp ,Uf;fpwhH. jd;khdk; ,oe;J me;epadplk; kz;bapl;L tho;tijtpl khdj;NjhL kuzj;ij jOTtjd; %yk; tuyhw;W VLfspy; jd;id xU Rj;j tPudhfg; gjpj;Jf; nfhs;tijNa rjhk; FNrd; tpUk;GfpwhH.

tp.Gypfspd; murpay; kjpAiuQH ghHitapy; rjhk; FNrd; xU rHthjpfhupahf ,Uf;fyhk;. mij xU thjj;jpw;F xg;Gf; nfhz;lhYk; me;j rHthjpfhupia xopf;f ,d;ndhU ehL me;j ehl;bd; kPJ gilnaLj;J mjidj; jPf;fpiuahf;FtJk; nghJkf;fisf; nfhd;W Ftpg;gJk; rHthjpfhukhFk;. mjid epahag;gLj;j KbahJ. mjw;F rl;lj;jpy; ,lk; ,y;iy.

cz;ikapy; rjhk; FNrid xU rHthjpfhupahf tsHj;Jtpl;lNj mnkupf;fhjhd;. ,uhf;fpy; kd;duhl;rp xope;j gpwF ghj;jp];l; fl;rp Ml;rpg; nghWg;ig Vw;wJ. mjd; gpd;dH Ml;rp mjpfhuk; rjhk; FNrdpd; ifapy; rpf;f fhuzkhf ,Ue;jNj mnkupf;fhjhd;. 1968,y; rjhk; FNrd; ,uhf;fpd; mjpguhdhH. muhgpaHfSf;F xl;lfk; Nka;f;f kl;LNk njupAk; vd;wpy;iy mtHfSf;F ];fl; VTfizfisAk; Vtj; njupAk; vd;gijAk; mtH nra;J fhl;bdhH. ,J mnkupf;fhTf;Fg; gpbf;ftpy;iy. md;iwa ,uhdpa kd;dH \h %yk; rjhKf;F mnkupf;fh jiyapb nfhLf;f Muk;gpj;jJ. kd;dH \h tlf;Nf FHjp\; kf;fsJ Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;ij Mjupj;jhH. njw;Nf \pah K];ypk;fis rjhKf;F vjpuhf VtpdhH. ,tw;iw vjpHnfhs;s rjhk; cUrpahtplk; ,Ue;J MAj cjtpia ehbdhH. ,uhdpa kd;dH \htpd; Ml;rp ,];yhkpag; Gul;rp %yk; ftpo;f;fg;gl;lNghJ mnkupf;fh mjpHr;rp mile;jJ. ,uhf;-,uhd; ,ilapyhd rz;ilapy; mnkupf;fhTk; gpupj;jhdpahTk; ,uz;L ehLfSf;Fk; MAjq;fis toq;fpg; Nghiu 8 Mz;Lfs; ePbf;fr; nra;jd.

,NjNghy;jhd; Mg;fhdp];jhdpy; kd;dH Ml;rpf;Fg; gpwF kf;fshl;rp kyHe;jJ. mjpfhuj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpa fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpf;F Mjuthf Nrhtpaj; gilfs; te;jd. me;j Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;g;gjw;F cyfk; KOikAk; cs;s kjthj ,];yhkpa ,isQHfisj; jpul;b mtHfSf;F gzKk; MAjKk; nfhLj;J tho;j;jp NghHf;fsj;Jf;F mnkupf;fh mDg;gp itj;jJ. mtHfspy; xUtd;jhd; ,d;W mnkupf;fhtpw;F rpk;k nrhg;gdkhf ,Uf;Fk; ,];yhkpa jPtputhjp xrhkh gpd; Nyld;. nwhdhy;l; Nwfdpd; gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; Jtf;NfhL nts;is khspiff;Fs; Eise;j Rje;jpug; ''Nghuhl;l tPud;'' ,e;j gpd; Nyld;jhd;! gpd; Nylidf; fl;bj; jOtpa Nwfd; mtid mnkupf;fhtpd; Njhw;Wtpg;ghsHfNshL (Founding Fathers of America) xg;gpl;Lg; NgrpdhH!

,urhad> capupay; MAjq;fis rjhk; FNrd; itj;jpUg;gjhf mnkupf;fh xg;ghup itf;fpwJ. mtw;iw xopf;fNt ,e;jg; NghH vd mnkupf;fh nrhy;fpwJ. ,J rhj;jhd; Ntjk; XJtJ Nghd;wJ. fhuzk; ,tw;iw rjhKf;F nfhLj;J cjtpa ehL mnkupf;fhjhd;!

,e;jg; Nghupy; ,uhf; Njhw;fbf;fg;glyhk;. mjd; jiytHfs; nfhy;yg;glyhk;. mnkupf;f gpupj;jhdpa gilfs; ntw;wp ngwyhk;. Mdhy; me;j ntw;wp xU ntWikahd ntw;wpahfNt ,Uf;Fk;. NghH mj;NjhL Xa;e;JtplhJ. mnkupf;fhtpw;Fk; K];ypk;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; cyfshtpa gifik tsUk;. mnkupf;fhtpw;F Kz;L nfhLf;Fk; ,];yhkpa ehLfspd; Ml;rpj; jiytHfs; gjtpapy; ,Ue;J Juj;jg;gLthHfs;.

gaq;futhjj;ij xopg;gjw;Fg; gjpy; ,uhf;Ff;F vjpuhd mnkupf;fhtpd; Mf;fpukpg;G Aj;jk; mjidg; ghYhl;br; rPuhl;b ehnshU NkdpAk; nghOnjhU tz;zKk; tsHf;Fk;. NghHjhd; kpfg; ngupa gaq;futhjk; (War is terror) vd;gij ahUk; kWf;f KbahJ. (ek;ehL-Vg;upy; 03> 2003)