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jkpo;g; gz;ghl;Lf;F Ntyp Nghl;l jpUts;StH

 (ef;fPud;)

jkpo;nkhopf;F tuk;G fl;batH njhy;fhg;gpaH. jkpoH gz;ghl;Lf;F Ntyp Nghl;ltH jpUts;StH. 

jkpOf;F 'fjp" fk;guhkhazKk; jpUf;FwSk; vd;W Ngrg;gLtij Nfl;bUf;fpNwhk;. ,yf;fpaf; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpNyNa ,t;thW nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. fk;guhkhazKk; jpUf;FwSk; jkpopy; cs;s ,izaw;w ,yf;fpar; nry;tq;fs; vd;gjpy; ve;jf; fUj;J NtWghLk; ,y;iy. ,Ue;Jk; ,e;j ,uz;L Ehy;fSk; ntt;NtW ,yf;fpaj; jsj;ijr; rhHe;jit. 

fk;guhkhazk; xU rka fhg;gpak;. fhyj;jhy; gpe;jpaJ. fhrpy; nfhw;wj;J ,uhkd; fijiathy;kPfp tlnkhopapy; Kjypy; ghbdhH. mijj; jOtpNa Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; fopj;J  fy;tpapy; ngupa fk;gH ,uhkfhijia ,aw;wpdhH. vdNt fk;guJ ,uhkfhij topEhy;. ,Ue;Jk; %yEhypy;  fhzg;glhj ,yf;fpa jpl;g El;g moFfs; fk;guJ ,uhkhazj;jpy; fhzg;gLfpwJ. thy;kPfp ,uhkid xU rpwe;j murdhfr; rpj;jupf;f fk;gH mtid mtjhu epiyf;F  caHj;jpdhH. mJNt fk;guJ gyKk; gytPdKk; MFk;. 

jpUf;Fws; xU xOf;f Ehy;. fhyj;jhy; Ke;jpaJ. vy;yhr; rkaj;jtUf;Fk; vy;yhf; fhyj;jpw;Fk; Vw;wjhd nghJ kiw.  jkpopy; vOjg;gl;l Kjy; Ehy; vd;w ngUikia cilaJ. 

jpUf;FwSk; xU nkhopngaHg;G Ehy;jhd; vd;W nrhd;dtHfs; xU fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jhHfs;. jpUf;Fwspd; mwj;Jg;ghy; kDePjpapd; jOty; vd;Wk;> nghUl;ghy; fTby;aupd; mHj;jrhj;jpuj;jpd; nkhopngaHg;G vd;Wk;> fhkj;Jg;ghy; tj;rhdaupd; fhk#j;jpuj;jpd; gpopT vd;Wk;  $wpdhHfs;.   

xy;fhg; Gfo; njhy;fhg;gpaKk; ghzpdpapd; ,yf;fz Ehiyj; jOtp vOjg;gl;l ,yf;fz Ehy; vd;w fUj;Jk; neLq;fhykhf ,Ue;J te;jJ. 

jpUf;Fws;> njhy;fhg;gpak; Nghd;w Ehy;fs; kl;Lky;y>  jkpopy; vOjg;gl;l Ehy;fs; mj;jidAk; nrhe;jkhf vOjg;gl;lit my;y> mit tlnkhop Ehy;fspd; nkhopngaHg;G my;yJ jOty; vd;w khia mz;ikf;; fhyk;tiu tYg; ngw;wpUe;jJ. Vd; jkpo;nkhop cl;gl ,e;jpa nkhopfs; mj;jidf;Fk; tlnkhopNa jha;nkhop vd;w fUj;Jk; epiy nfhz;bUe;jJ.

ey;yfhykhf ,e;jf; fUj;Jf;fs; ,d;W  mbgl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;ld. me;jr; rhjidia rhjpj;j ngUik jkpo; ehl;Lf;F rkak; gug;g te;j fy;Lnty; Iaiur; rhUk;. mtHjhd; jhk; vOjpa ""jpuhtpl nkhopfspd; xg;gpyf;fzk;"" vd;w mupa Ehypy; jkpo;nkhop jdpAaH nrk;nkhop vd;gij jf;f vLj;Jf; fhl;Lf;fSld; epiy ehl;bdhH. 

tlnkhopf;F <lhf my;y tlnkhopia nty;Yk; tz;zk; jkpo;nkhop ,yf;fpa> ,yf;fz tsk; cilaJ vd tl mnkupf;f NgHf;fpyp (Berkley) gy;fiyf; fofj; jkpo;g; NguhrpupaH NahH[; `hl; (George Hart) fUj;Jr; njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhH. gd;nkhop mwpQuhd NahH[; `hl; tlnkhop ,yf;fpa ,yf;fz Ehy;fis tlnkhopapNyNa gbj;jpUg;gjhfr; nrhy;fpwhH.   

jpUf;Fws; jkpopy; vOJg;gl;l Kjy;  Ehy; vd;w ngUik cilaJ vd;W nrhd;Ndhk;. ,dk;> nkhop> rkak;> fhyk; fle;J ts;StH kdpj Fyj;jpd; caHTf;fhf ,e;jg; nghJkiwia mUspdhH. Mdhy;  jpUf;FwSf;F vy;yhr; rpwg;Gk; ,Ue;Jk;  mJ GytHfshy; kl;LNk Nghw;wg;gl;l xU Ehyhf ,Ue;J te;jpUf;fpwJ.  

nghJ kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ghujk;> ,uhkhazk;> gftj;fPij mwpKfkhd mstpw;Fj; jpUf;Fws; jkpo; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; mwpKfkhftpy;iy. Nghw;wg;glTk; ,y;iy.

 

tuyhw;iw jpUg;gpg; ghHf;Fk;NghJ jkpofj;ij Mz;l %Nte;jHfNsh>  FWepy kd;dHfNsh jpUf;Fwis Mjupj;jjw;Nfh jpUts;Stiur; rpwg;gpj;jjw;Nfh rhd;Wfs; vJTk; ,y;iy.  

,Ue;Jk; rq;fk;kUtpa fhyj;jpd; gpd; vOjg;gl;l nre;jkpo; Ehy;fs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; jpUts;StH Ml;rp nrYj;JfpwhH. mtuJ fUj;Jf;fs; vLj;J Msg;gl;Ls;sd. irtHfs;> rkzHfs;> itztHfs;> gTj;jHfs;> fpwpj;jtHfs; jq;fSf;F Ntz;batw;iw ms;spf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH. Ik;ngUk; ,yf;fpaq;fshd rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpYk;> kzpNkfiyapYk; jpUf;Fws; fUj;Jf;fs; vLj;jhsg; gl;Ls;sd. 

""nja;tk; njhohms; nfhOed;njhOJ vOths;
 nga;nadg; nga;Ak; ngUkio vd;w
 mg;ngha;apy; Gytd; nghUs; ciu Njwha;"" 

vd;gJ rhj;jdhupd; kzpNkfiy. 

"nja;tk; njhoms; nfhOed; njhOthisj;
 nja;tk; njhOk; jifik jpz;zpjhy;""

vd;gJ ,sq;Nfhtbfspd; rpyg;gjpfhuk;.   

,g;NghJjhd; jpUts;StUf;Fk; jpUf;FwSf;Fk; nfhQ;rk; ey;yfhyk; gpwe;jpUf;fpwJ. fle;j Mz;L nghq;fy; ehsd;W jkpof Kjyikr;rH fiyQH fUzhepjp tq;ff; flYk;> mNugpaf; flYk; ,e;J kfhrKj;jpuKk; rq;fkk; MFk; FkupKidapy; jpUts;StUf;F 133 cau mbapy; thd;Kfpiyj; njhLk; fw;rpiy xd;iw gj;Jf; Nfhb &gh nrytpy; vOg;gpdhH. me;jr; rpiyia mtNu jpwe;Jk;  itj;jhH. 

jpUts;StH kpf Kw;Nghf;fhdtH. ey;y rpe;jidahsH. $Hikahd kjpAilatH. rq;f ,yf;fpa> ,yf;fz Ehy;fis Kiwahff; fw;wtH. ve;j rkaj;ijAk; rhuhjtH. vz;Zk; vOj;Jk; kf;fSf;F ,uz;L fz;fs; Nghd;wit vd;W fy;tpiag; Nghw;wpaH> CioAk; kdpj Kaw;rpahy; ntd;Wtplyhk; vd;W vz;zpatH. kidj;jf;f khz;Gila ngz;iz tho;f;ifj; Jizahf tupj;J ,y;ywk; vd;w ey;ywk; Nkw;nfhz;ltH. gFj;Jz;L gy;YapH NgzpatH. ,dpa nkhopapy; NgrpatH. Ntljhupfisg; gopj;jtH. ahiotplTk;> FoiytplTk; ,dpikahd Foe;ijfsJ koiy nkhopiaf; Nfl;L ,d;Gw;wtH.

 

xOf;fk; tpOg;ge; juyhy; mjid capupDk; Nkyhfg; Nghw;wp tho;e;jtH. kdj;Jf;fz; khrpyd; Mjy; midj;J mwd; kw;witnay;yhk; ntWk; Muthuk; vd ,bj;Jiuj;jtH.  

RUf;fkhfr; nrhd;dhy; kdpjd; kfpo;r;rpNahL tho;tjw;F vitnait NjitNah mtw;iw vy;yhk; mwptpay; mbg;gilapy; vLj;J tpsf;fpatH. Mdfhuzj;jhy;jhd;-  

      ""vy;yhg; nghUSk; ,jd;ghy; cs,jd;ghy;
       ,y;yhj vg;nghUSk; ,y;iyahy;- nrhy;yhy;
           gue;jgh thy;vd; gad;ts;  StdhH
             fue;jgh itaj; Jiz""             

                                         (jpUts;Stkhiy 29)   

 ""gytif Ehy;fshYk; nrhy;yg;gll  vy;yhg; nghUSk; ,e;Ehyfj; jlq;fpapUf;fpd;wd. ,jdplj;J ,y;yhj ahnjhU nghUSk; ve;EhYf;Fk; ,y;iy. Mjyhy; nrhy; mstpdhNy tpupe;j Ehy;fshy; gad; ahJ? jpUts;StuhNy jug;gl;l ,e;Ehnyhd;Nw kz;Zyfj;jjhHf;Fj; Jizahjy; mikAk;"" vd;W kJiuj; jkpo; ehfdhH etpy;fpwhH.  

jpUf;Fws; jkpo; kf;fspilNa mwpKfkhfhjJ kl;Lky;y mg;gb mwpKfk; nra;jtHfSk;  ts;Stupd; ikaf; Nfhl;ghLfSf;F CW tpistpj;jhHfs;. ,jpy; vy;NyhUk; cr;rp Nky; itj;J nkr;Rk; gupNkyofH Kjy; Fw;wthspahff; fhzg;gLfpwhH. itjPf Mupaf; fz;Nzhl;lj;NjhL jpUf;FwSf;F ciunaOjpa gupNkyofH jdJ ciug; ghapuj;jpy; mwj;Jf;F ,yf;fzk; $Wk;NghJ>  

"" mtw;Ws; mwkhtJ> kD Kjypa Ehy;fspy; tpjpj;jd nra;jYk;> tpyf;fpad xopjYk; Mk;. m/J xOf;fk;> tof;F> jz;lid vd %tifg;gLk;. mtw;Ws; xOf;fkhtJ me;jzH Kjypa tUzj;jhH> jj;jkf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l gpukrupak; Kjypa epiyfspy; epd;W> mtw;wpw;F Xjpa mwe;fspd; tOthtJ xOFjy;........."" vdr; nrhy;fpwhH. 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; xU Fyj;Jf;F xU ePjp nrhy;Yk; kDitAk; mtH epiyepWj;j  tpUk;gpa tUzhr;rpuk rehjd jUkf; Nfhl;ghl;ilAk;  kWj;Jiuf;f te;jtNu jpUts;StH.  ,jid kNdhd;kzpak; Re;judhH jdJ jkpo;j; nja;t tzf;fg;ghlypy; njspthfr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH. 

""ts;StHnra; jpUf;Fwis kWtwed; Fze;NjhHfs;

 cs;StNuh kDthjp nahUFyj;Jf; nfhUePjp"" 

tUzhrpuk rehjd jUkj;jpd; tPr;Rk;> gug;Gk; ntspg;gilahf ,d;W njupahky; ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mjd; Mjpf;fk; ,d;Wk; ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpoHfsJ Nfhapy;fspy; jkpo;nkhop Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;L tlnkhopNa mHr;rid nkhopahf ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpo;nkhop ,iwtDf;F Mfhj nkhop vd;W jkpoHfNs ek;g itf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. mHr;rfj; njhopy;  tUzj;jpy; NkyhdtH vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gLk; xU tFg;ghUf;F kl;LNk VfNghf cupik vd;w ,opepiy njhlHfpwJ. jkpoDf;F #j;jpug;gl;lk; fl;b mtDk; mtdJ nkhopAk; Nfhapy;  fUtiwf;F ntspNa tplg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.  

jkpoH  ehfupfk; NtW. MupaH ehfupfk; NtW. MupauJ ehfupfj;Jf;F gpuhkzH> rj;jpupaH> itrpfH> #j;jpuH vd;w tHzhr;rpuk NtWghL capH ehbahdJ. jkpoH ehfupfj;ij tpsf;Fk; jpUts;StH ,jid kWj;Jiuf;fpwhH. 

""gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh capHf;Fk;> rpwg;nght;th
 nra;njhopy; Ntw;Wik ahd;."";   
 

                        (Fws; nghUl;ghy;  mjp. 98-972)  

""vy;yh kf;fs; capHf;Fk; gpwg;G xU jd;ikahdJ. MapDk; ngUik rpWik vd;w rpwg;gpay;Gfs;  ey;yd jPad vd;w njhopy;fspd; NtWghl;lhy; xj;jpUf;fh"" vd;gJ ,e;jf; Fwspd; nghUshFk;. 

Mupag; gpuhkzHfSf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l mWnjhopy;fspy; ahfk; nra;jy; xd;whFk;. ,e;j ahfq;fspy; Ntjfhy nja;tq;fshd ,e;jpud;> tUzd;> Nrhkd; Nghd;Nwhiuj; jpUg;jpnra;a capHg;gyp nfhLf;fg;gl;ld.  Fjpiu> gR> cLk;G Nghd;w thapy;yhg; gpuhzpfs; capNuhL ahfFz;lj;jpy; Nghlg;gl;ld. nte;j mtw;wpd; khkprj;ij ahfk; tsHj;jtHfSk; ahfk; nra;tpj;jtHfSk; cz;L kfpo;e;jhHfs;. Mdhy; ,e;j fhl;Lkpuhz;bj;jdkhd ahfj;ij  ts;StH kWj;Jiuf;fpwhH. 

""mtpnrhupe;J Mapuk; Ntl;lypd; xd;wd;
  capH nrFj;J cz;zhik ed;W.""

                                ( mwj;Jg;ghy; mjp. 26- Fws; 259) 

""jPapd; fz; nea; Kjypa mtpfisr; nrhupe;J Mapuk; Nts;tp Ntl;lypDk;> xU tpyq;fpd; capiug; Nghf;fp mjd; Cid cz;zhik ed;W"" vd;gJ ,e;jf; Fwspd; nghUshFk;. 

,g;Nghnjy;yhk; Nfhapy; fl;LtJk;> Fsk; ntl;LtJk;> NjH jPHj;j tpohf;fs; nra;tJk;> nghd; nghUis fhzpf;ifahfr; nrYj;JtJNk ngupa mwkhfTk;> Nkhl;rNyhfj;jpd; fjTfisj; jpwg;gjw;Fupa jpwT NfhyhfTk; fUjg;gLfpwJ. 

gupNkyofH  kD Kjypa  Ehypy; tpjpj;jd nra;jYk; tpyf;fpad xopj;jYk; mwk; vd;fpwhH vd;gij Kd;dH fz;Nlhk;. mjhtJ  MupaHfSila 32 mwq;fisNa  mtH mwk; vdr; nrhy;fpwhH.  

Mdhy; ts;StH mwk; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F mwpthHe;j tiutpyf;fzk; tFj;jpUf;fpwhH.  kdj;Jf;fz;  khrpyhjd; midj;J mwk; vd;fpwhH. kdk; Fw;wkpy;yhky;- mOf;fpy;yhky;- jPa Fzq;fs; ,y;yhky; ,Ug;gJjhd; mwk; vd;fpwhH. kf;fSf;F ,d;wpaikahj md;G> xOf;fk;> mUs; Nghd;w Nkyhd Fzeyq;fNs mwk; vd;fpwhH.  

""kdj;Jf;fz; khrpyd; Mjy;> midj;jwd;
 MFy ePu gpw.""

              (ghapuk; mwd;typAWj;jy;-Fws; 34)  

,t;thW jkpouJ gz;ghL> ehfupfk; Nghd;wtw;iw gpw gz;ghl;Lg; gilnaLg;gpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;f jpUts;StH Nghl;l NtypNa jpUf;FwshFk;. Mjpapy; NfhNyhr;rp ghjpapy; tPo;e;Jgl;l jkpopdk; kPz;Lk; jiy Jhf;fp epkpHe;J tho Ntz;Lk; vd;why; jpUf;Fws; jkpoHfsJ kiwahfTk;> tho;f;ifapd; topfhl;bahfTk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;. (ek;ehL)