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mbf;F Nky; mbabj;jhy; mk;kpAk; efUk;!

 

(ef;fPud;)

mbf;F Nky; mbabj;jhy; mk;kpAk; efUk; vd;ghHfs;. aho;g;ghzg; gy;fiyf; fof khztHfs; fle;j xU fpoikf;F Nkyhf jkpo; kf;fspd; RaepHza cupik mq;fPfupf;fg; glNtz;Lk;> jkpoHfspd; mgpyhirfis cs;slf;fp> Ngr;R thHj;ijfs; %yk; ,dg; gpur;rpidf;F jPHT fhzg;gl Ntz;Lk;> tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; NghH epWj;j mwptpg;Gf;F mika =yq;fh muR NghH epWj;jj;ij Nkw;nfhz;L tp.GypfSld; NgrNtz;Lk; vd tw;GWj;jp vOr;rp epfo;Tfis elhj;jp tUfpwhHfs;.

 

,e;j vOr;rpg; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F gy;fiyf; fofj; JizNte;jH cl;gl> NguhrpupaHfs;> tpupTiuahsHfs;> CopaHfs; fye;J nfhz;L MjuT ey;fp tUfpwhHfs;. ,J kfpo;r;rp jUk; nra;jpahFk;. ,g;NghJ ,e;j vOr;rpg; Nghuhl;lk; Flhehl;by; cs;s Viida fy;Yhupfs;> gs;spf;$lq;fs; ,tw;wpw;Fk; tpupthf;fk; nra;ag;gl;L tUfpwJ.

 

mj;NjhL epd;Wtplhky; kdpjTupik mikg;Gfs; cl;gl;l ntFkf;fs; mikg;GfSk; ,e;j vOr;rpg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,izf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wd.  

 

,e;j vOr;rp epfo;Tfs; jkpo; kf;fspd; mgpyhirfis vJtpj mr;rkpd;wpAk;> vtuJ mSj;jkpd;wpAk; midj;Jyf r%fj;jpw;F ntspg;gLj;Jtjpy; ntw;wp fz;L tUfpwJ.

 

jkpo; kf;fspd; mgpyhirfs; vit vd;gJ vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupe;j tplakhFk;. 1985k; Mz;L ,e;jpahtpd; MjuNthL jpk;Gtpy; elhj;jg;gl;l Ngr;RthHj;ijapd;NghJ ,dg;gpur;rpidia RKfkhf jPHj;Jitg;gjw;Fj; Njitahd ehd;F mbg;gilf; Nfhl;ghLfis  =yq;fh muRf;F mjpy; fye;J nfhz;l jkpo;f; FOf;fs;  Kd; itj;jd. mitahtd:

 

  (1) tlf;Fk; fpof;Fk; jkpo; kf;fsJ jhaf G+kp vd;gJ mq;fPfupf;fg; glNtz;Lk;.

  (2) jkpo; kf;fs; xU Njrpa ,dk; vd;gJ mq;fPfupf;fg; glNtz;Lk;

  (3) jkpo; Njrpa ,dj;jpd; RaepHza cupik mq;fPfupf;fg; glNtz;Lk;.

  (4) ehl;bYs;s rfy kf;fSf;Fk; FbAupik cl;gl vy;yh cupikfSk; ghugl;r kpd;wp cWjpg;gLj;jg; glNtz;Lk;.

 

,e;jf; Nfhupf;iffis mg;NghJ Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j N[.MH. n[atHj;jdhtpd; If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp muR Kw;whf epuhfupj;jJ. mjid mLj;J jkpo;f; FOf;fs; me;jg; Ngr;R thHj;ijia Kwpj;Jf; nfhz;L ntspNawpd.

 

mz;ikf;fhykhf tp.Gypfs; ,e;jj; jpk;Gf; Nfhl;ghl;bd; mbg;gilapy; ,dg; gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPHTfhzj; jhq;fs; jahnud Ngrp te;jJ njupe;jNj.

 

Nkw; $wg;gl;l ehd;F Nfhl;ghLfspy; ,uz;Lk; %d;whtJkhd Nfhl;ghLfis typAWj;jpNa aho;g;ghzg; gy;fiyf; fof khztHfs; ,g;NghJ ,e;j vOr;rpg; Nghuhl;lj;ij elhj;jp tUfpwhHfs;.

 

tp.Gypfs; ,e;jj; jpk;Gf; Nfhl;ghLfspd; mbg;gilapy; ,dg; gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPHT fhzg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpte;jij rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh epuhfupj;Js;shH. mjw;F mbg;gilf; fhuzk; ,e;jf; Nfhl;ghLfis Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhy; jdpj; jkpoPoj;ij mq;fPfupg;gjhf Kbe;JtpLk; mtH epidg;gNj.

 

,e;j ehd;F Nfhl;ghLfspy; ""jkpo; Njrpa ,dj;jpd; RaepHza cupik mq;fPfupf;fg; glNtz;Lk;."" vd;w %d;whtJ Nfhl;ghl;bw;F ,g;NghJ midj;Jyf kl;lj;jpy; MjuT njuptpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

 

fle;j nehntk;gH khjk; 22k; ehs; nfhOk;gpy; gpupj;jhdpa rigapy; ,lk;ngw;w nra;jpahsHfs; khehl;by; Jiz mikr;rH gPl;lH nfapd; ( British Junior Minister Peter Hain)  gpd;tUkhW NgrpdhH:

 

""=yq;fhtpy; ,Ue;J rl;lg;gb gpupf;fg;gLk;  jkpo; ,uhr;rpaj;ij INuhg;gh> mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; ,e;jpah Nghd;w ehLfs;  Mjupf;f khl;lhJ vd;gij I.MH.V Nghd;W tp. .GypfSk; czHe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mNj rkak; jkpo; kf;fsJ RaepHza cupikiaAk;> md;whl tho;f;ifiag; ghjpf;Fk; ngUk;ghd;ik my;yJ KOikahd Kf;fpa mjpfhuq;fisAk; Mjupf;f midj;Jyf r%fk; jahuhapUf;fpwJ""   vd;whH.  

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;l tuyhw;wpy; gpupj;jhdpa Jiz mikr;rupd; $w;W kpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jjhFk;. Jiz mikr;rupd; $w;W =yq;fhtpd; ntspAwT mikr;rH ,yl;Rkd; fjpHfhkupd; Nfhgj;ijkl;Lky;y mtuJ mbtapw;iwAk; fyf;fpAs;sJ vd;gNj mjd; jhf;fj;ijf; fhl;Ltjw;F jf;f rhl;fpahFk;. fjpHfhkH mg;gb vd;djhd; $WdhH?

 

""=yq;fhtpd;  ntspAwT  mikr;rH vd;w Kiwapy; ehd; ,e;j ehl;Lf;F ntspapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L> mtHfs; el;G ehLfspy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L nrhd;dhYk;> vq;fsJ gpur;rpidf;F gupfhuk; nrhy;Yk; ,g;gbahdtHfsJ $w;Wf;fis ehd; tuNtw;f khl;Nld;. mtHfs; nrhy;Yk; gupfhuq;fspy; rpy nray;rhuhjjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. mit kw;iwa ehLfsJ mDgtpj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; nrhy;yg;gLgit. mJ vq;fSf;Fk; nghUe;jptUk; vd;W nrhy;yptpl KbahJ. mit cs;ehl;L epyikia Fog;GfpwJ.  NtW murpay; Kiwfisf; nfhz;l vq;fsJ may;ehLfisAk; mit Fog;Gtjhf cs;sJ. vdNt ehd; nkhj;jkhf vd;d $wtpUk;GfpNwd; vd;why;> ntspehl;by; ,Uf;Fk; ez;gHfisf; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;tJ ""vq;fsJ gpur;rpidia ehq;fs; jPHj;J itf;Fk; cupikia kPWk; fUj;Jf;fis njuptpg;gjpy; ,Ue;J ePq;fs; xJq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.""

 

gpupj;jhdpa ntspAwT mikr;rupd; jkpo;kf;fSf;F ,Uf;Fk; RaepHza cupikgw;wpa fUj;J =yq;fh ntspAwT mikr;rH fjpHfhkUf;F vUJf;F rptg;Gr; Nriy fhl;baJNghy ,Ue;jjpy; ve;j tpag;Gk; ,y;iy. fhuzk; xU ,dj;jpd; RaepHza cupik mq;fPfupf;fg; gl;lhy; me;j ,dk; me;j RaepHza cupikiag; gad;gLj;jp jdp ehnlhd;iwg; gpufldg;gLj;jyhk;. ,e;jg; gak;jhd; fjpHfhkupd; mywYf;F rupahd fhuzkhFk;.

 

tp.GypfisAk; jkpo; kf;fisAk; gpupj;J> jkpo; kf;fs; tp.Gypfis Mjupf;ftpy;iy> jkpo; kf;fs; tp.GypfsJ jdpehl;Lf;fhd MAjg; Nghuhl;lj;ij Mjupf;ftpy;iy> jkpo; kf;fs; vq;fisj;jhd; Mjupf;fpwhHfs; vd;W cs;ehl;bYk; ntspehl;bYk; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh> ,yl;Rkd; fjpHfhkH ,UtUk; gug;Giu nra;J tUfpwhHfs;.

 

ghup]; efupy; ele;j =yq;fh Nkk;ghl;L kd;wf; $l;lj;jpy;  (Sri Lanka Development Forum) Neupy; fye;J  nfhz;L Ngrpa rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh xU ,khyag; ngha;iar; nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhH.

 

""tlf;fpy; cs;s jkpo; kf;fis tp.Gypfs; tpLtpf;fg; Nghtjhfr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; cz;ik vd;dntd;why; mtHfspy;  80 tpOf;fhl;bdH vq;fisg; ghHj;J jpUk;gTk; jpUk;gTk; nrhy;fpwhHfs;  " ,uhZtj;ij jpUg;gpg; ngw;W tplhjPHfs;. mg;gb ,uhZtj;ijj;  jpUk;gg; ngw;W vq;fis tp. Gypfspd; jatpy; ,Uf;f itj;J tplhjPHfs;"  vd;fpwhHfs;. mtHfs; jq;fis tp.Gypfs; tpLtpg;gij tpUk;gtpy;iy. ,jid ehd; nrhy;ytpy;iy. aho;g;ghzk; nrd;W te;j ntspehl;L ,uh[je;jpupfs; kw;Wk; nra;jpahsHfsplk; jkpo;g; nghJ kf;fs; nrhy;YfpwhHfs;.""

 

Mdhy; ,g;NghJ aho;g;ghzg; gy;fiyf; fof khztHfshy; elhj;jg;gl;L tUk; vOr;rp epfo;Tfs; tp.Gypfspd; Nfhupf;iffNs jkpo; kf;fsJ VNfhgpj;j Nfhupf;if vd;gij vLj;Jf; fhl;btpl;lJ. mjd; cr;rf; fl;lkhf vjpHtUk; 17k; ehs; ""nghq;F jkpo;"" vOr;rp tpoh eilngw ,Uf;fpwJ. ,it  jkpo; kf;fspy; 80 tpOf;fhl;bdH vq;fisj;jhd;  Mjupf;fpwhHfs; tp. Gypfis Mjupf;ftpy;iy vd;w rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhtpd; Nfhagy;]; gug;Giuia jtpLnghbahf;fp mk;ikahH xU ngha;ikahH vd;gij midj;Jy kl;lj;jpy; mk;gyg;gLj;j cjTk;.

 

,e;jg; Gjpa vjpHg;igj; jzpf;fNt New;iwa jpdk; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh aho;f;Flh ehl;L kf;fSf;F nra;kjp %yk; ciuahw;wp ,Uf;fpwhH. mjpy; mtH Fwpg;gpl;bUg;gjhtJ.

 

'tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Ngr;Rf;F tpUk;gpdhy; Kjypy; Nkirf;F tul;Lk;. mg;gb Gypfs; Ngrte;jhy; NgRNthk;. Ngr;rpd; Kd;Ndw;wj;ijg; nghWj;J Aj;jepWj;jk; gw;wpj; jPh;khdpf;fyhk;;.  Nahrpf;fyhk;. Nehh;Nt muR ,dg;gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPH;Tfhz kj;jpa];juhf te;Js;sJ. mth;fspd; Kaw;rpia jf;fjUzj;jpy; gad;gLj;JNthk;. Ngr;Rf;fhf ,Jtiu fhyKk; ele;j Kaw;rpfs; Fog;gk; mile;jikf;F tpLjiyg; GypfNs fhuzk;. ehl;by; rkhjhdk; xd;iw Vw;gLj;jNtz;ba NjitiaAk; mtrpaj;ijAk; muR mwpe;J itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ.
tlf;F - fpof;F mgptpUj;jpf;F cjtp toq;Fk; ehLfsplkpUe;J gy kpy;ypad; &gh epjp ngwg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j epjpiag; gad;gLj;jp tlf;F - fpof;if mgptpUj;jp nra;a muR cWjp G+z;Ls;sJ. Mdhy; rkhjhdk; Vw;glNtz;LNk! ,e;j rkhjhdj;Jf;fhfg; ghLgl muR jahuhf ,Uf;fpwJ. murikg;Gr; rPh;jpUj;j Nahridfis ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; rkh;g;gpj;J mij epiwNtw;Wtjpy; muR cWjpahf cs;sJ.""

 

tp.Gypfs; Ngr;R thHj;ij Nkirf;F tUfpwhHfspy;iy vd;W fle;j fhyq;fspy; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh Nkilfspy; Ngrpj; jpupe;jhH. ,g;NghJ tp.Gypfs; epge;jidaw;w Ngr;R thHj;ijf;Fj; jahH vd;W nrhy;yp> mjw;F Kd;Ndhbahf Aj;j epWj;jj;jpw;Fk; jahH vdr; nrhy;yp xU jiyg;gl;r Aj;j mwptpg;igAk; nra;jhHfs;. cz;ikapy; rdhjpgjp re;jupfh rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;gpdhy; ,e;j tha;g;ig mtH nfl;bahfg; gpbj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.   Mdhy; mtNuh nehz;br; rhl;Lfisr; nrhy;yp ""NghH elf;Fk;NghNj rkhjhdj;ijg; gw;wpAk; NgRNth

k;" vd;W tpjz;lh thjk; nra;fpwhH. ,J rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;gtpy;iy vd;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;LfpwJ vd;gjpy; ve;j IaKkpy;iy.   

 

rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh tl-fpof;F mgptpUj;jpf;F ntspehLfsplk; ,Ue;J gy kpy;ypad; &gh epjp ngwg;gl;Ls;sjhfr; nrhy;fpwhH. xUGwk; ehL efuq;fis mopj;Jj; jiukl;lkhf;fp tpl;L kWGwk; mgptpUj;jpgw;wpg; NgRtjpy; mHj;jkpy;iy. epue;ju rkhjhdk; te;jhy; kl;LNk mgptpUj;jpgw;wp Nahrpf;fyhk;.

 

fle;j Mz;by; kl;Lk; aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;by; 72 NgH fhzhky; NghAs;shHfs;. 182 NgH  ifJ nra;ag;gl;Ls;shHfs;. 131 NgH Fz;L my;yJ nry; tPr;rpy; ,we;Js;shHfs;. 421 NgHfhag;gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,Jjhd; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh jkpo;kf;fis tp.Gypfsplk; ,Ue;J fhg;ghw;Wk; ,yl;rzkhFk;.

 

rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;gtpy;iy Nghiuj;jhd; tpUk;GfpwhH vd;gjw;F ,uhZtk; 15>000 ,uhZtj;jpdiuj; jpul;Ltjw;F kPz;Lk; ftw;rpahd tpsk;guq;fis nra;J tUtJ cWjpg;gLj;JfpwJ.

 

,d;W jkpo; kf;fs; ehSk; nghOJk; rhtpd; tpopk;gpy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.  grp gl;bdpNahL tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. kPdtHfs; kPd;gpbg;gjw;F Kw;whfj; jil my;yJ fl;Lg;ghLfs; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;bNyNa 50>000 kf;fs; ,lk;ngaHe;J tho;fpwhHfs;. mtHfsJ tPL thry;fs; jiukl;lkhf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld.  ,e;j ,yl;rzj;jpy; tl-fpof;F mgptpUj;jpgw;wp NgRtJ nte;j Gz;zpy; Ntiy Eisg;gJ Nghd;wjhFk;.

 

jkpo; kf;fSf;F Ntz;baJ ghyq;fs;> njUf;fs;> mQ;ry; epiyaq;fs;> njhiyNgrpfs; my;y. mtHfSf;F Ntz;baJ mikjp> ghJfhg;G> jd;khdj;NjhL thof;$ba Rje;jpukhd tho;f;if. mJ xU jdpj; jkpoPoj;jpy;jhd; rhj;jpakhFk;. (ek;ehL-2001)