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xl;lf;$j;jd; ghl;Lf;F ,ul;ilj; jho;g;;ghs;!

ef;fPud;

''Ngrhg; nghUis Ngrehd; Jzpe;Njd;
Nfl;fh tuj;ijf; Nfl;f ehd; Jzpe;Njd;''
-ghujpahH

jkpo;nkhopapy; gonkhopfSf;Fg; gQ;rkpy;iy. ''khkpahH Nriy tpyfpdhy; thahYk; nrhy;yKbahJ ifahYk; fhl;lKbahJ'' vd;gJ mjpy; xd;W. tp. Gypfis Nerpg;gtHfSk; G+rpg;gtHfSk; ahrpg;gtHfSk; me;j kd epiyapNyNa ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

,bg;ghiu ,y;yhj Vkhuh kd;dd;
nfLg;ghH ,yhDk; nfLk;.
(Fws; 448)

,J mNdfUf;Fj; njupe;j Fws;. fbe;J mwpTiu $Wk; mikr;rHfis ,y;yhj murd;> nfLf;Fk; giftH ,y;yhkw; NghdhYk; jhNd nfLthd;. jpUts;StH murDf;F $wpa mwpTiu tp.GypfSf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;.

''Gupe;JzHT xg;ge;jk; vOjg;gl;l gpd;dH Nky; kl;lj;jpy; RKf epiy Vw;gl;bUf;fyhk;.  jha;yhe;jpy; mikr;rH gPupRk;  murpay; MNyhrfH md;ld; ghyrpq;fKk; if FYf;fpf; nfhs;syhk;. Njhspy; ifNghl;Lf;  nfhs;syhk;.  Misahs; ghuhl;bf; nfhs;syhk;. mUfUF mkHe;J tpUe;J cz;zyhk;. Mdhy; ehl;by; ,uhZtj;Jf;Fk; jkpo;g; nghJkf;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; RKf epiy ,y;iy.''  vd;W Vw;fdNt vOjpAs;Nsd;. (kbapy;  G+idia itj;Jf;nfhz;L  rFdk; ghHf;Fk;  jkpoPo kf;fs;!-''ek;ehL''
xf;NjhgH 10> 2002)

 RKf epiy ,y;iy vd;gjw;fhd fhuzpfisAk; mg;NghJ gl;bay; Nghl;Lf; fhl;bapUe;Njd;.  

''gs;spf;$lq;fis tpl;L ntspNawpa ,uhZtk; mtw;Wf;Fg; gf;fj;jpNyNa fil tpupj;Js;sJ. mg;gbr; nra;Jtpl;L mg; gpuNjrj;ij caH ghJfhg;G tiyak; vd;W ,uhZtk; mwptpj;JtpLfpwJ.  

typfhkk; tlf;F> njd;kuhl;rp kf;fs; ,d;Dk; kPs; FbakHj;jg;gl tpy;iy. mtHfsJ tPLfis ,uhZtk; njhlHe;J Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.   

kPdtHfs; jq;fs; njhopiyr; Rje;jpukhfr;  nra;tjw;F ,uhZtKk; flw;gilAk; njhlHe;J fl;Lg;ghLfisAk; Kl;Lf;fl;ilfisAk; NghLfpwJ.  

,uhZtk; kw;Wk; Nghyprhupdhy; nghJkf;fs; jhf;fg;gLk; rk;gtq;fs;> mr;RWj;jy; rk;gtq;fs;  epj;jk; ,lk;ngw;W tUfpd;wd. tp.GypfsJ murpay; gpuptpdH $l ,jw;F tpjp tpyf;fy;y. 

 ,ij vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ fhQ;rpuhf;Flh gpuNjrj;jpy; epiy nfhz;bUf;Fk; rpwg;G mjpubg;gilapdupd;  Jg;ghf;fpr; #l;Lf;F ,yf;fhfp 8 nghJkf;fs; mepahakhf  ,we;Js;shHfs;. fhak;gl;l gyH kUj;Jt kidapy; NrHf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.'' 

,g;NghJ %d;W jpq;fs; fope;Jk; epyikapy; ve;j khw;wKk; ,y;iy. ,d;Dk; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; epyik NkYk; Nkhrk; mile;J rpq;fs ,uhZtj;Jf;Fk; jkpo; kf;fSf;Fk; ,ilapyhd ,ilntsp mjpfupj;Js;sJ.   

fhQ;rpuhf;Flhtpy; 8 nghJkf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lijf; fz;bj;J jpUkiyapy; xf;NjhgH 11k; ehs; fjtilg;G Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ ve;j Kfhe;jpuKk; ,d;wp rl;lj;jpd; ghJfhtyHfshd ,Uf;f Ntz;ba rpq;fsg; NghyprhH rl;lj;ijf; ifapy; vLj;jjd; tpisthf 3 nghJ kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. iff;Fz;L vwpe;J nfhd;wtHfs; NghyprhH vd;W $wg;gl;lJ. fhak;gl;Nlhiu kUj;Jtkidf;F ts;sk; %yk; vLj;Jr; nry;y Ntz;bapUe;jJ. fhuzk; mgaGu rpq;fsf; FbNaw;w fpuhkj;jpy; jpuz;bUe;j rpq;fstH fhag;gl;Nlhiu me;j topahf kUj;Jtkidf;F vLj;Jg; Nghtij jLj;Jtpl;lhHfs.;

bnrk;gH 10Mk; ehs; ney;ypabapy; ,gpbgp mYtyfj;ij %LkhW mikjpahf MHg;ghl;lk; nra;j nghJ kf;fs; kPJ Nghyp]; Rl;ljpy; 15 nghJkf;fs; gLfha kile;jhHfs;.  ,jpy; Igprp nra;jpahsH jpU. tp.  jtr;nry;tk; xUtH. mtH  ke;jpif kUj;Jkidapy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;lhH. ,d;DnkhUtH ftiyf; fplkhd epiyapy; aho;g;ghzk; kUj;Jt kidapy; NrHf;fg;gl;lhH.  NkYk;  ,gpbgp mYtyfj;jpy; ,Ue;J 250 ahUf;F mg;ghy; ,Ue;j mq;fhbfspd; cupikahsHfs; kw;Wk; nghJkf;fs; kPJ Ngh]P]; Njbg;Ngha; Rl;ljpy; 8 NgH gLfhak; mile;jhHfs;.   

bnrk;gH 19Mk; ehs; ,uT neLe;jPtpy; jiuapwq;fpa <.gp. b.gpapdiu ntspNawf; Nfhhp cz;zhtpujg; Nghuhl;lk; elj;jp tUk; nghJkf;fSf;Fk; NghyprhUf;Fk; ,ilapy; cUthd thf;Fthjj;ijj; njhlHe;J Nghyp]; jhf;fpajpy; 8 nghJ kf;fs; fhakile;Js;sdH.

fhakile;jtHfspy; ehy;tH  neLe;jPT mur  kUj;jtkidapy;  rpfpr;ir ngw;W tUfpd;wdH. nghy;YfshYk; jbfshYk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ljhff; $wg;gLk; ,j;jhf;Fjypy; xUtH kz;ilapy; gyj;j fhaj;jpw;F cs;shdhH.

fSj;Jiwr; rpiwapy; gaq;futhjj; jilr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; ifJ nra;J Mz;Lf;fzf;fhf milj;J itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; 78 ifjpfs; ,e;jf; fpoik jq;fis ve;jepge;jidAk; ,d;wp tpLjiy nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfhup cz;zh Nehd;G mDl;bf;fg; Nghtjhf mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. ,tHfspy; ghjpg;NgH kiyafj;ijr; NrHe;j ,isQHfshtH. jkpo; kf;fisf; Fwpitj;Jf; nfhz;Ltug;gl;l ,e;jg; gaq;futhjr; rl;lk; ,d;Dk; eilKiwapy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

''nghJ kf;fs; FbapUg;Gf;fisr; Rw;wp ,uhZt Kfhk;fs; ,Ug;gJ kdpjTupik kPwyhFk. NghH epWj;j xg;ge;jk; kw;Wk; Gupe;JzHT xg;ge;jk; ,it ifr;rhj;jpl;l gpd;dH kdpjTupik kPwy;fs; Fiwe;jpUe;jhYk; gaq;futhjr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; vLf;fg;gl;l rhl;rpaq;fs; =yq;fh ePjpkd;wq;fspy; ,g;NghJk; rl;lg;gb nry;YgbahFk;''  vd tTdpah khtl;l rl;lj;juzpfs; rq;f jiytUk; gjpy; khtl;l ePjpgjpAkhd K. rpw;wk;gyk; kdpjTupik ehisapl;L Rj;jhde;jh ,e;J  ,isQH foff; fl;blj;jpy; ele;j $l;lj;jpy; NgRk;NghJ Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH.  

1983Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; 1993Mk; Mz;Ltiu typfhkk; tlf;fpy; ,Ue;J 20>917 FLk;gq;fisr; NrHe;j 67>930 kf;fs; ,uhZtj;jpduhy; fl;lhakhf mtHfsJ tPLfspy; ,Ue;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;lhHfs;. ,tHfs; kPsf;  FbNaw =yq;fh muR mDkjp kWj;J tUfpwJ. 1983Mk; Mz;Lf;F Kd;dH typfhkk; tlf;fpy; 25> 351 FLk;gq;fisr; NrHe;j 83>618 NgH  FbapUe;jJ  Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.  ,tHfs; vy;NyhUk; Ehw;Wf;F EhW tpOf;fhL jkpoHfs; MtH. ,tHfspy; 60 tpOf;fhL Njhl;lf;fhuHfs;. Kg;gJ tpOf;fhL kPdtHfs;.  

1983Mk; Mz;L rptpypad; tpkhd epiyakhf  ,Ue;j gyhyp ,d;W =yq;fhtpd; kpfg; ngupa ,uhZt jskhf khwptpl;lJ. mg;gb khw;wg;gl;l NghJ ehd;F gf;fKk; ,Ue;j fpl;lj;jl;l 1430 Vf;fH epyk; ,uhZtj;jpdhy; ifg;gw;wg;gl;lJ.  

gyhyp fhq;Nfrd;Jiw ,uhZt jsq;fspy; ,Ue;j tPLfs;> gs;spf;$lq;fs;> kUj;Jt kidfs;. Nfhapy;fs; ,uhZtj;jpdhy; Gy;NlhrH nfhz;L cOJ jiukl;lkhf;fg;gl;ld. 1999Mk; Mz;L A+d; 8 tpLf;fg;gl;l mur Mizapd; fPo; 397 fhzpj; Jz;Lfs; jpLnkd fhzp ifg;gLj;jy; rl;lj;jpd; 5tJ gpuptpd; fPo; ifg;gw;wg;gl;lJ.   

,d;W typ tlf;fpy; cs;s 30 fpuhkq;fs; ,uhZt mjpAaH ghJfhg;G tiyaq;fshfg; gpufldg; gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd.  

Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; x];Nyhtpy; ele;j 3tJ Rw;Wg; Ngr;R thHj;ijapd; NghJ muR jug;G aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,lk;ngaHe;j rpq;fstHfis kPsf; FbNaw;WtJgw;wp tp.GypfSld; NgrpdhHfs;. mJ kl;Lky;y td;dpapy; ,uhZtj;jpdhy; fl;lg;gl;L gpd;dH iftplg;gl;l Gj;j tpfhiu xd;iw kPsf; fl;Ltjw;Fk; tp.GypfsJ mDkjpiaf; Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F tp. Gypfspd; murpay; MNyhrfH vd;d gjpy; nrhd;dhNuh njupatpy;iy. Mdhy; muR jug;ghy; Kd;itf;fg;gl;l ,e;j Ntz;LNfhs;fs; mtHfSf;F rpq;fs jPtputhjf; fl;rpfshy;  nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w mOj;jq;fs; kw;Wk; neUf;Fthuq;fis vjpnuhypf;fpwJ. rpq;fs cWka tl-fpof;fpy; ,Ue;J ,lk;ngaHe;j rpq;fstHfis mq;F kPs;FbakHj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;W Vw;fdNt NfhupAs;sJ. 

,g;NghJ ,j;jifa mOj;jk; neUf;Fthuk; jkpo; kf;fspdhy; tp.Gypfs; kPJk; fhl;lg;gLk; epiy vOe;Js;sJ.    

''Aj;jk; Ghpe;jth;fs;  ifyhF  nfhLf;fpd;wdH Mdhy; mg;ghtpfs; ehk; miye;J jphpfpNwhk; kPsf; Fbaku eltbf;if vLq;fs;!''  

vdg; nghd;dhiyapy; ,Ue;J ,lk;ngaHe;j FLk;gq;fspd; gpujpepjpfs; ifnaOj;jpl;l kD xd;iw nghd;dhiy kf;fs; xd;wpak; aho;g;ghz mur mjpgUf;F mDg;gpAs;sJ. me;j kDtpy; NkYk; njuptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ: 

''ehl;by; ,dg;gpur;rpidahy; Vw; gl;l nfhba Aj;jk; fhuzkhf 1990 Mk; Mz;L fhyg;gFjpapy; ehk; ,lk;ngaHe;Njhk;. 1996 Mk; Mz;L aho;g;ghzf; FlhehL ,yq;if ,uhZtj;jpdH trk; te;j gpd;dh; Flhehl;L kf;fspw; rpy gFjpapdH gbg;gbahf jkJ nrhe;j ,lq;fspy; kPsf;FbakHe;jdh;. ,NjNghy vkJ nghd;dhiyf; fpuhkj;jpd; gpujhd tPjpg; gFjpapYk; rpy FLk;gq;fs; FbNawpd. Mdhy;> nghd;dhiy fpU~;zd; Nfhapybia mz;bf; FbapUe;j gy E}w;Wf; fzf;fhd FLk;gq;fshfpa vq;fSf;F  ,Jtiu vkJ nrhe;j ,lj;jpy; kPsf;Fbaku mDkjpf;fg;gltpy;iy. fhuzk; vd;dntdpy; vkJ gFjp flw;gilapdupd; G+uz fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; ,Uf;fpwJ.'' 

fhzhkw;NghNdhupd; ghJfhtyh; rq;fj;jpdH Vw;fdNt ''jk;gpkhH vq;fisf; iftpl;Lg; Nghl;bdk;'' vd;W Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;shHfs;. mLj;j thuk; ,tHfs; nfhOk;G nrd;W muRf;F vjpuhf mq;F MHg;ghl;lk; elj;jg; Nghtjhf mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.  

kPs; FbNaw;wk;> Gduikg;G vy;yhk; Mik Ntfj;jpy;jhd; eilngWfpwJ. Rgh\; tpLjpia kPsf; ifaspf;f ghJfhg;G mikr;rpd; nrayhsH x];bd; ngHehe;J x];Nyhtpy; xg;Gf; nfhz;lhH. mjid tp.Gypfspd; murpay; MNyhrfH gj;jpupifahsH khehl;bYk; njuptpj;jhH. Mdhy; aho;g;ghz khtl;l ,uhZt jsgjp ruj; nghd;Nrfh mjid epuhfupj;J tpl;lhH. Qhdk; tpLjp ifaspf;fg;gLk; vdr; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. mJTk; eilngwtpy;iy.  

xl;lf; $j;jd; ghl;Lf;F ,ul;ilj;  jho;g;ghd; vd;w fijNghy ,d;ndhU nra;jp ,g;NghJ te;jpUf;fpwJ. aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;by; nghJkf;fs; kPs; FbakHTf;F trjpahf caH ghJfhg;G  tiyaq;fspy; ,Ue;J gbg;gbahf  ,uhZtk; tpyfpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;why; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfis ,uhZt jsgjp ruj; nghd;Nrfh tp.GypfSf;F Kd; itj;Js;shH.   caH ghJfhg;G tiya cgFO fle;j bnrk;gH khjk; 14k; ehs; Kfkhiyapy; $baNghJ vLj;j Kbtpd;gbNa  nghd;Nrfh ,e;j epge;jidfis Kd; itj;Js;shH.  

1) tp.Gypfs; MAjq;fis fPNo ifitf;fNtz;Lk;.

2) tp.Gypfspd; Ml;bywp kw;Wk; Nkhl;lhH mzpfs; gpd;thq;f Ntz;Lk;.

3) tp.Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s gFjpfspy; rl;lk; xOq;ifg; Ngz  =yq;fh Nghyp]; mDkjpf;fg; glNtz;Lk;. 

x];Nyhtpy; ele;j Ngr;R thHj;ijfspd; NghJ jsgjp ruj; nghd;Nrfh xU fLk;Nghf;fhsH ''ve;j ,lq;fisj; jhk; mjp cah; ghJfhg;Gf;FhpaJ vd;W fUJfpd;NwhNkh mq;fpUe;J tpyf khl;Nlhk; vd mth; $wptUfpd;whh;'' vd tp.Gypfs; rhbapUe;jjw;Fg; gjpybahf ,e;j epge;jidfis mtH itj;jpUf;fpwhH vd;gjpy; ve;j IaKk; ,y;iy!  

jiytH gpughfud; jdJ khtPuH ciuapy; Fwpg;gpl;lJNghy mikjp jpUk;gpdhYk; jkpo;kf;fSf;F ,ay;G epiy jpUk;gtpy;iy. x];Nyhtpy; mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij Nkirapy; vLf;fg;gLk; KbTfs; Vl;Lr; Riuf;fhahf fljhrpapy; kl;Lk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. fsj;jpy;  mtw;iw eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl rpq;fs ,uhZtk; kWf;fpwJ my;yJ Kl;Lf;fl;il NghLfpwJ.  Gupe;JzHT xg;ge;jk; ifr;rhj;jpl;l 180 ehl;fspy; ,uhZtk; tPLfs; kw;Wk; nghJ ,lq;fspy; ,Ue;J ntspNaw Ntz;Lk; vd;w cld;ghL 300 ehl;fs; nrd;Wk;  epiwNtw;wg;gltpy;iy. 

jkpo;kf;fspd; tho;tpy; mbj;j Gay; Xa;e;J  njd;wy; tPRk; vjpHfhyk; xspkakhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;w fdTfs; fiue;J tUfpd;wd!    

tp.Gypfs; ,uhZt rkgyj;NjhL epd;W nfhz;Ljhd; Ngr;R thHj;ij elj;JfpwhHfsh vd;w Iak; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; vOe;Js;sJ.  

jkpo; kf;fs; ifjl;LjNyhL epd;Wtplhky; tp.Gypfisj; jl;bf; Nfl;fTk; Muk;gpj;J tpl;lhHfs;. mJ ey;y rFdk;.  (ek;ehL-bnrk;gH 23> 2002)