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kPz;Lk;  Gspab!

 ef;fPud;

cyfg; Gfo;ngw;w ehlfhrpupaH Nrf;];gpaH vOjpa ehlfq;fspy;  `k;yl; vd;w ehlfk; kpfTk; caHthfg; Ngrg;gLk; gilg;ghFk;. ehlfj;jpd; fij xU cz;ikahd tuyhw;iw mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lJ. 

nld;khHf;fpd; murid mtuJ rNfhjud; FNyhba]; (Claudius) nfhiynra;Jtpl;L Ml;rpf; fl;by; VWfpwhd;. FNyhbair ,we;j kd;dupd; kidtp mtru mtrukhf jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;fpwhs;. gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j nld;khHf;fpd; ,sturd; `k;yl; ( Prince of Denmark) jiyefUf;F clNd jpUk;gp tUkhW fl;lis gwf;fpwJ. jiyefH jpUk;gpa ,sturDf;F jdJ je;ijiaf; nfhiy nra;jJ jdJ rpwpa je;ijjhd; vd;w re;Njfk;  Vw;gLfpwJ. me;jf; fl;lj;jpy; FNyhbair nfhy;tjh? ,y;iyah? mJjhd; Nfs;tp? ( To be, or not to be: that is the question? ) vd;W  kdJf;Fs; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpwhd;.   

,g;NghJ tp.GypfSk; ag;ghdpy; vjpHtUk; A+d; 9> 10 Mk; ehs; eilngw ,Uf;Fk; cjtp toq;Fk; ehLfspd; khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;tjh? ,y;iyah? vd;W KbntLf;f Ntz;ba xU Kf;fpa fl;lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. 

Vw;fdNt ag;ghdpd; rpwg;G JhJtH aRRf;fp Mfh\p ag;ghd; khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;s  tp.GypfSf;F nfhLj;jpUe;j nfL Kbe;Jtpl;lJ. 

,Ue;Jk; mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijapy; jw;NghJ Vw;gl;Ls;s Kl;Lf;fl;il epiyia ePf;Fk; tpjj;jpYk;> cjtp toq;Fk; ehLfspd; ag;ghd; khehl;by; Gypfisg; gq;Fngwr; nra;tjpYk; NehHNt ,uhrje;jpupfs; vLj;JtUk; Kaw;rpfs;  ,d;Dk; iftplg; gltpy;iy. njhlHe;J Kaw;rpfs; vLf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. NehHNt ,uhrje;jpupfs; nfhOk;Gf;Fk; fpspnehr;rpf;Fk; ,ilapy; khwp khwpg; gwe;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. 

mnkupf;fh> INuhg;gpa xd;wpak;> gpupj;jhdpah> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfs; ag;ghd; khehl;by; gq;Fgw;WkhW tp.GypfSf;F Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;J tUfpd;wd.  

jw;Nghija murpay; neUf;fbfs; Fwpj;j jkJ Kbit tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,d;W (Gjd;fpoik) gj;jpupifahsH khehl;by; ntspapLth; vd;W Kjypy; vjph;ghh;f;fg;gl;lJ. mJ ,g;NghJ gpw;Nghlg;gl;Ls;sJ. ehis (tpahof;fpoik) eilngw ,Uf;Fk; ,e;j khehl;by; Gypfspd; Kf;fpa mwptpg;G ntsptUk; vd vjph; ghh;f;fg;gLfpwJ. 

tp.GypfSf;Fk; uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Ngr;RthHj;ijfspy; vOe;Js;s Kl;Lf;fl;il ,Jjhd;.  

(m) mikjp xg;ge;jj;jpd;gb ,uhZtk; tPLfs;> gs;spf;$lq;fs;> nghJf; fl;blq;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; ,Ue;J ntspNawp ,lk;ngaHe;j kf;fis mtHfsJ nrhe;j ,lq;fspy; kPs; FbakHj;j =yq;fh muR jtwptpl;lJ.

(M) mtru kdpjhgpkhdg; gzpfs; kw;Wk; Gdu; epu;khz NjitfSf;fhd cg FO (rpuhd;) nray; gltpy;iy.

rpuhdpd; nray; ghLfs; Klq;fpg; Nghdjw;F ,g;NghJs;s ahg;gpd; fPo; epjp njhlHghd mjpfhuk; ehlhSkd;wj;Jf;Nf cz;L> rpuhd; Nghd;w mikg;ig mq;fPfupg;gjw;F  ahg;gpy; ,lk; ,y;iy vd rl;lkh mjpgH njuptpj;Js;sNj fhuzkhFk;.

vdNt ahg;gpw;F ntspNa rpuhd; Nghd;w mikg;Gf;F mjpfhuk; toq;fg;gl;lhy; kl;LNk ag;ghdpy; eilngw ,Uf;Fk;  khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;tJ njhlu;ghf jq;fspd; Kbit kW Ma;T nra;a KbAk; vd gpujkH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh mDg;gpa NahridfSf;F nra;j jpUj;jq;fs; %yk; tp.Gypfs; njuptpj;Js;sdH.

,g;NghJ mjpubahf tl-fpof;Fg; gpuNjrj;jpy; xU ,ilf;fhy epHthfj;ij epWTkhW tp.Gypfs; jiytH gpughfud; gpujkH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fhtpw;F Nfhupf;if tpLj;Js;shH. ,J njhlHghd fbjk; xd;iw tp.Gypfspd; murpay; MNyhrfH md;ld; ghyrpq;fk; NehHNt Jiz mikr;rH tplhH n`y;fnfrDf;F mDg;gp itj;Js;shH.

tp.Gypfspd; Kd;ida Kd;nkhopTfSf;F gpujkH tpf;fpukrpq;fh rkHg;gpj;j NahridfSf;F gjpy; mspf;F KfkhfNt ,e;j ,ilf;fhy epHthf Nfhupf;ifia ,g;NghJ tp.Gypfs; Kd; itj;Js;shHfs;.

tl-fpof;Ff;F ,ilf;fhy epHthfk; vd;gJ ,yq;if-,e;jpa xg;ge;jk; vOjg;gl;l fhyk; njhl;L (1987) Ngrg;gl;L tUfpw xU tplakhFk;.

,yq;if-,e;jpa xg;ge;jj;jpd; fPo; xU ,ilf;fhy epHthfk; Vw;gLj;Jk;  Kaw;rp ntw;wpngwtpy;iy.

tp.GypfSf;Fk; ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; %z;l NghUf;F ,e;j ,ilf;fhy epHthfk; Vw;gLj;Jtjpy; ,lk;ngw;w jhkjKk; ,OgwpAk; Kf;fpa fhuzkhFk;.

1994Mk; Mz;L Ml;rpf;F te;j rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh NjHjy; Nkilfspy; tl-fpof;fpy; ,ilf;fhy epHthfj;ij Vw;gLj;jp mjid tp.Gypfs; ifapy; 10 Mz;LfSf;F tpl;tplg; Nghtjhf mwptpj;jhH.

2001 Mk; Mz;L bnrk;gH 5,y; eilngw;w NjHjy; gug;Giufspd; NghJ uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh  If;fpa Njrpa Kd;dzp (TNA) Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpdhy; tp.Gypfspd; jiyikapy; tl-fpof;Ff;F xU ,ilf;fhy epHthfk; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; vd;W $wpdhH.

tp.GypfSf;Fk; =yq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Kjy; Rw;W Ngr;R thHj;ij jha;ye;jpy; eilngw;wNghJ tl-fpof;Ff;F xU ,ilf;fhy epHthfk; Vw;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;W tp.Gypfs; Nfl;lhHfs;.

,jw;F muR jug;gpy; Kf;fpa Ngr;rhsuhff; fye;J nfhz;l mikr;rH [p.vy;. gPup]; mg;gbahd xU ,ilf;fhy epHthfj;ij Vw;gLj;Jtjpy; rl;lr; rpf;fy; kw;Wk; ahg;Gr; rpf;fy; ,Ug;gjhfj; njuptpj;jhH.  

,ilf;fhy  epHthfj;Jf;Fg; gjpy; tl-fpof;F kPs; fl;likg;G> kW tho;T gw;wpa gzpfis Kd;ndLf;f ''tl fpof;Ff;fhd kdpjhgpkhd kw;Wk; kWfl;likg;G eltbf;iff;fhd $l;L nray; mzp'' (‘Joint Task Force  for Humanitarian and Reconstruction Activities’ for the Northeast ) vd;w mikg;ig cUthf;f KbT nra;ag;gl;lJ.

gpd;dH ele;j Ngr;R thHj;ijfspd; NghJ ,e;jf; $l;Lr; nray; mzp ''mtru kdpjhgpkhdg; gzpfs; kw;Wk; Gdu; epu;khzj; NjitfSf;fhd cg FO (rpuhd;)  ( Sub-committee on Immediate Humanitarian and Rehabilitation Needs (SIHRN) vd;W ngaH khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

 ,e;j mikg;gpd; Nehf;fk; tl-fpof;fpy; my;yy;gLk; ,lk;ngaHe;j kf;fis kPs; FbakHj;jy;>  kdpjhgpkhd kWfl;likg;Gj; Njitfis ,dq;fz;L mtw;iw eptHj;jp nra;jy; kw;Wk; midj;J kf;fSf;Fk; ,ay;G tho;it  Vw;gLj;Jjy; MFk;.

Mdhy; ,e;j Nehf;fq;fs; vJTNk eilKiwg; gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. x];Nyh cjtpahsH khehl;by; thf;fspf;fg;gl;l 7 Nfhb nlhyHfspy; NehHNtapd; gq;fspg;ghd 2.9 kpy;ypad; nlhyHfNs cyf tq;fpapy; gw;W itf;fg;gl;lJ. kPjp epjpf;F vd;d ele;jJ vd;gJ njupatpy;iy.    

,g;NghJ rupahf vl;L khjq;fs; fopj;J rpuhd; vd;w murid ek;gp ,ilf;fhy epHthfk; vd;w GUridf; iftpl;l tp.Gypfs; kPz;Lk; mijNa Nfl;fpwhHfs;!

tl-fpof;F (,ilf;fhy) epHthf ,ae;jpuk; tp.Gypfspd; iff;F tuhtpl;lhy; kPs; Fbaikg;G kPs; fl;likg;G ntWk; gfw; fdTfshfNt ,Uf;Fk;.

NkYk; rpije;JNghd tl-fpof;F fl;Lkhdj;ijAk;  nghUshjhuj;ijAk;  kPsf; fl;bnaOg;g ntspehLfs; jUk; epjpia nrytopf;Fk; mjpfhuk; ,ilf;fhy epHthfj;Jf;Nf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

tp.GypfSf;Fk; uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh muRf;Fk; ,ilapyhd mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij ,U jug;Gk; rkj;Jt  cupikAilatHfs; vd;w ajhHj;jj;jpd; mbg;gilapNyNa ele;J te;jJ.

mJ cz;ikahdhy; tl-fpof;F ,ilf;fhy epHthfj;ij tp.Gypfsplk; xg;gilg;gjpy; uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh murpw;F ve;j kdj; jlq;fYk; ,Uf;f epahakpy;iy.

mg;gb xU kdj;jlq;fy; ,Uf;Fkhdhy;> =yq;fhtpd; ahg;G mjw;F ,lq;nfhLf;fhJ vd;W uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh muR nrhy;YNkahdhy; Nkw;nfhz;L Ngr;R thHj;ijapy; <LgLtjpy; nghUs; ,y;yhJ Ngha;tpLk;.

jkpo; Njrpaj;jpw;Fk; rpq;fs Njrpaj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapyhd rpf;fy; ,g;NghJ ,Uf;Fk; xw;iwahl;rp ahg;gpd; fPo; jPHf;f Kbahnjd;gij rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh FkhuJq;fhNt xg;Gf; nfhz;l cz;ikahFk;.

vdNt =yq;fhtpd; murpay; ahg;G ,ilf;fhy epHthfk; xd;iw  Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F ,le;juhJ vd;W nrhy;tij Vw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ.

mtrufhyj;ijg; gpufldg; gLj;jpahtJ ,ilf;fhy epHthfj;ij cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;.

tp.Gypfspd; jiytH gpughfuDf;Fk; =yq;fh gpujkH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fhtpw;Fk; ,ilapy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l NghH epWj;j xg;ge;jk;  =yq;fh murpay; ahg;Gf;F ntspNajhd;  nra;J nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.  

tp.GypfSf;Fk; =yq;fh ,uhZtj;Jf;Fk;; ,ilapy; ele;j NghHf; ifjpfspd; gupkhw;wk; =yq;fh murpay; ahg;Gf;F mg;ghw;gl;lJjhd;. NghHf; ifjpfs; gupkhw;wk; ,UehLfSf;F ,ilNa> ,U ,uhZtj;Jf;F ,ilNajhd; nghJthf eilngWk;.

=yq;fh ehl;bd; xw;iwahl;rp ahg;ig tp.Gypfs; xU NghJk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljpy;iy. mjdhNyNa =yq;fh ehlhSkd;w NjHjypy; mtHfs; NeubahfNth kiwKfkhfNth gq;F gw;Wtij jtpHj;J te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

vdNt =yq;fh murpd; ahg;Gf;F mikaj;jhd; Ngr;R thHj;ij vd;why; mjpy; tp.Gypfs; gq;F gw;Wtjpy; nghUs; ,y;iy.

,e;jf; fl;lj;jpy; ,e;NjhNerpah muRf;Fk; mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpw;Fk; (Free Aceh Movement (GAM), ,ilapy; ag;ghdpy; ele;j mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jjij mLj;J ,e;NjhNerpah murpd; rdhjpgjp Nkftjp RfHzGj;jpup ( Megawati Sukarnoputri ) ,uhZt rl;lj;ijg; gpufldg;gLj;jp tpl;L mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpw;F vjpuhfj; jhf;Fjy; elj;JkhW ,e;NjhNerpah ,uhZtj;Jf;F fl;lis gpwg;gpj;J ,Ug;gij ftdj;jpy; nfhs;tJ ey;yJ.

NghHg; gpufldj;ij mLj;J fle;j %d;W ehl;fshf ,uhZtj;Jf;Fk; mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; ngUk; rz;il ,lk;ngw;W tUfpwJ.Ache2003.gif (4249 bytes)

mjw;F Kd;dH ,e;NjhNerpah muR mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;Jf;F xU fhyf; nfLit tpjpj;jJ. "' Nk 12f;Fs; ,e;NjhNerpah ehl;bd; ,iwikia Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs; my;yJ KO mstpyhd Aj;jk; xd;iwr; re;jpAq;fs;'' vd;gNj me;jf; nfLthFk;.  

,e;jj; jhf;Fjypy; ,e;NjhNerpah muR 35>000 ,uhZtj;jpdiu mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;f NghuhspfSf;F vjpuhff; fsk; ,wf;fpAs;sJ.   

mr;Nr ,uhr;rpak; (Kingdom of Ache ) ePz;l fhykhf Rje;jpukhf ,aq;fp te;j xU murhFk;. mr;Nr kf;fs; me;epa Mf;fpukpg;Gf;fSf;F vjpuhfg; NghuhLk; ,dk; vd;w ngUkpjKk;  tuyhWk; nfhz;ltHfs;.  xy;yhe;jH 19 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; mr;Nr ,uhr;rpaj;ij gpbg;gjw;F 30 Mz;Lfs; Nghuhl Ntz;bapUe;jJ.  

xy;yhe;jH mjidf; ifg;gw;wpa gpd;dH md;iwa lr;R fpof;F ,e;jpa fk;gdpNahL (Dutch East Indies)  ,izj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;. gpd;dH 1949.Mk; Mz;L ,e;NjhNerpah Fbaurhf cUthdNghJ mr;Nr mjd; fPo; nfhz;L tug;gl;lJ.

,e;NjhNerpahtpy; 300f;Fk; mjpfkhd nkhop NgRk; kf;fs; tho;fpwhHfs;. kf;fs; njhifapy; ,e;NjhNerpahNt cyfpy; kpfg; ngupa K];ypk; ehlhf tpsq;FfpwJ. mjd; kf;fs; njhif 202 kpy;ypad; my;yJ 20.2 NfhbahFk;.

 mr;Nr khfhzj;jpd; kf;fs; njhif 45 ,yl;rkhFk;. vz;nza; kw;Wk; ,aw;if thA tsk; epiwe;j khfhzk; ,JthFk;.  

mnkupf;fhtpd; kpfg; ngupa vz;nza;f; fk;gdpfspy; xd;whd  Exxon Mobil ,q;F ,aq;fp tUfpwJ.  

,e;NjhNerpah 13>000 mjpfkhd jPTf;$l;lq;fis (Archipelago)  cs;slf;fpa xU ehlhFk;. mjpy; mr;Nr Rkj;jpuh jPtpd; tlf;F Kidapy; ,Uf;Fk; ,d;ndhU jPthFk;.

[fHj;jhitj; jiyefuhff; nfhz;l muR KO ehl;ilAk; MStJ vd;gJ  xU  rthyhfNt ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. 1999,y; fpof;F jPNkhH jdpehlhfg; gpufldk; nra;jNghJ mJ mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpw;F ek;gpf;if Cl;Ltjhf ,Ue;jJ. fpof;F jPNkhH 2002  Nk 20,y; KO Rje;jpu ehlhf kyHe;jJ njupe;jNj.  

1889-1998 ,y; md;iwa ,e;NjhNerpah rdhjpgjp Rfhl;Nuh mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;ij eRf;Ftjw;F ,uhZtj;ij VtpdhH. mjd;NghJ rpj;jputij> ghypay; td;Kiw> fhzhky; Nghjy; Nghd;w ghupa kdpjTupik kPwy;fs; muq;Nfwpd.  

fle;j 2002Mk; Mz;L bnrk;gH 9 ,y; mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpw;Fk; ,e;NjhNerpah muRf;Fk; ,ilapy; ifr;rhj;jhfpa xg;ge;jj;jpd;gb fPo;f;fz;l tplaq;fisapl;L ,zf;fk; fhzg;gl;lJ.

(m) cldbahf ,U jug;Gk; NghH epWj;jk;.

(M) xU jd;dhl;rp muir cUthf;Ftjw;F 2004.,y; Rje;jpukhd nghJr; NjHjy; xd;iw elj;JtJ. Mdhy; jdpehL ,y;iy.

(,) Gjpa khfhz muR vz;nza; tpw;gidapd; %yk; fpilf;Fk; tUthapy;  70 tpOf;fhl;il itj;jpUf;f mDkjpg;gJ.

(<) khfhz muR rhwpah vd;w ,];yhkpa rl;lj;ij mKy;gLj;j mDkjpg;gJ.  

(c) Nghuhspfs; MAjq;fisf; fPNo Nghl Ntz;Lk;.  

Mdhy; 5 khjq;fs; fopj;J fle;j Nk khjk; ,e;j xg;ge;jk; Kwpe;J Ngha;tpl;lJ.

,jw;Ff; fhuzk;  xd;W mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fk; jdJ MAjq;fis fPNo itf;f kWj;;jik. kw;wJ ,e;NjhNerpah ,uhZtk; jdJ  ghJfhg;G epiyfis gpd;js;sj; jtwpaik.   

,g;NghJ mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fk; mr;Nr khfhzj;jpd; KO tpLjiyf;Fg; NghuhLtnjd #Siuj;Js;sJ.

fle;j 27 Mz;Lfshf mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpw;Fk; ,e;NjhNerpah ,uhZtj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j rz;ilapy; 10>000f;Fk; mjpfkhd nghJ kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shHfs;.

mr;Nr  tpLjiy ,af;fk; 1976 bnrk;gH 4 ,y; njhlf;fg;gl;lJ. mjid Njhw;Wtpj;jtH ngaH frhd; b upNuh (Hasan di Toro) MthH. RkhH 150 NghuhspfNshL njhlf;fg;gl;l mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpy; ,d;W 2000-3000 Nghuhspfs; nfhz;l ,af;fkhf tsHr;rp mile;Js;sJ.  

mr;Nr ,uhr;rpaj;jpd; tuyhw;Wf;Fk; aho;g;ghz ,uhr;rpaj;jpd; tuyhw;Wf;Fk; epiwa xw;Wik cz;L. mNjNghy; mr;Nrapd; Rje;jpuj;Jf;fhf MAjk; Ve;jp ,e;NjhNerpah muNrhL xU nfupyh Aj;jj;ij elj;jp tUk; mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;Jf;Fk; jkpoPo tpLjiy  Gypfs; ,af;fj;Jf;Fk; epiwa xw;Wik cz;L. 

mr;Nr tpLjiy ,af;fj;jpd; mDgtk; vkf;Fk; xU ghlkhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. (ek;ehL- Nk 22> 2003)