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"vtlk; vtlk; Gspab Gspab"

=yq;fhtpy; ele;J Kbe;j cs;shl;;rpj; NjHjy; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhTf;Fk; mtuJ kf;fs; Kd;dzpf; fl;rpf;Fk; ngupa Njhy;tpiag; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;Js;sJ. nkhj;jk; 222 cs;shl;rp rigfspy; mtuJ fl;rp 4 rigfisj;jhd; ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ. kpFjp 218 rigfspy; 217 rigfis If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ.

,g;gbf; ifg;gw;wg;gl;l rigfspy; mj;jdf;fy gpuNjr rigAk; xd;W. ehL Rje;jpuk; mile;jjd; gpd; mj;jdf;fiy gz;lhuehaf;f FLk;gj;jpd; Mjpf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;J mJ gwpNghfg; gl;bUg;gJ ,JNt Kjy; jlit.

NjHjypy; MSk; fl;rp Nkw;nfhz;l jpy;YKy;Yfs; fhuzkhfNt jdJ fl;rp NjHjy;ypy; Njhw;f Neupl;lJ vd re;jpupfh nrhd;dhH. NjHjy; td;Kiwfisg; gl;bay; ,l;L cs;SH mikr;rH mkuJq;fhtpw;F #lhd thHj;ijfshy; mHr;rid nra;J  7 gf;ff; fbjk; xd;iw re;jpupfh mDg;gpapUe;jhH. VNjh jdJ Ml;rpapy; ele;j NjHjy;fspd;NghJ ve;j td;KiwAk; ,lk;ngwtpy;iy vy;yhk; mikjpahf ele;jd vd mtH gj;jpdp Ntlk; NghLtJjhd; Ntbf;if. fle;j bnrk;gH jpq;fs; 5k; ehs; ele;j NjHjypd; NghJ 68g; NgHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;lhHfs;. td;Kiwr; rk;gtq;fs; Mapuj;ijAk; jhz;bg; Nghapd.

rup re;jpupfhtpd; thjg;gb NjHjy; jpy;Y Ky;Yfs; ele;jJ vd;W itj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk; mk;ghiu khtl;lj;jpy; ,e;jf; fpoik mikjpahf ele;J Kbe;j  NjHjypy; ve;j Iaj;jpw;Fk; ,lk; ,y;yhjtifapy; If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp ntw;wpthif #bAs;sJ. mk;ghiu efuhl;rp kd;wk; cl;gl nkhj;jk; 8 cs;shl;rp rigfisAk; MSk; If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rp ifg;gw;wp cs;sJ.  If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rpf;F 61 ,lq;fSk;> kf;fs; Kd;dzpf;F 19 ,lq;fSk;> [djh tpKf;jp nguKidf;F 4 ,lq;fSk; fpilj;Js;sd> ,uz;L ,lq;fis RNal;ir Ntl;ghsHfs; ifg;gw;wp ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.  

vdNt re;jpupfh jdJ fl;rpapd; Njhy;tpf;F NjHjy; td;Kiwia my;yJ jpy;YKy;iy fhuzkhff; fhl;l KbahJ. mg;gbf; fhl;l KidtJ eifg;Gf;FupaJ.

,e;jj; NjHjy; KbTfs; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh murpaypy; ,wq;F Kfj;ij re;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhH vd;gij njspthff; fhl;Lfpd;wd. mtUf;F ele;j nfhz;bUe;j nts;spjpir ,g;NghJ rdpjpirahf khwptpl;lJ!

rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh jdJ murpay; nry;thf;if ,oe;jjpw;F cupa fhuzpfis ePz;l gl;bay; Nghl;Lf; fhl;lyhk;.

(1) gpbthjk;. jhd; gpbj;j KaYf;F %d;W fhy; vd;W rhjpg;gjpy; mtH ty;ytH.

(2) tha;. kw;wtHfisg; GSf;fs;>  guNjrpfs;> fs;sHfs;> fhilaHfs; vd;W jpl;Ltjpy; mtiu ahUk; nty;y KbahJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ  thapd; ,UGwj;Jk; ,Ue;J xd;Wf;F xd;W Kuzhfg; NgRtjpYk; mtH nfl;bf;fhuH.  

(3) jiyf;fdk;. jhd; gz;lhuehaf;f FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;jtH. gz;lhuehaf;f FLk;gj;jpdH Msg; gpwe;jtHfs; vd;w kdg;Nghf;F mtiu Ml;bg;gilf;fpwJ. re;jpupfh jdJ Ml;rpapd; NghJ nkhj;jk; epjp cl;gl 7 mikr;Rf;fisj; jdJ ifapy; itj;jpUe;jhH.  ,J jd;id tpl;lhy; NtW Ms; ,y;iy vd;w ,Wkhg;ghy;  Vw;gLfpw tpahjp.

(4) mwptPdk;. re;jpupfh jd;idg; ngupa mwpthsp vd epidf;fpwhH. nkj;jg; gbj;jtH vd;Wk; epidf;fpwhH. ""NguhrpupaH [p.vy;. gPup];  xU Kl;lhs;. jhd; vOjpf; nfhLj;j tuT-nryTj; jpl;lj;ij mtH ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; thrpg;gJjhd; Jiz epjp mikr;rH vd;w Kiwapy; mtuJ Ntiy"" vd;W gfpuq;fkhff; Fw;wk; rhl;batH. cz;ikapy; re;jpupfhtpd; gbg;G bg;Nshkh vd;W nrhy;yf;$ba ,uz;lhz;L gbg;igj; jhz;ltpy;iy.  

(5) gpd;Gj;jp. ngz; Gj;jp gpd;Gj;jp vd;ghHfs;. Mdhy; mjpy;  cz;ik ,y;iy.  Mdhy; re;jpupfhitg; nghWj;jstpy; mJ Kw;wpYk; rup. fle;j Mz;L ehlhSkd;wj;ijf; fiyj;Jtpl;L nghJj; NjHjiy elj;jpdhy;  mjpy; jdJ fl;rp ntw;wp ngWk; vd;W jg;Gf;fzf;Fg; Nghl;lhH. Mdhy; epjhdkhf epd;W epWj;jp Nahrpj;jpUe;jhy; mtuJ nry;thf;F 1994k; Mz;Lf;Fg; gpd;dH gbg;gbahff; Fiwe;J nfhz;Lte;jij mtH mtjhdpj;jpUf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mtH mijf; fz;L nfhs;stpy;iy. 2000k; Mz;by; ele;j rdhjpgjp NjHjypy; 51 tpOf;fhL thf;Ffs; kl;LNk ngw;wpUe;jhH. 1994k; Mz;L ele;j NjHjypy; mtH ngw;w thf;F tpOf;fhL 62 MFk;.

NjHjiy itf;fhky; vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fhit murikf;f mioj;jpUe;jhy; xU nrhw;g ngUk;ghd;ik nfhz;l murhf> cWjpaw;w murhf> ehSk; nghOJk; nrj;Jg; gpiof;Fk; murhf  mJ tpsq;fp ,Uf;Fk;.

ele;J Kbe;j NjHjypy; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh jdJ fl;rp rhHgpy; NjHjy; fsj;jpy; ,wq;fp gug;Giu nra;jhH. Fwpg;ghf gz;lhuehaf;fh FLk;gj;jpd; Nfhl;il vd;W fUjg;gLfpw mj;jdf;fiyapy; gug;Giu nra;jhH. NjHjy; ehsd;W $l mq;Fs;s  thf;Fr;  rhtbfSf;Fr; nrd;wpUe;jhH. ,jd; %yk; kf;fs; Kd;dzpapd; NjHjy; Njhy;tp re;jpupfhtpd; jd;pg;gl;l Njhy;tpahfTk; mike;J tpl;lJ.

mNj rkak; gpjkH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;f NjHjy; gug;Giuapy; <Lgltpy;iy vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

,e;jj; NjHjy; KbT gpujkH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fhtpd; mikjp Kd;ndLg;Gf;F rpq;fs kf;fs; nfhLj;j mq;fPfhuk; vd;gjpy; ve;j IaKk; ,y;iy. Ntiyapd;ik> tho;f;ifr; nryT> nghUshjhuk;  Nghd;wtw;wpy; fle;j %d;W khjq;fspy; ve;j khw;wKk; ,lk; ngwtpy;iy. vdNt NjHjy; Kbit mit ghjpf;ftpy;iy.

nghJthf xU NjHjypy; thf;fhsHfs; xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l fhuzq;fSf;fhfNt xU Fwpg;gpl;l fl;rpf;F thf;fspf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; ,e;jj; NjHjy; KbT mikjp Kaw;rpf;F kf;fsJ mq;fPfhuk; ,Uf;fpwjh ,y;iyah vd;gjw;fhf elj;jg;gLk; Neub thf;nfLg;G vd;W mikr;rH gPup]; gfpuq;fkhf mwptpj;jpUe;jhH.

mNj rkak; tp.Gypfs;- uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; ifr;rhj;jhd Gupe;JzHT xg;ge;jk; ehl;il ,U Jz;lhf;fp mjpy; xU Jz;il Gypfsplk; xg;gilf;fpwJ vd;W vjpHf;fl;rpfs;> Fwpg;ghf rpq;fs-gTj;j Ngupdthjf; fl;rpfshd [djh tpKf;jp nguKd kw;Wk; rpfy cWka gug;Giu nra;jd.

,Ue;Jk; rpq;fs thf;fhsHfs;  ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf ,e;jj; NjHjypy; rpq;fs Ngupdthj rf;jpfis epuhfupj;Js;shHfs;.

re;jpupfh epiwNtw;W mjpfhuk; gilj;j rdhjpgjpahf ,Ue;jhYk; ,g;NghJ murpay; mjpfhuj;ij ,oe;Jtpl;lhH. ,d;Dk; nfhQ;rk; gr;irahfr; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;why; re;jpupfh ,g;NghJ gy;Yg; gpLq;fpd ghk;G!

cyf muq;fpy; mikjpg; Ngr;RthHj;ijf;F mNkhf MjuT ,Ug;gJ nts;splkiy. rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh mjw;F vjpuhf vjpH ePr;ry; mbj;jhy; mtH nfl;l ngaH thq;FtJ cWjpahfp tpLk;. ,ij czHe;J nfhz;l re;jpupfh mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij njhlf;fg;gLtij tuNtw;gjhfg; NgrpapUf;fpwhH.

mNj Neuk; jhd; nrhy;y epidg;gij jdJ fl;rp tpRthrpfs; %yk; nrhy;y itf;fpwhH. Kd;dhs; gpujkH ,ul;zrpwp tpf;fpukehaf;f re;jpupfhTf;F neUf;fkhdtH vd;gJ njupe;jNj. mNjrkak; vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytuhf ,Uf;Fk; kfpe;jh uh[gf;irf;Fk; re;jpupfhTf;Fk; xj;JtuhJ vd;gJk; ngupa ,ufrpaky;y. re;jpupfhtpd; tpUg;gj;jpw;F vjpuhfNt uh[gf;r vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytuhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

vdNtjhd; rdhjpgjp Ngr epidj;jij  tpf;fpukehaf;fhitf; nfhz;L ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; Ngr itj;jpUf;fpwhH. ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; Ngrpa tpf;fpukehaf;fh NknyOe;j thupahf mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijia tuNtw;gjhf nrhy;yptpl;L gy epge;jidfisj; jdJ Ngr;rpy; nrUfp ,Uf;fpwhH.

(m) murpay; jPHT xw;iwahl;rp murpay; ahg;Gf;F cl;gl;ljhfNt ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

(M) nghq;F jkpo; epfo;r;rpfs; jpUNfhzkiy jkpoupd; jiyefuk;>  tl-fpof;F jkpoupd; jhafk;> jk;poHfSf;F jdpahd ,uhZtk;  vd;W Ngrg;gLtJ rpq;fs kf;fspd; kj;jpapy; jtwhd vz;zj;ijg; Njhw;Wtpj;J tpLk;. vdNt ,j;jifa tpohf;fs; cldbahfj; jilnra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;.

(,) ehl;by; cs;s vy;NyhUf;Fk; ehl;bd; ve;jg; gFjpapYk; fhzpthq;fTk; trpf;fTk; cupik ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Kd;dhs; gpujkH tpf;fpukehaf;f xU fLk;Nghf;fhsH vd;gJ njupe;jNj. jkpoHfs; %r;R tpLtjhf ,Ue;jhYk; rpq;fstHfsJ mDkjpNahLjhd; %r;Rtpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W epidg;gtH.  vdNt mtuJ Ngr;rpy; ""ngupaz;zd;"" Nghf;Fk; ,dthj neby; tPRtJgw;wpAk;  ahUk; ftiy nfhs;sf; $lhJ.

cz;ikapy; tpf;fpukehaf;f nrhy;y tUtJ vd;dntd;why; jkpoHfSf;F ve;j cupikAk; ju KbahJ vd;gJjhd;. xw;iw Ml;rp murpay; ahg;Gf;F cl;gl;ljhf murpay;  jPHT ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;Nf mtrpak; ,y;yhJ Ngha;tpLk;.

ehl;by; cs;s vy;NyhUf;Fk; ehl;bd; ve;jg; gFjpapYk; fhzpthq;Fk; cupikAk; mjpy; thOk; cupik gw;wp mtH NgRtJ Vd; vd;gJ cq;fSf;Fg; GupAk; vd;W epidf;fpNwd;. rpq;fstHfs; tl-fpof;fpy; FbNaWtjw;F ve;jj; jilAk; ,Uf;ff; $lhJ vd;gJjhd; mtH nrhy;yhky; nrhy;Yk; nry;yf; fij.

,J ,t;thwpUf;f gpujkH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;f mz;ikapy; ngupa Nrdehaf;fhtpd; 50 Mz;L kiwT ehisnahl;bg; Ngrpa Ngr;R gy Iaq;fis vOg;gpAs;sJ. mtH NgrpapUg;gjhtJ-

""ehl;bd; vjpHfhyk; b.v];. Nrdehaf;fhtpd; njhiyNehf;F mbg;gilapy; cUthf;fg;gl  Ntz;Lk;. Rje;jpuk; mile;j fhyj;jpy; gy;NtW ,dq;fSf;fpilapyhd mOj;j epiyia vg;gb mtH ifahz;lhNuh mjd; mbg;gilapy; ,d;iwa rpf;fYf;Fk; jPHT fhzg;glNtz;Lk;. mtuJ rpe;jid fhyj;ijf; fle;J ntd;W epw;fpwJ. mNj Neuk; Vida rpe;jidfs; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;Js;sd. vdNt ,d;W mtuJ %yr;  rpe;jidf;Fj;  jpUk;gpr; nrd;Ws;Nshk;.""(nlapyp epA+];- khHr;R 22> 2002)

 gpujku; uzpy; tpf;fpurpq;fhtpd; Ngr;R ""vy;NyhUk; Vwp tpOe;j Fjpiuapy; rf;fLj;jhH Vwpr; rWf;fp tpOe;j fijia"" epidTf;Ff; nfhz;L tUfpwJ.

,d;iwa ,dr; rpf;fYf;F fhy;Nfhs; ,l;ltH ngupa Nrdehaf;fh  vd;gJ gr;irf; Foe;ijf;Fk; njupe;j rq;fjpahFk;. Rje;jpuj;Jf;F Kd;dH ngupa Nrdehaf;fh kw;wtHfs; tFg;Gthjpfs; jhd; xU Njrpathjp vdf; fhl;bf; nfhz;lhH. Mdhy; ,yq;if Rje;jpuk; mile;j mNj Mz;L 10 ,yl;rk; kiyehl;Lj; jkpoHfJ FbAupikiag; gwpj;jhH.  mLj;j Mz;L jpUthsH nghd;dk;gyj;ij xU kPd;gpb mikr;rH gjtp vd;w Jhz;biyg; Nghl;L jdJ gf;fj;jpy;  ,Oj;jhH. gpd;dH mtiug; ff;fj;jpy;  itj;Jf; nfhz;L mNj kiyafj; jkpo; kf;fsJ thf;FupikiaAk; gwpj;jhH. ,jdhy; 1952Mk; Mz;L ele;j ehlhSkd;wj; NjHjypy;  jkpoHfsJ ehlhSkd;wg; gpujpepj;Jtg; gyk; rup ghjpahff; Fiwe;jJ. mNj Neuk; rpq;fstHfSila gyk; 67 tpOf;fhl;by; ,Ue;J (1947) 74 tpOf;fhlhf mjpfupj;jJ!

Njhy; ,Uf;f Ris gpLq;fpatDf;F ahiuahtJ vLj;Jf; fhl;lhfr; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;why; fpotd; Nrdehaf;fhitj;jhd; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;.

mJ kl;Lky;y b.v];.Nrdehaf;fhtpd; Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpd; NghJjhd; jkpou;fSila kuGtop epyg;gFjpfs; #iwahlg;gl;L> ngUk;ghd;ik ,d rpq;fstHfs; gl;bg;gis> my;iy> fe;jsha; gFjpfspy;  Fbaku;j;jg;gl;ldH.  gl;bg;gis fy;Nyhahthfg; ngaH khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;L> gpd;dH mk;ghiw vd;w jdp khtl;lk; cUthfpAs;sJ. ,d;W mJ jpfhkLfy vd;w Rj;j rpq;fsg; ngauhy; miof;fg;gLfpwJ.

vdNt mikjpg; Ngr;R thHj;ij RKfkhf KbAk; jkpoHfsJ jd;dhl;rp cupikfs; jq;fj; jhk;ghsj;jpy; itj;Jj; jug;gLk; vd;W vz;zp vjpHghHj;J ,Ug;gtHfis Kd;dhs; gpujkH ,ul;zrpwp tpf;fpukrpq;f kw;Wk; ,d;dhs; gpujkH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fhtpd; Ngr;R "vtlk; vtlk; Gspab Gspab' vd;w rpWgps;isfspd; fz;zhk; G+r;rp tpisahl;il Qhgfg;gLj;jpdhy; mjpy; tpag;NgJk; ,y;iy!