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vq;Fk; Rje;jpuk; vd;gNj Ngr;R!

ef;fPud; 

vq;Fk; Rje;jpuk; vd;gNj Ngr;R -ehk;
 vy;NyhUk; rknkd;gJ cWjpahr;R
rq;Fnfhz;Nl ntw;wp  CJNthNk-,ijj;
juzpf;nfy; yhnkLj;J XJNthNk

kfhftp ghujpahH vz;gJ my;yJ njhz;ZhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd; ghba ghly; ,J.  ghujehL  Rje;jpuk; milA Kd;dNu mJ Rje;jpuk; mile;J tpl;ljhff; fw;gid gz;zpg; ghba ghlyhFk;. ghujehl;Lf;F vg;gbAk; Rje;jpuk; fpilj;J tpLk;> mjidj; jLj;J epWj;j ve;j rf;jpahYk; KbahJ vd;gjpy; ghujpahUf;F mirf;f Kbahj ek;gpf;if ,Ue;jJ.  ghujpahH fhyj;jpy; ghujk; Rje;jpuk; milatpy;iy. Mdhy; mtH fhyj;jpy; if$lhj Rje;jpuk; mtH kiwe;J (1921) rupahf ,Ugj;NjO Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH ifg;gl;lJ. 

ghujk; Rje;jpuk; mile;jijj; njhlHe;J ghujj;ijg; NghyNt md;dpa Vfhjpgj;jpa nfhydpj;Jt Ruz;lYf;Fg;  gypahfp mbikg;gl;Lf; fple;j Mrpa> Mgpupf;f ehLfs; Rje;juk;  mile;jd. etrPdk; 1949k; Mz;L cs;ehl;L nghJTilikg; Gul;rpiaj; njhlHe;J  Gjpa ehlhf Kfpo;e;jJ.  

gj;J Mz;LfSf;F Kd; Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; kiwe;j NghJ ,Ugjpw;Fk; Nkyhd Gj;jk; GjpaehLfs; Rje;jpu ehLfshfj; jq;fisg; gpufldg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ld. A+NfhrpNyhtpahtpd;  fijAk; ,Jjhd;.  

1945,y;  54 Mf ,Ue;j  I.ehLfs; rigapd; cWg;gpdH vz;zpf;if ,d;W 186 Mf caHe;Js;sJ. ,J cyfshtpa jiyfPo; murpay; Gtpay; khw;wq;fis glk;gpbj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. 

,g;NghJ fpof;F jPNkhH Rje;jpuj;jpd; Eis thaypy; epw;fpd;wJ. mLj;j khjk; I.eh tpd; Nkw;ghHitapy; elf;f ,Uf;Fk; Neub thf;nfLg;gpy; ""G+uz Rje;jpukh my;yJ ,e;NjhdprpahNthL $l;lhr;rpah?"" vd;gijapl;L jPNkhH ehl;L kf;fs; KbT nra;a ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j Neub thf;nfLg;gpw;F topnra;Ak; rupj;jpug; Gfo; ngw;w xg;ge;jk; NghHj;Jf;fy;Yf;Fk; - ,e;Njhdprpahtpw;Fk; ,ilapy; ,e;j thuk; ifr;rhj;jhfpAs;sJ.  

ghy];jPdpaj;jpd; jiytH mugj; ,e;j khjk; nra;atpUe;j xUjiyg;gl;rkhd Rje;jpug; gpufldj;ij ,];Nuypy; elf;f ,Uf;Fk; nghJj; NjHjiyf; fhuzk; fhl;b xj;jpg;Nghl;Ls;shH. ,Ue;Jk; ghy];jPdpauJ jhafG+kpapy; xU Rje;jpu ehL cjakhtJ ,g;NghJ epr;rakhfp tpl;lJ.  

nfhNrhNth A+NfhrpNytpahtpd; gpbapypUe;J kPl;fg;gLtJk; ,g;NghJ epr;rakhfp tpl;lJ. mjd;gpd; mJ A+NfhrpNytpah ,izg;ghl;rpapd; fPo; xU Rahl;rp khepykhf tpsq;Fk; vd gpuhd;]; ehl;bd; Rambouillet efuj;jpy; ele;j khehl;by; xg;ge;jk; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ,d;iwa murpay; khw;wq;fis mLj;J> RkhH gj;J ,yl;rk; nfhNrhNth my;NgdpaH gyhj;fhukhf mtHfs; gpwe;J tsHe;j kz;zpy; ,Ue;J tpul;b mbf;fg;gl;l gpd;dH A+NfhrpNytpahNthL Rahl;rp rupg;gl;L tuhJ vd nfhNrhNth tpLjiy ,uhZtk; mwptpj;Js;sJ.  

fle;j Nk khjk; 6k; ehs;  R+upad; kiwjy; ,y;yhj rhk;uh[;ak; vd;W xU fhyj;jpy; Gfog;gl;l If;fpa ,uh[;[paj;jpd; mq;fj;Jt ehLfshd ];nfhj;yhe;;J kw;Wk; Nty;]; ,uz;bYk; me;j ehLfSf;fhd rl;l rigfSf;F NjHjy; ele;J Kbe;Js;sJ. 

];nfhj;yhe;ijg; nghWj;jstpy; me;j ehL Aj;jj;jpy; gpupj;jhdpahthy; Ke;EhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd; (fp.gp. 1707)  ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;l gpd;dH Kjd; Kjyhf ];nfhj;yhe;Jf;F Rahl;rp toq;Fk;  ghuhSkd;wj;Jf;F NjHjy; ele;jpUf;fpwJ. 

];nfhj;yhe;J kf;fsJ Njrpa mgpyhirfisg; G+Hj;jp nra;Ak; tz;zk; ghJfhg;G> ntspAwTf; nfhs;if> Nghf;Ftuj;J> ehzak; Nghd;w mjpfhuq;fs; ePq;fyhf Gjpa ];nfhj;yhe;J ghuhSkd;wj;Jf;F Ml;rp mjpfhuk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; %yk; ];nfhj;yhe;J kf;fs; ,yz;ldpypUe;J Msg;gLfpwhHfs; vd;w fiw ePf;fg;gl;L Kf;fhy;thrp jq;fisj; jhq;fNs MSk; cupik toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 

,e;j NjHjypy; ];nfhj;yhe;Jf;F KOr; Rje;jpuk; Nfhupa ];nfhj;yhe;J Njrpaf; fl;rp (Scottish Nationalist Party)  NjHjypy; ntw;wpthif R+Lk; vd vjpHghHf;fg; gl;lhYk; ];nfhj;yhe;J njhopw; fl;rpNa 129 cWg;gpdH nfhz;l ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; RkhH 55 ,lq;fisf; ifg;gw;wpAs;sJ. Njrpaf; fl;rpf;F 44 ,lq;fisAk;>  kpjthjf; fl;rpAk;> jhuhs rdehaff; fl;rpAk; (Liberal Democrats)  kpFjp ,lq;fisAk; (21) ifg;gw;wpAs;sd. 

tUq;fhyj;jpy; ];nfhj;yhe;J Njrpaf; fl;rp ghuhSkd;wj; NjHjypy; ngUk;ghd;ik ,lq;fisf; ifg;gw;Wtjd; %yk; ];nfhj;yhe;J kf;fs; gpupj;jhdpahtpypUe;J gpupe;J Nghtjw;fhd Miziag; ngwf; $Lk;. Nty;]; rl;lrigf;F ele;j NjHjypYk; Nty;]; ehl;bd; Rje;jpuj;ij tpUk;Gk;Nty;]; Njrpaf; fl;rp ntw;wp tha;g;ig nrhw;g ,lq;fshy; ,oe;Js;sJ. 

vdNt ,d;wpy;yhtpl;lhYk; vd;Nwh xUehs; ];nfhj;yhe;Jk; Nty;Rk; Rje;jpu ehLfshf kyHtJ fhyj;jpd; fl;lhak; Mfyhk;. 

,g;gb cyfshtpa Kiwapy; kf;fs; vyptis vd;whYk; jdptis vd;gJ Nghy Njrpa ,dq;fs;  khw;whHfSf;F mbgzpahJ> jq;fs; murpay; jiytpjpiaj; jhq;fNs vOj tpUk;GfpwhHfs;. 

,Ugjhk; Ehw;whz;il Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Ugj;njhuhk; Ehw;whz;by; cyfk; fhyb vLj;J itf;Fk; ,d;iwa fhy fl;lj;jpy; Rje;jpuj;Jf;Fk; tpLjiyf;Fkhd Nghuhl;lq;fs; ,d;Dk; Ntfkilayhk;. mjw;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. mLj;j Ehw;whz;by; I.eh. rigapd; cWg;gpdH vz;zpf;if ,UEhw;iwj; jhz;bdhy; mijapl;L ahUk; Mr;rupag; glNtz;bajpy;iy.  

Mdhy; =yq;fhtpd; rpq;fs-ngsj;j  ,dthjpfs; kl;Lk; cyfg; Nghf;Ff;F khwhf jkpo; Njrpa ,dj;jpd; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij MAj typik nfhz;L Kwpabj;J jkpoPoj;ij Msyhk; vdg; gfy;  fdT fhz;fpd;wdH. 

vg;gbg; grp> jhfk; kdpjHfSf;F ,aw;ifahdNjh mNjNghy; ,d;ndhUtUf;F mbikfshf ,uhky;> ,d;ndhUtuJ jatpy; thohky;  nrhe;jf; fhypy; Rje;jpukhf thoNtz;Lk;

vd;W vz;ZtJk;  ,aw;ifahFk;. 

FLk;gq;fspy; $l jpUkzkhdJk; kdNdh> kfNsh ngw;w jha; je;ijaiug; gpupe;J jdpf; Fbj;jdk; Ngha;tpLfpwhHfs;. xw;Wikf;F mJjhd; top. jpUkzk; nra;j gpd;dH kidtp-fztd; ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy;  kdg; nghUj;jk; ,y;yhtpl;lhy; kzKwpT Nfl;fg;gLfpwJ. 

$L jq;fk; vd;whYk;> cz;gJ ghYk; goKk; vd;whYk; fpsp re;jHg;gk; fpilf;Fk; NghJ $l;il tpl;L thd tPjpapy; rpwfbj;Jg; gwe;J nrd;W jd; $l;lj;NjhL NruNt tpUk;GfpwJ. 

fle;j gjpdhW Mz;LfSf;F Nkyhf elf;Fk; Aj;jj;ij KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L te;J =yq;fhtpy; kPz;Lk; rkhjhd rftho;it epiyehl;l ngsj;j> fpwp];jt kjj; jiytHfs; fle;j rpy khjq;fshf Kaw;rp nra;J tUfpwhHfs;. ,e;j Mz;bd; Muk;gj;jpy; tp.Gypfis td;dpapy; re;jpj;Jg; Ngrpa kjj; jiytHfs; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhitAk; nkj;jTk; Kaw;rp nra;J re;jpj;Jg; NgrpAs;shHfs;. 

Mdhy; Ntjhsk; KUq;f kuj;jpy;  ,Ue;J  ,wq;f kWj;J tpl;l fijaha;  tp.GypfSld; muR NgRtjhapUe;jhy; tp.Gypfs; jkpoPof; Nfhupf;ifiaf; iftpl Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk;  tp.Gypfs; jdpehL Nfl;Lg; NghuhLk; kl;Lk; mtHfSld; ve;jg; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;Fk; muR jahupy;iy vd;W rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh kjj; jiytHfsplk; njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhH. 

,jd; %yk; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh ,dg; gpur;rpidf;F jPHT Aj;jk;jhd; vd;gij kPz;Lk; xU Kiw cWjpg; gLj;jpAs;shH. 

jdJ kfd; nrj;jhYk; gUthapy;iy kUkfs; jhyp mwNtz;Lk; vd;w khkpahH NghyNt rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh  ele;J nfhs;fpwhH. 

=yq;fhtpd; nghUshjhuk; tPo;r;rp mile;J ehL Fl;br; RtuhdhYk; gUthapy;iy jkpo; kf;fSf;F vjpuhd Aj;jk; njhlu Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj re;jpupfhtpd; MirahFk;. 

=yq;fhtpd; nghUshjhuk; fle;j 60 Mz;L fhyj;jpy;  ,g;NghJjhd;  kpfg; ngupa neUf;fbia re;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ,g;gbr; nrhy;gtHfs; =yq;fh muRf;F Ntz;lhjtHfNsh tpNuhjpfNsh my;yH. =yq;fhtpd;  kj;jpa tq;fp  MSeNu ,e;j mgha kzpia mbj;J rpfg;Gf; nfhbiaf; fhl;bAs;shH. 

1998 Mk; Mz;bw;fhd Kg;gJ gf;f kj;jpa tq;fp mwpf;if  =yq;fhtpd; nghUshjhu tsHr;rp 4.7 tpOf;fhL kl;LNk vl;bAs;sjhf njuptpj;Js;sJ. 1997k; Mz;L =yq;fhtpd; nghUshjhu tsHr;rp 6.3 tpOf;fhlhf ,Ue;jJ. vdNt 1997k; Mz;NlhL xg;gpLk; NghJ 1998k; Mz;by; nghUshjhuk;  tsHr;rpf;Fg; gjpy; tPo;r;rpiaNa  fz;Ls;sJ. 

1997k; Mz;NlhL xg;gpLk; NghJ ehl;bd; tuT-nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; Vw;gLk; gw;whf;Fiw nkhj;j cs;@H  cw;gj;jpapy; (Gross Domestic Product)     9.2 tpOf;fhlhf (1997y;  7.9 tpOf;fhL)  mjpfupj;Js;sJ.  

,e;j tPo;r;rpf;Fupa  fhuzj;ijAk;  kj;jpa tq;fp jdJ mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gplj; jtwtpy;iy. 

tp.GypfSldhd Aj;jj;Jf;F nrytplg;gLk; ngUe;njhifg; gzNk =yq;fhtpd; nghUshjhu rupTf;F fhuzk; vd;gij kj;jpa tq;fp xspf;fhky; njuptpj;Js;sJ. tuT-nryTj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; xJf;fg;gLk; epjpapy; ngUksit Aj;jk; tpOq;Ftjhf kj;jpa tq;fp mwpf;if xj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. me;j mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ- 

“This was due mainly to higher defence related expenditure to battle the Tamil separatist war in the north and the east of the country and lower tax revenues.
“The new goods and services tax, introduced in April last year, had been set below the “optimal rate.”  

“Sri Lanka is already a high inflation country. A high budget deficit, high inflation  and high interest rates discourage private investment and slow down economic expansion. There is an urgent need to bring down fiscal deficit reduction program back to track”.  

"",e;jg; gw;whf;Fiwf;F Kf;fpa fhuzk; jkpoHfsJ gpuptpid Aj;jj;ij vjpHj;Jg; NghuLtjpy; Vw;gLk; ghJfhg;G rk;ge;jkhd $Ljy; nrytPdNk.

""fle;j Vg;gpuy; khjk; Gjpjhf mKy;gLj;jg; gl;l gz;lq;fs; NritfSf;fhd tup ""cr;r tPjj;ij"" tplf; Fiwthf epHzapf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 

"" =yq;fh Vw;fdNt gztPf;fKila (10.2 tpOf;fhL) ehL. $Ljy; tuT-nryTg;  gw;whf;Fiw> mjpfsT gztPf;fk;> mjpfsT tl;b tpOf;fhL jdpahH KjyPl;il jsHr;rpailar; nra;J nghUshjhu tpupthf;fj;ij nkJg;gLj;JfpwJ. tuT-nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; tpOk; gw;whf;Fiwia fhyjhkjk; ,y;yhky; Fiwf;f mtru eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;"".  

1998y; ntspehl;L KjyPL 150 kpy;ypad; nlhyHfshy; mjpfupj;jJ. Mdhy; cs;ehl;L nghJj;Jiw KjyPL 13 tpOf;fhl;by; (1985) ,Ue;J 1997y; 5 tpOf;fhlhff; Fiwe;Js;sJ.   

kj;jpa tq;fp mwpf;ifapy; mOj;jkhff; $wg;gl;Ls;s Nkyjpf jfty;fs; gpd;tUkhW. 

1) =yq;fhtpd; Vw;Wkjp ,e;j tUl Kjy; ,uz;L khjj;jpy; 7.8 tpOf;fhL Fiwe;Js;sJ. 

2) ij-khrp khj Vw;Wkjpapd; ngWkjp  nrd;w Mz;L mNj khjq;fNshL  xg;gpLk;NghJ  653 kpy;ypad; nlhyHfs; kl;LNk. nrd;w Mz;L ,Nj fhyfl;lj;J Vw;Wkjpapd; ngWkjp 708 kpy;ypad; nlhyHfs;. 

3) Njapiyapd; tpiy cyfr; re;ijapy; 35 tpOf;fhL Fiwe;Js;sJ.  

4) &ghapd; ngWkjp  mnkupf;f nlhyNuhL xg;gpLk;NghJ 10 tpOf;fhL Nja;e;Js;sJ. 

Mdhy; Kd;dH Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghy; jdf;F %f;Fg; NghdhYk; vjpupf;F rFdg;gpio Vw;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W rpq;fs-ngsj;j ,dthj muR vz;ZfpwJ. cyf tuyhwpwpy; ,Ue;J ve;jg; ghlj;ijAk; gbf;f re;jpupfh Nghd;w murpay;thjpfs; gpbthjkhf kWf;fpwHfs;. 

Aj;jj;ij KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L tuNtz;Lk;. rkhjhd topfspy; my;y - tp.Gypfis Aj;j fsj;jpy; Njhw;fbg;gjd; %yk;. ,Jjhd; rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhtpd; murpay;-Aj;j je;jpuk;. 

tp.Gypfs; jdpehl;Lf; Nfhupf;ifiaf; iftpl;lhy;jhd; NgR;R  thh;j;ij ,y;iyNay; Aj;jk; njhlUk; vd;W rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh jpkpNuhL nrhy;Yfpd;w mNj Ntis ,q;fpyhe;jpy; thOk; Gyk;ngaHe;j jkpoHfs; ""jkpo; kf;fsJ jkpoPo ,yl;rpaj;jpw;F"" jq;fs; ,jaG+Htkhd Nguhjuit ,yz;ldpy; ele;j vOr;rp khehl;by; re;Njfj;jpw;F ,lkpd;wpj;  njuptpj;Js;shHfs;.

gpupj;jhdpah tho; Gyk;ngaHe;j jkpo; kf;fs; kl;Lk; my;y cyfk; KOJk; thOk; jkpo;kf;fspd; ,yl;rpaKk; Rje;jpu rkTilikj; jkpoPoNk. vdNt vq;Fk; Rje;jpuk; vd;gNj Ngr;R!;  (ek;ehL-2001)