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ij Kjy; ehisNa  jkpoupd; Gj;jhz;lhff; nfhz;lhLNthk;

ef;fPud;

ehfupfk; njhlq;fpa fhyk; njhl;L ntt;NtW ,d kf;fs; ntt;NtW ehl;fisj; jq;fs; Gj;jhz;lhff; nfhz;lhb tUfpwhHfs;.  

,d;W rka mbg;gilapy;  fpwpj;jtHfs; rdtup Kjy; ehisNa  Gj;jhz;bd; njhlf;fkhff; nfhz;lhLfpwhHfs;. ,];yhkpaHfs; nkhfkJ egp nkf;fhtpy; ,Ue;J nkBdhtpw;F Xba ehspy; ,Ue;Nj Mz;Lfisf; fzf;fpLfpwhHfs;. ,g;gbNa Gj;j rkaj;jtH Gj;jH gpwe;j ehspy;  ,Ue;J Mz;Lfis vz;ZfpwhHfs;.  

fpwpj;jtHfSf;F rdtup Kjy;ehs; vg;NghJNk  Gj;jhz;bd;  njhlf;fkhf ,Ue;jjpy;iy. gjpndl;lhk; Ehw;whz;Ltiu NaRgpwe;j bnrk;gH 25 Mk; ehNs Gj;jhz;bd; njhlf;fkhf ,Ue;jJ.  Pongalpic12003.gif (37881 bytes)

fpwpj;Jt ehl;fhl;bapd; mbg;gilapNyNa rdtup Kjy; ehs; Gj;jhz;lhff; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.  ,e;j ehl;fhl;b fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; jpUj;jg;gl;L xOq;FgLj;jp tug;gl;bUf;fpwJ.  

cNuhk rf;futHj;jp A+ypa]; rPrH mtHfs;  fp.K. 45 Mk; Mz;L  xU Gjpa ehl;fhl;bia  mwpKfg;gLj;jpdhH.  mjw;F A+ypad ehl;fhl;b vd;W ngaH. mjw;F Ke;jp xU Mz;by; gj;J khjq;fSk; 304 ehl;fs; kl;LNk ,Ue;jd.  fpwpj;Jt ghjpupkhHfs; jq;fsJ murpay; Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf ehl;fhl;bapy; cs;s ehl;fisAk; khjq;fisAk; $l;bAk; Fiwj;Jk; rkaj;Jf;F Vw;wthW gad;gLj;jpdhHfs;. rpy rkaq;fspy; ifA+l;L thq;fpf; nfhz;L Mz;il ePl;bAk; Fiwj;Jk; fhl;bdhHfs;! A+ypa]; rPrH me;jf; FsWgbfSf;F Kw;Wg; Gs;sp itj;jhH. jdJ ngaupy; xU khjj;ijf; $l;bdhH. mtH fzpj;j ehl;Fwpg;G fpgp 1>500 tiu gad;ghl;by; ,Ue;jJ. fpK 45Mk; Mz;by; ehl;fhl;biaj; jpUj;jp mikj;jjhy; me;jf; Fog;g Mz;L  nkhj;jk; 445 ehl;fisf; nfhz;bUe;jJ.  

 

 mjd; gpd; fpwNfhwpad; (Gregorian) ehl;fhl;b eilKiwf;F te;jJ. Mdhy; fpgp 1900 tiu  gioa  ehl;fhl;bia fpNuf;fk;> cUrpah Nghd;w ehLfs; iftpltpy;iy. ,d;Wk; cUrpahtpd; gioikthj Njthyaq;fs; A+ypad; ehl;fhl;biaj;jhd; njhlHe;J gad;gLj;jp tUfpd;wd.

 

A+ypad; ehl;fhl;b xU Mz;by; 365 1/4 ehl;fs; ,Ug;gjhff; fzf;fpl;lJ.  fzf;ifr; rupnra;a ehyhz;Lf;F xUKiw (Leap Year) xU ehs;  ngg;ugup khjj;Jf;Fupa ehl;fNshL $l;lg;gl;lJ.  Mdhy; cz;ikapy; xU Mz;L 365 ehl;fs;> 5 kzpj;jpahyq;fs;> 49 epkplq;fs;> 12 tpdhbfs; (365.2424) nfhz;lJ.  ,jdhy; xU Gjpa rpf;fy;  cUthfpaJ. 128 Mz;LfSf;F xUKiw 1 ehs; tpj;jpahrk; Vw;gl;lJ.  vdNt 1582,y;  Nghg; fpwNfhwpad; mijr; rupnra;a 10 ehl;fisf; (1582-325)/120=10)  Fiwj;jhH.  mjd; gpd;dH 400 My; gpupf;ff;$ba  Ehw;whz;Lfspy; ( 1700> 1800> 1900) xU ehs; $l;lg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; 2000,y; $l;lg;gltpy;iy.

 

mg;gbAk; fpgp 4>000 my;yJ 5>000 Mz;lstpy; 12  ehl;fs; tpj;jpahrk; Vw;gl;LtpLk; vdj; njupa te;jJ.  vdNt ,e;jj; njhy;iyapy; ,Ue;J tpLgl 1972 Mk; Mz;L mZ kzpg; nghwp xd;wpidf; fz;L gpbj;jhHfs;. mJ fhl;Lk; NeuNk cyfj;jpd; Kiwikg;gl;l (official)  Neuk; vd vy;yh ehLfshYk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;L cs;sJ.

 

tuyhw;wpy; vfpg;jpaHfs;jhd; Kjd; Kjypy; xU Mz;by; 365 ehl;fisf; nfhz;l ehl;fhl;bia fpK 4236,y; fz;L gpbj;jjhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

goe; jkpofj;jpy; Mz;Lj; njhlf;fk; ij khjkhf ,Ue;jJ. gpd;dH Mtzp Mz;bd; Kjy; khjkhff; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.  gpd;G rpj;jpiu Mz;bd; Kjy; khjkhf khw;wg;gl;lJ.

 

Mdhy; jkpoHfs; QhapW Mz;ilf; (365 1/4); nfhz;l ehl;fhl;bia cUthf;fpajhfj; njupatpy;iy. cUthf;fpajw;fhd rhd;W vJTk; ,y;iy.

jpq;fspd; tsHgpiw Nja;gpiw nfhz;Nl jkpoHfs;; Mz;ilf; fzpj;jdH. mjdhy;jhd; khjj;ij jpq;fs; vd;W mioj;jdH. jpq;fs; Qhapw;iwr; Rw;wptu vLf;Fk; Neuk; 27 ehl;fs;> 7 kzp> 43 kzpj;Jspfs;. 

gz;ila ehl;fspy; fhyj;ijg; ngUk;nghOJ rpWnghOJ vd tFj;jdH. ,sNtdpy; (rpj;jpiu> itfhrp )  KJNtdpy; (Mdp> Mb)
fhH (Mtzp> Gul;lhjp)  $jpH (Ig;grp> fhHj;jpif)  Kd;gdp ( khHfop> ij> ) gpd;gdp ( khrp> gq;Fdp)  MW ngUk; nghOjhFk;.
 

itfiw> fhiy> ez;gfy;> Vw;ghL> khiy. ahkk; vd;gNj xU ehspy; mlq;fpa MW rpWnghOjhFk;. NkYk; xU  ehs; 60 ehspif nfhz;lJ vd;W fzf;fpl;ldH. xU ehspif 24 epkplq;fshFk;.  

''ctTkjp'' (KOkjp) ehspy; QhapWk; jpq;fSk; vjpH vjpuhf epw;Fk; vd;w thdtpay; cz;ikiag;  GwehDhw;Wg; ghly; (65) xd;W njuptpf;fpwJ.  

rq;f fhyj; jkpo; ,yf;fz> ,yf;fpaq;fs; fhyj;ij nehb> ehopif> ehs;> fpoik> jpq;fs;> Mz;L> Cop vd;W thdpay; mbg;gilapy; tiuaiw nra;Js;sd.  

rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fspy; vy;yhj; jpq;fs;fspd; ngaHfSk; nrhy;yg;gltpy;iy. ij> khrp (gjpw;Wg;gj;J)  gq;Fdp (GwehDhW) nrhy;yg;gl;;Ls;sJ.  Mdhy; njhy;fhg;gpa MrpupaH  ,futPw;Wg; GzHr;rp> IfhutPw;Wg; GzHr;rpia tpsf;Fk;NghJ ''jpq;fSk; ehSk; Ke;J fpse;jd;d'' vdf; $Wtijf; fhzyhk;. vy;yhj; jpq;fs;fspd; ngaHfSk; ,e;j ,uz;L vOj;jpy; (,> I) Kbe;jd vd;fpwhH. vdNt ,d;Ws;s 12 khjq;fSk; mtH fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;J tUfpd;wd vdj; Jzpayhk;.   

NkYk; njhy;fhg;gpaH m>,>c>v> x vd;Dk;  Ie;J capH vOj;Jf;fSk; xU khj;jpiu xypf;Fk; Fwpy; vOj;Jf;fs; vd;fpwhH.
M> <> C> V> I> x> xs vd;Dk; VO capH  vOj;Jf;fSk;  ,uz;L khj;jpiu xypf;Fk; neby; vOj;Jf;fs;.  %d;W khj;jpiufspy; ve;j vOj;Jk; xypf;fg;gLtjpy;iy.  xyp kpFjy; Njs;itg;gl;lhy; me;jstpw;Fj; Njitahd  vOj;J  xypfis vOg;GJy; Ntz;Lk;.
,Nj Nghy; nka; vOj;Jf;F xyp miu khj;jpiu. khj;jpiuapd; fhy msntd;d?  

"" fz;,ik nehbvd mt;Nt khj;jpiu
  
Ez;zpjpd; czHe;NjhH fz;l thNw"" (njhy;. vOj;J -Ehy;kuG 8) 

(,ay;ghff; fz; ,ikj;jYk;> tpuy; nehbj;jYNk xU khj;jpiu vd;Dk; xyp msT. ,J njspthf mwpe;NjhH top.) 

fhyj;ij ,t;tsT EZf;fkhff; fzf;fpl;l GytHfs;> ,yf;fz  MrpupaHfs;> mwpQHfs;  jkpoHfSf;nfd xU nghJthd njhlH Mz;il tiuaiw  nra;ahJ NghapdH. mjdhy;  murHfs; GytHfs; rhd;NwhHfs; gpwg;G Mz;L>  kiwT  Mz;L ,tw;iwj; njhlH Mz;NlhL njhlHG gLj;jp tuyhw;iwg; gjpT nra;a Kbahky; Ngha;tpl;lJ.  

murHfs; KbR+bf; nfhz;l Mz;il mbg;gilahff; nfhz;Nl me;je;j murH 25 Mz;Lfs;> 50 Mz;Lfs; Ml;rp nra;jdH vdf; Fwpg;gpl;lhHfs;.  GytHfisg; nghWj;jstpy;  gpwe;j ,we;j Mz;Lgw;wpa ve;jf; Fwpg;Gk; ,y;iy.  

jkpoH tuyhw;wpy; fhyf; Fog;gk;  ,Ug;gjw;F  njhlH Mz;L ,y;yhjJ Kf;fpa fhuzkhFk;> ,Uf;fpw 60 Mz;LfSk;  Row;rp Kiwapy; tUtJ NkYk; Fog;gj;ij cUthf;fNt cjtpaJ.  ,jdhy; tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpfis 60 Mz;LfSf;F Nky; fzf;fpl Kbatpy;iy.

,ilf; fhyj;jpy; 'rf' Mz;il itj;J njhlH Mz;L vz;zg;gl;lJ. rf vd;gJ  tlGyj;J murd; rhypthfd; ngaupy; cs;s rhypthfd rfhg;jk; vd;gjd; RUf;fkhFk;. jkpo;ehl;by; nkhfyhaH Ml;rp ele;jNghJ  muR Mtzq;fspy;> Fwpg;ghf tUtha;j; Jiw Mtzq;fspy; 'gryp' Mz;L vd;w njhlH Mz;L gpd;gw;wg;gl;lJ.

Guhzf; fijapd;gb xU fhyj;jpy; ehuj KdptH fhkk; NkNyhq;fp miye;jNghJ mtUf;F mWgjpdhapuk; NfhgpaNuhL nfhQ;rpf; FyhTk; fpU\;z gfthd; epidT te;jjJ. Neuhf mtH Kd; Ngha; "'fpU\;zh> rjh NfhgpaNuhL nfhQ;rp ,d;gk;  mDgtpf;Fk; NjtNd> vdf;F ahuhtJ xU Nfhgpiaj; je;J  vdJ fhk ,r;iriaj; jPHj;J itf;f Ntz;Lk;''; vd Ntz;bdhH.

mjw;Ff; fpU\;z gukhj;kh ''ehujNu> ehd; ,y;yhj ngz;iz eP  mDgtpj;Jf;nfhs;''  vd MWjy; nkhop $wpdhH.

Mz;ltd; mUs;thf;F mUsg;ngw;w  ehujH  tPL tPlha; (ehaha;) miye;jhH. midj;Jg; ngz;fs; kdjpYk; fpU\;zNd ePf;fkwf; Fb nfhz;bUe;jhH. xU NfhgpAk; mjw;F tpjp tpyf;fy;y.  Vf;fKk;>  Vkhw;wKk;  mile;j ehujH  khdk;> ntl;fk; vy;yhtw;iwAk;
njhiyj;J tpl;L kPz;;Lk; fpU\;z gukhj;khtplNk te;jhH.

 ''fpU\;zh! vy;yhf; NfhgpaH kdjpYk; jhq;fNs ,Uf;ff; fz;Nld;. NjtuPH vd;id ,t;tpjk;  Nrhjpf;fyhkh?  fhk Ntl;if vid thl;LfpwJ.  vd;idg;  ngz;zhf khw;wp ePNu vd;id mDgtpj;J  vd; Ntl;ifiag; Nghf;f Ntz;Lk;"' vd Ntz;b epd;whH.
gupjhgg; gl;l gfthDk; mt;tpjNk elg;gjhff; $wp> ehujiug; ngz;zhf;fp  mtNuhL fye;J mWgJ Foe;ijfisg; ngw;whH.

me;j mWgJ Foe;ijfs; jhd; gpugt Kjy; ml;ra tiuapyhd Mz;Lfs;. me;jg; ngaHfs; xd;NwDk; jkpo; my;y. mwpTf;Fk; mwptpaYf;Fk; xt;thj ,t;thz;L Kiw tuyhw;Wf;F cjthj tifapy; cs;sJ.

,e;j mWgJ Mz;Lfspd; ngaHfis Mj;jpuk; nfhs;shky; Md;kPfj;  jkpoHfs; Mu mku myrpg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

gpugt Kjy; ml;ra  tlnkhopg; ngaHfshtJ  jkpoHfs; ngUik nfhs;sj; jf;fthW cs;sjh vd;why; mg;gbAk; ,y;iy. vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf  %d;whtJ Mz;bd; ngauhd ""Rf;fpy""  Mz; tpe;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ. ,Ugj;J%d;whtJ Mz;lhd tpNuhjp  vjpup vd;w nghUisj; jUfpwJ.  Kg;gj;njl;lhtJ Mz;L  FNuhjp.  ,jd; nghUs; gopthq;Fgtd; vd;gjhFk;. Kg;gj;J%d;whtJ Mz;bd; ngaH tpfhup. nghUs; mofw;wtd;> Ik;gj;JIe;jhtJ Mz;lhd Jd;kjp nfl;lGj;jp vd;W nghUs;.

Mz;Lfs; tuyhw;iwj; njhlHr;rpahf gjpT nra;ag; gad;gl Ntz;Lk;. mit Fog;gj;jpw;F ,lkpd;wp ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.   

,e;jf; Fog;gj;ij ePf;f jkpo; mwpQHfs;> rhd;NwhHfs; kiwkiy mbfshH jiyikapy; 1921 Mz;L nrd;id gr;irag;gd; fy;Y}upapy; xd;W$b Muha;e;jhHfs;.  jpUts;StH gpwe;j Mz;il fp.K 31 vdf; nfhz;L> jpUts;StH ngaupy; njhlH Mz;il Vw;gLj;Jtnjd KbT nra;jdH. ,oe;j njhd;ikr; rpwg;Gf;Fupa ij Kjy; ehNs jkpo;g; Gj;jhz;bd; njhlf;fnkd mtHfs; mwptpj;jdH.

thdtpay; mbg;gilapy; ij Kjy; ehs; QhapW jDR ,uhrpapy; gl;L kfu ,uhrpapy; kyHfpwhd;.  

jkpo;ehL muR mjid Vw;Wf; nfhz;L  1972 Kjy; eilKiwg;gLj;jp tUfpwJ. ijg; nghq;fy; jpUehSk; jpUts;StH epidthf mjw;F kW ehSk; mur tpLKiw ehl;fshFk;.

''gj;jd;W E}wd;W gd;D} wd;W
 gy;yhap uj;jhz;lha;j; jkpoH tho;tpy;
 Gj;jhz;L> ij Kjy; ehs;> nghq;fy; ed;dhs;''

vd;w Gul;rpf; ftpQH ghujpjhrd; ghly; fUj;J jkpoUf;Fj; jkpo;g; Gj;jhz;L ij Kjy; ehs; vd;gijj; njspthf;FfpwJ.

,d;W  jpUf;FwSk;> jpUts;Stuhz;Lk;  kf;fspilNa Gfo; ngw;W tUfpwJ. mjid NkYk; tsHj;Jf; nfhs;sNt cyfj; jkpo;g; gilg;ghspfs; fofk; ,e;j Mz;L jkpo;g; Gj;jhz;L 2034> nghq;fy;> jpUts;StH gpwe;j ehs; vd Kg;ngUk; tpohthff; nfhz;lhLfpwJ.

jkpo; kz; kPl;G> jkpopd kPl;G  ,tw;NwhL epd;Wtplhky; gpw gz;ghl;Lg;  gilnaLg;ghy;  ,ilf;fhyj;jpy; rpijf;fg;gl;l vq;fs; fiy gz;ghl;ilAk; ehq;fs;  kPl;nlLf;f Ntz;Lk;.  

ijg; Gj;jhz;by;   cyfk; tho; jkpo;kf;fs;  tho;tpy; my;yy;fs; ePq;fl;Lk;.  Jd;gq;fs; njhiyal;Lk;. ,Us; mfyl;Lk;. tpbay; Njhd;wl;Lk;.  Nfhb ,d;gq;fs; Ftpal;Lk;. kfpo;r;rp nghq;fl;Lk;. fy;tp Jyq;fl;Lk;. njhopy;tsk; ngUfl;Lk;. mwptpay; tsul;Lk;. jkpOzHT Xq;fl;Lk;. ,dTzHT kyul;Lk;.   

jkpoPo kz;zpy; mikjp epytl;Lk;.  mbik tho;T Kbal;Lk;. kf;fs; tho;tpy; njd;wy; tPrp GJ tho;T G+f;fl;Lk;. me;j ek;gpf;ifAld; Gjpa  Mz;by; fhyb vLj;J itg;Nghk;.   (ed;wp-Kof;fk;)

 

ijg; nghq;fy; ehspy; jkpo; czHT nghq;fl;Lk;!

(ef;fPud;) 

ij Kjy;ehs;  jkpoHfspd; jpUehs;. cotHfspd; ngUehs;. jkpoHfs; ,aw;iff;F tpoh vLf;Fk; ,dpa ehs;. my;yit fope;J ey;yit kyUk; ,d;g ehs;.  

fsdp jpUj;jp> tay; cOJ> vU ,l;L> ePH gha;r;rp>  ney; tpijj;J> fis vLj;J> tpise;j  ney;kzpfspd; ghuk; jhq;f Kbahky; jiy rha;e;J gLj;j fjpHfis ey;y ehs; ghHj;J xU ifg;gpb mupe;J jhk;ghsj;jpy; itj;J tPl;Lf;F vLj;J te;J tPl;L thrypy;fl;b tpLthHfs;. ,jw;Fg; GjpH vLj;jy; vd;W ngaH. mjpy; nfhQ;r ney;kzpfis vLj;J Fj;jp muprpahf;fp me;jg; Gj;juprpia gioa muprpNahL fye;J kQ;rSk;> ,Q;rpAk; fl;ba  GJg;ghidapy; ghYk; rHf;fiuAk;> ghFk; gUg;Gk; ,l;Lg; nghq;fp ,aw;ifj; nja;tkhd QhapWf;Fg; gilj;J tPl;Lj; jiytDk;> JiztpAk; gps;isfSk; nfhz;lhb kfpOk; tpohNt nghq;fy; ehs;! 

nghq;fy; tpohtpw;F rpy thuq;fs; fopj;Nj mupT ntl;L ,lk;ngWk;. ntl;ba fjpHfisf; Ftpj;J  taypd; eLNt #L itg;ghHfs;. mjd; gpd;dNu khLfisf; nfhz;L #L kpjpg;G ,lk;ngWk;.  

ijg;G+rj; jpUehspy; GjpH Fioj;jy; ,lk;ngWk;. Gj;juprp nghq;fp> rHf;fiuAk; thiog; goKk; NrHj;Jg; gilf;Fk; ,g;GjpH Nrhw;iw Rw;wKk; el;Gk; maYk; R+o ,Ue;J cz;L kfpo;tH. mz;ikf;fhykhf ,e;j tof;fk; mUfptUfpwJ. 

nghq;fYf;F mLj;j ehs; khl;Lg; nghq;fy;. cotHfs; jkJ fkr; nra;iff;Fj; Jizahf ,Ue;j fhy;eilfSf;F ed;wp njuptpf;Fk; ehNs khl;Lg; nghq;fyhff; nfhz;lhlg; gLfpwJ. ,;e;j tpoh gl;bg; nghq;fy; vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLk;.  

nghq;fy; ehis ""kfurq;fuhe;jp""ahf GuhzpfHfs; khw;w Kw;gl;lNghJk; mbg;gilapy; nghq;fy; cotH tpohthfNt caHe;Jk; epiyj;Jk; tUfpwJ.  

tay; coTk;> tz;b ,Of;fTk;> #L kpjpf;fTk;> ghy;> japH> nea; nfhLf;fTk;> taYf;F vU juTk; fhuzkhf ,Ue;j vUJfisAk;>  gRf;fisAk;>  fd;WfisAk; Fsq;fspy; Fspg;ghl;b> Fbf;ff; gr;irauprpf; fQ;rp  nfhLg;gH.  

khiyapy; gl;bg; nghq;fy; nghq;fpg; gilf;fg;gLk;. khLfSf;F mg;nghq;fypy; xU ftsk;  cz;gjw;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. gpd;dH khLfspd; nfhk;Gf;Fk; new;wpf;Fk;  Fq;Fkk;> re;jdk; G+rp fOj;jpy; kyH khiy> til khiy Nghd;wtw;why; myq;fupj;J tPjpfspy; CHtyk; tpthHfs;.  

ijg;nghq;fy; jpUehSf;F thdtpay; mbg;gilAk; ,Uf;fpwJ. njd;jpir Nehf;fp gazk; nra;Ak; QhapW (G+kpapy; ,Ue;J Mfhaj;ij mz;zhe;J ghHf;Fk;NghJ) ,e;ehspy; tljpir Nehf;fp gd;dpuz;L ,uhrpfspy; xd;gjhtJ  jDR ,uhrpapy; ,Ue;J kfu ,uhrpapy; GFfpd;whd;. xU ,uhrpapy; ,Ue;J ,d;ndhU ,uhrpf;Fg; Nghf vLf;Fk; fhyk; xU khjkhFk;.   

,g;NghJ tof;fpy; ,Uf;Fk; ""gpugt"" Kjy; ""ml;ra"" 60 Mz;Lg; ngaHfs; rhypthfdd; vd;w murdhy; fp.gp. 78,y; mwpKfg; gLj;jg;gl;lit MFk;. ,it tlGy murdhy; Vw;gl;ljhy; tlnkhopg; ngaHfs; toq;fg;glyhapw;W. 

,e;j Mz;L Kiwahy; jkpoH nkhop> kuG> khdk;> gz;ghL> tho;T Kjypatw;wpw;F tpise;j mopitAk;> ,opitAk; vz;zpg; ghHj;j jkpo; mwpQHfs;> GytHfs;> rhd;NwhHfs; 1921- Mk; Mz;L nrd;idg; gr;irag;gd; fy;Yhupapy; jkpo;f; fly; kiwkiy mbfs; jiyikapy; $b khw;W eltbf;ifgw;wp Muha;e;jhHfs;. 

jpUts;StH fpwpj;J gpwg;gjw;F 31 Mz;Lfs; Kd;G gpwe;jtH vd;W epHzak; nra;ag;gl;L mtH ngaupy; njhlH Mz;L gpd;gw;WtnjdTk; mJNt jkpo; Mz;lhff; nfhs;tnjdTk; KbT nra;ag;gl;lJ. 

Mq;fpy Mz;Lld; 31iaf; $l;bdhy; ts;Stuhz;L tUk;. ,g;NghJ Mq;fpy Mz;L 2003. vdNt ts;Stuhz;L 2034 (2003 rf 31). 

vdNt jpUts;StH Mz;Lj; njhlf;fk; ijg; nghq;fy; jpUehshd ij Kjy; ehs; njhlq;fp  khHfopf; filrpapy; KbTWk;.  

jkpo;ehL muR jpUts;StH Mz;L Kiwia Vw;W 1971 Kjy; jkpo;;ehL mur ehl;Fwpg;gpYk;> 1972 Kjy; jkpo;ehL murpjopYk; 1981 Kjy; jkpo;ehL murpd; midj;J mYtyq;fspYk; eil Kiwg;gLj;jp tUfpwJ.  

jkpo;ehl;ilAk; jkpoPoj;ijAk; nghWj;jstpy; Ig;grp> fhHj;jpif  khjq;fs; gUt kio (fhH) fhykhFk;. gz;ila  fhyj;jpy; Mtzp Gul;lhjp khjq;fs; fhHfhykhfTk; Ig;grp fhHj;jpif $jpH (FspH) fhykhfTk; fzpf;fg;gl;lJ.  

,g;NghJ Mtzp  Gul;lhjp khjq;fspy; ey;yehs; ghHj;J tpijg;G ,lk;ngWfpwJ. rpy rkak; Kjy; kio nga;j gpd;dH tpijf;fpwhHfs;. kio nga;AKd; Mtzpapy; tpijg;G tpijg;gJk; cz;L. ,jw;F GOjp tpijg;G vd;W ngaH. 

Gul;lhrpapy; rpWfg; nga;aj; njhlq;fp Ig;grp> fhHj;jpif khjq;fspy;  gUt kio gykhfg; nga;Ak; fhuzkhf tay;fspy; jz;zPH epuk;GfpwJ. jz;zPupd; kl;lk; $lf; $l gapUk; Xq;fp tsUk;. rpy rkak; gapH rpwpjhf ,Uf;Fk;NghJ ngUkio nga;J nts;sj;jpdhy; gapH mOfpg;NghtJk; cz;L. 

ney;iy tpijj;jhy; ney;Y khj;jpuk; Kisg;gjpy;iy. vUtpy; fye;Js;s Gy;Y kw;Wk; fplr;rpf; nfhl;ilfSk;  Kisf;Fk;. mjid fisnaLg;gjpy; fkf;fhuHfs; fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf ,Ug;ghHfs;. mNjhL ntl;Lf;fpspfs;> G+r;rp GOf;fs; new;gapiuj; jhf;FtJk; cz;L. ,e;j GO G+r;rpfis xopg;gjw;F ,g;NghJ fpUkp nfhy;yp gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ.  

ij khrp khjq;fspy;  tay;fspy; jz;zPH tw;wp  fjpHfs; Kw;wp mWtilf;Fj; jahuhf ,Uf;Fk;. tay;fis cOJ tpijj;J fis
gpLq;fp fl;bf; fhj;J cioj;Jg; ghLgl;ljd; gaid cotHfs; mWtil nra;Ak; fhyk; ,JthFk;. 

Md fhuzj;jpdhNyNa ij khjg; gpwg;gig cotHfs; MtNyhL vjpHghHf;fpwhHfs;. ij gpwe;jhy; jq;fs; Jd;gq;fs; jPUk; top gpwf;Fk; vd epidf;fpwhHfs;.  

gz;ila jkpoHfs; xU Mz;bid MW ngUk;nghOJfshfg; gFj;jdH. mit fhH> $jpH> Kd;gdp> gpd;gdp> ,sNtdpy; KJNtdpy; vd;gdthFk;. xt;nthU ngUk;nghOJk; ,uz;L jpq;fisf; (khjk;) nfhz;ljhf ,Ue;jJ. ciuahrpupaHfspy; xUtuhd er;rpdhHf;fpdpaH Xuhz;L Mtzpapy; njhlq;fp Mbapy; Kbe;jJ vd;fpwhH.    

rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fspy; vy;yhj; jpq;fs;fspd; ngaHfSk; nrhy;yg;gltpy;iy. ij> khrp (gjpw;Wg;gj;J)  gq;Fdp (GwehDhW) nrhy;yg;gl;;Ls;sJ. Mdhy; njhy;fhg;gpa MrpupaH  ,futPw;Wg; GzHr;rp> IfhutPw;Wg; GzHr;rp Mfpatw;wpy; kl;LNk ''jpq;fSk; ehSk; Ke;J fpse;jd;d'' vdf; $Wtijf; fhzyhk;. vy;yhj; jpq;fs; ngaHfSk; ,e;j ,uz;L vOj;jpy; (,> I) Kbe;jd vd;fpwhH. ,jpypUe;J mtH fhye;njhl;Nl ,d;W ,Uf;Fk; jpq;fl; ngaHfs; toq;fp tUfpd;wd vdf; nfhs;syhk;.   

gz;ila fhyj;jpy; jpq;fspd; tsHgpiw Nja;gpiw nfhz;Nl ngUk;nghOijf; fzpj;jdH. mjdhy;jhd; khjj;ij jpq;fs; vd;W mioj;jdH. jpq;fs; Qhapw;iwr; Rw;wptu vLf;Fk; Neuk; 27 ehl;fs;> 7 kzp> 43 kzpj;Jspfs;.  

''ctTkjp'' (KOkjp) ehspy; QhapWk; jpq;fSk; vjpH vjpuhf epw;Fk;  vd;w  thdtpay; cz;ikiag;  GwehDhw;Wg; ghly; (65)
njuptpf;fpwJ.  

Mz;il MW ngUk;nghOjhfg; gFj;jJ NghyNt xU ehisAk;  MW rpWnghOjhfg; gFj;jdH. itfiw> fhiy> ez;gfy;> Vw;ghL> khiy. ahkk; vd;gNj me;j MW rpWnghOjhFk;. NkYk; xU ehs; 60 ehspif nfhz;lJ vd;W fzf;fpl;ldH. xU ehspif 24 epkplq;fshFk;.  

Qhapw;iwf; nfhz;L Mz;ilf; fzf;fpLk; Kiw fp.gp. 7Mk; Ehw;whz;by; tuhfkpfpuuhy; nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ.  

QhapW tzf;fk; ,aw;if topghl;ilr; NrHe;jJ.  cyf ehfupfq;fs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; QhapW  tzf;fk; ,Ue;jjw;Fr; rhd;Wfs;
,Uf;fpd;wd. cyfpy; thOk; capHfSf;F Mjhukhf QhapW ,Ug;gjhy; Mjp kdpjd; Qhapw;iw nja;tkhf cUtfg;gLj;jp tzq;fpg; Nghw;wp te;jjpy;  tpag;gpy;iy.  

Ntj fhyj;jpy; ,e;jpud;> tUzd;> mf;fpdp ,tw;Wf;F xg;g QhapW nja;tkhf topglg;gl;lJ. ,e;J kjj;jpd; cl;gpupTfspy; xd;whd nrsuk;  Qhapiw KOKjw; nja;tkhf topgLk; kjkhFk;.   gpw;fhyr; NrhoH Ml;rpapy;  R+upaDf;Fj; jdpf; Nfhtpy;fs; vOg;gg;gl;ld. 

Kj;jkpo;f; fhg;gpaq;fspy; Kjy; fhg;gpakhd rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; ,sq;Nfh mbfs; - 

""QhapW Nghw;WJk;! QhapW Nghw;WJk;!
fhtpup ehld; jpfpupNghy; nghd;Nfhl;L
NkUtyk; jpupjyhd;.""
(rpyk;G 1> 4-6) 

vd Qhapw;iw tho;j;jpg; Nghw;WfpwhH.  ''fhtpup Mw;iwAila ehldhfpa NrhodJ Mizr; rf;fuk; Nghd;W nghd; cr;rpia cila ,kakiyia tyk; tUjyhy; Qhapw;iw tzq;FNthk;! Qhapw;iw tzq;FNthk;!'' 

jkpoHfs; nfhz;lhLk; tpohf;fspy;> rkarhHgw;w vy;NyhUf;Fk; nghJthd tpoh nghq;fy; jpUehshFk;. nghq;fy; tpohtpy; fw;gidf;Nfh> GidTfSf;Nfh> mUtUf;fj; jf;f> gFj;jwpTf;Fg; nghUe;jhj fl;Lf; fijf;Nfh ,lkpy;yhj tpohthFk;.  

jkpoHfs; nfhz;lhLk; jPghtsp jkpo; murd; xUtidf;   flTs; mtjhuk; #o;r;rpahy; nfhd;w ehshFk;.  

jkpoH jpUehshd nghq;fy; tpoh vd;gJ ntWk; rHf;fiug; nghq;fy;> ntz; nghq;fy; cz;Zk; ehshf ,Ue;Jtplf; $lhJ. mJ vq;fs;  czHTfisg; GJg;gpf;Fk; ehshfTk; fiy> gz;ghL> ghuk;gupak; Nghd;wtw;iwg; Nghw;wpg; ghJfhf;f #Siuf;Fk; ehshfTk; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;.  (ed;wp-ek;ehL 2003)

  

nghq;fw; ghy; nghq;fpg; G+TjpHg;gha; ijg;ghtha;!

 (ef;fPud;) 

fq;if nfhz;L> ,kak; ntd;W> flhuj;ijg; gpbj;J> ''Gl;gfk;> rhtfk; Mfpa jPT midj;Jk;  nrd;Nwwp mq;F jq;fs; Gypf; nfhb kPd; nfhbAk; epd;W rhy;Gwf; fz;l''   jkpoH tho;tpy; rpwg;gplk; ngWk; tpohf;fspy; ijg; nghq;fYf;F jdpaplk; cz;L. ""ij gpwe;jhy; topgpwf;Fk;"" vd;w gonkhop ,jid cWjpg;gLj;Jk;.  

rq;f ,yf;fpaj;jpy; jkpo;kf;fs; nghq;fy; tpoh vd;w ngaupypy; tpohf; nfhhz;lhbdH vd;gjw;F rhd;Wfs; vJTk; ,y;iy. nghq;fy; tpoh ,e;jputpoh Nghd;W vy;yh kf;fSk; nfhz;lhLk; nghJtpohthf ,y;yhky; mJ  Kw;wpYk; kUjepyj;J kf;fshfpa cotHfsJ tpohthf ,Ue;j fhuzj;jhy; mJ ,yf;fpaj;jpy; ,lk;ngwhJ Ngha;tpl;lJ NghYk;.  

Mdhy; ij ePuhly; vd;w tpohitf; jkpo;kf;fs; nfhz;lhbaj;jpw;F gupghlypy; ,yf;fpar; rhd;W ,Uf;fpd;wJ. 

cyf ehfupfq;fs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; QhapW  tzf;fk; ,Ue;jpUg;gjw;Fupa  rhd;Wfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. cyfpy; thOk; capHfSf;F Mjhukhf QhapW ,Ug;gjhy; Mjpkdpjd; Qhapw;iw flTshf cUtfg;gLj;jp tzq;fpg; Nghw;wp te;jjpy;  tpag;gpy;iy.   

vfpg;jpaHfs; #upaid Gj;jpia tsHg;gtdhfTk;> MNuhf;fpaj;ij mspg;gtdhfTk; topg;gl;lhHfs; gpukpLfspYk;> iey; ejpf;fiuapYk; #upa topghL ,Ue;jJ. fpNuf;fHfs; #upaid `PypNah];' vd;w ngaupy; topgl;lhHfs;  re;jpuidr; #upadpd; cld;gpwg;ghf topgLfpwhHfs; nkf;]pNfh> ngU Mfpa ehLfspy; #upaid tPuk; nrwpe;j Njtdhf itj;J topgl;lhHfs;. 

Ntjfhy itjPf rkaj;jpy; ,e;jpuDf;Fk;> mf;fpdpf;Fk; mLj;j nja;tkhf QhapW tpsq;Ffpd;whd;. xU fhyj;jpy; QhapW Kjy; nja;tkhfNt tzq;fg;gl;L te;jJ. mJNt ,e;J kjj;jpd; cl;gpupTfspy; xd;whd nrsukhjk; MFk;. gpw;fhyr; NrhoH fhyj;jpy; R+upaDf;F jdpf; Nfhtpy;fs; vOg;gg;gl;lJ. 

Kj;jkpo;f; fhg;gpaq;fspy; Kjy; fhg;gpakhd rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; ,sq;Nfh mbfs; - 

""QhapW Nghw;WJk;! QhapW Nghw;WJk;!
fhtpup ehld; jpfpupNghy; nghd;Nfhl;L
NkUtyk; jpupjyhd;.""
(rpyk;G 1> 4-6) 

 ''fhtpup Mw;iwAila ehldhfpa NrhodJ Mizr;rf;fuk; Nghd;W nghd; cr;rpia cila,kakiyia tyk; tUjyhy; Qhapw;iw tzq;FNthk;! Qhapw;iw tzq;FNthk;!'' vd Qhapw;iw flTs; tzf;fj;jpw;F <lhf tho;j;jpg; Nghw;WfpwhH.  

jkpo; kf;fsJ tho;f;ifapy; coTj; njhopYf;F rpwg;gplk; ,Ue;jJ. gy njhopy;fisr; nra;jhYk; Kbtpy; coTj; njhopiyg; gpd;gw;wpNa cyfk; epw;fpwJ. mjdhy; vt;tsT Jd;gk; te;jhYk; coTj; njhopNy NkyhdJ vd jpUts;StH $WfpwhH. NkYk; cOthH cyfj;jhuhfpa NjHf;F  mr;rhzp Nghd;wtHfs; vd;fpwhH.   

""Rod;Wk;VHg; gpd;dJ cyfk;> mjdhy;
coe;Jk; coNt jiy.""
Fws; (1031)

,sq;Nfh mbfSk; cONthupd; caHit rpyg;gjpfhuk; ehLfhz; fhijapy; ,yf;fpa eaj;NjhL rpj;jupj;Js;shH.

 ""cohm Ez; njhsp cs;Gf;F mOe;jpa
  fohm kapH ahf;ifr; nrq;fz; fhuhd;
   nrhup Gwk; cupQ;rg; GupnQfpo;G cw;w
   Fkupf; $l;by; nfhOk; gy; czT
  ftupr; nre;ney; fha;j;jiyr; nrhupa
  fUk;if tpidQUk; fskUk; $b
    xUq;F epd;W MHf;Fk; xypNa md;wpAk;>
  fbkyH fise;J KbehW mOj;jpj;
    njhb tisj; NjhSk; MfKk; Njha;e;J
    NrWML NfhynkhL tPWngwj; Njhd;wpr;
    nrq;fay; neLk;fz; rpd;nkhopf; filrpaH
    ntq;fs; njhiyr;rpa tpUe;jpd; ghzpAk>;
   nfhOk; nfhb mWifAk; FtisAk; fye;J>
  tpsq;F fjpHj; njhLj;j tpupay; R+l;bg;
  ghH cilg;gdH Nghy; gopr;rpdH ifnjho
  
VnuhL epd;NwhH VH kq;fyKk;.           
 (rpyk;G 10> 8-120-135) 

''Nrw;wpy; cs; GFe;J cly; KOJk; rfjpahapUf;fpd;w vUik khL> Nrw;why; jd; cly; jpdntLj;jjhy;  gy;tif ney;Yk; Nghl;L itj;Js;s Fkupf;$l;by; itf;Nfhy; Gupapy; nrd;W cuRfpd;wJ. mjdhy; jhdpaq;fs; ntspNa rpe;Jfpd;wd. typaifapid cila  njhopyhsUk;>  fsj;jpy; Ntiy  nra;NthUk; $b kfpo;thy; Muthuk; nra;Ak; xyp Nfl;Fk;.  

kzKs;s kyHfis ePf;fp> $e;jypy; ney; ehw;W Kbia mOj;jpf; fl;bf; nfhz;L njhbtis   mzpe;j NjhspYk;> khHgpYk; NrW Njha;e;jpUf;fpd;w fhuzj;jhy; rpwg;Gg; ngwj; Njhd;wpa rpte;j fay;Nghd;w ePz;l fz;fisAila> ,ope;j nkhopNgRk; filrpaH. 

fhl;lkhd fs;spid kpFjpahf cz;L> ghLk; Gjpa gy ghly;fspd; Xir Nfl;Fk;. tsikahd  mWfk;Gy;iyAk;  Ftis kyHfisAk;> new;fjpHfisAk; fye;J fl;ba khiyia mzpe;J nfhz;L> ghupidg; gpse;J tpLgtH Nghyg; Nghw;WthH ifnjhOJ epw;f> epyj;ij cOgtH ghLk; VH kq;fyg; ghly;fspd; XirAk; Nfl;Fk;>  

ney;ypid mupe;J xU gf;fk; Ftpj;NjhH> #l;bidf; vUik khLfis tpl;L kpupj;Jg; ngw;w kpf;f nre;ney;ypid Kfe;J jUk;NghJ ghLfpd;w> Kfitg; ghl;bidAk; Nfl;fyhk;. njspe;j XirapidAk; fpizapid ,af;FNthH nrUf;Fld; vLj;j khHr;ridiaAila jpuz;l KotpdJ kfpo;thd ,irapd; xypiaAk; vq;fZk; ehk; Nfl;fyhk;.'' 

coTj; njhopYf;F QhapW  mbg;gilahf ,Uf;fpwJ. taiy cOJ> gz;gLj;jp>ghj;jpfl;b> vUtpl;L> tpijj;J> fis vLj;Jg; gpd;dH fkj;jpy; tpise;j tpisr;riy mWtil nra;J> R+Lkpjpj;J tPl;Lf;F vLj;Jr; nry;Yk;  cotHfs; ey;y tpisr;rYf;F fhuzkhf ,Ue;j Qhap;w;Wf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk;   Kfkhfg; Gj;juprpiag; GJg;ghidapy; ,l;Lg; nghq;fpg; gilj;jdH.  ,jd;   fhuzkhfNt
rkay; fl;by; nghq;fhJ tPl;L Kw;wj;jpy; Nfhyk; ,l;Lg; nghq;fpdhHfs;.  mJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ ghidapy; ghy; nghh;Fk;NghJ mJ tpbfhiy QhapW vOk; fpof;Fj; jpirNehf;fp nghq;fp topa Ntz;Lk; vdTk; vjpHghHf;fg;gl;lJ. mg;gbg; ghy; tope;jhy; mJ ey;y rFdkhff; fUjg;gl;lJ.  

mWtilf;F Kd;djhf ey;y ehspy; taypy; jiyrha;j;J fhw;wpdhy; jiyairj;J epw;Fk; ney;kzpf; fjpHfspy; ifg;gpb mupe;J
vLj;Jr; nrd;W tPl;L thrypy; fl;LthHfs;. ,jw;Fg; GjpH vLj;jy; vd;W ngaH. gpd;dH ijg;G+rj; jpUehspy; GjpH Fioj;jy; ,lk;ngWk;. Gj;juprp nghq;fp> rHf;fiuAk; thiog;goKk; NrHj;Jg; gilf;Fk; ,g;GjpH Nrhw;iw Rw;wKk; el;Gk; R+o ,Ue;J MSf;F xU ngupagpb thq;fp cz;L kfpo;tH.

nghq;fiy mLj;j ehs; gl;bg; nghq;fy; vdg;gLk;. ,J cotH jkJ coTj; njhopYf;Fk;> czTf;Fk; Njitahd ghy;. japH> nea; Nghd;wtw;iw ey;Ftjw;F mbg;gilahfTk;  cWJizahfTk; ,Uf;Fk; khLfSf;Ff;F vLf;fg; ngWk; tpohthFk;. ,e;j ehspy;
khLfs; Fspg;ghl;lg;gl;L> Fq;Fk;> re;jdg; nghl;L itj;J fOj;jpy; kyH khiyfs; mzptpf;fg;gLk;.  tilkhiyfs; fl;lg;gLtJk; cz;L. ijg; nghq;fy; tpoh cotH tpohjhd;  vd;gjw;F ,e;jg; gl;bg; nghq;fy; tpoh ey;y rhd;whFk;.

nghq;fy; ed;ehs;  nfhz;lhlg;gLtjw;F thdtpaYk; mbg;gilahf mikfpwJ. ,e;ehspy; QhapW (G+kpapy; ,Ue;J ghHf;Fk;NghJ)
njw;F Nehf;fpg; gazk; nra;j QhapW mjid Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L tlf;F Nehf;fpg; kPs;gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ gd;dpU ,uhrpfspy; xd;whd kfuuhrpapy; GFfpd;wJ.  ,jid tlnkhopahsH "cj;juhaz" vd;Wk; nghq;fy; ehs; kfurq;fuhe;jp vd;Wk; miog;ghHfs;.  nghq;fy; jpUehs; md;W  MWfhyq;fspy; xd;whd $jpHfhyk; khHfopf; filrp ehspy;  Kbe;J Kd;gdpf; fhyk; njhlq;FfpwJ.   

,d;W nghq;fy; ngUk;ghYk; rkaj;Jf;F mg;ghy; cyfk; tho; MWNfhb jkpo;kf;fspd; nghJ tpohthf> kq;fsk;; epiwe;j jpUehshff; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ. 

ftpaurH fz;zjhrd; ijg;nghq;fiyj; ijg;ghitahf> fd;dpj; jkpod;id tbthf  cUtfpj;J jpUg;ghit> jpUntk;ghit ghba Mz;lhs;> khzpf;fthrfH ,UtuJk; jkpo;eilapy;> ghit ,yf;fzj;jpy; Kg;gJ ghly;fs; ghbAs;shH. 

nkhj;jk; njhz;Zhw;whW tif rpw;wpyf;fpaq;fs;  (gpuge;jk;) ,Ug;gjhf jkpo; ,yf;fz Ehy;fs; nrhy;fpd;wd. mg;gbahd ,yf;fzEhy;fs; ghl;bay; vd;W miof;fg;gLk;. ghl;L vd;gJ MFngauhf ,yf;fpaj;ijf; Fwpf;Fk;. ,ay; vd;gJ ,yf;fzj;ijf; Fwpf;Fk;.  

Mw;Wg;gil> Nfhit> cyh> me;jhjp> fyk;gfk;> gps;isj;jkpo;> guzp> rjfk;> JhJ> gs;S> FwtQ;rp> ghit> Cry;> ntl;rp khiy> fue;j khiy> tQ;rp khiy> fhQ;rp khiy> iff;fpis khiy> fhg;gpak;> Guhzk; Nghd;wit mtw;wpy; rpythFk;.  

ftpaurH fz;zjhrdpd; ijg;ghit. jpUg;ghit> jpUntk;ghit ,uz;bdJk; mb> rPH> jis> moF> kzk; khwhJ jpfo;fpwJ."ghNlNyhH vk;ghit" vd;w tpspAld; jpUg;ghitAk; jpUntk;ghitAk; KbtJ Nghy; fz;zjhrdpd; ijg;ghit "ijg;ghit" vd;w tpspAld; KbfpwJ. 

vq;fs; rKjhak;
   Voh apukhz;L
jpq;fs;Nghy; tho;e;J
   nrq;fjpHNghy; xsptPRk;
kq;fhj NghHf;fsj;Jk;
   khshj tPuHgil
fq;Fy; mfnkd;Wk;
   fhiyg; Gwnkd;Wk;
nghq;fp tpisahbg;
   GfNol;bw; FbNawpj;
jq;fp epiyj;Jj;
   jioj;jpUf;Fk; fhl;rpjidf;
fz;fhz te;j
   fiytbNt epj;jpyNk!
nghq;fw;ghy; nghq;fpg;
  
G+TjpHg;gha; ijg;ghtha;!
(ghly; 28) 

gpwf;Fk; Gj;;jhz;by; jkpo;kf;fs;  kidnay;yhk; nghq;fy; GJg;ghid>  khtpiy Njhuzk;> thrypy; tz;zf; Nfhyq;fs;> kQ;rs;> kyHfs;> re;jdk;> rt;thJ> kq;fstpsf;Ffs; epiwal;Lk;> thnay;yhk; rHf;fiu> fUk;G> fw;fz;L> ghy;> gok;> Njd;> ,dpf;fl;Lk;.  cs;snky;yhk; ctif> kfpo;r;rp nghq;fl;Lk;.    ehis ,sq;fhiy> G+j;njOk; fPo;thdj;Nj> tpbaYf;fhd G+ghsk; ,irj;J ek;gpf;ifAld; jkpo;kz;zpd; gRk;Gy; tpupg;gpy; fhy; gjpj;J nghq;fw;ghy; nghq;f thuha; ijg;ghtha;! tho;j;Jiuj;J te;jUs; nra; ijg;ghtha;!;   (ed;wp-<oKuR)

 

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