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rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; KOfpg; Ngha;tpl;l jkpofk;

gapj;jpaj;jpw;F tapj;jpak; nra;ag; Gwg;gl;bUf;Fk;  kUj;JtH ,uhkjh];!

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jkpo;ehl;by;jhd; mjpf Fbg; gof;fKila ,isQh;fs; fhzg;gLtjhf Gs;sp tptuq;fs; njuptpf;fpd;wd.  fdTj;njhopw;rhiy  vd;w rpdpkhjhd; tho;f;if vd;W vz;Zk; ghku kf;fs; jkpofj;jpy; mjpfk;. kUj;Jt fy;Y}hp tpLjpapDs; fQ;rh tpw;Fk; epiy ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpofj;jpy; nghJ ,lq;fspy;  rpfnul;>  gPb Fbf;f $lhJ vd;W jil  tpjpf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;Jk; rpdpkh Rtnuhl;bfspy;  tpjtpjkhd ghzpapy; gPb> rpfnul; gpbf;Fk; fjhehaf-tpy;yd; glq;fs; jkpofj;jpy; %iy KLf;nfy;yhk; fhl;rpaspf;fpwd.

Gifapdhy; Vw;gLk; NfLgw;wp ,d;W cyf Rfhjhu epWtdk; gug;Giu nra;J tUfpwJ.

cyf Rfhjhu epWtdk; mz;ikapy; ntspapl;l xU mwpf;if xd;wpy;  ,e;jpahtpNyNa jkpofj;jpy;jhd; 13 tajpy; ,Ue;J 15 taJf;Fs;  cs;s rpWth;fs; 20.4 tpOf;fhL gPb> rpfnul; gpbj;J gpQ;R tajpNyNa tho;f;ifia mopj;Jf; nfhs;tjhf jkpofj;ij vr;rhpj;Js;sJ.

gPfhhpy; 7.2 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk;>  mrhkpy; 7.7 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk;> Nkw;F tq;fhsj; jpy; 3 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk; rpfnul; Fbg;gjhf Gs;sp tptuk; njhptpf;fpwJ.

Gif gpbj;jy; cly; eyj;jpw;Fj; jPq;fhdJ vd;W Mapuf;fzf;fhd  tpsk;guq;fs; ehs;NjhWk;  te;Jnfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpd;wd.  Mdhy; mtw;iwg;  gbj;Jtpl;L  njhlHe;Jk; Gifgpbj;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Gif gpbf;Fk; gof;fk; cs;s xUtH jdf;F tuNtz;ba kuzj;ij 7 Mz;LfSf;F Ke;jpr; re;jpj;Jf;nfhs;fpwhH. cyfk; KOJk; xt;nthU Mz;Lk; 35 ,yl;rk; NgH Gif gpbg;gjhy; tuf;$ba Gw;WNeha; Nghd;wtw;why; ,wf;fpd;wdH. rpfnul; gpbg;gtHfSf;F vjpupy; epd;W nfhz;bUg;gjdhy; Mz;LNjhWk; 10 ,yl;rk; NgH  ghjpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. xt;nthU rpfnul;Lk; xUtdJ MAspy; 15 epkplq;fisf; Fiwf;fpwJ!

,e;jpahtpy; 20 Nfhb Mz;fSk; 5 Nfhb ngz;fSk; Gifapiyg; gof;fj;jpw;Fg; mbikahfpAs;sdH.

kdpjHfisf; nfhy;Yk; Kjy; 10 Neha;fspy; Gifgpbj;jy; ehd;fhtJ  ,lj;jpYk; kJ Ie;jhtJ ,lj;jpYk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjhtJ (1) rj;JzTgw;whik (2) ghJfhg;gw;w ghypay; cwT (Vapl;];)  (3) ,uj;j mOj;jk; (4) Gifj;jy;  (5) kJ (6) mOf;Fj; jz;zPH kw;Wk; nfLjyhd #oy; (7) ,Uk;Gr;rj;Jg; gw;whf;Fiw (8)cs;tPl;L neUg;gpdy;  Vw;gLk; Gifia   Rthrpj;jy; (9) nfhnyh];Nuhwy;  (10) kl;LkPwpa Jhypg;G (obesity).

Gifapiyr; nrbapd; G+HtPfk; tl-njd; mnkupf;fhjhd;. 1492 xf;NjhgH 15Mk; ehs; mnkupf;f ,e;jpaHfs; fpwp];NjhgH nfhyk;gRf;F mjid ntFkjpahff; nfhLj;jhHfs;. tpiutpy; mJ INuhg;ghit nrd;wile;jJ. 1571,y; xU ,Rg;ghdpa kUj;JtH kUe;Jr; nrbfisg;gw;wp vOjpa Ehypy; Gifapiy 36 tpjkhd Neha;fisf; Fzk; nra;Ak; vd vOjpdhH. Gifapiyapd; 'Gfo;' gutp mJ jq;fj;Jf;F <lhd ehzakhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.  

1836,y; rhKNty; fpwPd; vd;gtH Gifapiy er;Rj;jd;ik tha;e;jJ mJ kdpjidf; nfhy;yf;$baJ vd;W $wpdhH. 

h1847,y; gpypg;]; nkwp]; ( Phillip   Morris)  vd;w fk;ngdp rpfnul; jahupg;gpy;  <Lgl;lJ.  mjidj; njhlHe;J 1875,y;  I R.J. Reynolds Tobacco     rpfnul; jahupg;gpy; Fjpj;jJ. ,uz;lhtJ cyf kfh Aj;jj;jpy; rpfnul; gpbf;Fk; gof;fk; ,uhZtj;jpduplk; mjpfupj;jJ. mjdhy; mjd; jahupg;G fz;kz; ,y;yhJ gy;fpg; ngUfpaJ.                                                                                                                  

mWgJfspy; Gif gpbj;jypd; nfLjpgw;wp  mwptpayhsHfs; vOj Muk;gpj;jhHfs;. nghJ ,lq;fspy; Gif gpbg;gJ vz;gJfspy; jil nra;ag;gl;lJ. mnkupf;fhtpy; Vw;gl;l tpw;gidr; rupitr; rupf;fl;l  Mrpahtpy;  jq;fsJ filia rpfnul; fk;gdpfs; tpupj;jd. Marlboro vd;w ngaupy; jahupf;fg;gLk; rpfnul; Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 6000 Nfhb nlhyUf;F tpw;gidahfpwJ!

tpw;gidia mjpfupf;f rpfnul; jahupg;ghsHfs; nfhypTl; ebf ebiffspd; glq;fisg; gad;gLj;JfpwhHfs;. ,jw;fhf glq;fspy; Gif gpbf;Fk; fhl;rpia Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw GFj;JfpwhHfs;.  Humphrey Bogart vd;w ebfH Gifapiyf;F mbikahfp Gw;WNeha; te;J  nrj;Nj NghdhH. mtuJ ,urpfHfs; mtiug; ghHj;J Gifgpbf;fg; gofp Mapuf; fzf;fpy; ,we;jhHfs;.

u[pdpfhe;j;> fky;> fhHj;jpf; Nghd;w ebfHfisg; ghHj;J vj;jid ,yl;rk; ,urpfHfs; rpfnul;il jhq;fSk;  gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;fpw fpWf;Fj;jdk;  jiyf;Nfwp ghoha;g;NghdhHfNsh njupahJ.

,d;W mnkupf;fhtpd; nghUshjuj;Jf;F mr;rhzpNghy; Gifapiy cw;gj;jp tpsq;FfpwJ. mJ Ml;nfhy;yp vd;W njupe;Jk; mjd; cw;gj;jp Cf;fptpf;fg;gLfpwJ!

xg;gPl;lstpy; jkpo;r; rpdpkh njhiyf;fhl;rp ,uz;bdhYk; jkpofj;jpd; rpWth;fs;jhd; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sdh;.

jkpo;j; jpiuAyfpy; ,d;W me;epaHfsJ Mjpf;fe;jhd; nfhbfl;bg; gwf;fpwJ. jkpo;j; njupahj ,e;jp> fd;dl  ebiffs;jhd; jkpo;j; jpiug;gl fjhehafpfs;. nkhj;j fjhehafHfspy; 11 NgH fd;dlHfs;. xU nrhy; jkpo;j;  njupahj kiyahspfs;   njYq;fHfs; jkpo;j; jpiuapirg; ghly;fisg;  ghLfpwhHfs;. mtHfs; thapy; ''cd; Kfj;ijg; ghHj;Jj;jhd; #upad; vYe;J te;jhd;''  vd;Wk; ''Nrhiyf; fpyp xd;W ghLfpwJ''  vd;Wk; jkpo; <T ,uf;fkpd;wp nfhiy nra;ag;gLfpwJ! jkpo;g;glq;fspd; ngaHfs;$l jkpopy; ,y;yhJ Mq;fpyj;jpy; itj;Jj; jkpo;g; gz;ghl;il xl;L nkhj;jkhfr; rPuopf;fpwhHfs;.

,tw;Wf;nfy;yhk; Kj;jha;g;G itg;gJNghy mLj;j Kjy;tH ahnud;W Nfl;lhy; jkpofj;ij rPuopf;Fk; u[pdpfhe;j; vd;W gjpy; tUfpwJ!

u[pdpfhe;Jk; mjid cWjpg; gLj;JtJNghy  ''vdJ vjpupfis  mLj;j NjHjypy; re;jpg;Ngd;'' vd;W tPu trdk; NgrpapUf;fpwhH.

u[pdpfhe;j; nrd;idapy; jly;Glyhf cz;zhtpujk; ,Ue;jNghJ mjpKf> ghkf> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; ePq;fyhf kw;wf; fl;rpj; jiytHfs; tupirapy; te;J mtUf;Fg;   nghd;dhil NghHj;jp ifiag; gpbj;J Fk;GL Nghl;Ltpl;Lg; NghdhHfs;.

gh[fl;rp kw;Wk; ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; fl;rpj; jiytHfs;  jpuhtplf; fl;rpfis Xuq;fl;b tpl;L  u[pdpfhe;j; jiyikapy; Ml;rpiag; gpbf;fyhk; vdj; jdpj;jdpahfg; gfw;fdT fhz;fpwhHfs;.

mWgJfspy; ebfHfs; ehlhs tUtjh? $j;jhbfs; NfhNyhr;r Mirg;glyhkh? vd;W vJif Nkhidapy; Nfl;l ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; ,g;NghJ ebfH u[pdp fhypy; tpOtJjhd; Ntbf;if!

Vd; fdT fhz khl;lhHfs;?  fle;j 14 Mz;Lfspy;  vk;.[p.MH. tp.vd;.[hdfp> n[ayypjh vd;W 14 tUlq;fspy; %d;W rpdpkh ebfHfs; jkpofj;ij Ml;rp nra;J ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

1977> 1980> 1984 vd;W %d;W NjHjy;fspy; ntw;wp  ngw;W njhlHe;J  %d;W Kiw Kjy;tH gjtp tfpj;jtH vk;.[p.MH.

vk;.[p.MH. kiwTf;Fg; gpwF 26 ehl;fNs Kjy;tH gjtp tfpj;j mtuJ kidtp tp.vd;.[hdfp mk;ikahUk; rpdpkhtpy; ebj;Jg; Gfo;ngw;wtHjhd;!

1991-2001 Mfpa ,U NjHjy;fspy; ntw;wp ngw;W Kjy;tuhd n[ayypjh 150 glq;fspy;  Nkyhf fjhehafpahf (ngUk;ghYk; vk;[pMNuhL) ebj;Jg; Gfo; ngw;wtH!

,g;NghJ  u[pdp murpaYf;F tUthuh? tukhl;lhuh? vd;gJ VNjh jiyNghfpw tplak;    NghyTk;> u[pdp ifapy; 2001 taJ ,kakiy ghgh nfhLj;j mw;Gj tpsf;F ,Ug;gijg; NghyTk; me;j tpsf;fpypUe;J Gwg;gLk; g+jk; xNu tpehbapy;  fhkuhrH> gf;jtj;ryk;> mz;zh>  fiyQH> vk;.[p.MH> n[ayypjh KjyhdtHfshy;  jPHj;J itf;f Kbahj czT>  cil>  tjptplk; vy;yhtw;iwAk; jkpo;ehl;L kf;fSf;F ms;spf; nfhLj;JtpLk; vd;gJ NghyTk; jkpo;ehl;L nra;jp Clfq;fs; ehSk; nghOJk; vOJfpd;wd! NgRfpd;wd!

Ik;;gJfspy; rpdpkhthy;-rpdpkhf;fhuHfshy; ehL rPuopAk;-fyhr;rhuk; rPuopAk; vd;W vOjpdhHfs;! vOgJfspy; vk;.[p.Miuj; jiyapy; itj;Jf;nfhz;L MbdhHfs;!

ahH Kjyikr;ruhf te;jhYk; jkpo;ehl;bd;  Kjyikr;ruhf jkpod; xUtd; te;Jtplf; $lhJ vd;gjpy; xU $l;lk; fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf ,Uf;fpwJ!   

,g;NghJ mNj ghzpapy; u[pdp murpaYf;F tuNtz;Lk;> te;jhy; jPuhj gpur;idnay;yhk; jPHe;J Ngha;tpLk; vd;W vOJfpwhHfs;! fle;j ehd;F khj fhyj;Jf;Fk; Nkyhf ve;jg; gj;jpupifia vLj;jhYk; ''u[pdp; u[pdp; u[pdp''   ''ghgh-ghgh-ghgh'' vd;w ke;jpu cr;rhldk;jhd;! ,g;gb jkpo;ehL VL xd;W vOjpapUf;fpwJ.

jkpo;ehl;bd; ey;y fhyk; 80  Nfhbf;F  tpw;gidahd ,e;jpu>  ke;jpu> je;jpuk; epiwe;j ghgh glk; t#ypy; gyj;j mb thq;fpaJ! u[pdpapd; urpfH gl;lhsj;jhNyNa me;jg; glj;ij jpiu muq;Ffspy; 50 ehl;fs;$l Xl;l Kbatpy;iy!

glj;ijthq;fpf; if RLgl;ltHfSf;F Vw;gl;l ,og;ig u[pdpfhe;j; <Lnra;a Ntz;ba epHg;ge;jk; Vw;gl;lJ.

jkpo;ehl;L kf;fis rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; ,Ue;J kPl;nlLf;fg; Gwg;gl;bUf;Fk; lhf;lH ,uhkjhRf;F ,J ey;y nra;jp. rpdpkh Ntz;lhk; vd;gJ my;y. mJ xU tYthd Clfk;. Mdhy; kUj;JtH ifapy; cs;s fj;jpNghy  ehl;by; GiuNahbf; fplf;Fk; rhjpf; nfhLik> jPz;lhik> ngz;zbik> tWik> %lek;gpf;iffs; Nghd;wtw;iwj; jfHf;Fk; fUtpahf mwptpay; fz;Lgpbj;j Clfk; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

,e;j r%fey> gz;ghl;Lg; gzpapy; jPtpukhf ,wq;fpg; NghuhLk; lhf;lH ,uhkjhrpd; iffis vy;NyhUk; gyg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.  (Kw;Wk;)

(Kof;fkam - nehntk;gH08,2002)