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rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; KOfpg; Ngha;tpl;l jkpofk;

ef;fPud;

(1)

V te;jdk; te;jdk;
te;j rdq;fSk; Fe;jZk; Fe;jZk;

,e;jpud; te;jJk;
re;jpud; te;jJk;
,e;j rpdpkhjhd;!
,q;f vk;[pMH te;jJk; vd;bMH te;jJk;
,e;j rpdpkhjhd;! 

fiy tse;jJk; ,q;Nfjhd;
fhjy; nrhd;dJk;  ,q;Nfjhd;
fl;rp tsHj;jJk;
Ml;rp gpbr;rJk;
,e;j rpdpkhjhd;
ml mnkupf;fhtpNy
Ml;rp mikj;jJk;
,e;j rpdpkhjhd;! 

fapyhrehjid KUfid
fz;zhNy ghHf;fj;jhd; KbAkh $W?
Ik;gj;ije;J fhR eP FLj;jpl;lhy;
flTisg; ghHf;fyhk; ghU!
fhe;jpiaf; $l glj;jpNyjhNd ghj;J
,d;iwa  Njrk; njupQ;rpUf;F! 

nfhl;lif tsHe;jgpwF ehl;bNy
Fw;wk; Fiwe;jpUf;F
vj;jidNah Nkijq;Nf Qhdpfs; tPud;fs;
nts;spj;jpiuf;Fj; je;jJ ,q;Nf
mupr;re;jpud; ehlfj;ijg;  ghHj;Jj;jhd;
fhe;jpAk; rj;jpaj;ij ek;gpdhH mq;Nf! 

tho;f;iff;F ,q;Nf tbfhy; NtZk;
rpdpkh xz;Z NghJKq;f
vl gfnyy;yhk; cior;rPq;f
,unty;yhk; rpupr;rPq;f
ml nts;spj;jpiuapNy
jq;fk; tpise;jJk;
,e;jr; rpdpkhjhd;!

'Mz;ghtk;' jpiug;glj;jpy; ,irQhdp ,isauhrh ghba ,e;jg; ghly; rpdpkhf; fiyapd; xsp Kfj;ij vLj;Jr; nrhy;fpwJ. Mdhy; rpdpkhtpw;F ,d;ndhU ,Uz;l KfKk; ,Uf;fpwJ! 

rpdpkh xU tYthd Clfk; vd;gJ vy;NyhUk; xj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w cz;ik. rpdpkh njhlq;fp EhW Mz;LfSf;F Nkyhfptpl;ld. ,Ue;Jk; rpdpkh Nkhfk; ,d;Dk; tpl;lghby;iy. cyfk; G+uhTk; jpiug;glj; njhopy; tsHr;rp mile;J nfhz;Nl tUfpwJ. 

jpiu ,yf;fpa   ,yf;fzk;gw;wp nrhy;yte;j ngupahH '',irf;Fk; ebg;gpw;Fk; fUj;Jk; nra;jpfSk; gpujhdkhFk;. mLj;jjhfNt Rit gpujhdkhFk;. Mdhy; EfHNthUk; ,irj;J ebg;NghUk;> nra;jpiaAk; RitiaAk; gw;wpf; ftiyg;glhky;> EfHNthHfs; Neug; Nghf;Ff;Fk; NtW  gy fhl;rp ,d;gj;jpw;Fk; mijr; rhf;fh itj;J EfHtjhYk;> ,irj;J ebg;NghHfs; nghUSf;Fk; NtW Ra eyj;Jf;Fk; gad;gLj;JtjhYk; mjw;F cz;lhd gad; Vw;glhky; Ngha;tpLfpwJ'' vdf; ftiyapdhy; fz;bf;fpwhH.  

Kjd;Kjy; xU rpdpkhg; glk; gpbf;Fk; fUtpiaf; fz;Lgpbj;j ngUik njhkh]; vbridr; rhUk;. Mdhy; mtUf;Fr; rw;Wg; gpe;jp (1895) gpuQ;R ehl;ilr; NrHe;j Yhap Yhkpa (Louis Lumiere ) glg;gpbg;Gf; fkuhitf; fz;L gpbj;jhH. mJ vbrdpd; glg;gpbg;Gf; fUtpiatpl ,yFthdJ. fhiyapy; glk;gpbj;J> kj;jpahdk; Nrhjidf; $lj;jpy; fOtp khiyapy; Gwn[f;lupd; cjtpAld; jpiuaplg;gl;lJ! Kjd; Kjy; me;jg; glg;gpbg;Gf; fUtpapy; mfg;gl;l fhl;rp Ciotat vd;w efupy; xU Jupj njhlHtz;b gazk; nra;tJ! me;jg; glj;NjhLjhd; jpiug;gl tuyhW njhlq;fpaJ.  

Kjy;Kiw ntspte;j jpiug;glj;jpd; ngaH ''xU Njrj;jpd; gpwg;G'' (The Birth of a Nation"). ntspte;j Mz;L 1915. ,lk; mnkupf;fh. mjd; gpd; n[Hkdp> cUrpah Nghd;w ehLfs; glj; jahupg;gpy; ,wq;fpd.  

1915 -1936 ,ilapy; nkhj;jk; 17 glq;fNs jahupj;J ntspte;jd vd;gijg; gbj;jhy; ePq;fs; tpag;giltPHfs;! Mdhy; mJjhd; cz;ik. 1929Mk; Mz;Nl NgRk;glq;fs; jahupf;Fk; Kiw fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;lJ. rhHyp rg;ypd; njhlHe;J Ngrhg;glq;fisNa jahupj;J te;jhH.

1925 Mz;by;jhd; 'vbw;wpq;' fiy njhlq;fpaJ. mjd; %yfHj;jh Id;];jPd; ( Eisenstein) vd;w Gfo;ngw;w mwptpayhsH vd;gJ gyH mwpe;jpuhj nra;jp.

jkpo;ehl;by; Kjd; Kjy; jahupj;J ntspte;j jpiug;glk; fPrf tjk; (1917) MFk;. mjd; jahupg;ghsH MH. eluhr KjypahH. nrd;id> Gurthf;fpy;jhd; ,e;jpa gpypk; fk;gdp vd;w ngaupy; glk; gpbf;Fk; fiyf;$lk; ,Ue;jJ.

mLj;j glk; ''kPdhl;rp fy;ahzk;.'' Kjy;Kiwahf 35 kp.kP. %tp fkuhthy; vLf;fg;gl;l glk;. glj;jpy; ebf;f jkpoHfs; jhuhskhf Kd;tuhjjhy; ( fkuhTf;F Kd; epd;why; MAs; Fiwe;JtpLk; vd;w %lek;gpf;if) Mq;fpNyh ,e;jpaHfis ebf;f itj;Jg; glk; gpbf;fg;gl;lJ!

glj;ij jpiuapl;lNghJ xUj;juJ jiyiaAk; fhztpy;iy. flTspd; rhgj;jhy;jhd; mg;gbj; jiyfs; fhzhky; NghdJ vd;W kf;fs; Ngrpf; nfhz;lhHfs;! Mdhy; nyd;rpy; Vw;gl;l NfhshWjhd; mjw;fhd cz;ikahd fhuzk;.

Nfhtyd; (1930) vd;w glj;jpy; kJiu kPdhl;rp mk;kd; Nfhapy; NfhGuj;ijf; rha;e;jpUf;fpwkhjpupahd Nfhzj;jpy; fhl;baNghJ ,urpfHfs;  jq;fs; jiyNky;  mJ tpOe;JtpLk; vd;W gae;J jpiug;gl muq;if tpl;L  Xbg;NghdhHfs;!

jkpopy; Kjy;Kjyhf ntspte;j NgRk; glk; ''fhspjh];.'' ,J 1931,y; gk;ghapy; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ. up.gp. ,uh[y\;kpjhd; glj;jpd; fjhehafp. mtH jkpopy; ghb ebf;f njYq;Ff; fjhehafd; njYq;fpy; ghb ebj;jhH! ,jd; ,af;FdH vr;.vk;. nul;b.

vk;.Nf. jpahfuhrg;ghftjH Nf. mRtj;jk;kh ebj;J ntspte;j ''rpe;jhkzp''  vd;w glk; 1937,y; ntspte;jJ.  mjid ,af;fpatH it. tp. uht;. ,ir ghgehrk;rptd;.  ,J xU Mz;Lf;F Nkyhf jpiuauq;Ffspy; Xbg; ngUk; gzk; Ftpj;jJ.  ,e;jg; glj;jpd; jahupg;ghsHfs; rpe;jhkzp vd;w ngaupy; kJiuapy; ,uz;L jpiuauq;Ffisf; fl;bdhHfs;.

,e;jg; glj;ij aho;g;ghzj;jpy;  ghHj;jtHfspy;  rpyH 'rpe;jhkzp' 'rpe;jhkzp' vd;W nrhy;ypf;nfhz;L njUtpy; jpupe;jjhf gpwH nrhy;yf; Nfs;tpg;gl;bUf;fpNwd;!

,d;W glj;jahupg;gpy; jkpo;ehNl ,e;jpahtpy; Kjy; ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwJ. Mz;nlhd;Wf;F jkpopy; kl;Lk; ruhrup 175 glq;fs; ntsptUfpd;wd.

thndhypapy; xypiaf; Nfl;fyhk;. NgRfpwtH my;yJ ghLfpwtH ,tHfisg; ghHf;f KbahJ. Mdhy; jpiug;glk; mg;gbay;y. fz;Zf;Fk; fhJf;Fk; xNu Neuj;jpy; tpUe;J!

rpd;dj;jpiu te;j gpd;dUk; ngupajpiuf;F ,Uf;fpw kTR Fiwahky; ,Uf;fpwJ.

Muk;gj;jpy; fHehlf ,ir  epiwe;j Guhzg; glq;fNs  ntspte;jd. me;j Nghf;if khw;wp r%fg; ghHit cs;s glq;fs; ntsptuf; fhuzkhf  ,Ue;jtHfs; ,UtH. xUtHmwpQH mz;zh. kw;wtH fiyQH fUzhepjp. mwpQH mz;zhtpd; Ntiyf;fhup (1948)> ey;yjk;gp> fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; guhrf;jp jkpo;j; jpiuAyfpy; ngupa Gul;rpia> jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpaJ.

,JNghd;w jpiug;glq;fs; r%fj;jpy; GiuNahbg; Ngha;tpl;l rhjp mikg;G> jPz;lhik> rPjdk;>  ngz; mbikj;jdk;> %lek;gpf;if Nghd;w tpahjpfis XusT Fzg;gLj;j cjtpd.

fl;lnghk;kd;> rptnfq;ifr; rPik> fg;gNyhl;lba jkpod;> ,uh[uhr Nrhod;> ghujp Nghd;w tuyhw;Wk; glq;fs; jkpo; kf;fspilNa fle;j fhyr; rpwgh;ig ngUikia czHj;j cjtpd. 

gpd;dH fl;lk; fl;lkhf jpiuAyfpy; Ml;rp nra;jtHfs; vk;[pMH> rpth[p fNzrd;> n[kpdp fNzrd;> fkyfhrd;> u[pdp. ebiffs; rNuh[hNjtp> n[ayypjh> Nf.MH. tp[ah. ,ir [p. ,uhkehjd;. tpRtehjd; ,uhk%Hj;jp. ,isauhrh> V.MH. uFkhd;.  ghly;fs; fz;zjhrd;> thyp> gl;Lf;Nfhl;il fy;ahzRe;juk;> ituKj;J. ghbatHfs; rpjk;guk; n[auhkd;> rTe;juuhrd;> ghyRg;gpukzpak;> NaRjh];> vk;.vy;. tre;jFkhup> v];. [hdfp> gp. yPyh MfpNahH.

ghujpuh[h> ,isauh[h> nry;tuh[; (glg;gpbg;ghsH) ,tHfNs fpuhkj;ijAk;> ehl;Lg;ghly;fisAk;  jpiuf;Ff; nfhz;Lte;J Gul;rp nra;jtHfs;.

1967Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; jpiug;glj;Jiw rk;ge;jg;gl;ltHfNs  jkpo;ehl;bd; Kjy; mikr;rHfshf gjtp tfpj;J te;jpUg;gJ cyf rhjid vd;Nw nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;.

xU fj;jp kUj;JtH ifapy; ,Ue;jhy; capiuf; fhg;ghw;Wk;.  mNj fj;jp nfhiyfhud; ifapy; ,Ue;jhy; xU capH NghFk;. ,e;j Nkw;Nfhs; rpdpkhTf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;.

,d;iwa jpiuAyfpy; njhopy;El;gk; tsHe;jpUf;fpwJ. Mdhy; fij> trdk;> ,ir> ghly;fspd; juk; Nja;e;jpUf;fpwJ. Nja;e;J tUfpwJ. kpf mUikahf> tpjptpyf;fhfNt 'njdhyp' Nghd;w ey;y glq;fs; ntsptUfpd;wd.

,g;Nghnjy;yhk; ftHr;rpf;F kl;LNk Kjy; ,lk; nfhLj;Jg; glq;fs; jahupf;fg;gLfpd;wd. xU miuFiw epHthz eldk;>  fjhehafd; jdpNa ,UgJ Ngiu  mbj;J nehUf;Fk; 'Fk; Fk;' mbjb rz;il> fjhehafpia fw;gopf;Fk; Fbfhu tpy;yd;> fjhehafpia Nrhiy> kiy> flw;fiu vd tpl;Lj; Juj;Jk; fjhehafd; ,g;gbahd  FUl;L tpjpKiw  (formula) glq;fNs ntsptUfpd;wd.  

,tw;wpd; jpiuf;fijfs; gpw;Nghf;Fj;jdkhd rpe;jidfisAk; fhyj;Jf;F xt;thj fUj;Jf;fisAk;< gz;ghl;Lr; rPuopTfisAk;  gpujpgypg;gdthf ,Uf;fpd;wd.  

ciuahly;fs; ,ul;il mHj;jj;jpy; vOjg;gLfpd;wd. ghly;fs; fpS fpSg;ig Cl;lj;jf;f tpurkhd Nghf;fpy; nghUs; ,y;yhJ vOjg;gLfpd;wd.

mwptpaypd; ed;nfhilahd jpiug;glj;ij %l ek;gpf;iffis tsHg;gjw;Fk;> jd;dk;gpf;ifia Fiyg;gjw;Fk; gad;gLj;jp khdpl rKjhaj;jpw;F JNuhfk; ,iog;gjw;Fk; . gFj;jwpTr; rpe;jidiaf; $Hikg; gLj;Jtjw;Fk; gjpy; kOq;fbf;fg; gLtjw;Fk; gad;gl;L  tUfpwJ. miuj;j khitNa miuj;J fhyj;ij tPzhf;fpwhHfs;.  

jpiug;glj;jpy; ,lk;ngWk; Mq;fpy  Mjpf;fk;gw;wp  Vw;fdNt 'Kof;fk;' Vl;by; tpupthf vOjpapUf;fpNwd;.

jkpo;g; glq;fSf;F xU ey;y jkpo;g; ngaH itf;f kdkpy;yhj giftHfs; ,d;W jpiuAyif Ml;rp nra;J tUfpwhHfs;.

vijnaij vg;gbnag;gb vLj;jhy; mJ ,og;gpd;wp XLk; vd;gjpy; kl;LNk jahupg;ghsHfs;> ,af;FdHfs; Fwpahf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;! mg;gb ,Ue;Jk; Ehw;Wf;F njhz;ZhW tpOf;fhLg; glq;fs; Njhy;tpiaj; jOTfpd;wd.

jpiug;gl tuyhw;wpy; vk;[pMH xUtNu jd;idg;gw;wpa xU gbkj;ij  Gwepiyg;gLj;jp (project) te;jtH. vy;yhg; glj;jpYk; ebf;fhky; fijiaAk; jhd; ebf;f Ntz;ba ghj;jpuj;ijAk; ed;F Nfl;lwpe;j gpd;dHjhd; ebf;f xg;Gjy; nfhLj;jhH. fij gpbf;fhtpl;lhy; fijia khw;wr; nrhd;dhH. ve;jg; glj;jpYk; mtH Nghj;jpYk; ifAkhfNth> nfhs;spf;fl;ilAk; thAkhfNth Njhd;wNt ,y;iy. mjdhy;jhd; kf;fs; kj;jpapy;  mtUf;F msg;gupa nry;thf;F filrptiu ,Ue;jJ.

rpth[p fNzrd; thj;jpahiutpl jpwkhd ebfH. ebfH jpyfk; vd;W gl;lk; thq;fpatH. Mdhy; mtUf;F kf;fs; kj;jpapy; vk;[pMUf;F ,Ue;j nry;thf;fpy; Ehw;wpy; xU gq;F  $l ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

jdpf; fl;rp Muk;gpj;J murpaypy; Fjpj;j vk;[pMH Kjyikr;ruhdhH. jdpf; fl;rp Muk;gpj;J murpaypy; Fjpj;j rpth[p fNzrd; ngaiuAk; gzj;ijAk; ,oe;jhH.

rpdpkh r%fj;ij kfpo;tpf;Fk;> mwpitAk; xOf;fj;ijAk; xOq;FgLj;Jk;>  topelj;Jk; xU typikahd nghOJ Nghf;F Clfk; vd;gjpw;Fg; gjpy; mJ gz;ghl;bd; rPuopTf;F ,d;W topNfhyp tUfpwJ.

mwptpay; fUtpiaf; nfhz;L mwpahikia %lj;jdj;ijg; gug;Gk; NfL nfl;l fhupaj;jpy; gbj;jtHfs; <LgLfpwhHfs;. fiyQHfs;  mjw;Fj; Jiz NghfpwhHfs;.   

 rpdpkh Nkhfj;jhy; nfl;Lg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUf;Fk; jkpof ,isQHfisf; fhg;ghw;w 'rpd;dg; ngupahH' vd;W miof;fg;gLk; lhf;lH v];. ,uhkjh]; vjpHg;Gf;F kj;jpapYk; Jzpe;J Kd;te;jpUf;fpwhH.  ,isQHfisf;  nfLg;gjpy; u[dp Kjy;tupirapy; ,Uf;fpwhH vd;W mtH Fw;wk; rhl;bAs;shH. (tsUk;)

(Kof;fk; - xf;NjhgH 25>2002)

 

rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; KOfpg; Ngha;tpl;l jkpofk;

jkpo;ehl;bd; mLj;j Kjy;tH ahH?

ef;fPud;

(2)

lhf;lH v];. ,uhkjh]; ghl;lhsp kf;fs; fl;rp epWtdH vd;gJ njupe;jNj.   td;dpaupd; eyidg; ghJfhf;f Muk;gpf;fg;gl;l  td;dpaH rq;fk;jhd;  gpd;dH ghl;lhsp kf;fs; fl;rp vd;w ngaNuhL xU murpay; fl;rpahf cUthdJ. td;dpaHfs; mjpfsT thOk;  njd; MHf;fhL tl MHf;fhL khtl;lq;fspy; ,e;jf; fl;rp  nry;thf;NfhL tpsq;FfpwJ.

lhf;lH ,uhkjhrplk; fhzg;gLk; Fzhk;rq;fspy; Jzpr;ry; Kf;fpakhdJ. jdJ kdJf;F vJ rupnadg;gLfpwNjh mjidj; JzpNthL nrhy;yptpLfpwhH. ,jpy; kw;w murpay;thjpfs;Nghy; NjHjy; ,yhg ,og;Gf; fzf;F mtH ghHg;gjpy;iy.

ghgh glk; nrd;w Mf];l; khjk; 14Mk; ehs; nrd;idapy; ntspaplg;gl;lJ.  mjid   ntspapl u[pdpfhe;j;  mnkupf;fhtpy; ,Ue;J
Rthkp rr;rpjhde;jhit tutioj;jhH. ghgh glNk mtupd; MNyhridg;gbjhd; vLf;fg;gl;lJ.

1966-k; Mz;L mnkupf;fhtpy; FbNawpa rr;rpjhde;jh mq;F tH[Pdpah vd;w efupy; gr;ir gNrnyd;W kiyj; njhlH gpd;dzpapy; midj;J nka; xspf; Nfhapy; (Light of truth Universal Shrine)  fl;bapUe;jhH.

ghgh glk; Rthkp rr;rpjhde;jhTf;F rpwg;ghfg; Nghl;Lf; fhz;gpf;fg; gl;lJ. Mdhy; ghgh glj;ijg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jNghJ Rthkpf;F %r;Rj; jpzwy; Vw;gl;L kaq;fpr; rupe;jhH. mtiu mg;NghNyh kw;Wk; Ngh&H  kUj;Jtkidapy; NrHj;J itj;jpak; nra;jhHfs;. itj;jpak; gypf;fhky; mtH 'Kf;jp' mile;jhH. mtH ,wf;Fk;NghJ mtUf;F mfit 88.

ghgh glk; ntspaplg;gl;lNghJ mjd; RUs; ngl;bfSf;F  u[pdpapd; urpfHfHfs; ghyhgpNrfk; nra;jhHfs;. #lk; rhk;gpuhzp nfhSj;jpf; Fk;gpl;lhHfs;! u[pdpapd; ngupa fl;-mTl;Lf;fis njUKidfspy; itj;jhHfs;.  me;jf; fl;lj;jpy;jhd; lhf;lH ,uhkjh]; jdJ Kjy; fizia u[pdp Nehf;fp  VtpdhH.

''u[pdpfhe;j;; Fbg;gof;fj;ijAk; rpfnul; gpbg;gijAe;jhd; jkpo;ehl;L  ,isQHfSf;Ff; fw;Wj; je;Js;shH. ghgh glj;jpy; jz;zp jk; ,uz;Lk; mbf;fpw u[pdp jkpo;ehl;L ,isQHfSf;F jtwhd Kd; vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf ,Uf;fpwhH.  u[pdp ebj;j glq;fis td;dpaHfs; ahUk; ghHf;f $lhJ. mtUf;F ,urpfH kd;wk; itf;ff; $lhJ.  ,Uf;fpw rq;fq;fspy; ,Ue;J td;dpa ,isQHfs; tpyfNtz;Lk;''   vd lhf;lH ,uhkjh]; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhH. 

,jid mLj;J ghgh glk; jpiuaplg;gl;l tl MHf;fhL njd;MHf;fhL Nghd;w khtl;lq;fspy; vjpHg;Gf; fpsk;gpaJ. jpiuauq;Ffs; Nrjg;gLj;jg;gl;ld. glr; RUs;fs; nfhs;isabf;fg;gl;ld.  

gjpYf;F u[pdpfhe;jpd; urpfHfs; lhf;lH ,uhkjhrpd; cUtg; nghk;ikfisf; nfhSj;jpdhHfs;.  

u[pdpfhe;j; lhf;lH ,uhkjhir ePjpkd;wj;jpy; re;jpf;fg;Nghtjhf mwp;f;if tpl;lhH. re;jpf;f ehd; jahH vd;W lhf;lH ,uhkjh]; gjpYf;F mwpf;if tpl;lhH. ey;yfhykhf epyik NkhrkhFKd; ,Ujug;gpdUk; jpBnud jq;fs; Nghuhl;lj;ijf; iftpl;lhHfs;.  

,g;NghJ kPz;Lk; lhf;lH ,uhkjh]; rpdpkh jkpofj;ij rPuopf;fpwJ vd;W NghHf;nfhb Jhf;fpAs;shH. rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; %o;fpAs;s ,isQh;fis  kPl;gNj  vdJ Kjy; gzp> fiyf;fy;Y}hpfs; r%f tpNuhjpfspd; $lhukhf cs;sJ vd lhf;lh; uhkjh]; $wpAs;shH. 

murpaypy; lhf;lH ,uhkjhRf;F vjpUk; GjpUkhf ,Uf;Fk; tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; jiytH jpUkhtstDk; rpdpkh Nkhfk; xopf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vdr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH.   

Nfhit khtl;l kdpj Nea ghriw rhh;gpy; ''rpdpkhTk; rPuopTk;'' vd;Dk; jiyg;gpy;  md;dg+h;zh N`hl;ly; fiyauq;fpy; fle;j xf;NjhgH 27 (QhapW) fUj;juq;F xd;W ele;jJ. mjpy; Ngrpa lhf;lh; ,uhkjh];-

''rpdpkhthy; rPuopfpwth;fSf;F vd;d khjphpahd itj;jpak; mspg;gJ vd;W fz:lwpa Ntz;:Lk;. itj;jpaj;jpy; gy Kiwfs; cs;sd. ehl;by; elf;Fk; ey;y fhhpaq;fis xU rpdpkhtpy;$lr; nrhy;ytpy;iy. vl;L taJ Foe;ij Kjy; Kjpath;fs; tiu rpdpkhTf;F mbikahfpf;  fplf;fpwhh;fs;. rpdpkh %yk; kf;fSf;F gad;juf;$ba fUj;Jf;fisj;  juf;Nfhhp ehd; rpdpkh fiyQh;fs; xt;nthU gphptpdUf;Fk; fbjk; vOjp cs;Nsd;.

'',e;j tplaj;jpy; ehd; kl;Lk;jhd; Fuy; nfhLj;J tUfpNwd;. NtW ve;j murpay; thjpAk; Fuy; nfhLf;f tpy;iy. khwhf> kw;w murpay;thjpfs; vd;id jdpikg; gLj;j Kaw;rp nra;fpwhh;fs;. mt;thW jdpikg;gLj;j tplhky; vdf;F ePq;fs; (nghJkf;fs;) cWJizahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mth;fs; XUrpy  thf;FfSf;fhf [hy;uh mbf;fpwhh;fs;. rpdpkhtpy; td;Kiwia J}z;Lk; fhl;rpfs;> Mghrj;ij ntspf;fhl;Lk; fhl;rpfs;> ngz;:zbikia  Cf;Ftpf;Fk; fhl;rpfs;jhd; epiwa cs;sd. ,Jgw;wpa tpopg; Gzh;T ,isQh;fs; kj;jpapy; fl;lhak; Vw;gl Ntz;Lk;'' vdr; #lhfg; NgrpdhH.

ghgh glj;jpy; u[pdp ehj;jpfdhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJk; jz;zp jk; mbf;fpwhH. Mj;jpfdhf khWk; NghJk; jz;zp jk; mbf;fpwhH. xU fhl;rpapy; u[pdpapd; thapy; ,Ue;j nfhs;spf;fl;ilia kdP\h nfha;uhyh ifahy; vLj;J tPRfpwhH. Mdhy; mLj;j tpehb ,d;ndhU nfhs;spf; fl;il u[pdpapd; thapy; ke;jpuj;jhy; te;JtpLfpwJ!

u[pdpfhe;j; Rthkp rr;rpjhde;jh kw;Wk; ,kakiyapy; 2>000 Mz;Lfshf capNuhL thOk; ghgh ,UtuplKk; jPl;ir ngw;wtH. mtH ebg;Gf;NfDk; ifapy; rhuhag; Nghj;jNyhLk; thapy; gPbNahLk; Njhd;wp ebf;fyhkh? ,jd; %yk; mtH rKjhaj;Jf;F> Fwpg;ghf ,isa rKjhaj;Jf;F fhl;Lk; Kd; cjhuzk; ,Jjhdh? ,jdhy; rKfk; rPuopAk; xOf;fk; nfLk;  vd;W mnkupf;f Rthkp rr;rpjhde;jhTk; ,kakiy ghghTk; u[pdpf;Fr; nrhy;ypf;nfhLf;ftpy;iyah?

lhf;lH ,uhkjh]; ''u[pdpfhe;j; rpfnul;ilj; Jhf;fpg; Nghl;Lg; gpbf;fpwJ> Kbiar; rpYg;GtJ> ifiar; nrhlf;Fg; NghLtJ ,it ePq;fyhfj;  jkpo;ehl;L kf;fSf;F ey;y tp\ak; VjhtJ fj;Jf; nfhLj;jpUf;fhuh? Fbf;ff;$lhJ> rpfnul;> gPb gpbf;ff;$lhJD ve;jg; glj;Jy ahtJ nrhy;ypapUf;fhuh?'' vd;w Nfs;tpfis vOg;GfpwhH. NkYk; ,tw;why; rpWtHfs; kdjpy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;ig xU vLj;Jf;fhl;NlhL tpsf;FfpwhH.

;; vdf;F njhpe;j ez;ghpd; 3 taJf; Foe;ij> btpapy; rf;jp vd;w njhlhpy; tUk; xU ebfh; njhlh;e;J gPb rpfnul; Fbj;J tUtijf; fz;Ltpl;L Ngg;giu rpfnul;il Nghy RUl;b Giff;Fk; gof;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lJ. me;j ez;ghpd; tPl;Lf;F cwtpdh; xUth; te;jhh;. Foe;ijaplk; ''cdf;F vd;d Ntz;Lk;?'' vd;whh;. me;j 3 taJ Foe;ij> vdf;F 2 rpfnul; thq;fp jhUq;fs; vd;wJ. ,e;j gpQ;R kdjpy; rpfnul; vDk; eQ;R kPJ Mir Vw;gl me;j btp njhlh; ebfhpd; ebg;Gf; fhuzk; my;yth?''

Nrbapy;yhj ,uh[Fkhup> Nrhbapy;yhj khlg;Gwh> Nkhbnra;ahj Ntjhe;jp vg;gb cyfpy; ,Uf;f KbahNjh mNjNghy; jkpo;j;jpiug; glq;fspy; jz;zp  mbf;fhj>  Gifgpbf;fhj fjhehafd;> tpy;yd; ,tHfs; ,y;yhj ngupajpiu rpd;dj;jpiu glq;fisg; ghHf;fNt KbahJ.

jkpo;j; jpiug;glq;fspy; td;Kiwf;Fk; nfhQ;rKk; gQ;rkpy;iy. ,UgJ jbad;fs; cUl;il fl;ilfSld; fjhehafpia my;yJ fjhehafdpd; jq;ifia flj;jpf; nfhz;L NghtJk; mijj; njhlHe;J  ghjp Mil ,y;yhj ghypay; td;Kiwf; fhl;rpfs; jhuhskhf vy;iy kPwpj; jpiufspy; fhl;lg; gLfpd;wJ. ,g;gbg;gl;l fhl;rpfisg; glj;jpy; itf;fhtpl;lhy; gl ,af;FdH;  kz;il ntbj;Jr; nrj;Jg; NghthH vd;nwhU rhgk; jkpo;j;jpiuAyfpy; ,Uf;fpwJ!

jkpo;ehl;by;jhd; mjpf Fbg; gof;fKila ,isQh;fs; fhzg;gLtjhf Gs;sp tptuq;fs; njuptpf;fpd;wd.  fdTj;njhopw;rhiy  vd;w rpdpkhjhd; tho;f;if vd;W vz;Zk; ghku kf;fs; jkpofj;jpy; mjpfk;. kUj;Jt fy;Y}hp tpLjpapDs; fQ;rh tpw;Fk; epiy ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpofj;jpy; nghJ ,lq;fspy;  rpfnul;>  gPb Fbf;f $lhJ vd;W jil  tpjpf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;Jk; rpdpkh Rtnuhl;bfspy;  tpjtpjkhd ghzpapy; gPb> rpfnul; gpbf;Fk; fjhehaf-tpy;yd; glq;fs; jkpofj;jpy; %iy KLf;nfy;yhk; fhl;rpaspf;fpwJ.

cyf Rfhjhu epWtdk; mz;ikapy; ntspapl;l mwpf;if xd;wpy;  ,e;jpahtpNyNa jkpofj;jpy;jhd; 13 tajpy; ,Ue;J 15 taJf;Fs;  cs;s rpWth;fs; 20.4 tpOf;fhL gPb> rpfnul; gpbj;J gpQ;R tajpNyNa tho;f;ifia mopj;Jf; nfhs;tjhf jkpofj;ij vr;rhpj;Js;sJ.

gPfhhpy; 7.2 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk;>  mrhkpy; 7.7 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk;> Nkw;F tq;fhsj; jpy; 3 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk; rpfnul; Fbg;gjhf Gs;sp tptuk; njhptpf;fpwJ.

xg;gPl;lstpy; rpdpkh njhiyf;fhl;rp ,uz;bdhYk; jkpofj;jpd; rpWth;fs;jhd; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sdh;.

jkpo;j; jpiuAyfpy; ,d;W me;epaH;fsJ Mjpf;fe;jhd; nfhbfl;bg; gwf;fpwJ. jkpo;j; njupahj ,e;jp> fd;dl  ebiffs;jhd; jkpo;j; jpiug;gl fjhehafpfs;. nkhj;j fjhehafHfspy; 11 NgH fd;dlHfs;. xU nrhy; jkpo;j; njupahj kiyahspfs;  njYq;fH;fs; jkpo;j; jpiuapirg; ghly;fisg;  ghLfpwhHfs;. mtHfs; thapy; ''cd; Kfj;ijg; ghHj;Jj;jhd; #upad; vYe;J te;jhd;'' vd;Wk; ''Nrhiyf; fpyp xd;W ghLfpwJ'' vd;Wk; jkpo;   <T ,uf;fkpd;wp nfhiy nra;ag;gLfpwJ! jkpo;g;glq;fspd; ngaHfs;$l jkpopy; ,y;yhJ Mq;fpyj;jpy; itj;Jj; jkpo;g; gz;ghl;il xl;L nkhj;jkhfr; rPuopf;fpwhHfs;.

,tw;Wf;nfy;yhk; Kj;jha;g;G itg;gJNghy mLj;j Kjy;tH ahnud;W Nfl;lhy; jkpofj;ij rPuopf;Fk; u[pdpfhe;j; vd;W gjpy; tUfpwJ!

u[pdpfhe;Jk; mjid cWjpg; gLj;JtJNghy  ''vdJ vjpupfis mLj;j NjHjypy; re;jpg;Ngd;'' vd;W tPu trdk; NgrpapUf;fpwhH.

u[pdpfhe;j; nrd;idapy; jlGlyhf cz;zhtpujk; ,Ue;jNghJ mjpKf> ghkf> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; ePq;fyhf kw;wf; fl;rpj; jiytHfs; tupirapy; te;J mtUf;Fg;   nghd;dhil NghHj;jp ifiag; gpbj;J Fk;GL Nghl;Ltpl;Lg; NghdhHfs;.

gh[fl;rp kw;Wk; ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; fl;rpj; jiytHfs;  jpuhtplf; fl;rpfis Xuq;fl;b tpl;L  u[pdpfhe;j; jiyikapy; Ml;rpiag; gpbf;fyhk; vdj; jdpj;jdp gfw;fdT fhz;fpwhHfs;.

mWgJfspy; ebfHfs; ehlhs tUtjh? $j;jhbfs; NfhNyhr;r Mirg;glyhkh? vd;W vJif Nkhidapy; Nfl;l ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; ,g;NghJ ebfH u[pdp fhypy; tpOtJjhd; Ntbf;if!

Vd; fdT fhz khl;lhHfs;?  fle;j 14 Mz;Lfspy;  vk;.[p.MH. tp.vd;.[hdfp> n[ayypjh vd;W 14 tUlq;fspy; %d;W rpdpkh ebfHfs; jkpofj;ij Ml;rp nra;J ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

1977> 1980> 1984 vd;W %d;W NjHjy;fspy; ntw;wp  ngw;W njhlHe;J %d;W Kiw Kjy;tH gjtp tfpj;jtH vk;.[p.MH.

vk;.[p.MH. kiwTf;Fg; gpwF 26 ehl;fNs Kjy;tH; gjtp tfpj;j mtuJ kidtp tp.vd;.[hdfp mk;ikahUk; rpdpkhtpy; ebj;Jg; Gfo;ngw;wtHjhd;!

1991-2001 Mfpa ,U NjHjy;fspy; ntw;wp ngw;W Kjy;tuhd n[ayypjh 150 glq;fspy;  Nkyhf fjhehafpahf (ngUk;ghYk; vk;[pMNuhL) ebj;Jg; Gfo; ngw;wtH!

,g;NghJ  u[pdp murpaYf;F tUthuh? tukhl;lhuh? vd;gJ VNjh jiyNghfpw tplak;    NghyTk;> u[pdp ifapy; 2001 taJ ,kakiy ghgh nfhLj;j mw;Gj tpsf;F ,Ug;gijg; NghyTk; me;j tpsf;fpypUe;J Gwg;gLk; g+jk; xNu tpehbapy;  fhkuhrH> gf;jtj;ryk;> mz;zh>  fiyQH> vk;.[p.MH>
n[ayypjh KjyhdtHfshy;  jPHj;J itf;f Kbahj czT>  cil>  tjptplk; vy;yhtw;iwAk; jkpo;ehl;L kf;fSf;F ms;spf; nfhLj;JtpLk; vd;gJ NghyTk; jkpo;ehl;L nra;jp Clfq;fs; ehSk; nghOJk; vOJfpd;wd! NgRfpd;wd!

Ik;;gJfspy; rpdpkhthy;-rpdpkhf;fhuH;fshy; ehL rPuopAk;-fyhr;rhuk; rPuopAk; vd;W vOjpdhHfs;! vOgJfspy; vk;.[p.Miuj; jiyapy; itj;Jf;nfhz;L MbdhH;fs;!

,g;NghJ mNj ghzpapy; u[pdp murpaYf;F tuNtz;Lk;> te;jhy; jPuhj gpur;idnay;yhk; jPHe;J Ngha;tpLk; vd;W vOJfpwhHfs;! fle;j ehd;F khj fhyj;Jf;Fk; Nkyhf ve;jg; gj;jpupifia vLj;jhYk; ''u[pdp; u[pdp; u[pdp ghgh-ghgh-ghgh'' vd;w ke;jpu cr;rhldk;jhd;!'' ,g;gb jkpo;ehL VL xd;W vOjpapUf;fpwJ.

jkpo;ehl;bd; ey;y fhyk; 80  Nfhbf;F  tpw;gidahd ,e;jpu>  ke;jpu> je;jpuk; epiwe;j ghgh glk; t#ypy; gyj;j mb thq;fpaJ! u[pdpapd; urpfH gl;lhsj;jhNyNa me;jg; glj;ij jpiu muq;Ffspy; 50 ehl;fs;$l Xl;l Kbatpy;iy!

glj;ijthq;fpf; if RLgl;ltHfSf;F Vw;gl;l ,og;igf; u[pdpfhe;j; <Lnra;a Ntz;ba epHg;ge;jk; Vw;gl;lJ.

jkpo;ehl;L kf;fis rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; ,Ue;J kPl;nlLf;fg; Gwg;gl;bUf;Fk; lhf;lH ,uhkjhRf;F ,J ey;y nra;jp. rpdpkh Ntz;lhk; vd;gJ my;y. mJ xU tYthd Clfk;. Mdhy; kUj;JtH ifapy; cs;s fj;jpNghy  ehl;by; GiuNahbf; fplf;Fk; rhjpf; nfhLik> jPz;lhik> ngz;zbik> tWik> %lek;gpf;iffs; Nghd;wtw;iwj; jfh;f;Fk; fUtpahf mwptpay; fz;Lgpbj;j Clfk; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

,e;j r%feyg; gzpapy; jPtpukhf ,wq;fpg; NghuhLk; lhf;lH ,uhkjhrpd; iffis vy;NyhUk; gyg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.  

(''Kof;fk;'' - nehntk;gH 01>2002)

 

rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; KOfpg; Ngha;tpl;l jkpofk;

gapj;jpaj;jpw;F tapj;jpak; nra;ag; Gwg;gl;bUf;Fk;  kUj;JtH ,uhkjh];!

ef;fPud;  

(3)

jkpo;ehl;by;jhd; mjpf Fbg; gof;fKila ,isQh;fs; fhzg;gLtjhf Gs;sp tptuq;fs; njuptpf;fpd;wd.  fdTj;njhopw;rhiy  vd;w rpdpkhjhd; tho;f;if vd;W vz;Zk; ghku kf;fs; jkpofj;jpy; mjpfk;. kUj;Jt fy;Y}hp tpLjpapDs; fQ;rh tpw;Fk; epiy ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpofj;jpy; nghJ ,lq;fspy;  rpfnul;>  gPb Fbf;f $lhJ vd;W jil  tpjpf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;Jk; rpdpkh Rtnuhl;bfspy;  tpjtpjkhd ghzpapy; gPb> rpfnul; gpbf;Fk; fjhehaf-tpy;yd; glq;fs; jkpofj;jpy; %iy KLf;nfy;yhk; fhl;rpaspf;fpwd.

Gifapdhy; Vw;gLk; NfLgw;wp ,d;W cyf Rfhjhu epWtdk; gug;Giu nra;J tUfpwJ.

cyf Rfhjhu epWtdk; mz;ikapy; ntspapl;l xU mwpf;if xd;wpy;  ,e;jpahtpNyNa jkpofj;jpy;jhd; 13 tajpy; ,Ue;J 15 taJf;Fs;  cs;s rpWth;fs; 20.4 tpOf;fhL gPb> rpfnul; gpbj;J gpQ;R tajpNyNa tho;f;ifia mopj;Jf; nfhs;tjhf jkpofj;ij vr;rhpj;Js;sJ.

gPfhhpy; 7.2 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk;>  mrhkpy; 7.7 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk;> Nkw;F tq;fhsj; jpy; 3 tpOf;fhL rpWth;fSk; rpfnul; Fbg;gjhf Gs;sp tptuk; njhptpf;fpwJ.

Gif gpbj;jy; cly; eyj;jpw;Fj; jPq;fhdJ vd;W Mapuf;fzf;fhd  tpsk;guq;fs; ehs;NjhWk;  te;Jnfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpd;wd.  Mdhy; mtw;iwg;  gbj;Jtpl;L  njhlHe;Jk; Gifgpbj;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Gif gpbf;Fk; gof;fk; cs;s xUtH jdf;F tuNtz;ba kuzj;ij 7 Mz;LfSf;F Ke;jpr; re;jpj;Jf;nfhs;fpwhH. cyfk; KOJk; xt;nthU Mz;Lk; 35 ,yl;rk; NgH Gif gpbg;gjhy; tuf;$ba Gw;WNeha; Nghd;wtw;why; ,wf;fpd;wdH. rpfnul; gpbg;gtHfSf;F vjpupy; epd;W nfhz;bUg;gjdhy; Mz;LNjhWk; 10 ,yl;rk; NgH  ghjpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. xt;nthU rpfnul;Lk; xUtdJ MAspy; 15 epkplq;fisf; Fiwf;fpwJ!

,e;jpahtpy; 20 Nfhb Mz;fSk; 5 Nfhb ngz;fSk; Gifapiyg; gof;fj;jpw;Fg; mbikahfpAs;sdH.

kdpjHfisf; nfhy;Yk; Kjy; 10 Neha;fspy; Gifgpbj;jy; ehd;fhtJ  ,lj;jpYk; kJ Ie;jhtJ ,lj;jpYk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjhtJ (1) rj;JzTgw;whik (2) ghJfhg;gw;w ghypay; cwT (Vapl;];)  (3) ,uj;j mOj;jk; (4) Gifj;jy;  (5) kJ (6) mOf;Fj; jz;zPH kw;Wk; nfLjyhd #oy; (7) ,Uk;Gr;rj;Jg; gw;whf;Fiw (8)cs;tPl;L neUg;gpdy;  Vw;gLk; Gifia   Rthrpj;jy; (9) nfhnyh];Nuhwy;  (10) kl;LkPwpa Jhypg;G (obesity).

Gifapiyr; nrbapd; G+HtPfk; tl-njd; mnkupf;fhjhd;. 1492 xf;NjhgH 15Mk; ehs; mnkupf;f ,e;jpaHfs; fpwp];NjhgH nfhyk;gRf;F mjid ntFkjpahff; nfhLj;jhHfs;. tpiutpy; mJ INuhg;ghit nrd;wile;jJ. 1571,y; xU ,Rg;ghdpa kUj;JtH kUe;Jr; nrbfisg;gw;wp vOjpa Ehypy; Gifapiy 36 tpjkhd Neha;fisf; Fzk; nra;Ak; vd vOjpdhH. Gifapiyapd; 'Gfo;' gutp mJ jq;fj;Jf;F <lhd ehzakhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.  

1836,y; rhKNty; fpwPd; vd;gtH Gifapiy er;Rj;jd;ik tha;e;jJ mJ kdpjidf; nfhy;yf;$baJ vd;W $wpdhH. 

h1847,y; gpypg;]; nkwp]; ( Phillip   Morris)  vd;w fk;ngdp rpfnul; jahupg;gpy;  <Lgl;lJ.  mjidj; njhlHe;J 1875,y;  I R.J. Reynolds Tobacco     rpfnul; jahupg;gpy; Fjpj;jJ. ,uz;lhtJ cyf kfh Aj;jj;jpy; rpfnul; gpbf;Fk; gof;fk; ,uhZtj;jpduplk; mjpfupj;jJ. mjdhy; mjd; jahupg;G fz;kz; ,y;yhJ gy;fpg; ngUfpaJ.                                                                                        

mWgJfspy; Gif gpbj;jypd; nfLjpgw;wp  mwptpayhsHfs; vOj Muk;gpj;jhHfs;. nghJ ,lq;fspy; Gif gpbg;gJ vz;gJfspy; jil nra;ag;gl;lJ. mnkupf;fhtpy; Vw;gl;l tpw;gidr; rupitr; rupf;fl;l  Mrpahtpy;  jq;fsJ filia rpfnul; fk;gdpfs; tpupj;jd. Marlboro vd;w ngaupy; jahupf;fg;gLk; rpfnul; Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 6000 Nfhb nlhyUf;F tpw;gidahfpwJ!

tpw;gidia mjpfupf;f rpfnul; jahupg;ghsHfs; nfhypTl; ebf ebiffspd; glq;fisg; gad;gLj;JfpwhHfs;. ,jw;fhf glq;fspy; Gif gpbf;Fk; fhl;rpia Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw GFj;JfpwhHfs;.  Humphrey Bogart vd;w ebfH Gifapiyf;F mbikahfp Gw;WNeha; te;J  nrj;Nj NghdhH. mtuJ ,urpfHfs; mtiug; ghHj;J Gifgpbf;fg; gofp Mapuf; fzf;fpy; ,we;jhHfs;.

u[pdpfhe;j;> fky;> fhHj;jpf; Nghd;w ebfHfisg; ghHj;J vj;jid ,yl;rk; ,urpfHfs; rpfnul;il jhq;fSk;  gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;fpw fpWf;Fj;jdk;  jiyf;Nfwp ghoha;g;NghdhHfNsh njupahJ.

,d;W mnkupf;fhtpd; nghUshjuj;Jf;F mr;rhzpNghy; Gifapiy cw;gj;jp tpsq;FfpwJ. mJ Ml;nfhy;yp vd;W njupe;Jk; mjd; cw;gj;jp Cf;fptpf;fg;gLfpwJ!

xg;gPl;lstpy; jkpo;r; rpdpkh njhiyf;fhl;rp ,uz;bdhYk; jkpofj;jpd; rpWth;fs;jhd; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sdh;.

jkpo;j; jpiuAyfpy; ,d;W me;epaHfsJ Mjpf;fe;jhd; nfhbfl;bg; gwf;fpwJ. jkpo;j; njupahj ,e;jp> fd;dl  ebiffs;jhd; jkpo;j; jpiug;gl fjhehafpfs;. nkhj;j fjhehafHfspy; 11 NgH fd;dlHfs;. xU nrhy; jkpo;j;  njupahj kiyahspfs;   njYq;fHfs; jkpo;j; jpiuapirg; ghly;fisg;  ghLfpwhHfs;. mtHfs; thapy; ''cd; Kfj;ijg; ghHj;Jj;jhd; #upad; vYe;J te;jhd;''  vd;Wk; ''Nrhiyf; fpyp xd;W ghLfpwJ''  vd;Wk; jkpo; <T ,uf;fkpd;wp nfhiy nra;ag;gLfpwJ! jkpo;g;glq;fspd; ngaHfs;$l jkpopy; ,y;yhJ Mq;fpyj;jpy; itj;Jj; jkpo;g; gz;ghl;il xl;L nkhj;jkhfr; rPuopf;fpwhHfs;.

,tw;Wf;nfy;yhk; Kj;jha;g;G itg;gJNghy mLj;j Kjy;tH ahnud;W Nfl;lhy; jkpofj;ij rPuopf;Fk; u[pdpfhe;j; vd;W gjpy; tUfpwJ!

u[pdpfhe;Jk; mjid cWjpg; gLj;JtJNghy  ''vdJ vjpupfis  mLj;j NjHjypy; re;jpg;Ngd;'' vd;W tPu trdk; NgrpapUf;fpwhH.

u[pdpfhe;j; nrd;idapy; jly;Glyhf cz;zhtpujk; ,Ue;jNghJ mjpKf> ghkf> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; ePq;fyhf kw;wf; fl;rpj; jiytHfs; tupirapy; te;J mtUf;Fg;   nghd;dhil NghHj;jp ifiag; gpbj;J Fk;GL Nghl;Ltpl;Lg; NghdhHfs;.

gh[fl;rp kw;Wk; ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; fl;rpj; jiytHfs;  jpuhtplf; fl;rpfis Xuq;fl;b tpl;L  u[pdpfhe;j; jiyikapy; Ml;rpiag; gpbf;fyhk; vdj; jdpj;jdpahfg; gfw;fdT fhz;fpwhHfs;.

mWgJfspy; ebfHfs; ehlhs tUtjh? $j;jhbfs; NfhNyhr;r Mirg;glyhkh? vd;W vJif Nkhidapy; Nfl;l ,e;jpa fhq;fpu]; ,g;NghJ ebfH u[pdp fhypy; tpOtJjhd; Ntbf;if!

Vd; fdT fhz khl;lhHfs;?  fle;j 14 Mz;Lfspy;  vk;.[p.MH. tp.vd;.[hdfp> n[ayypjh vd;W 14 tUlq;fspy; %d;W rpdpkh ebfHfs; jkpofj;ij Ml;rp nra;J ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

1977> 1980> 1984 vd;W %d;W NjHjy;fspy; ntw;wp  ngw;W njhlHe;J  %d;W Kiw Kjy;tH gjtp tfpj;jtH vk;.[p.MH.

vk;.[p.MH. kiwTf;Fg; gpwF 26 ehl;fNs Kjy;tH gjtp tfpj;j mtuJ kidtp tp.vd;.[hdfp mk;ikahUk; rpdpkhtpy; ebj;Jg; Gfo;ngw;wtHjhd;!

1991-2001 Mfpa ,U NjHjy;fspy; ntw;wp ngw;W Kjy;tuhd n[ayypjh 150 glq;fspy;  Nkyhf fjhehafpahf (ngUk;ghYk; vk;[pMNuhL) ebj;Jg; Gfo; ngw;wtH!

,g;NghJ  u[pdp murpaYf;F tUthuh? tukhl;lhuh? vd;gJ VNjh jiyNghfpw tplak;    NghyTk;> u[pdp ifapy; 2001 taJ ,kakiy ghgh nfhLj;j mw;Gj tpsf;F ,Ug;gijg; NghyTk; me;j tpsf;fpypUe;J Gwg;gLk; g+jk; xNu tpehbapy;  fhkuhrH> gf;jtj;ryk;> mz;zh>  fiyQH> vk;.[p.MH> n[ayypjh KjyhdtHfshy;  jPHj;J itf;f Kbahj czT>  cil>  tjptplk; vy;yhtw;iwAk; jkpo;ehl;L kf;fSf;F ms;spf; nfhLj;JtpLk; vd;gJ NghyTk; jkpo;ehl;L nra;jp Clfq;fs; ehSk; nghOJk; vOJfpd;wd! NgRfpd;wd!

Ik;;gJfspy; rpdpkhthy;-rpdpkhf;fhuHfshy; ehL rPuopAk;-fyhr;rhuk; rPuopAk; vd;W vOjpdhHfs;! vOgJfspy; vk;.[p.Miuj; jiyapy; itj;Jf;nfhz;L MbdhHfs;!

ahH Kjyikr;ruhf te;jhYk; jkpo;ehl;bd;  Kjyikr;ruhf jkpod; xUtd; te;Jtplf; $lhJ vd;gjpy; xU $l;lk; fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf ,Uf;fpwJ!   

,g;NghJ mNj ghzpapy; u[pdp murpaYf;F tuNtz;Lk;> te;jhy; jPuhj gpur;idnay;yhk; jPHe;J Ngha;tpLk; vd;W vOJfpwhHfs;! fle;j ehd;F khj fhyj;Jf;Fk; Nkyhf ve;jg; gj;jpupifia vLj;jhYk; ''u[pdp; u[pdp; u[pdp''   ''ghgh-ghgh-ghgh'' vd;w ke;jpu cr;rhldk;jhd;! ,g;gb jkpo;ehL VL xd;W vOjpapUf;fpwJ.

jkpo;ehl;bd; ey;y fhyk; 80  Nfhbf;F  tpw;gidahd ,e;jpu>  ke;jpu> je;jpuk; epiwe;j ghgh glk; t#ypy; gyj;j mb thq;fpaJ! u[pdpapd; urpfH gl;lhsj;jhNyNa me;jg; glj;ij jpiu muq;Ffspy; 50 ehl;fs;$l Xl;l Kbatpy;iy!

glj;ijthq;fpf; if RLgl;ltHfSf;F Vw;gl;l ,og;ig u[pdpfhe;j; <Lnra;a Ntz;ba epHg;ge;jk; Vw;gl;lJ.

jkpo;ehl;L kf;fis rpdpkh Nkhfj;jpy; ,Ue;J kPl;nlLf;fg; Gwg;gl;bUf;Fk; lhf;lH ,uhkjhRf;F ,J ey;y nra;jp. rpdpkh Ntz;lhk; vd;gJ my;y. mJ xU tYthd Clfk;. Mdhy; kUj;JtH ifapy; cs;s fj;jpNghy  ehl;by; GiuNahbf; fplf;Fk; rhjpf; nfhLik> jPz;lhik> ngz;zbik> tWik> %lek;gpf;iffs; Nghd;wtw;iwj; jfHf;Fk; fUtpahf mwptpay; fz;Lgpbj;j Clfk; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

,e;j r%fey> gz;ghl;Lg; gzpapy; jPtpukhf ,wq;fpg; NghuhLk; lhf;lH ,uhkjhrpd; iffis vy;NyhUk; gyg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. (Kw;Wk;)

(Kof;fk; - nehntk;gH08> 2002)